Military History Books
by Harold A. Skaarup   
Tanks and AFVs (5) Ontario, Ottawa, Canadian War Museum (Part II)

Tanks and Armoured Fighting Vehicles, Ottawa,

Canadian War Museum (Part II)

Data current to 1 Jan 2021.

The aim of this website is to locate, identify and document all historical Tank and Armoured Fighting Vehicles (AFV) preserved in Canada.   Many contributors have assisted in the hunt for these machines to provide and update the data on this website.  Photos are by the author unless otherwise credited.  Any errors found here are by the author, and any additions, correctons or amendments to this list of Armoured Fighting Vehicles in Canada would be most welcome and may be e-mailed to the author at

 (Author Photos)

Lynx Scout Car Mk II (Serial No. CF52389).

Lynx Scout Car, 8th Royal Scots & 1st Canadian Parachute Battalion after crossing the Rhine River, Bergerfarth, Germany, 25 Mar 1945.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3524486)

Otter Light Reconnaissance Car Mk. I.

Fox Armoured Car, 17th Duke of York's Royal Canadian Hussars n Normandy, France, 18-20 July 1944. (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3378681)

Fox Armoured Car Mk. I, ex-13th Reconnaissance Regiment.

Fox Armoured Car Mk I, MGen Worthington, ca 1945.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4232403)

Daimler Armoured Car, Sallenelles, France.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4233183)

Humber Armoured Car, Canadian markings, Winschoten, Holland, ca 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4233455)

Humber Mk. IV Armoured Car, 17th Duke of Yorks Royal Canadian Hussars, Normandy, 20 July 1944.  None are preserved in Canada.  (Lt Ken Bell Photo, Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3378681)

, and Humber Mk. IV Armoured Car, 4th Princess Louise Dragoon Guards, Matrice, Italy, 27 Oct 1943.  None are preserved in Canada.   (Alexander Mackenzie Stirton Photo,  Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3206255)

Humber Mk. IV Armoured Car and Universal Carrier, Canadians in France, ca 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4233289)

Humber Armoured Car, Canadian Army Film and Photo Unit, Caen, France, 11 July 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3206446)

 (Author Photos)

T17E1 Staghound Armoured Car.

The Chevrolet T17E1 version of the Staghound was powered by two 97-hp GMC Hercules engines with a hydraulic transmission.  It was served by a five-man crew with three men fitting inside the fully-enclosed, power-traversed turret.  It weighed 14 tons and had a maximum speed of 90 kmh (55 mph) and a range of 720 km (450 miles).  It was armed with a 37-mm tank gun and co-axial and bow-mounted .30-inch Browning machine-guns.  A total of 2,687 Staghound T17E1s were built as well as 789 T17E2 AA vehicles.  The two Canadian armoured car regiments initially received 72 Staghounds each plus a number of additional vehicles allocated to HQ and various other organizations which were in service overseas during the Second World War.  A number were brought back to Canada after the war and at least 85 of these served until they were retired in 1964.

Universal Carrier Mk I, (Serial No. WD CT43578).

Universal Carrier Mk I with 2-pounder Anti-Tank Gun.

Universal Carrier Mk I Ronson, (Serial No.18170), (Serial No. WD CT163137).

 (Author Photos)

Universal Carrier Mk II, (Serial No. 92-416), 61.

 (Author Photo)

Universal Carrier Mk IIC Wasp flamethrower, (Serial No. WD CT267065), 5, 60, previously painted as (Serial No. CT43578).

Wasp flamethrower crews, Queen's Own Rifles of Canada, Vaucelles, France, 29 Jul 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3205139)

Wasp flamethrower, Petawawa, ca 1943.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4234056)

 (Author Photo)

Ferret Scout Car Mk I, (Serial No. 54-82537), ex-8th Canadian Hussars (Princess Louise’s).

Ferret Scout Car Mk II.

