Military History Books
by Harold A. Skaarup   www.SilverHawkAuthor.com   
 
Royal Canadian Armoured Corps (RCAC) Part II, 1939-1945

Royal Canadian Armoured Corps (RCAC)

Part II, 1939-1945 

The photos on these pages have been gleaned from the Library and Archives Canada collection and a few by the author.  Many of the photos were filed with detailed information missing from the caption section.  This set of photos has been collated and compiled by the author with information added where photos can be compared with existing tanks and armoured fighting vehicles.  There are errors in some of the data, and any additions, corrections or amendments to data concerning the posted photos here would be most welcome and may be e-mailed to the author at hskaarup@rogers.com. 

Data current to 15 January 2020.

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4232758)

Canadian-built Ram II tanks in service at Camp Borden, Ontario, ca. 1943. 

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 2185072)

Ram Mk. 1 tank, Canadian 14 cent stamp, 1943. 

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4232744)

Ram tank crew on exercise ca 1943. 

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4164905)
Canadian armour and infantry observing the aerial bombing of German positions from a forming up point (FUP) on the Caen-Falaise Road, in preparation for continued heavy fighting through Normandy France, 8 Aug 1944.

 

Canadian Tanks and Armour in the Second World War

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3563837)

M1917 tanks arrive at Camp Borden, Oct 1940.

The M1917 was operated by a two-man crew and was armed with either a short 37-mm gun or a Browning .30-calibre machine-gun.  The tank was powered by an American four-cylinder 42-hp water-cooled Buda engine.  It had a top speed of 7 kmh (5 mph).  The Department of Munitions and Supply (DMS) was authorized to purchace 250 of these tanks.  A total of 236 were actually acquired and sent to Camp Borden.

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3325255)

M1917 tanks arrive at Camp Borden, Oct 1940. 

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No.)

M1917 tanks on exercise at Camp Borden, Oct 1940. 

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3613389)

M1917 tank, Camp Borden, Maj Gordon Churchill, 1940. 

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3325256)

M1917 tank being examined by Col F.F. Worthington, Camp Borden, Oct 1940. 

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4232408)

Fox Heavy Reconnaissance Car with MGen F.F. Worthington in front of the Parliament buildings in Ottawa.  

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3607969)

2-pounder Anti-Tank gun mounted on a Universal Carrier, Camp Borden, Ontario, ca 1940.  

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3195889)

Valentine tank, Angus Workshops, Montreal, 23 May 1941.  

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 31925884). 

Valentine (Cruiser) tank armed with a 2-pounder gun under construction in Montreal, 23 May 1941. 

The Valentine Infantry Tank Mk. III built by the CPR Angus Shops in Montreal, Quebec, was designed for the support of infantry in attack.  It entered production in England in 1940 and in Canada in 1941.  The first examples of this tank with a three-man turret went to the Canadian Armoured Fighting Vehicles Training Centre at Camp Borden where they were used for gunnery and tank commander training.  1,390 Canadian produced Valentines were sent to Russia, while 30 remained in Canada for trials and training.  Valentines were powered by a General Motors 6-cylinder, 2-cycle Diesel Engine and equipped with three-wheel Bogie assemblies.  Its main armament was an Ordnance QF 2-pounder Mk. IX gun and a .30-calibre Brownning M1919A4 machine-gun co-axially mounted on the mantlet.  War department numbers for the 30 Valentines in Canada ran from CT-138916 to CT-148945.

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3586332)

Valentine Bridgelayer tank, near Melfa, Italy, 23 May 1944. 

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3554045)

Ram Mk. I armed with the early 2-pounder gun in 1941  This was the first of these tanks built at the Montreal Locomotive works. 

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3525210)

Ram I tank crew, 5th Canadian Armoured Division, Aldershot, England, 24 Dec 1942. 

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4232743)

Ram II tanks armed with 6-pounder guns on maneuvers, ca 1942. 

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3587207)

Ram II tank with 6-pounder gun, marked No. 4, Canadian Armoured Corps Training Establishment, Camp Borden, Ontario, 7 July 1943.  (Lt Ken Bell)

  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4232610)

Ram II tanks, Camp Borden.  

