Military History Books
by Harold A. Skaarup   
Warplanes of the Second World War preserved in Spain

Warplanes of the Second World War preserved in Spain

The aim of this website is to locate, identify and document Warplanes from the Second World War preserved in Spain.  Many contributors have assisted in the hunt for these aircraft to provide and update the data on this website.  Photos are as credited.  Any errors found here are by the author, and any additions, corrections or amendments to this list of Warplane Survivors of the Second World War in Spain would be most welcome and may be e-mailed to the author at

Aviones de combate de la Segunda Guerra Mundial conservados en España

El objetivo de este sitio web es localizar, identificar y documentar aviones de combate de la Segunda Guerra Mundial conservados en España. Muchos contribuyentes han ayudado en la búsqueda de estos aviones para proporcionar y actualizar los datos en este sitio web. Las fotos son tan acreditadas. Cualquier error encontrado aquí es del autor, y cualquier adición, corrección o enmienda a esta lista de sobrevivientes de aviones de combate de la Segunda Guerra Mundial en España sería bienvenida y se puede enviar por correo electrónico al autor a 

Data current to 6 Feb 2020.


Caudillo Francisco Franco’s Spanish State gave moral, economic, and military assistance to the Axis powers, while nominally maintaining neutrality.  Franco described Spain as a member of the Axis and signed the Anti-Comintern Pact of 1941 with Hitler and Mussolini.  Members of the ruling Falange party in Spain wanted the return of Gibraltar to Spanish control.  Falangists also supported Spanish colonial acquisition of Tangier, French Morocco and northwestern French Algeria.  Spain also held ambitions on former Spanish colonies in Latin America.  In June 1940 the Spanish government approached Germany to propose an alliance in exchange for Germany recognizing Spain’s territorial aims: the annexation of the Oran province of Algeria, the incorporation of all Morocco, the extension of Spanish Sahara southward to the twentieth parallel, and the incorporation of French Cameroons into Spanish Guinea. 

In 1940 Spain invaded and occupied the Tangier International Zone, maintaining its occupation until 1945.  The occupation caused a dispute between Britain and Spain in November 1940; Spain conceded to protect British rights in the area and promised not to fortify the area.  During the Second World War the Spanish government planned to expand its territory into Portugal and made these plans known to the German government.  In a communiqué with Germany on 26 May 1942, Franco declared that Portugal should be made part of a Greater Spain.

Franco won the Spanish Civil War with the help of Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy, which were both eager to establish another fascist state in Europe.  When Germany invaded the Soviet Union in 1941, Franco immediately offered to form a unit of military volunteers to join the invasion.  This was accepted by Hitler and, within two weeks, there were enough volunteers to form a division – the Blue Division (División Azul) under General Agustín Muñoz Grandes.

Spain‘s ruling Falange party operated in Latin America, especially Puerto Rico, where pro-Falange and pro-Franco sentiment was high.  The Falangists promoted the idea of supporting Spain’s former colonies in fighting against American domination.  Prior to the outbreak of war, support for Franco and the Falange was high in the Philippines.  The Falange Exterior, the international department of the Falange, collaborated with Japanese forces against US forces in the Philippines.  (Wikipedia)

Aviation Museums in Spain

Fundación Infante de Orleans, Cuatro Vientos Air Base, Hangar 3, 28044 Madrid.

Museo del Aire, Cuatro Vientos Air Base, Madrid.

Museo de Aeropuertos y Transporte Aereo, Av Comandante Garcia Morato 81, 29004 Malaga.

Fundació Parc Aeronàutic de Catalunya – Sabadell, Fundació PAC, Aeropuerto de Sabadell, 08205 Sabadell.

Museo Naval de San Fernando, Poblacion Militar de San Carlos, ES-11206 San Fernando (Cadiz).

El Museo de San Javier, Avenida de la Libertad 37, San Javier.

Museo Militar de Almeyda, Calle de San Isrido, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Canary Islands.

Fundació Parc Aeronàutic de Catalunya – Vilanova, Delegación de Vilanova, Avinguda de l’Aragai s/n, Apartado de Correos 276, 08800 Vilanova I la Geltrú.  Fundació PAC, Aeropuerto de Sabadell, 08205 Sabadell.

Warplanes of the Second World War preserved in Spain

Museo de Aeronáutica y Astronáutica de España (Museo del Aire)

The Museo del Aire is located in the outskirts of Madrid at Cuatro Vientos Airport, Spain.  The Ejercito del Air (Spanish Air Force) was created in 1939 after the Spanish Civil War came to an end.  Aircraft preserved in Spain that were in service during the Second World War include:

Breguet 19GR, "Cuatro Vientos".