British FV432 Armoured Personnel Carrier, ex-British Army Training Unit Suffield (BATUS).

British 105-mm F433 Abbot SP Gun.

 (Author Photos)

General Motors of Canada (GMC) C15TA Armoured Truck (Serial No. CZ4400208-S), "Lazrus". 

This C15TA was based on the GMC Otter Light Armoured Reconnaissance Car which married the Chevrolet C15A Canadian Military Pattern (CMP) four-wheel-drive chassis, the GM 270-cubic-inch engine, and an armoured body built by the Hamilton Bidge Company.  From the front the vehicle resembled the Otter, while the rear was similar to the White Scout Car.  Its armour was only shoulder high, with weather protection provided by a canvas cover.  It came with run-flat tires and could hold an eight-man crew and their equipment.  The cab seating had two men facing outwards on each side, two faced the rear and two sat in the driver's compartment.  With some modification it could serve as an eight-man APC or as an armoured ambulance or load carrier.  From late 1943 to June 1945, GMC Oshawa built a total 3,961 C15TAs for British and Canadian contracts.  A number of these vehicles remained in military service in Canada after the war until July 1953. 

 (Author Photo)

GMC C15TAA Armoured Ambulance, (Serial No. Z5822762).  C15TAA (Serial No. Z5822762) was one of only two pilot armoured ambulance vehicles produced before the war ended.

 (Author Photo)

Military Ambulance (Serial No. T23929S).

Personnel of 2nd Canadian Infantry Division Signals with Personnel of the Royal Canadian Corps of Signals (RCCS), 2nd Canadian Infantry Division, examining a Ford three-ton truck which sank into a ditch on the Beveland Causeway, Netherlands, 27 October 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3201518)

 (City of Vancouver Archives Photo, AM1545-S3-: CVA 586-2745)

Canadian Military Pattern truck, part of a convoy in Alberta, 1944.

 (Author Photos)

Canadian Military Pattern Ford Signals Truck, (Serial No. CZ4205159).

 (Author Photos)

Canadian Military Pattern 15-cwt Cargo Truck, General Service.

 (City of Vancouver Archives Photo, AM1545-S3-: CVA 586-2766)

Chevrolet C8 CMP truck with Type 11 cab, Bigmouth Creek, British Columbia, 1944.

 (Author Photo)

Canadian Military Pattern Cargo Truck, General Service, CZ4002671.

 (Author Photo)

Diamond T Breakdown Truck.  Recovery teams from the RCEME and RCOC used this vehicle’s two booms which could lift five short tons each, allowing for quicker vehicle recovery in wartime conditions.

 (Author Photo)

Diamond T Field Shop Truck, 43-01276.

 (Author Photo)

Ford Canada C11 ADF Staff Car, Field Marshal H.R.L.G. Alexander.

General McNaughton's Car Light (Sedan 4x2) staff car, ca 1940s.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3544526)

 (Author Photo)

General H.D.G. Crerar's Command Post caravan.

 (Author Photo)

Bombardier Penguin Mk III Armoured Snowmobile, 1943.

 (Author Photo)

Dodge M37 3/4-ton truck (CUCV), Cargo/Passenger.
 (Author Photo)

M113A1 Armoured Personnel Carrier, UN, 35000.

M113A2 Armoured Personnel Carrier, (Serial No. RN 64-35000).  This was the first Canadian M113.

M113A2 ARVL.

 (Author Photo)

M113A2 Engineer, (Serial No. RN 92-10688); GM Canada Engineer Pack.

M113A2 Fitter, (Serial No. RN 66-35697).

M113 C & R Lynx, (Serial No. 04320), CFR RN 67-35850.

M113 C & R Lynx (Serial No. unknown).

M548 Cargo Carrier, (Serial No. C034HAB), call sign 7E, ex-1R22eR.

 (Author Photo)

M577 Command Post, Call Sign 1A.

