Military History Books
by Harold A. Skaarup   www.SilverHawkAuthor.com   
 
Tanks and AFVs (5) Ontario, Ottawa, Canadian War Museum (Part I)

Tanks and Armoured Fighting Vehicles, Ottawa,

Canadian War Museum (Part I)

Data current to 19 Sep 2019.

The aim of this website is to locate, identify and document all historical Tank and Armoured Fighting Vehicles (AFV) preserved in Canada.   Many contributors have assisted in the hunt for these machines to provide and update the data on this website.  Photos are by the author unless otherwise credited.  Any errors found here are by the author, and any additions, correctons or amendments to this list of Armoured Fighting Vehicles in Canada would be most welcome and may be e-mailed to the author at hskaarup@rogers.com.

Canadian Autocar Machinegun Carrier, France, April 1918.  Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3395368)

 (Author Photos)

Autocar Machinegun Carrier, “Ottawa” (Serial No. 5796) written on front and rear.

Renault tank, Arras, France, Sep 1919.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3522273)

Renault tank in Allied service during the Great War, Sep 1918.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3522286)

M1917 Light Tanks supplied by the United States Army arriving at the Canadian Armoured Corps Training Centre (Canadian Army Training Centres and Schools), Camp Borden, Ontario, Canada, October 1940.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3563837)
 (Author Photos)

M1917 Light Tank.

Ram Mk. I tank with 2-pounder gun, Canada 13 cent stamp. (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 2185069)

Ram Mk. I tank crew, 5th Canadian Armoured Division, Aldershot, England, 24 Dec 1942.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3525210)

Ram I armed with the early 2-pounder gun.  This was the first of these tanks built at the Montreal Locomotive works.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3554045)

Ram I Cruiser Tank (Serial No. WD CT39816).

Ram Mk. II on exercises in the UK, 22 Dec 1942.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3587045)

Ram Mk. II tanks on manouevres in the UK, ca. 1943.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4233146)

 (Author Photos)

Ram II tank, (Shop No. 171), (Serial No. WD CT39951). 

Kangaroo Armoured Personnel Carrier (APC), Normandy, France July 1944.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3607881)

Canadian Kangaroo armoured personnel carriers moving into position for an attack south of Caen, France, June 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4233174)

 (Author Photos)

Kangaroo Armoured Personnel Carrier "Marion II".

Sexton 25-pounder SP Gun Mk II.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3607600)

 (Author Photo)

Sexton 25-pounder SP Gun Mk II, (Serial No. 613).

 (Robert Linsdell Photo)

 (Author Photo)

Valentine Infantry Tank Mk. VII, (Serial No. WD T1445), recovered from the Ukraine.

Churchill tank with a Canadian unit in England, disembarking from a Landing Ship Tank (LST) ca 1942.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3607965)

Churchill tank, on maneuvers with a Canadian unit in England, ca 1942.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3607575)

Churchill tank, on maneuvers with a Canadian unit in England, 1942.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3608069)

Churchill tank, on maneuvers with a Canadian unit in England, 1942.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3613172)

Churchill tank, on maneuvers with a Canadian unit in England, ca 1942.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3613173)

Churchill tank, on maneuvers with a Canadian unit in England, ca 1942.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3404613)

 (Author Photo)

Churchill Infantry Tank Mk. III (Serial No. 838), with deep wading attachments to the air intakes.  Modified with Mk VII suspension units, (Serial No. 1792653), gift from Russia.o.

 (Author Photo)

Churchill Infantry Tank Mk IV RE, (Serial No. BW9229), Great Eastern Armoured Ramp (Serial No. WD No T172796/D).  This is the only survivor. 

 (Author Photo)

M5A1 Stuart Light Tank.

 (Author Photo)

M3 Stuart Light Tank, on loan from Australia since July 2015.

General Lee tank.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3607523)

 (Author Photos)

M3 Lee Medium Tank (Serial No. 3714).

 (Author Photo)

M4A1 Grizzly Cruiser Tank, (Shop No. 178).

Sherman tanks in Korea. (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4235604)

 (Author Photo)

M4A2(76)W HVSS Sherman "Easy 8" tank (Serial No. 65251), built by Fisher, Reg. No. 30123230.

 (Author Photo)

M4A2(76)W HVSS Sherman "Easy 8" tank minus the turret, (Serial No. 645001), built by Fisher, Reg. No.  30122980, cutaway training aid.

Sherman V tank in Vaucelles, France, ca 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4233126)

Major-General B.M. Hoffmeister, General Officer Commanding 5th Canadian Armoured Division, in the Sherman tank "Vancouver" near Castrocielo, Italy, 26 May 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3574213)

Sherman tanks, Governor General's Horse Guards, North West Europe, 9 Mar 1945.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3191784)

 (Author Photo)

M4A4(75) Sherman V Medium Tank with 75-mm gun, (Serial No. 21424), built by Chrysler, R/N 3021730, (WD No. CT-228619), 51, 30, (Serial No. 21424), “Forceful III;” previously on display at Cartier Square Drill Hall, 21st Canadian Armoured Regiment (Governor General’s Foot Guards).

