Military History Books
by Harold A. Skaarup   www.SilverHawkAuthor.com   
 
Canadian Warplanes 6, Jets, Avro CF-100 Canuck

Canadian Warplanes, Jets, 

Avro CF-100 Canuck

Data current to 10 August 2019.

 (DND Photo via Chris Charland)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 3 (Serial No. 18125), No. 3 All-Weather (AW) Operational Training Unit (OTU) based at RCAF Station North Bay and later RCAF. Station Cold Lake, Alberta.  This aircraft was later converted to a dual Mk. 3D.  It was struck off strength at RCAF Station Lincoln Park on 3 August, 1960.

The Avro Canada CF-100 Canuck (affectionately known as the "Clunk") was a Canadian jet interceptor/fighter in service during the Cold War both in NATO bases in Europe and as part of NORAD.  The CF-100 was the only Canadian-designed fighter to enter mass production, serving primarily with the RCAF and the Canadian Armed Forces, and also in small numbers in Belgium.  For its day, the CF-100 featured a short takeoff run and high climb rate, making it well suited to its role as an interceptor.

Production consisted of 5 pre-production CF-100 Mk. 2 aircraft, 74 machine gun armed CF-100 Mk. 3 aircraft, 280 CF-100 Mk. 4 aircraft armed with both machine guns and rocket pods, and 331 CF-100 Mk. 5 aircraft armed only with rocket pods.

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 1, (2 built), (Serial Nos. 18101-18102), Mk. 2, (10 built), (Serial Nos. 18103-18112), Mk. 3, (70 built), Serial Nos. 18113-18182), Mk. 4A, (137 built), (Serial Nos. 18183-18319), Mk. 4B, (144 built), (Serial Nos. 18320-18463), Mk. 5 (329 built), (Serial Nos. 18464-18792), for a total number of 692 built.

(DND Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 1 (Serial No. 18101), FB-D, 1st prototype.

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4047130)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 1 (Serial No. 18101), FB-D, 1st prototype.  RCAF personnel with A/M Curtis, MND Claxton and test pilot Squadron Leader Bill Waterton.  This aircraft emerged from the factory, painted gloss black overall with white lightning bolts running down the fuselage and engines.  The CF-100 prototype flew its maiden flight on 19 January 1950 with Gloster Aircraft Company Chief Test Pilot Squadron Leader Bill Waterton at the controls.

 (Aerospace Heritage Foundation of Canada Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 1 (Serial No. 18102), 2nd prototype.

(DND Photo via James Craik)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 1 (Serial No. 18102), 2nd prototype.

 (DND Photo via Chris Charland)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 3B (Serial No. 18133), No. 445 Wolverine AW (F) Squadron, RCAF Station North Bay, Ontario.

  (RCAF Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 2T (Serial No. 18105).

(RCAF Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 3A (Serial No. 18125), JF.

(RCAF Photo via Mike Kaehler)

Avro  CF-100 Canuck Mk. 3 (Serial No. 18148), 423 Squadron.

 (RCAF Photo via Luc Dubé)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 2T, jet-assisted take-off (JATO).

(RCAF Photo)

Avro  CF-100 Canuck Mk. 3, top view.

(RCAF Photo)

Avro  CF-100 Canuck Mk. 3 (Serial No. 18149), ca 1956.

 (RCAF Photo via Mike Kaehler)

Avro  CF-100 Canuck Mk. 3 (Serial No. 18149), ca 1956.

(RCAF Photo via Mike Kaehler)

Avro  CF-100 Canuck, nose on shot.

(RCAF Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 3B (Serial No. 18157).

(RCAF Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 4 (Serial No. 18197), St Hubert, Québec, 24 March 1955.

(RCAF Photo via Mike Kaehler)

 (RCAF Photo via Mike Kaehler)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 4 (Serial No. 18197), St Hubert, Québec, ca 1955.  After its flying career it became instructional trainer A653.

(RCAF Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 4A (Serial No. 18300).

(DND Image Library Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 4A, RCAF (Serial No. 18225).

 (22 Wing Heritage Office Archives Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 4A, RCAF (Serial No. 18311), No. 3 All Weather Fighter Wing, North Bay, Ontario.  In 1953 this unit adopted the nickname "Night Witches", suggested by the wife of the unit's Engineering Officer, and the orange and black logo seen on the nose, denoting its all-weather day-or-night operations.

 (RCAF Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 4B (Serial No. 18330), and (Serial No. 18364), No. 423 Squadron, based at RCAF Station Grostenquin (No. 2 Fighter Wing) France, 9 Oct 1962.   These aircraft were participating in training at the Air Weapons (training) Unit at Decimomannu, Sardinia.   CF-100s were flown by the RCAF in Europe from 1956 to 1962. 

 (RCAF Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 4B (Serial No. 18330), and (Serial No. 18364), No. 423 Squadron, based at RCAF Station Grostenquin (No. 2 Fighter Wing) France, 9 Oct 1962.

(RCAF Photo via Mike Kaehler)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 4B (Serial No. 18362), 428 Squadron.

 (DND Photo via James Craik)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 4B (Serial No. 18421), 440 Squadron.

 (RCAF Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 4B (Serial No. 18426).

(RCAF Photo via Mike Kaehler)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 4B (Serial No. 18409), being lifted by a crane.

 (DND Image Library Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 4B (Serial No. 18406),

 (RCAF Photo via Mike Kaehler)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 4B, RCAF (Serial No. 18383).

 (DND Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 4B (Serial No. 18330).

(DND Image Library)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 4B, RCAF (Serial No. 18386).

(DND Image Library)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 4B, RCAF (Serial No. 18410).

(DND Image Library)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 4B, RCAF (Serial No. 18421).

  (RCAF Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 4B (Serial No. 18336) in flight.

(RCAF Photo via Mike Kaehler)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 4B (Serial No. 18434) at Ancienne Lorrette with specially modified white tip pods that contain IR detection equipment and cameras.

 (RCAF Photo via James Craik)

 (RCAF Photo via James Craik)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 4B (Serial No. 18434) at Ancienne Lorrette with specially modified white tip pods that contain IR detection equipment and cameras.

(RCAF Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 5 (Serial No. 18532). 

 (DND Photo)

Avro CF-100 Mk. 5, No. 428 Squadron, Uplands, Ontario, 16 March 1960.

 (DND Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 5 (Serial No. 18593) and (Serial No. 18539), No. 432 Squadron, RCAF Station Bagotville, Quebec, 16 Aug 1957.

 (DND Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 5 (Serial No. 18539), 16 Aug 1957. 

 (RCAF Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 5 (Serial No. 18780), (Serial No. 100780), 414 Squadron.

(RCAF Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 5, RCAF (Serial No. 18323), fitted with dummy Sparrow AAMs for trials.

(RCAF Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 5 (Serial No. 18323), armed with Sparrow air-to-air missiles.

(RCAF Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 5 (Serial No. 18323), armed with Sparrow air-to-air missiles.

(DND Image Library Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 5, RCAF (Serial No. 18300) with Sparrow missiles.

(DND Image Library Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck, RCAF with Sparrow missile.

(DND Image Library Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck, RCAF with Sparrow missile.

 (DND Photo via James Craik)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 5 (Serial No. 18551).

(RCAF Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 5 (Serial No. 18551) with a Convair F-102 Delta Dagger, USAF (Serial No. 56-1300).

 (RCAF Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 5 (Serial No. 18556).

(RCAF Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 5 (Serial No. 18631).

 (DND Photo via Doug Jermyn)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 5 (Serial No. 18760) flight testing a JT15D jet pod slung under the left side of the fuselage.

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4118640)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 5 (Serial No. 18493), (Serial No. 100493), overshoot of the runway, 31 Dec 1973.

 (DND Photos via Mike Kaehler)

(DND Photos via James Craik)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 5 (Serial No. 18343), on the line at RCAF Station Hamilton in preparation for the fly-past at the Canadian International Air Show as viewed from under an aircraft of 432 Black Cougar CF-100 Squadron from RCAF Station Bagotville.

(DND Photo via James Craik)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 5 (Serial No. 18748) on the flight line at Uplands, Ontario.

 (DND Photo via James Craik)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 5 (Serial No. 18727), St Hubert, Québec.

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4314017)

Avro CF-100 Canucks on the flight line for the visit of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Ottawa airport, 12 Oct 1957.

Avro CF-100 Canucks preserved:

(DND Photo via James Craik)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 2 (Serial No. 18103), 3rd prototype.

 (RCAF Photo) 

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 2 (Serial No. 18103), Canadian Air Land Sea Museum, Markham, Ontario.

 (NHL4Hamilton Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 5C (Serial No. 18506), (Serial No. 100506), Canadian Air Land Sea Museum, Markham, Ontario.  This aircraft was previously on display at Mount Hope, Ontario until 2012.

 (Author Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 2T, RCAF (Serial No. 18104), CF (Serial No. A611), painted as (Serial No. 100104), Royal Military College Saint-Jean, Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Québec.

 (Andre Blanchard Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 2T, RCAF (Serial No. 18106), CF (Serial No. A615), Military Memorial Museum, Campbellford, Ontario.

 (Author Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 3D (Serial No. 18126), The Hangar Flight Museum, Calgary, Alberta.

(RCAF Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 3D (Serial No. 18138), formation flight.

 (Author Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 5 (Serial No. 18764), Royal Western Canada Aviation Museum, Winnipeg, Manitoba.

  (AHunt Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 3D, RCAF (Serial No. 18138), C/N 038, wings and fuselage from Mk. 5C (Serial No. 18766) and (Serial No. 18791), (Serial No. 100791), 445 Squadron.  RCAF 18138 was one of 56 converted in 1955 from Mk. 3B to Mk 3D dual trainers.  It saw service with No. 440 Squadron (Bagotville) and 445 Squadron (Uplands), as well as with No. 3 AW(F) OTU at North Bay.  Canadian Museum of Flight, Langley, British Columbia.

 (Tony Hisgett Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 3D (Serial No. 18152), JF-152, No. 3 Operational Training Unit, mounted on a pylon, Bomber Command Museum of Canada, Nanton, Alberta.

 (Author Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 4A (Serial No. 18194), CAF (Serial No. 646B).  This aircraft was previously used as a training frame for the Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear School.  Base Borden Military Museum, CFB Borden, Ontario.

 (NMUSAF Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 4A (Serial No. 18241), CAF (Serial No. A631), 428 Squadron, National Museum of the USAF, Wright-Patterson AFB, Dayton, Ohio, USA.  This aircraft was previously on display at Bellville, Ontario, before being moved to the NMUSAF in 1999.

 (Steve Fitzgerald Photo)

 (Alan Wilson Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 4B (Serial No. 18393), 441 Squadron.  Imperial War Museum, Duxford, Cambridgeshire, United Kingdom.  This Canuck entered service with the RCAF in May 1955 . On 1 Nov 1957 while operating from No. 4 (F) Wing based at Baden-Soellingen, Germany, it suffered a double engine failure.  The pilot carried out a successful dead-stick landing at No. 3 (F) Zweibrucken, Germany.  It was retired from RCAF service in October 1962, and from then until 1975 it was placed with the College of Aeronautics at Cranfield in the UK.  In 1975 she was flown to the IWM at Duxford by the late Ormond Haydon-Baillie, Reg. No. G-BCYK.

 (RCAF Photo via James Craik)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 4B (Serial No. 18434) at Ancienne Lorrette with specially modified white tip pods that contain IR detection equipment and cameras.  This aircraft is with the Aerospace & Telecommunications Engineering Support Squadron (ATESS), CFB Mountain View, Ontario.

 (Author Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 5C (Serial No. 18488), mounted on a pylon in Centennial Park, on Highway 2, at the West end of the city, Moncton, New Brunswick.

 (Bill Cumming Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 5D (Serial No. 18500), (Serial No. 100500), 414 Squadron, mounted on a pylon, 22 Wing, CFB North Bay, Ontario.

 (Ad Meskens Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 5, RCAF (Serial No. 18534), CAF (Serial No. A690), 425 Squadron, Musée Royal de l’Armée et d’Histoire MilitaireRoyal Museum of the Armed Forces and of Military History, Brussels, Belgium.

 (Timo Explorer Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck  Mk. 5, RCAF (Serial No. 18602), CAF (Serial No. A683), mounted on a pylon near Haliburton Highlands Secondary School, Haliburton, Ontario.

 (Treknschmidt Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 5D, RCAF (Serial No. 18619), CAF (Serial No. A682), 414 Squadron, mounted on a pylon in Paul Coffey Park, Malton, Ontario.

 (Timo Explorer Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 5M (Serial No. 18626), painted as (Serial No. 101028), mounted on a pylon in Lee Park, North Bay, Ontario.

 (Author Photyo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 5 (Serial No. 18731), (Serial No. 100731), Royal Military College of Canada, Kingston, Ontario.

 (Author Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 5C (Serial No. 18746), located facing the main parade square, College Militaire Royale (CMR), Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Quebec.

 (Author Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 5D, RCAF (Serial No. 18752), CAF (Serial No. 793B), 16 Wing, CFB Borden, Ontario.

 (ceasol Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 5 (Serial No. 18759), (Serial No. 100759), 416 Squadron, Reynolds Alberta Museum, Wetaskiwin, Alberta.

 (Krystal Wilson Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 5 (Serial No. 18761), 4 Wing, CFB Cold Lake, Alberta.