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4232757)

Ram II tanks armed with a Mk. V 6-pounder gun mounted in the Mk. II mantlet, Camp Borden, Ontario. 

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4232617)

Ram II tanks, Camp Borden. 

  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4232753)

Ram II tanks, Camp Borden. 

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, WRC-3176)

Ram II tanks on maneuvers, ca. 1943.

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3587045)

Ram II on maneuvers in the UK, 22 Dec 1942. 

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4233146)

Ram II tanks on manouevres in the UK, ca. 1943.

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4233173

Canadian tanks, moving into position in support of an attack south of Caen, France, June 1944. 

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, PA116535)

Sherman V Armoured Recovery Vehicle (ARV) Mk. I, Authie, Normandy, France July 1944. 

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4233174)

Sherman V Armoured Recovery Vehicle (ARV) Mk. I, moving into position in support of an attack south of Caen, France, June 1944. 

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3285309)

M3 Lee Tanks on a railway car, Buffalo, New York, ca 1942.  

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3607523)

M3 Lee medium tank in Canadian service on maneuvers in England, ca 1942. 

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3590671)

M2A4 Stuart light tank with protective cover, England, 27 Mar 1942. 

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3191555)

M4A4 Sherman V tanks of the Southern Alberta Regiment (SAR) and M5A1 Stuart tanks of the 5th Canadian Armoured Division, a Ram II Observation (OP) tank with false wooden gun, Willys jeeps, Canadian Military Pattern (CMP) trucks and a Humber armoured car in the centre, laagered in the village square of Bergen-op-Zoom in the Netherlands, 31 Oct 1944.

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3262645)

Troopers of a Canadian armoured brigade getting out of a new General Motors Canada fifteen-hundred weight armoured truck near Nijmegen, Netherlands, 5 December 1944. 

(DND Photo via Anthony Seward)

Ram OP in Normandy.  84 of these were manufactured at the very end of Ram production.  It was a Ram II fitted with a dummy gun in place and two No. 19 Wireless sets inside.  These tanks accompanied the Sexton S.P. gun regiments as mobile observation posts for their FOOs.  

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3194297)

Priest Kangaroo (aka "Defrocked Priest") converted into an Artillery Command Vehicle, 4th Canadian Armoured Division, moving into Delden, Netherlands, 4 April 1945. 

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3194838)

Gen Eisenhower visiting units of the 4th Canadian Armoured Division. Gen Harry Crerar, centre.  29 Nov 1944.  

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3205159)

Kangaroo used by The Fort Garry Horse as an armoured ambulance, Holten, Netherlands, 8 April 1945. 

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3613390)

1st Cdn. Armoured Personnel Carrier Regiment "Kangaroos" 1945 N.W. Europe. Squadron formed in Aug. 1944, Regiment formed in Aug. 1944, Served from Normandy to Oldenburg. 

(Library and Archives Canada Photo,MIKAN No. 3613391)

1st Cdn. Armoured Personnel Carrier Regiment (Kangaroos) 1945 N.W. Europe. Sqn formed Aug. 1944. 

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3197576)

Sexton 25-pounder SP Gun, NW Europe, Nov 1944. 

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3512556)

M7B2 Priest 105-mm SP Gun, Gothic Line, Italy, Sep 1944. 

  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3205227)

M7B2 Priest 105-mm SP Gun, 34 Battery, 14th Field Regiment, Royal Canadian Artillery, France, 20 June 1944. 

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3191596)

M7B2 Priest of the RCA being inspected by King George VI, 25 Apr 1944.

(DND Photo courtesy of Clive Law)

Canadian Skink 20 mm Quad Anti-Aircraft Tank. 

(DND Photo courtesy of Clive Law)

Canadian Skink 20 mm Quad Anti-Aircraft Tank. 

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3607599)

Crusader Tank.

The Tank, Cruiser, Mk. VI or A15 Crusader was one of the primary British cruiser during the early part of the Second World War.  Over 5,000 tanks were manufactured and they made important contributions to the British victories during the North African Campaign.  The Crusader tank would not see active service beyond Africa, but the chassis of the tank was modified to create anti-aircraft, fire support, observation, communication, bulldozer and recovery vehicle variants, a number of which were used by the Canadian Army.

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3191619) 

Daimler Armoured Car, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 28 May 1945.

