Military History Books
by Harold A. Skaarup   
Stanton Friedman UFO Exhibit, Fredericton Region Museum

Stanton Friedman UFO Exhibit,

Fredericton Region Museum

Data current to 29 March 2021.

Fredericton native Stanton Friedman was a noted nuclear physicist and well-known ufologist.  He was a leading authority on unidentified flying objects, alien abductions and the Roswell incident, considered by many to be the definitive UFO event.  Stanton said his belief in extraterrestrials was based on his research into data about UFO events he found buried in American government documents. 

Stanton grew up in Linden, New Jersey, and worked for 14 years as a nuclear physicist with General Electric, Westinghouse, and McDonnell-Douglas.  

 (SF family photo)

He had dual American and Canadian citizenship.  He was married to his second wife Marilyn and came to Fredericton in 1980.  His daughter Melissa Friedman grew up here.  

Melissa kindly donated much of Stanton’s records, archives, and memorabilia to the Fredericton Region Museum, some of which you will see when the exhibit opens in June this year. 

Melissa Friedman is a horse-lover and storyteller, as well as the manager of a tack shop in Truro, Nova Scotia. She was previously a journalist with CBC Radio in Bathurst and Moncton, New Brunswick.

 (Bettmann Archive Photo)

A photo of a UFO spotted spotted on 16 October 1957, near Holloman Air Force Missile Development Center in New Mexico, which was released by the Aerial Phenomena Research Organization.  

Stanton first became interested in UFOs in 1958.  He began lecturing on the topic in 1967, but he never actually saw one himself.  

Stanton carried out detailed research and on-site investigations into the subject of UFOs and alien life forms, physically visiting archives and meeting with contactees.  He was known for being highly intelligent and had a great sense of humour.  

He was interviewed for numerous documentaries on radio and television and gave presentations on UFOs for hundreds of colleges and professional groups around the world.  He was inducted into the UFO Hall of Fame in Roswell, New Mexico.

 (City of Fredericton Photo)

His work was celebrated by City of Fredericton when it declared 27 Aug 2007, Stanton Friedman Day, in his honour. 

 (31 July 1996)

Stanton examined the documentary evidence for the existence of a clandestine government group called "Majestic-12" supposedly formed in 1947 to deal with the remains of a crashed flying saucer near Roswell, New Mexico on 6 July 1947.  The Majestic-12 documents refer to a top-secret research operation created by President Truman to coordinate the study of debris and alien bodies recovered from the crash site.  The U.S. government has consistently denied there ever was such an incident or group.  Friedman attempted to authenticate these documents that mysteriously appeared in 1984 and 1994.  He also refuted arguments by debunkers such as Carl Sagan and Phillip Klass.

 (21 May 1997)

Book by Don Berliner and Stanton T. Friedman, Crash at Corona, drawing on interviews with more than one hundred witnesses to reveal the story of the crash of a UFO in New Mexico in 1947 and the subsequent government efforts to cover up the event.

 (15 Aug 2007)  

Stanton investigated the 1961 UFO abduction of Betty and Barney Hill, a New Hampshire couple who claimed to have been taken aboard an alien spacecraft.  Stanton joined with Betty’s niece Kathleen Marden to produce the book Captured! 

The Hill story emphasised the character of the aliens, including their curiosity, their democratic discussions, and their desire to avoid inflicting pain.

While inside the spacecraft, Betty and Barney were physically examined, and one of the five humanoids they encountered communicated with to Betty.  Betty noted that "it was uncomfortably cold in the ship".  After the examination she asked him where they are from.  In response he showed her a three-dimensional map with various sized dots and lines on it. The humanoid asked Betty if she knew where she was on map number 7.  She didn't know.  After the examination, Betty and Barney were returned unharmed to their car.  The humanoid told her that she would forget what happened.

J. Allen Hynek, chairman of the department of astronomy at Northwestern University, investigated this incident.  Hynek described how the Hills recalled the details of their encounter in his book, The UFO Experience (Henry Regnery Company, 1972).

"Under repeated hypnosis they independently revealed what had supposedly happened. The two stories agreed in considerable detail, although neither Betty nor Barney was privy to what the other had said under hypnosis until much later. Under hypnosis they stated that they had been taken separately aboard the craft, treated well by the occupants — rather as humans might treat experimental animals — and then released after having been given the hypnotic suggestion that they would remember nothing of that particular experience. The method of their release supposedly accounted for the amnesia, which was apparently broken only by counterhypnosis."

Betty Hill famously drew a star map from memory, in 1964, under psychoanalysis. The map supposedly showed the sky as seen from a planet orbiting the star Zeta Reticuli, from which the alien abductors had arrived.  Betty described the map as "three-dimensional, like looking through a window. The stars were tinted and glowed. The map material was flat and thin (not a model), and there were no noticeable lenticular lines like one of our three-dimensional processes."

Betty estimated the map was "approximately three feet wide and two feet high with the pattern covering most of the map." She was standing about three feet away from it. She said there were many other stars on the map but she only (apparently) was able to specifically recall the prominent ones connected by lines and a small distinctive triangle off to the left. There was no concentration of stars to indicate the Milky Way ( galactic plane) suggesting that if it represented reality, it probably only contained local stars. There were no grid lines."  The Lines on the map, according to Betty Hill, were described by the alien as “trade routes” or “places visited occasionally” with the dotted lines as “expeditions”. 

The two stars are known as Zeta 1 and Zeta 2 Reticuli, or together as simply Zeta Reticuli. They are each fifth magnitude stars, which are barely visible to the unaided eye, located in the obscure southern constellation Reticulum. 

The map is derived from a model of our stellar neighborhood by Marjorie Fish, an Ohio schoolteacher, amateur astronomer and member of Mensa.  It shows the stars that coincide with those on the Hill map.  This map, prepared by Marjorie Fish, shows all the stars located in a vast volume of space extending out about 55 light-years in the direction of Zeta Reticulli. The viewing angle is from a point in space beyond that limit looking back toward the sun.  Marjorie Fish noted 16 stars whose positions are remarkably close to the stars in the drawing made by Betty Hill.

David R. Saunders, a statistics expert at the Industrial Relations Center of the University of Chicago, stated, "I can find no major point of quibble with Marjorie Fish's interpretation of the Betty Hill map."  By various lines of statistical reasoning he concludes that the chances of finding a match among 16 stars of a specific spectral type among the thousand-odd stars' nearest the sun is "at least 1,000 to 1 against".

 (5 June 2008)

Flying Saucers and Science, Stanton T. Friedman Book.

 (19 Sep 2016)

Fact, Fiction, and Flying Saucers, a follow-on book by Stanton T. Friedman and Kathleen Marden.

The Hill story emphasised the character of the aliens, including their curiosity, their democratic discussions, and their desire to avoid inflicting pain. 

 (Author Photo)

2D Alien artwork by Eric Duivenvoorden, Betty Hill star map by Laila Emad.  The Stanton Friedman Exhibit work crew include Doug Hall, Ian MacEacheren, Laila Emad, Melynda Jarratt, Melony McCarthy, Holly Gallant, Andrea Gauvin, Alexzandrea Stockford, April Saulis, Ariel Ottens, Joanna Kerr and Hal Skaarup.

Laila Emad completed the background design for the star map and the entrance is now set up and suitable for visitors to take selfie photos with the 2D alien and star map. 

When you visit the Fredericton Region Museum, you will encounter an exhibit we have assembled to honour Stanton – elements of his personal collection of awards, artifacts and letters are on display.  Artwork and UFO-related illustrations have been assembled and placed inside the imagined interior of a UFO, which you are invited to step into.  At the entrance, a diagram of the Betty Hill star map is presented as the backdrop to a full-scale illustration of one reported type of alien being.  Visitors are invited to have their “selfie” taken with along with additional 3D alien representations inside the exhibit area.

Drake Equation slide

The Drake equation is a probabilistic argument used to estimate the number of active, communicative extraterrestrial civilizations in the Milky Way galaxy.  The equation summarizes the main concepts which scientists must contemplate when considering the question of other radio-communicative life.

The Drake equation is where:

N = the number of civilizations in our galaxy with which communication might be possible (i.e., which are on our current past light cone); and

R = the average rate of star formation in our galaxy;

fp = the fraction of those stars that have planets;

ne = the average number of planets that can potentially support life per star that has planets;

fl = the fraction of planets that could support life that actually develop life at some point;

fi = the fraction of planets with life that actually go on to develop intelligent life (civilizations);

fc = the fraction of civilizations that develop a technology that releases detectable signs of their existence into space;

L = the length of time for which such civilizations release detectable signals into space.


Early Canadian studies of UFOs included Project Magnet (1950–1954) and Project Second Storey (1952–1954), supported by the Defence Research Board.

The Department of National Defence (DND) has dealt with sightings and investigations of UFOs across Canada.  DND conducted investigations into crop circles in Duhamel, Alberta.  (The marks appeared in a farmer's field in 1967, and varied from five to seven inches wide, and the smallest circular mark was 31 ft., 9 in. in diameter.  Three of the rings were essentially circular, with the largest mark being slightly elliptial, varying from 34 ft., 5 in. to 36 ft., 3 in.  There were no exhaust blasts, scorch marks or disturbances of the soil, and vegetation within the circles had apparently been removed by the object that made the marks.  The official investigation report implies that the marks were most likely left by a 135-ton aircraft or spacecraft.

The Falcon Lake incident in Manitoba occurred when Stefan Michalak saw several unusual silver objects in Manitoba, when Stefan Michalak saw several unusual silver objects cross the sky in Manitoba’s Whiteshell Provincial Park.  Michalak was perplexed by what he saw, so he walked over and touched the side of the object.  It was so hot, and it burned his glove.  That’s when, rather suddenly, the object shot back into the sky.  “Then this thing took off and blasted a hot gas on him, setting his clothes on fire, injuring him and then giving him some burns on his abdomen as well,” his friend Rutkowski said.  Investigations were carried out by the RCMP, the Canadian Forces and U.S. officials. None have conclusively determined what happened.  The Royal Canadian Mint has produced a $20 silver coin to commemorate the event

The Shag Harbour incident  (Wikipedia)

The Shag Harbour UFO incident in Nova Scotia also remains unsolved. This was the reported impact of an unknown large object into waters near Shag Harbour, on 4 October 1967.  The reports were investigated by various Canadian civilian (RCMP and Canadian Coast Guard) and military (Royal Canadian Navy and RCAF) agencies as well as the U.S. Condon Committee.

On the night of 4 October 1967, at about 11:20 pm Atlantic Daylight Time, it was reported that something had crashed into the waters of Shag Harbour.  At least eleven people saw a low-flying lit object head towards the harbour.  Multiple witnesses reported hearing a whistling sound "like a bomb," then a "whoosh," and finally a loud bang.  The object was never officially identified, and was therefore referred to as a UFO in Government of Canada documents.  The Canadian military became involved in a subsequent rescue/recovery effort.  The initial report was made by local resident Laurie Wickens and four of his friends.  Driving through Shag Harbour, on Highway 3, they spotted a large object descending into the waters off the harbour. Attaining a better vantage point, Wickens and his friends saw an object floating 250 to 300 m (820 to 980 ft) offshore in the waters of Shag Harbour.  Wickens contacted the RCMP detachment in Barrington Passage and reported he had seen a large airplane or small airliner crash into the waters off Shag Harbour.

Assuming an aircraft had crashed, within about 15 minutes, 2 RCMP officers arrived at the scene.  Concerned for survivors, the RCMP detachment contacted the Rescue Coordination Centre (RCC) in Halifax to advise them of the situation and ask if any aircraft were missing.  Before any attempt at rescue could be made, the flying object, with lights still showing, started to sink and disappeared from view.

A rescue mission was quickly assembled.  Within half an hour of the crash, local fishing boats went out to the crash site in the waters of the Gulf of Maine off Shag Harbour to look for survivors.  No survivors, bodies or debris were taken, either by the fishermen or by a Canadian Coast Guard search and rescue cutter, which arrived about an hour later from nearby Clark's Harbour.

By the next morning, RCC Halifax had determined that no aircraft were missing.  While still tasked with the search, the Captain of the Canadian Coast Guard cutter received a radio message from RCC Halifax that all commercial, private and military aircraft were accounted for along the eastern seaboard, in the Atlantic provinces and New England.

The same morning, RCC Halifax also sent a priority telex to the "Air Desk" at the RCAF headquarters in Ottawa, which handled all civilian and military UFO sightings, informing them of the crash and that all conventional explanations such as aircraft, flares, etc. had been dismissed.  Therefore, this was labelled a "UFO Report."  The head of the Air Desk then sent another priority telex to the RCN headquarters concerning the "UFO Report" and recommended an underwater search be mounted.  The RCN, in turn, sent another priority telex tasking Fleet Diving Unit Atlantic with carrying out the search.

Two days after the incident had been observed, a detachment of RCN divers from the Fleet Diving Unit Atlantic was assembled and for the next three days, they combed the seafloor of the Gulf of Maine off Shag Harbour looking for an object.  The final report said no trace of an object was found.

