Military History Books
by Harold A. Skaarup   
Warplanes of the Second World War preserved in Belarus, Bohemia and Moravia, Macedonia, and Ljubljana


Warplanes of the Second World War preserved in Belarus, Bohemia and Moravia,

Ljubljana and Macedonia 

Data current to 6 Feb 2020.

German Puppet States of Belarus, the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, Macedonia, and the Province of Ljubljana

The collaborationist administrations of German-occupied countries in Europe had varying degrees of autonomy, and not all of them qualified as fully recognized sovereign states.  The General Government in occupied Poland did not qualify as a legitimate Polish government and was essentially a German administration.  In occupied Norway, the National Government headed by Vidkun Quisling – whose name came to symbolize pro-Axis collaboration in several languages – was subordinate to the Reichskommissariat Norwegen.  It was never allowed to have any armed forces, be a recognized military partner, or have autonomy of any kind.  In the occupied Netherlands, Anton Mussert was given the symbolic title of “Führer of the Netherlands’ people”.  His National Socialist Movement formed a cabinet assisting the German administration, but was never recognized as a real Dutch government.


The Belarusian Central Rada was established in Belarus after the region was occupied by invading German forces.  The regime maintained local security forces, namely the Bie?aruskaja Krajovaja Abarona.  The state ended its existence in 1944 when the Red Army drove the retreating Nazi German forces from Belarus.  (Wikipedia)

Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia 

The Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia was created on 16 March 1939 by proclamation of Adolf Hitler from Prague Castle following the declaration of establishment of the independent Slovak Republic on 14 March 1939.  The protectorate was abolished after the German surrender at the end of the Second World War.  (Wikipedia)

Province of Ljubljana

In 1943 a small local government was established in German occupied Slovenia.  (Wikipedia)


Ivan Mihailov, leader of the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization (IMRO), wanted to solve the Macedonian Question by creating a pro-Bulgarian state on the territory of the region of Macedonia in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.  Romania left the Axis and declared war on Germany on 23 August 1944, and the Soviets declared war on Bulgaria on 5 September.  While these events were taking place, Mihailov came out of hiding in the Independent State of Croatia and traveled to re-occupied Skopje.  The Germans gave Mihailov the green light to create a Macedonian state.  Negotiations were undertaken with the Bulgarian government.  Contact was made with Hristo Tatarchev in Resen, who offered Mihailov the Presidency.  Bulgaria switched sides on 8 September, and on the 9th the Fatherland Front staged a coup and deposed the monarchy.  Mihailov refused the leadership and fled to Italy.  Spiro Kitanchev took Mihailov’s place and became Premier of Macedonia.  He cooperated with the pro-Bulgarian authorities, the Wehrmacht, the Bulgarian Army, and the Yugoslav Partisans for the rest of September and October.  In the middle of November 1944, the communists won control over the region.