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4233183)

Daimler Mk. 1 Scout Car, Sallenelles, France. 

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4233182)

Daimler Mk. 1 Scout Car, Sallenelles, France. 

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3205115)

GMC C15TA armoured trucks with RHLI troops, Krabbendijke, Netherlands, 27 Oct 1944. 

The General Motors of Canada (GMC) C15TA Armoured Truck was based on the GMC Otter Light Armoured Reconnaissance Car which married the Chevrolet C15A Canadian Military Pattern (CMP) four-wheel-drive chassis, the GM 270-cubic-inch engine, and an armoured body built by the Hamilton bBidge Company.  From the front the vehicle resembled the Otter, while the rear was similar to the White Scout Car.  Its armour was only shoulder high, with weather protection provided by a canvas cover.  It came with run-flat tires and could hold an eight-man crew and their equipment.  The cab seating had two men facing outwards on each side, two faced the rear and two sat in the driver's compartment.  With some modification it could serve as an eight-man APC or as an armoured ambulance or load carrier.  From late 1943 to June 1945, GMC Oshawa built a total 3,961 C15TAs for British and Canadian contracts.  A number of these vehicles remained in military service in Canada after the war until July 1953.

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3607686)

GMC C15TA Armoured Truck, 13 Feb 1945. 

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3356798)

Heavy Transport Truck, Canadian Army, 1944.

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4232685)

Newly manufactured Sherman tank, ca. 1943. 

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3205609)

Infantrymen of The Highland Light Infantry of Canada passing Sherman tanks en route to cross the Orne River near Caen, France, 18 July 1944.

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3614385)

Sherman Flail tank coming ashore from an Landing Craft Tank (LCT), Walcheren Island, the Netherlands, 1944. 

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3574213)

Sherman Command tank ( nick-named Vancouver) commanded by MGen B.M. Hoffmeister, GOC 5th Canadian Armoured Division, at the Melfa River crossing near Castrocielo, Italy, 26 May 1944.  Command tanks were fitted with an extra radio beside the co-driver. 

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3576486)

Major-General B.M. Hoffmeister, General Officer Commanding 5th Canadian Armoured Division, in the turret of the Sherman tank "Vancouver" near Castrocielo, Italy, 23 May 1944.

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3600192)

Sherman V tank on exercise in the UK, 5-10 June 1943. 

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 416670)

Sherman Firefly Vc Tank being loaded onto an LST, ca 1944.  This tank has a counterweight on the turret bustle shown as the gun is traversed over the back deck.  The Firefly IC had a cast forward hull.  Also, there is no bow gunner/radio operator position, as that position was used for extra ammo for the main gun.  There is also an added armour plate in from of the drivers position and where the bow gunner used to be.  This particular tank was a "mutt", as it was part VC and part Sherman. They took a Firefly turret off of one that had the hull knocked out and slammed it on a Sherman hull.  Later the unit was issued a proper VC. 

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3883694)

M4 Sherman tank fitted with a dozer attachment performs roadwork. 

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4233175)

Cromwell Tank moving into position for an attack south of Caen, France, June 1944. 

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4233176)

Cromwell Tank moving into position for an attack south of Caen, France, June 1944.

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4233777)

DUKW with Canadian troops, Normandy, June 1944. 

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3524486)

Dingo Armoured Car, 8th Royal Scots & 1 Canadian Parachute Battalion after crossing the Rhine, Bergerfarth, Germany, 25 Mar 1945. 

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3196712)

Daimler Mk. 1 Scout Car test, Oshawa, Ontario, June 1943.

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3240447)

Daimler Mk. 1 Scout Car, "Flash", crew chatting with partisans, Bagnacavallo, Italy, 3 Jan 1945. 

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3607603)

Otter Mk. 1 Light Reconnaissance Car. 

(DND Photo)

Otter Mk. 1 Light Reconnaissance Car. 

(Author Photo)

Otter Mk. 1 Light Reconnaissance Car, Canadian War Museum, Ottawa. 

(Clive Prothero-Brooks Photo)

Otter Mk. 1 Light Reconnaissance Car, (Serial No. CM4647096), RCA Museum, CFB Shilo, Manitoba. 