 (Author Photo)

AVGP Cougar, Peace Stabilization Force (SFOR), markings.

AVGP Grizzly.

 (Author Photo)

AVGP Husky.

Infantrymen of the North Shore Regiment climbing onto an Alligator amphibious tracked vehicle during Operation VERITABLE near Nijmegen, Netherlands, 8 February 1945.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3525752)

LVT-1 Amphibious Vehicle.

M14 GMC, (Serial No. RN 40450517).

M20 Greyhound Armoured Utility Car.

 (City of Vancouver Archives Photo, AM1545-S3-: CVA 586-2764)

Willys 2¼ -ton 4 X 4 Jeep, Canadian Army convoy in the Yoho Valley, British Columbia, 1944.

 (Author Photo)

Willys 2¼ -ton 4 X 4 Jeep, Second World War diorama.

Canadian Provost Corps mounted in a Willys Jeep on UN duty in Egypt.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4234422)

 (Author Photo)

Willys 2¼ -ton 4 X 4 Jeep, UN colours.

 (Author Photos)

106-mm M40A1 Recoilless Anti-Tank Gun on M38A1 CDN3 Jeep.

 (Author Photo)

106-mm M40A1 Recoilless Rifle mounted on an M38A1 CDN3 Jeep, CFB Petawawa, Ontario, Aug 1974.


 (Author Photos)

M151A2 Truck, Utility, 1/4-ton, 4 X 4 Jeep (G838).  Note the corner pocket pressed into the fender to drop the running light below the blackout light; the earlier M151 had straight, flat fenders.

 (Author Photo)

Volkswagen Type 183, more commonly known as the Iltis (German for polecat). The Iltis was built under licence in Canada by Bombardier wtih 2,500 vehicles for the Canadian Forces and 2,673 vehicles for the Belgian Army.  The Canadian production ran from 1984 to 1988 during which time a small number of vehicles were also delivered to Cameroon and Oman.

 (Author Photos)

RG-31 Nyala,  4X4 multi-purpose mine-resistant ambush protected infantry mobility vehicle manufactured in South Africa by Land Systems OMC.

 (Author Photo)

M29C Amphibious Weasel.

 (Harley D. Nygren, NOAA Photolibrary Photo)

M29 Amphibious Weasel beingloaded on the landing craft "Goldie", at Oliktok Point, Beaufort Sea coast, Alaska North Slope, during construction of the Distant Early Warning (DEW) line, summer 1950.

 (Author Photo)

155-mm M109A4 SP Howitzer, (Serial No. 85-77249).

   (Author Photo)

TJ-1 Tracked Jeep.

 (Author Photo)

TJ-2 Tracked Jeep, ex-Le Régiment de Maisonneuve.

 (Author Photo)

Russian BRM-1K Combat Reconnaissance Vehicle (BMP M1976/2), Call signs 7731 & 11185.

 (Author Photo)

Russian T-34/85 medium Tank, Call sign 102.

 (Author Photo)

Russian T-72 Main Battle Tank, Call Sign 10287.


Major Hal Skaarup has woven together an informative and detailed synopsis of the carefully preserved and restored armoured fighting vehicles on display in Canada. He highlights the importance of these upon key turning points in history when these AFVs were in use as tools of war at home and overseas. We often associate the evolution of military prowess with the advancement of sophisticated technology. Major Skaarup's descriptions of Canadian armour as it evolved to the level it has today reveals that military planners have had to be continuously creative in adapting to the changes in modern combat. They had to devise many intricate techniques, tactics and procedures to overcome the insurgents and opposition forces faced in Afghanistan and future overseas missions where Canadian armour will be brought into play. This guide book will show the interested reader where to find examples of the historical armour preserved in Canada, and perhaps serve as a window on how Canada's military contribution to safety and security in the world has evolved.

Lieutenant-General Steven S. Bowes

You may order the book "Ironsides" on line at these websites: