Military History Books
by Harold A. Skaarup   www.SilverHawkAuthor.com   
 
German Warplanes of the First World War preserved (Luftstreitkräfte 1914-1918)

German Warplanes of the First World War (Luftstreitkräfte 1914-1918) preserved

Only a handful of original German aircraft captured during the First World War survive to this day.  This list is a rough indicator of where the interested researcher may still be able to find and view a few of them.During and after the end of the First War a number of German Warplanes were captured and evaluated by the Allied forces.  Most of these aircraft were later scrapped and therefore only a handful have survived.  This is a partial list of aircraft that were known to have been collected, with a few photos of the surviving airframes where known in museums. 

Photos are by the Author except where otherwise credited.

Data current to 6 Jan 27 Nov 2017. 

Fighters and Interceptors

Albatros D.I (1916)

Albatros D.II (1916)

Albatros D.III (1916).  Koloman Mayrhofer, an aviation enthusiast in Austria, has constructed a pair of Albatros D.III (Oeffag) series 253 reproductions.  Both are equipped with vintage Austro-Daimler engines.  One aircraft will be flown and operated by a non-profit organization.  The second aircraft is slated for static display at the Flugmuseum AVIATICUM, near Wiener-Neustadt, Austria.

Albatros D.V (D2359/17), Jasta 23b flown by Lt Hohmuth, captured in France, 1918. (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3397882)

 (Jeff Gilbert Photo, left, Universal Nation Photo, right)

Albatros D.Va. (Wk Nr. D.5390/17).  This aircraft was shot down during a dogfight with an Australian Flying Corps R.E.8 on 17 December 1917.  It landed intact behind the lines of the 21st Infantry Battalion of the Second Australian Division, AIF.  The unit recovered the aircraft and took the pilot, Leutnant Rudolf Clausz of Jasta 29, prisoner.  In February 1918, the War Office ceded D.5390/17 to the AFC as a war trophy.  This aircraft is on display in the Australian War Memorial Museum, Brisbane, Australia. 

 (Author Photos)

Albatros D.Va (Wk Nr. D.7161/17).  This aircraft served with Jasta 46 before being captured sometime in April or May 1918.  In 1919, the aircraft was presented to the De Young Memorial Museum in San Francisco, California.  The National Air and Space Museum acquired the aircraft in 1949. It was placed in storage until restoration began in 1977.  Since 1979, D.7161/17 has been on display at the Air and Space Museum, in Washington D.C.  (Cliff Photos)

 (Ad Meskins Photos)

Albatros D.Va reproduction with the Stampe en Vertongen Museum.

 (John5199 Photo)

Albatros D.Va reproduction in flight, RAF Museum, Hendon, England.  

 (Clemens Vasters Photo, left, Greg Goebel Photo, right)

Albatros D.Va (L24) reproduction, Museum of Flight, Seattle, Washington.

 (Ciar Photo)

Aviatik D.I (Wk Nr. unknown).  This original Aviatik D.I Fighter (also known as the Berg Scout), is on display in the Museum of Flight, Seattle, Washington.

Aviatik C.VI

Daimler L.6

Fokker Dr.I.  This aircraft is on display in the Luftwaffenmuseum der Bundeswehr; Airforce Museum of the Bundeswehr; Berlin-Gatow. 

Three Fokker Dr.I triplanes are known to have survived the Armistice.  Wk Nr. 528/17 was retained as a testbed by the Deutschen Versuchsanstalt für Luftfahrt (German Aviation Research Institute) at Adlershof.  After being used in the filming of two movies, 528/17 is believed to have crashed sometime in the late 1930s.  Serial 152/17, in which Manfred von Richthofen obtained three victories, was displayed at the Zeughaus museum in Berlin.  This aircraft was destroyed in an Allied bombing raid during Second World War.  