M4A4 Sherman V Medium Tank built by Chrysler, (Serial No. 5457), Reg. No. 3057267, fitted with “Canadian Indestructible Roller Device” (CIRD) landmine exploder fittings, no gun.  This tank was previously on display at Brantford, Ontario.

M3 Scout Car built by the White Motor Company, on parade in Vancouver, British Columbia, ca 1944.  Widely used by Canadian troops during the Second World War, none are preserved in Canada. (City of Vancouver Archives Photo, AM1590-: CVA 298-018)

Canadian Army M3 Gun Motor Carriage halftrack with 75-mm Gun, ca 1943.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3607690)

Canadian Army Halftrack in France, 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4233293)

 (Author Photo)

White M3 Half-track.

DUKW with Canadian troops, Normandy, June 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4233777)

 (Author Photo)

DUKW.  The DUKW (colloquially known as Duck) is a six-wheel-drive amphibious modification of the 2½ ton CCKW six-wheel-drive military truck, with the addition of a watertight hull and a propeller.  It was not an armored vehicle, being plated with sheet steel between 1/16 and 1/8 inches (1.6–3.2 mm) thick to minimize weight.  A high-capacity bilge pump system kept it afloat if the thin hull was breached by holes up to 2 inches (51 mm) in diameter.  One in four DUKWs mounted a .50-calibre Browning heavy machine gun on a ring mount.  The DUKW was the first vehicle to allow the driver to vary the tire pressure from inside the cab.  The tires could be fully inflated for hard surfaces such as roads and less inflated for softer surfaces, especially beach sand.  This added to great versatility as an amphibious vehicle.   DUKW were used with an invasion force for the first time in the European theatre, during the Sicilian invasion, Operation Husky, in the Mediterranean.  They were used on the D-Day beaches of Normandy and in the Battle of the Scheldt, Operation Veritable, and Operation Plunder.  Amphibious beachheads were thought to be highly vulnerable to early counterattack as the landing units would deplete their ammunition and the supply system would not yet be established.  The principal use was to ferry supplies from ship to shore, and tasks such as transporting wounded combatants to hospital ships or operations in flooded (polder) landscape.  Approximately 800 saw service with Canadian units.  (The term DUKW is not an acronym, it is the original GMC nomenclature designating the company's manufacturing code for the military wheeled amphibious landing-craft, with D standing for 1942, U for utility (amphibious), K for all-wheel drive, and W for 2 powered rear axles.

 (Author Photo)

M24 Chaffee Light Tank (Serial No. RN 45-7890), Ontario Regiment.

Centurion tank engaging an enemy force on exercise Reforger IV, Germany, 23 Sep 1973.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4692396)

Centurion on Ex Grosse Rochade, Germany, ca 18 Sep 1975.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4822866)

Centurion tanks on parade in Germany, the last roll past of the Canadian Centurion tank, 21 June 1977.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4728208)

 (Author Photo)

Centurion Main Battle Tank Mk. 11, L7 105-mm main gun, CFR No. 52-81046, Royal Canadian Dragoons.

 (Author Photos)

British Chieftain Main Battle Tank Mk 2, (Serial No. VRN 01EB92).  The FV4201 Chieftain served the United Kingdom during the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s.  It was the first tank in service to incorporate Chobham armour.  The Chieftain had a reclining driver position which allowed the tank to have a heavily sloped hull with reduced height.   It remained in service until replaced by the Challenger 1 which shared a large number of the Chieftain's features.

German equipment captured by Canadians during the Second World War on display in the Canadian War Museum, is listed on a separate page on this web site.

Leopard 1A4 Main Battle Tank, Fallex 82, Ex Valiant Shield, Bavaria, Germany, 7 Sep 1982.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4876329)

Leopard C1 (1A3) before being upgraded with the 1A5 turret to a C, Fallex 82, Ex Valiant Shield, Bavaria, Germany, 7 Sep 1982.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4876330)

Leopard 1A4 Main Battle Tank.

Leopard C2 Main Battle Tank, (Serial No. RN 78-85049).

Italian Fiat-Ansaldo CV-33 Light Tank, Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.  This "tankette" is on permanent loan to the Australian War Museum as of August 2015.  (An M3 Stuart has arrived in exchange).

(For more on AFVs in the CWM, see Part II)

   

Major Hal Skaarup has woven together an informative and detailed synopsis of the carefully preserved and restored armoured fighting vehicles on display in Canada. He highlights the importance of these upon key turning points in history when these AFVs were in use as tools of war at home and overseas. We often associate the evolution of military prowess with the advancement of sophisticated technology. Major Skaarup's descriptions of Canadian armour as it evolved to the level it has today reveals that military planners have had to be continuously creative in adapting to the changes in modern combat. They had to devise many intricate techniques, tactics and procedures to overcome the insurgents and opposition forces faced in Afghanistan and future overseas missions where Canadian armour will be brought into play. This guide book will show the interested reader where to find examples of the historical armour preserved in Canada, and perhaps serve as a window on how Canada's military contribution to safety and security in the world has evolved.

Lieutenant-General Steven S. Bowes

You may order the book "Ironsides" on line at these websites: