Military History Books
by Harold A. Skaarup   
Fredericton Region Museum (FRM), Part V, Swords

Fredericton Region Museum,

Swords and Bayonets

Musée de la région de Fredericton,

Épées et baïonnettes

Data current to 11 July 2020.

  (Author Photo)

Sword (1969.2957.1). French Petit Montmorency sabre.

The Fredericton Region Museum (FRM) has a good number of interesting artifacts, including an excellent collection of swords from various eras in our history.  One of the most interesting weapons is this officer's sabre dating back to the era of the reign of Louis XVI, the revolution period (1780-1795) and the periods of the Directoire (1795-1799) and the (Napoleonic) consulate (1799-1804).  This was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France and its colonies.  The French Petit Montmorency is a type of sabre that was carried by officers of the infantry, i.e. the chasseurs.  It was made in France for use by light cavalry of the early modern and Napoleonic periods.  It was used by various troops during the French Revolution until the 1790s, and was also carried in the Netherlands, in the period of the Batavian Republic.  The sabre saw extensive military use in the early 19th century when Napoleon used heavy cavalry charges to great effect against his enemies.  During the Revolution, they were made by many different private makers in an endless variety of designs, but following the same general form.

The FRM’s sabre very elaborate hilt and guard made of brass with a lion's head surrounded by leaves on butt, and a grip made of wood covered with leather with wire winding.  It has a slightly curved 82-cmlong broad steel blade of "petit montmorency" type with one cutting edge.  The sabre's  blade is etched with floral designs.  This sabre belonged to Herbert Greene of Saint John.  Mr. Green purchased this and another sword from Colonel Blare of Saint John, under whom Mr. Green had served as a Lieutenant, at some period in the early 1800s.