 (Deutsches Bundeswehr Photo)

In 1932, Fokker assembled a Dr.I from existing components.  It was displayed in the Deutsche Luftfahrt-Sammlung in Berlin.  In 1943, the aircraft was destroyed in an Allied bombing raid.  Today, only a few original Dr.I artifacts survive in museums. 

 (Softeis Photo)

Fokker Dr.I reproduction, Deutsches Museum, Munich, Germany.

Large numbers of replica and reproduction aircraft have been built for both individuals and museums. Bitz Flugzeugbau GmbH built two Dr.I replicas for use in Twentieth Century Fox’s 1966 film The Blue Max. Because of the expense and scarcity of authentic rotary engines, most airworthy replicas are powered by a Warner Scarab or Continental R-670 radial engine.  A few, however, feature vintage Le Rhone 9J or reproduction Oberursel Ur.II rotary engines.

 (Joanna Poe Photo)

Fokker Dr.I reproduction, Military Air Museum, Virginia Beach. 

Fokker D.I

Fokker D.II

Fokker D.III.  Oswald Boelcke's D.III, (Wk Nr. 352/16), survived the Great War and was displayed at the Zeughaus museum in Berlin.  The aircraft was destroyed by an Allied bombing raid in 1943.

Fokker D.IV

Fokker D.V

Fokker D.VI

Captured Fokker D.VII aircraft near Namur, Belgium, Nov 1918.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390439)

Fokker D.VIIs, Hounslow, UK, 1919.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390446)

Fokker D.VII, 6822/18, Hounslow, UK, 1919.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390445)

Fokker D.VII, Major A.E. McKeever, CO, No. 1 Squadron, Canadian Air Force, Upper Heyford, UK, 1919.  (Library and Archives Canada Photos, MIKAN No. 3390440 and 3390444)

Albert Carter sitting in the cockpit of the German Fokker D.VII aircraft in which he died on 22 May 1919.  No. 1 and 2 Fighting Squadrons, Canadian Air Force, Upper Heyford, UK, 1919.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390431)

Captured Fokker D.VII (Alb), 5927/18, RK. flown by Richard Kraut, shown here in post war service with No. 1 and 2 Fighting Squadrons, Canadian Air Force, Hounslow, UK, 1919.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390442)

 (Author Photos)

Fokker D.VII A1b (Wk Nr. 6810/18) (1918).  Both Canada and France acquired numerous D.VII aircraft.  A former war prize, one of 22 acquired by Canada, this aircraft is displayed in the Brome County Historical Society Museum, in the Knowlton neighborhood of Lac-Brome, Quebec.  This unrestored Albatros-built example is the only surviving D.VII that retains its original fabric covering.  The Brome County Historical Society (BCHS) Museum is located at 130 Lakeside Road, Knowlton, Quebec, Canada. 

Fokker D.VII (Wk Nr. 2071), (18), N1178 (10347), (DVII 3659).  This aircraft was a war prize that was brought to the USA until it was sold to the Canada Air & Space Museum, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

 (Cliff Photo)

Fokker D.VII (Wk Nr. unknown).  This aircraft is a war prize was captured in 1918 when it accidentally landed at a small American airstrip near Verdun, France.  Donated to the Smithsonian Institution by the War Department in 1920, it is now displayed at the National Air and Space Museum in Washington, D.C.  Two other American war prizes were retained by private owners until sold abroad in 1971 and 1981.  They are today displayed at the Canada Air & Space Museum, in Ottawa, Ontario, and the Militaire Luchtvaart Museum in Soesterberg, Netherlands, respectively.  

 (Joost J. Bakker Photo)

Fokker D.VII (Wk Nr. unknown).  This aircraft was a war prize that was brought to the USA until it was sold to the Militaire Luchtvaart Museum in Soesterberg, Netherlands in 1981.  This aircraft is painted in fictitious Royal Netherlands Air Force markings. 

  

(Simon Boddy Photo, left, Deutsches Museum at Oberschleißheim Photo, right)

Fokker D.VII (Wk Nr. 4408-18).  This former Marine Luchtvaartdienst D.VII was discovered in a German barn in 1948. The aircraft is now displayed at the Deutsches Museum in Munich, Germany.

(Ricardo Reis Photo)

Fokker D.VII (Wk Nr. F7775-18).  This aircraft is  displayed at the Luftwaffenmuseum Berlin-Gatow, Germany. 

 

(Oren Rozen Photo, left, Oxyman Photo, right)

Fokker D.VII (Wk Nr. unknown).  This aircraft was taken as a war prize in France and is currently on display in the   Royal Air Force Museum in Hendon, England.

Fokker D.VII (Wk Nr. unknown) was collected as a war prize in France and is currently on display in the Musée de l'Air et de l'Espace in Paris, France.

Fokker D.VII reproductions.  Many modern D.VII reproductions have been built.  Most flyable examples are powered by Ranger or Gipsy Queen inverted inline engines.  These engines must be turned upright to produce the correct thrust line, thus requiring a new oiling system.  A few flying reproductions, such as the one at New York State's Old Rhinebeck Aerodrome, are equipped with original Mercedes D.IIIa engines.

 (NMUSAF Photo)

Fokker D.VII reproduction, National Museum of the USAF. 

 (Julian Herzong Photo)

Fokker D.VII reproduction owned by Mikael Carlson, Reg No. SE-XVO, built 2011, with a Daimler D IIIaü engine.

 (Sandstein Photo)

Fokker D.VII  reproduction.  Swiss Aviation Museum (Flieger Flab Museum) in Dübendorf, Switzerland as flown by the Swiss Army Air Corps from 1920 to 1938. 

 (Michael Rehbaum Photo)

Fokker D.VII reproduction.  Military Air Museum, Virginia Beach.

 (Bergfalke2 Photo)

Fokker D.VIII (also known as monoplane E.V) (1918).  The fuselage of the D.VIII shown above is preserved at the Caproni Museum in Trento, Italy.

Fokker Dr.I (1917)

Fokker E.I (1915)

Fokker E.II (1915)

 (Hugh Llewelyn Photo)

Fokker E.III (1916).  The only known surviving original Eindecker, bearing IdFlieg (Wk Nr. 210/16), was brought down in the Somme area in 1916 by the British and then evaluated by the War Office until it was transferred to the London Science Museum in 1918.  It is currently on display fully assembled, but with its fabric covering removed to illustrate its internal construction.  

 (Grzegorz Polak Photo)

Fokker E.III reproduction, Dayton, Ohio. 

  (Phoibos666 Photo, left, Dennis Apel Photo, right)

Fokker E.III reproduction, Luftwaffenmuseum, Berlin-Gatow, Germany.

Fokker E.IV (1916)

Fokker E.V (also known as monoplane D.VIII)

Halberstadt D.II

Hannover CL.II

Hannover CL.III

Hannover CL.IV (prototype)

Hannover CL.V

Hansa-Brandenburg D.I

 (phoibos666 Photo) 

Junkers D.I (1918).  The Junkers J 9(D.I) shown above is a modern reproduction, in Luftwaffenmuseum Berlin Gatow.

Kondor D.6

Kondor E.III

Naglo D.II

Pfalz D.III

Pfalz D.XII

Pfalz Dr.I

Pfalz E.I

Pfalz E.II

Roland D.II

 (Piotr Drabik Photo)

Roland D.VI.  The only surviving artifact of the LFG Roland D.VI still existing in the 21st century is the complete fuselage of a D.VIb, displaying IdFlieg (Wk Nr. 2225/18), shown above on display at the Polish Aviation Museum in Kraków, Poland.

Siemens-Schuckert D.I

Siemens-Schuckert D.II

Siemens-Schuckert D.III

 (Rosario van Tulpe Photo)

Siemens-Schuckert D.IV.  A replica is on display in the Airforce Museum of the Bundeswehr; Berlin-Gatow, Germany.

Siemens-Schuckert L.I (1918?)

Zeppelin-Lindau D.I

Bomber and Ground Attack aircraft

Gotha G.V (1917)

Junkers CL.I (1918)

AEG G.I

AEG G.II

AEG G.III

 (Author Photos)

AEG G.IV (Wk Nr. 574), (18).  This aircraft is preserved in the Canada Air & Space Museum, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.  This example is significant not only as the only one of its kind in existence, but as the only preserved German twin-engined combat aircraft of the First World War.

AEG G.V

AEG J.I (1916)

AEG J.II (1918)

AEG N.I

AEG PE

AEG R.I

Zeppelin Staaken R.VI

Patrol and reconnaissance

AEG B.I (1914)

AEG B.II (1914)

AEG B.III (1915)

AEG C.I (March 1915)

AEG C.II (October 1915)

AEG C.III (prototype)

AEG C.IV

AEG C.V (prototype)

AEG C.VI (prototype)

AEG C.VII (prototype)

AEG C.VIII (prototype)

AEG D.I (prototype)

AEG DJ.I (prototype)

AEG Dr.I (1917 prototype)

AGO C.I

AGO C.II

AGO C.III (prototype)

AGO C.IV

AGO C.VII (prototype)

AGO C.VIII (prototype)

  (Rodrigo Lorca Photo, left, Kogo Photo, right)

Albatros B.I.  The surviving example shown above is preserved at the Heeresgeschichliches Museum, Vienna, Austria.

 (Daniel Delimata Photo)

Albatros B.II.  The surviving example shown above is on display in the Polish Aviation Museum in Kraków, Poland.  

 (Alan Wilson Photo)

Albatros B.II.  Also known as the Albatros 120 in Swedish service.  The type served as a trainer from 1920 to 1929.  This example was built in 1925.  Msn 464.  Flyvapenmuseum, Malmen, Sweden.

 (Pappenheim Photo)

Albatros B.II.  Heeresgeschichtlichen Museum, Vienna, Austria.  

Albatros C.I (1915)

Albatros C.III (1916)

Albatros C.V

Albatros C.VII

Albatros C.IX

Albatros C.X

Albatros C.XII

Aviatik B.I (1914)

Aviatik B.II (1914)

Aviatik C.I (1916)

  (Deutsches Bundeswehr Photo)

Aviatik C.VI.  DFW C.V (Aviatik) (Wk Nr. 5845/16) banking in early morning sunlight.  Note the Aviatik trademark on the strut; flares in a holder behind the observer's cockpit; and  fully-armed 7.92-mm LMG 14 "Parabellum" machine gun.  Pilot and squadron unknown.

Brandenburg W12 two-seat floatplane fighter (Kaiserliche Marine)

DFW B.I (1914)

Captured German DFW built DFW C.V,  reconnaissance aircraft which landed inside Canadian lines in France, May 1917.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390812)

DFW C.V

 (Egotrich Photo)

Etrich Taube (Wk Nr. unknown). 1911, (also known as the Rumpler Taube).  The Technisches Museum Wien (Vienna, Austria) is thought to have the only known remaining Etrich-built example of the Taube in existence, an early enough example to have a four-cylinder engine powering it, and is potentially a twin to Gavotti's Taube aircraft from 1911, also said to have been powered with a four-cylinder inline engine. 

Etrich Taube (Wk Nr. unknown).  Aviation Museum, Norway.  This aircraft was the last original Taube to fly under its own power in 1922, over a Norwegian fjord.

 (Noop1958 Photo)

Etrich Taube reproduction, D-ETRI, in flight in Germany.