 (AlbertoDV Photo)

Breguet 19TR Bidon (Serial No. 52), "'Jesus del Gran Poder".

 (Contando Estrelas Photo)


 (Curimedia Photos)

CASA C-2111B (Heinkel 111H), (Serial No. B.21-77), "Pedro", 462 Squadron based at Gando (Canary Islands), decommissioned in 1970.

 (Andrea Photo)

 (??????? ??????? ??????? Photo)

 (Barcex Photo)

 (Curimedia Photo)

 (M Peinado Photo)

 (Benjamin Nunez Gonzalez Photo)

CASA 352L (Junkers Ju 52), (Serial No. T.2B-211).

 (Konstantin von Wedelstaedt Photo)

CASA 352L (Junkers Ju 52), (Serial No. 721-14).

 (Smolik Photo)

Caudron C.272 (Serial No. 30-71).

 (Andrea Photo)

Consolidated PBY-5 Catalina (Serial No. DR.1-1).

 (Hugh Llewelyn Photo)

de Havilland Dragon Rapide (SerialNo. G-ACYR).  In July 1936, this aircraft Aircraft carried General Francisco Franco to Spanish Morocco at the beginning of the Spanish Civil War.

 (Valder137 Photos)

 (B25es Photo)

 (rivo Photo)

Dornier Do 24T (Serial No. HD.5-2), 58-2.

 (Barcex Photo)

Douglas C-47 Skytrain (Serial No. T.3–36), 721-9.

 (Diego Dabrio Photo)

Farman F.400 (Serial No. SF-002).  This aircraft is a French transport, linking and ambulance aircraft, 1933.  The aircraft served, among other countries, in Spain, during the 1936-1939 civil war, on both sides.  This aircraft is painted like the republican one which was used in Zarag.

 (Smolik Photos)

Fiat CR.32 (Serial No. 3-52).

 (Diego Dabrio Photo)

 (Hugh Llewelyn Photo)

Fieseler Fi 156 Storch (Serial No. L.16-23), 96-1.

 (Contando Estrelas Photo)

Heinkel He 111E-1 (Wk. Nr. 2940), (Serial No. B.2–82), 25–82.  This aircraft was built Allgemeine Transportlatgen Gesellschaft factory in Leipzig, Germany.  It was taken on strength by the Luftwaffe in June 1938 and later went to Spain late in the same year to serve with the national side in the Legion Condor.  After the Spanish Civil War, it remained in Spain , serving with the newly formed Ejército del Aire (Spanish Air Force).  It served in Bomber Regiments 15 and 14.  It was decommissioned on 12 Dec 1956, remaining in the military airfield of Agoncillo (Logroño) until July 1967 when it was transferred to the Museum of the Air of Cuatro Vientos Madrid, where it is currently display in the markings it wore during the Spanish Civil War.

 (Hugh Llewlyn Photo)

Hispano-Suiza E-34 (Serial No. EC-AFJ).

Hispano HA-1109-K1L c/n 56 (Serial No. C.4J-10), ex-94 Sqn, "94-28", Museo del Aire, Madrid.

 (Diego Dabrio Photo)

 (Hugh Llewelyn Photos)

Hispano HA-1112K1L Tripala (Serial No. C.4J-2).  Museo del Aire, Madrid.

 (Diego Dabrio Photo)

 (Hugh Llewelyn Photo)

Hispano HA-1112M1L Buchon (Serial No. C.4K-148), c/n 211, ex-471 Sqn (Serial No. 471-23), Museo del Aire, Madrid.

Messerschmitt Bf 109 F-4 (Wk. Nr. unknown), ex-JG 4, "White 4".

 (Contando Estrelas Photo)

North American T-6D Texan (Serial No. C.6-135), 421-35.

 (Jerry Gunner Photo)

North American T-6G Texan (Serial No. E.16-89), 793-32, mounted on a pylon at the Spanish Air Force León NCOs academy.

 (Magic Aviation Photo)

 (Garrapata Photo)

North American T-6G Texan (Serial No. E.16–90), 793-6.

 (Contando Estrelas Photos)

North American B-25J Mitchell (Serial No. 130338), 74-17.

 (Hugh LLewelyn Photo)

Polikarpov I-15 Chaika (Seagull), (Serial No. CA-125).

 (Hugh LLewelyn Photo)

Polikarpov I-16 Mosca.  Museo del Aire, Madrid.

 (Elchuso Photo)

 (MArostegui Photo)

 (elchicogris Photo)

Polikarpov I-16 Mosca (Serial No. CM-249), Fundación Infante de Orleans.