The Royal Canadian Mint has issued an innovative glow-in-the-dark coin that captures the eerie scene more than 50 years ago when an officially documented UFO crashed into the waters off Shag Harbour in southwestern Nova Scotia.  Handout by The Royal Canadian Mint.

1978 UFO sighting in the skies of Clarenville, Newfoundland and Labrador, commemorative coin.

Progress on the Exhibit

 (Author Photo)

Doug Hall has attached a 3D UFO to the Southwest Wall, I painted a northern lights mural behind it, and Ian MacEacheron painted the silver interior of the UFO around it.  Doug installed additional wood panels and cut triangular windows open to two miniature aerial views of the pyramids and sphinx, one set by me and clay models by April Soulis, set up on a table viewable at waist height.  Doug added buckets of sand to make the display more realistic and plans to add periscopes at child height to view the pyramids through a few, and other periscopes to view the painting of the UFO crash at Roswell

Stanton had an excellent sense of humour, but we wish to emphasize, the FRM exhibit is to honour him.  The interior portion of our exhibit is designed to give the sense of being inside a UFO, with this being a view from an external window.  A few who claim to have been taken inside a UFO, describe that you can see the outside as though it is a giant window.  In this case, looking at our mural with Doug Halls aluminum UFO in the distance.

Holly, Laila and Melony, discussing the layout of the UFO Exhibit.

A great deal of work has been completed on the layout and the work inside the display space.  The room now has the appearance of the interior of a UFO, complete with control console, space window views with art murals and UFO illustrations, two seven foot tall 3D gray alien figures, artwork at the entrance to the exhibit including a 2D full scale alien and artifact displays. 

Melony McCarthy and Laila Emad working on the construction of the alien exhibit.

  (Author Photo)

Our two seven-foot tall alien manikins.

Doug and Holly discussing the plans for the SF Exhibit.

There is a “command and control centre/bridge with views of earth from space, the Moon and UFOs facing the Northeast.  Melony McCarthy is building a small dwarf alien to be added to the set overlooking the “bridge”. 

Doug has built a control panel with working lights – we would like to add sound to the teleporter (details to be worked out).  There is a rotating chair for visitors to take selfies in, in place.  Doug has built enclosed Plexiglas display shelves for Stanton’s trophies, jacket, tie, and memorabilia, which were provided by his daughter Melissa Friedman.  We have several books he has written to include in the display. 

Holly and Melynda are blowing up illustrations and views of letters describing some of the UFO experiences fans have written to Stanton (specific wall spaces to be finalised for best viewing).  The 3D aliens presenting stand on either side of the mural on the south wall and the display has already been used for several photo sessions.  Even with long term work to be done, the exhibit is far enough along that we expect to be hosting guests in small numbers at a time from Halloween onward. 

Holly and I have recorded a 3-minute audio introduction to go with photos for the exhibit (text attached).  Mel and Holly are designing and arranging for a large bilingual information board which will be mounted on the Southwest wall at the entrance to the space room (the current information board will be reversed so that it can be saved for future exhibits and the Friedman information and photos will be added.  This graphic board hangs to the right of the star map and 2D alien display (in progress, to be completed). 

Ariel Ottens and Joanna Kerr with the Provincial Archives visited the FRM and are offering several Stanton’s artifacts for display after taking a tour of the exhibit.  These will include a set of alien masks and artifacts but will require secure glass boxes for them that can be locked (being worked on). 

Doug built a “gurney” for the rubber alien “autopsy” manikin (being ordered by Melynda, which will go in the centre of the room, but set up so as not to interfere with the central display space for group photos.   

There needs to be sufficient space around the exhibits for a guide to offer a “spiel” for the visitors and to make the interior of the exhibit extremely child friendly (no easily dislodged parts).   

Covid-19 has disrupted much of the work in progress (we are all wearing our masks meetings and work on the project, but it is progressing to completion. There is considerable interest in the project and the group will continue to work on getting it ready as volunteer time and effort permit.  Come visit us in 2021.

 (Author Photo)

Alien mask from the Stanton Friedman Collection on loan from the New Brunswick Provincial Archives.

James Smith observations on the 6 July 1947 UFO crash site in New Mexico

Observations and assessments by Private James W. Smith, 414th Fighter Group, as documented by his son Shawn G. Smith, 26 Jan 2010.  Reviewed 11 March 2021.