 (Author Photos)

Etrich Taube reproduction, Owls Head Transportation Museum, Knox County Airport, Route 73, Owls Head, Maine.  This museum is so far the only known museum to attempt the construction of a flyable reproduction of the Etrich Taube in North America.  Their example first flew in 1990, and it still flies today with the power of a 200 hp Ranger L-440 inline-6 "uprighted" air-cooled engine.

 (Aconcagua Photo)

Jeannin Staltaube version of the Etrich Tube with steel tubing construction.  The aircraft shown above is on display in the Technikmuseum, Berlin, Germany.  

Halberstadt C.V

Halberstadt CL.II

 (Sven Petersen Photo)

Halberstadt CL.IV.  Deutsches Museum, Munich, Germany.

 (Cliff Photos) (Eric Salard Photo, left, Jarek Tuszynski Photo, right)

Halberstadt CL.IV.  This example is on display in the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center, Chantilly, Virginia.

 (NMUSAF Photos)

Halberstadt CL.IV.  This example is on display in the National Museum of the USAF, Dayton, Ohio.

Hannover CL.II

 (Author Photos)

Junkers J.1 biplane (Wk Nr. J.1 586/17), (C/N 252), 1918.  This aircraft is was sent to Canada as a War Prize in 1919.  It is preserved in the Canada Air & Space Museum, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

Junkers J 1 (1916).  The Junkers J 1 monoplane, nicknamed the Blechesel (Tin Donkey or Sheet Metal Donkey), was the world's first practical all-metal aircraft.as probably not flown again after January 1916.  However, it survived the First World War and was placed on display in a Berlin aviation museum. Sadly, it met its end during one of the earliest Royal Air Force bombing raids on Berlin, during World War II.

LFG Roland C.II (1916) (also known as Walfisch (Whale)) 2 variants: C.II and C.IIa

LVG B.I

LVG C.II (1916)

Rumpler C.I

 (Zandcee Photos)

Rumpler C.IV.  This example is on display in the Deutsches Museum, Munich, Germany.

Rumpler Taube (1911) (also known as Etrich Taube)

Trainer

Euler D.I

Prototype

Albatros C.II (prototype?)

Fokker V.1 (1916) (prototype)

Junkers J 1 (1915) (first all-metal aircraft)

Junkers J 2 (1916)

Aircraft producers[

AEG

Albatros

Aviatik

Deutsche Flugzeug-Werke (DFW)

Fokker

Flugzeugbau Friedrichshafen

Gothaer Waggonfabrik

Halberstädter Flugzeugwerke

Hannoversche Waggonfabrik

Hansa-Brandenburg

Junkers

Luft-Fahrzeug-Gesellschaft (LFG-Roland)

LVG

Pfalz Flugzeugwerke

Rumpler Flugzeugwerke

Siemens-Schuckert

Zeppelin-Staaken

Aircraft designation codes

A

Artilleriebeobachtungsflugzeug

artillery observation aircraft, single seat monoplane trainer or reconnaissance aircraft

B

Beobachtungsflugzeug

reconnaissance aircraft, two-seat, unarmed, after 1915 used as trainers only

C

reconnaissance aircraft, two-seat, armed, occasionally used as bomber, usually biplanes

CL

light, two-seat biplane, used as fighter, trainer or ground attack aircraft

D

Doppeldecker

biplane, single engined, single seat fighter (later, for all fighter aircraft)

Dr.

Dreidecker

triplane, single engined, single seat fighter

E

Eindecker

monoplane, single engined, single seat fighter (use abandoned after Fokker E.V)

G

Großflugzeug

big aircraft, twin-engined, multi-seat bomber

R

Riesenflugzeug

giant aircraft, four engined, multi-seat long range bomber

J (I)

Infanterieflugzeug

Close-support/ground attack aircraft meant to support army movements, usually with an armored fuselage

N

Nachtflugzeug

aircraft for operation at night

W

Wasserflugzeug

seaplane, single seat fighter

LW

leichtes Wasserflugzeug

light seaplane, single seat fighter