 (Clive Prothero-Brooks Photo)

Otter Mk. 1 Light Reconnaissance Car, (Serial No. CM4647096), RCA Museum, CFB Shilo, Manitoba.

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3396466)

Otter Mk. 1 Light Reconnaissance Car, 1st Canadian Infantry Division, Apeldoorn, Netherlands, 19 Apr 1945. 

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3206554)

Humber Mk. I Scout car, Falaise, France, 17 Aug 1944. 

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3206446)

Humber light reconnaissance car, Caen, France, 11 July 1944.  

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3194752)

Daimler Mk. 1 Scout Car, abandoned on the beach after the Dieppe Raid. 

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4233281)

MGen Charles Foulkes, 1st Canadian Army in an armoured car named "Bardia".

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3607595)

Humber Mk. III Armoured Car. 

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4233288)

Canadian Humber Mk. III Armoured cars move across the Seine River, 1944. 

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3604329)

Standard Car 4x2, or Car Armoured Light Standard, better known as the Beaverette

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3604330)

Standard Car 4x2, or Car Armoured Light Standard, better known as the Beaverette

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3604331

Standard Car 4x2, or Car Armoured Light Standard, better known as the Beaverette.  

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3607961)

Morris Mk. I Armoured Car.  

The Morris Mark I was used in infantry division reconnaissance regiments in the United Kingdom, and the 1st Canadian Infantry Division used them in Sicily and Italy. The Morris LRC was built by Morris Motor Company, and had an unusual configuration in that the three-man crew sat side by side, with the driver in the middle, a Bren Gun turret on the right side, and another crewman on the left with access to both a Boys Anti-Tank Rifle and a radio. The Mark I was a 2-wheel drive machine. Armour: 8-14mm.

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3199886)

Alligator with Universal Carrier, Cameron Highlanders of Canada, Rhine River, west of Rees, Germany, 24 Mar 1945. 

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3262696)

Infantrymen of the Toronto Scottish Regiment in their Universal Carrier, Nieuport, Belgium, 9 Sep 1944. 

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3199411)

Universal Carrier with high box siding, The Highland Light Infantry of Canada, England, 19 May 1944. 

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3227153)

Personnel of I Troop, 94 Battery, 3rd Anti-Tank Regiment, Royal Canadian Artillery (RCA), riding an M-10 armoured vehicle aboard a Rhino ferry, Bernières-sur-Mer, France, 6 June 1944. 

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3223903)

Infantrymen of the Lincoln and Welland Regiment and a Sherman V tank of the 4th Canadian Armoured Division awaiting orders to go through a roadblock, Wertle, Germany, 11 April 1945. 

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. unknown)

A Sherman Vc Firefly of 5th Canadian Armoured Division assists troops of 11th Royal Scots Fusiliers, 49th (West Riding) Division to clear the Germans from Ede, Netherlands, 17 April 1945. 

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3401790)

Sherman tanks captured and used by the Germans, Armsfoot, Netherlands, 10 May 1945. 

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3520400)

Universal Carrier with Vickers  .303-inch machine-gun, Saskatoon Light Infantry, Italy, 8 Mar 1944. 

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3520408)

Universal Carrier with Vickers .303-inch machine-gun, Saskatoon Light Infantry, Laurenzana, Italy, 19 Sep 1944. 

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3222766)

Universal Carrier, 4th Field Regt, RCA, Vaucelles, France, 20 July 1944. 

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3530147)

Sergeant E. Owen (foreground) conducting an Orders (O) Ggroup for personnel of No.1 Protective Troop, Headquarters Squadron, 4th Canadian Armoured Brigade, alongside a Sherman tank, Vaucelles, France, 7 August 1944. 

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3198828)

Universal Carrier, Canadian soldiers 7th Canadian Infantry Brigade & German Prisoners of War, Authie, France, 9 Jul 1944.

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3607580)

Loyd Carrier of the Overseas Canadian Training School (note four road wheels and modified box chassis) armed with a .303-inch Vickers machine-gun. 

(Government of the United Kingdom Photo)

Universal Carrier on a training exercise in the UK, 18 October 1940.  The crew are demonstrating the use of the 2-inch mortar in the rear and Bren gun on an anti-aircraft mounting.