In the summer of 1947, James was a US Army Air Force (USAAF) airman undergoing Reserve training on the 4th of July weekend at Fort Worth Air Force Base (AFB), Texas.  At that time, he was an aviation mechanic qualified to work on early jets.  On the 6th of July (his birthday), he was ordered to take a Redeye flight to New Mexico as one of a group of aircrew.  The aircraft they flew on was a Douglas C-54 Skymaster, a four-engined transport aircraft used by the USAAF in the Second World War.  A second C-54 and two fighter aircraft accompanied them.  A USAAF Brigadier General was also onboard.

James noted the atmosphere on the aircraft was tense, as they were accompanied by two Military Police (MP) armed with Thompson .45 cal sub-machine guns.  He spoke with them to try and determine what the mission was about.  The MPs thought they were investigating the crash of a Russian jet that had gone down on US soil.

On arrival at Roswell AFB in New Mexico, the group was taken in trucks and jeeps to a remote location in the central part of the state.  Other MPs were already at the site, and the convoy was stopped until the General gave the OK for them to proceed.  James stated that at the site, he saw “the scattered remains of some sort of crashed aircraft…different from other crashes” he had seen.

James had studied jet propulsion.  He had trained as a mechanic on the Lockheed P-80 Shooting Star, the first jet fighter used operationally by the USAAF.  The General knew this, and asked James to take a look, to see “what he could make of it.”  James noted, “nothing resembled the shape of a conventional aircraft or rocket.  There were thick pieces of relatively undamaged metal framework, and many smaller, thinner pieces of what looked like fuselage…all made of a strange metal alloy...Some of the pieces were oxidized and looked as if they had been subjected to a very high heat.”

He added, “there were no discernable seams, welds, or rivets anywhere in the wreckage…it looked as if the entire craft had been molded in one piece…There were what looked like small lights and long solid plastic pieces”, of what he called “spaghetti”, that “were not wires or tubes, with no apparent function.”  There were “strange characters cast into some of the pieces, a type of writing…but only on the inside of the craft.  There were no markings on the outside.  There were…formed metal child-sized reclining seats, with indentations for head, body, arms, and legs, including hand-shaped indentations with spaces for six fingers.  There were no bodies in the wreckage.”

 (Lockheed Martin Photo)

On 6 July 1947, James W. Smith, USAAF, one of the first mechanics to train on the Lockheed P-80 Shooting Star, was directed to assist in the examination of one of the crash sites in New Mexico. 

 (NMUSAF Photo)

James stated, “the recovered wreckage was flown in the two USAAF Douglas C-54 Skymaster transports back to Fort Worth AFB, Texas, escorted by two fighters.  Three small bodies (were) packed in ice (and) loaded aboard the aircraft.  Everyone took a look at them.”  James was told, “they had been the occupants of the crashed craft.”  He was able to examine the bodies, and made the following observations:

 (Roswell Museum)

  1. They were humanoid, with a head, two arms, two legs, two eyes, a mouth, and a nose.
  2. The had no ears and no teeth.
  3. They were small and frail, with unusually large heads.
  4. They had large eyes, but no eyelids.
  5. They had no genitalia.
  6. They had six fingers on each hand.
  7. They had skin like a shark.
  8. They were the perfect size and shape to fit into the formed metal reclining seats he had seen in the wreckage.

Upon arrival at Forth Worth AFB, the wreckage and bodies were immediately loaded upon another transport, and under heavy guard, were flown to another location (possibly Washington, D.C.).  James heard a rumour that a fourth body had been recovered separately later and was sent along with the rest of what was recovered.  All personnel who had taken part in the operation were debriefed and ordered to sign a non-disclosure agreement (NDA) under severe penalties for speaking about the event.

James noted that, although they were forbidden to speak about the subject outside the circle, the “insiders” did speak often and freely among themselves.  He continued to “follow u” and gathered information on the subsequent developments.  Those involved formed a fraternity surrounding the recovery events they had experienced.  He kept a record of the things he learned in the following years:

 (Author artwork)

Roswell UFO similar to the one found at crash site No. 5 of the 7 crashes documented as taking place in New Mexico in 1947.

1. The wreckage was taken to a hangar and carefully re-assembled. It was saucer shaped.  Many pieces were missing.  Some had been taken as souvenirs, and not all were recovered.

Alien writing, seen and copied from memory by Jesse Marcel, c1947.

2. The writing inside the craft was never decoded.

3. When electrical currents were applied to the pieces of the craft themselves, and the materials found within it, they would change shapes and exhibit strange properties.