 (Author Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 5 (Serial No. 18773), CFA (Serial No. 814B), (Serial No. 100773).  This aircraft served with No. 416 and No. 425 Squadrons out of Bagotville, Quebec.  It was taken on strength by the Canadian Armed Forces on 1 Feb 1968 as Instructional Airframe as (Serial No. 814B).   It went into storage at CFD Mountainview, Ontario in 1980, still carrying its RCAF serial number.  It had 966 hours airframe time when stored on 12 Feb 1990.  It was preserved at CFB Trenton, Ontario, until coming to the  New Brunswick Military History Museum, 5 Canadian Division Support Base Gagetown in 2011.

 (Author Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 5 (Serial No. 18774), (Serial No. 100774), painted black to represent the CF-100 prototype, National Air Force Museum of Canada, 8 Wing, CFB Trenton, Ontario.

 (Author Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 5D (Serial No. 18784), (Serial No. 100784), mounted on a pylon, Air Force Heritage Park, 17 Wing, CFB Winnipeg, Manitoba.  This aircraft was previously on display at CFB Baden Soellingen, Germany, before being brought to Winnipeg in 1993.

(DND Image Library Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 5D, RCAF (Serial No. 18472),  (Serial No. 100472), firing rockets.

 (Bob Bromley Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck, No. 423 Squadron aircraft, being armed with a 7-tube rocket pod at NATO gunnery range, Decimomannu, Sardinia, circa 1960.  The nose-mounted cine cameras were standard at this time at the Air Weapons Unit. 

 (Bob Bromley Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck (Serial No. 18370), 423 Squadron, firing a salvo of 2.75-inch rockets.  The 7-tube practice pods became available in 1960 providing a two-pass capability on each sortie, six rockets being fired per pass.

 (DND Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck, No. 445 Squadron with the starborad wing rocket pod being loaded at 1 (F) Wing, Marville, France, August 1958.

 (DND Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck (Serial No.18450), No. 440 Squadron, firing a full combat load of rockets over the Decimomannu, Sardinia range.

 (DND Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 5 (Serial No. 18556) firing six rockets from 3-tube practice launchers.  This was during the first annual ADC rocket meet, Cold Lake, Alberta, September 1957.

 (DND Photo)

LAC Jack Studds and Cpl Arneil remove the starboard 3-tube rocket launcher on a 419 Squadron CF-100.

 (DND Photo)

LAC Ron Maddack of the 4 (F) Wing Photo Section removing movie film from an N9 wing camera for immediate processing and assessment.

 (Imer Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 5D (Serial No. 18472), (Serial No. 100472), painted as KE (Serial No. 18437) on the port side, painted as DL (Serial No. 18741), starboard side, mounted on a pylon.  Air Defence Museum, 3 Wing, CFB Bagotville, Québec.

 (Author Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 5D (Serial No. 18476), (Serial No. 100476), 440 Squadron, Alberta Aviation Museum, Edmonton, Alberta.

 (Author Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 5D (Serial No. 18493), (Serial No. 100493), Base Borden Military Museum, 16 Wing, CFB Borden, Ontario.

 (Alan Wilson Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 5D (Serial No. 18504), (Serial No. 100504), Castle Air Museum, Atwater, California.

 (Author Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 5D (Serial No. 18747), (Serial No. 100747), Atlantic Canada Aviation Museum, Halifax, Nova Scotia.

 (Author Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 5D (Serial No. 18757), (Serial No. 100757), Canada Aviation and Space Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

 (Photo courtesy of Doug Jermyn)

 (Pierre Gillard Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 5 (Serial No. 18760), (Serial No. 100760), 425 Squadron, previously mounted on a pylon at St. Hubert, it has been dismounted, Québec Aerospace Museum (QAM), Musée de l’aérospatiale du Québec, St. Hubert, Québec.

 (Author Photos)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 5C (Serial No. 18779), (Serial No. 100779), placed on display in May 1976 at the Peterson Air and Space Museum, Peterson AFB, Colorado Springs, Colorado.

 (Author Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 5D (Serial No. 18785), (Serial No. 100785), Canadian Warplane Heritage Museum, Mount Hope, Ontario.  It is has been painted black to resemble the prototype CF-100, (Serial No. 18101), and is on extended loan from the Canada Aviation and Space Museum.

 (The A-Team Photo)

Avro CF-100 Canuck Mk. 5D, RCAF (Serial No. 18790), (Serial No. 100790), C/N 690, 409 Squadron, Comox Air Force Museum, 19 Wing, CFB Comox, British Columbia.