4. It was determined that the frame and fuselage of the craft incorporated built in wiring and circuitry that was invisible to the naked eye, somehow arranged perfectly, atom-by-atom, within the metal.

5. It was determined that the craft itself and all materials in held, had somehow been “grown” as singular pieces on a molecular level, crystal-by-crystal, one molecule at a time. The materials were perfectly arranged in geometric lattice patterns, with molecular alignment, creating unusual alloys and amalgams with properties no found in natural materials.  James noted, “our best scientists were unable to reproduce the materials or determine how they had been made.”

6. The creatures (his term) recovered at the crash site had circulatory systems, but no digestive organs. It was determined that they somehow absorbed nutrients through their skin.

7. The creatures had unusually large brains with four hemispheres separated by bony plates and an extraordinarily large amount of sensory nerve tissue throughout their bodies, arrange in specific patterns.

8. The creatures were connected to the craft through a form of wireless technology and formed an integral part of the craft. The creatures and the craft functioned as a single unit.  The creatures were not occupant or passengers in the craft, per se, but rather they were an operational part of the craft itself.  They were far more than mere pilots.

9. The creatures were biologically engineered robots manufactured for a specific function and were merely another component of the craft. They were grown in a laboratory, using similar methods as the other materials.  Their flesh and bones exhibited molecular alignment, like the other materials, and were unusually tough and resilient.

10. It was determined that the creatures were not representative of the physical appearance and biological type of the beings who designed and built the craft. They were merely drones or machines and the creators of this technology were believed to be considerably different physiologically.

11. There was no propulsion unit within the craft. At first, it was believed that the propulsion unit was destroyed in the crash, but it was later determined that propulsion was provided by the creatures themselves, as an “advanced form of telekinesis”.  The minds of the creatures themselves, were the propulsion and navigation units.

12. It was determined that the brains of the creatures served as on-board computers for the craft.

13. It was determined that the craft and its components functioned through a type of non-physical energy which we do not yet have access to, an energy apparently harnessed and controlled by the minds of the creatures.

14. It was determined that the energy that powered, controlled, and propelled the craft was a form of focused consciousness or thought power.

15. It was determined that the cause of the crash was lightning striking the craft. The lightning apparently incapacitated one of the creatures, which somehow created an imbalance in the forces that propelled the craft, tearing it apart.  The craft could not function properly without all the creatures acting in perfect unison.

16. The origin of the craft was never determined. It was believed to have originated from one of three sources, a) another planet within the Milky War galaxy, or another galaxy in this universe, b) a planet in another dimension, or c) from the earth’s own distant future.

17. It was determined that the craft was able to travel and maneuver faster than the speed of light. It was able to virtually dematerialize and rematerialize instantly, moving from one location to another in this manner while defying the known laws of physics.  It was determined that the craft could travel many light years in an instant, by somehow traveling in a “bubble” of space time, or “warping” or “folding” the space time around it and “jumping” through dimensions.  It was determined that it possessed the capability to travel inter-dimensionally and was believed to be able to travel forward and backward in time as well.

18. Attempts were made to reverse engineer all the technology discovered within the craft, with only limited success.

19. Another identical craft had been recovered intact, but it was never made functional. The craft would not function without the presence of the creatures, which were the crucial operating component of the machine.

20. Efforts to clone the creatures have been made without success.

James noted, “the secrets of the discs were feasible technologies that humans could and would one day master”.  His son Shawn stated his father, “had a lifelong drive to understand how the craft functioned and to reproduce the technology, noting, “work was being done to reproduce their propulsion system”.

 (US Army Photo)

SCR-584 radar unit, in service in 1947.  It may have contributed to the disruption of the UFO operating systems, causing a collision and crash.

"The Debris Field" lithograph, Elmore Larry.  Major Jesse Marcel inspects material as "Mac" Brazel discusses finding the Debris Field on the ranch near Corona, New Mexico (Roswell), 7 July 1947.  (Postcard)


Sketch of the UFO crash near Corona, New Mexico (Roswell), 7 July 1947.  Drawn from a description by campers who saw it at the crash site near their campsite, just as the USAAF arrived.

 (USAAF Photos)

Trucks, cranes, and bulldozers that were needed to recover the UFO in 1947.  Observed by the campers at the scene the night of the crash.  More kit than required to recover a weather balloon.

Roswell Daily Record newspaper, July 1947.