Military History Books
by Harold A. Skaarup   www.SilverHawkAuthor.com   
 
Canadian Warplanes 5: The Post War Piston Era, Hawker Sea Fury

RCN Hawker Sea Fury

Data current to 5 June 2020.

 (RCN Photo via John Quinn)

Hawker Sea Fury FB Mk. 11 RCN (Serial No. TG127), over Toronto, Ontario, ca 1951.

The Hawker Sea Fury is a carrier fighter powered by a Bristol Centaurus XVIIC, 2,480 hp, two-row 18 cylinder radial engine.  It had a maximum speed of 740 km/h (460 mph) at a height of 5,500 m (18,000 ft), with a rate of climb of 9,140 m (30,000 ft) / 10 min 48 sec, a service ceiling of 10,910 m (35,800 ft), and a range of 1,127 km (700 mi).  It is armed with four 20-mm Hispano Mk. V autocannon and could carry twelve 76.2-mm (3-inch) rockets or 907 kg (2,000 lb) of bombs.

It was developed during the Second World War in the UK and entered RN service in 1947.  The Royal Canadian Navy (RCN) received its first Sea Fury on 23 June 1948, at RCAF Station Rockcliffe, Ontario, and began replacing Canada's existing inventory of Supermarine Seafires, taking on the primary role of fleet air defence operating from the aircraft carrier HMCS Magnificent.  Two Canadian squadrons operated the Sea Fury, No. 803 and No. 883 Squadrons, which were later renumbered as No. 870 and No. 871 Squadrons.  Pilot training on the Sea Fury was normally conducted at the RCN's HMCS Shearwater land base.  Landing difficulties with the Sea Fury were experienced following the RCN's decision to convert to the US Navy's deck landing procedures, which were prone to overstressing and damaging the airframe,s as the Sea Fury had been designed for a tail-down landing attitude.  The Sea Fury was in service with the RCN from 1948 to 1956,  until it was replaced by the McDonnell F2H Banshee fighter jet.  The retired aircraft were put into storage, and some were subsequently purchased by civilians.

Hawker Sea Fury Mk. 10 (1), (Serial No. TF901), Hawker Sea Fury FB Mk. 11 (75), (Serial Nos. TF985, TF992-TF999, TG113-TG129, VR918, VR919, VW225, VW227, VW230, VW231, VW239, VW552, VW563, VW571, VW584, VX675, VX682, VX686, VX688, VX690, VX692, VX695, WG564-WG575, WJ300, WJ301, WM472-WM478, WZ633-WZ641). 

 (RCN Photo courtesy of the Shearwater Aviation Museum)

Hawker Sea Fury FB Mk. 11 formation, early RCN camouflage pattern.  Aircraft coded BC-A, BC-J, BC-H and BC-G, with TF-99- Serial Nos.

 (RCN Photo courtesy of the Shearwater Aviation Museum)

Hawker Sea Fury FB Mk. 11 formation, early RCN camouflage pattern.  Aircraft coded BC-G, BC-J, and BC-F, with TF-99- Serial Nos.

 (DND Photo)

Hawker Sea Fury FB Mk. 11 RCN (Serial No. TF947) with HMCS Magnificent in the background.

 (DND Photo)

Hawker Sea Fury FB Mk. 11 RCN (Serial No. TG120).

 (DND Photo)

Hawker Sea Fury FB Mk. 11 RCN, over HMCS Magnificent.

(DND Photo)

Hawker Sea Fury FB 11s of the 19th CAG on the tarmac at Shearwater, Nova Scotia.  Note the Maple Leaf painted inside the Roundel.  (Serial No. VW584), coded BC-C, left, (Serial No. TF997), coded BC-G, centre. 

 (DND Photo)

Hawker Sea Fury FB 11s of the 19th CAG on the tarmac at Shearwater, Nova Scotia.  Note the Maple Leaf painted inside the Roundel on the overall dark blue colour, but not on the light and dark painted fighters.

(RCN Photo courtesy of the Shearwater Aviation Museum)

Hawker Sea Fury FB Mk. 11 formation, late RCN pattern.  (Serial No. VR918) coded AA-Y, with AA-L, AA-H and AA-D.

(RCN Photo courtesy of the Shearwater Aviation Museum)

Hawker Sea Fury FB Mk. 11 formation, late RCN pattern.  Aircraft coded AA-H, AA-Y and AA-D. 

 (Comox Air Force Museum photo via Mike Kaehler)

Hawker Sea Fury FB Mk. 11, RCN (Serial No. TG117), coded VG, WEE, Watson Lake, Yukon Territory, ca 1950.

 (DND Photo via Fred Paradie)

Hawker Sea Fury FB Mk. 11, RCN (Serial No. WG574), painted as NAVY 140, ca 1956.  WG574 went into long term storage at Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, on 27 Nov 1951.  It was remarked at VF 870, Dartmouth, coded NAVY 140, on 20 May 1953, and then went to VF 871 on 23 June 1955.  It was struck off strength on 31 Jul 1956 after a bird strike. 

 (Donna Davis Photo via Mike Kaehler)

Hawker Sea Fury FB Mk. 11, RCN (Serial No. TG117), coded ZZ, WEE, Watson Lake, Yukon Territory, ca 1950.

CN Sea Fury VX686. During its career with the RCN it flew with 803 Sqn on the Magnificent wearing the coding AA-P, AA-T and 127.

 (Cottrell Collection Photo)

Hawker Sea Fury FB Mk. 11, RCN (Serial No. VX686), coded 127.  During its career with the RCN it flew with No. 803 Squadron on HMCS Magnificent, coded AA-P, AA-T and 127.  VX686 was the last Sea Fury to be overhauled by Fairey Aircraft. It was later sold to Charlie McEwan in 1959.  Registered as CF-PRN, it was destroyed in a hangar fire.  Note the nose art on the engine cowl (Bison/Buffalo head in the charging position), and the closest aircraft in the background is ex RCAF Lockheed 12 (Serial No. 7640) as CF-FUS before it crashed on 15 Sep 1975.

 (royalnavyresearch archive.org.uk Photo)

Hawker Sea Fury FB Mk. 11 group on HMCS Magnificent, Belfast, Northern Ireland, May 1948.

 (DND Photo)

Hawker Sea Fury, RCN (Serial No. WG567), coded NAVY 133, visiting No. 1 (Fighter) Wing, North Luffenham, England, ca 1949.

 (DND Photo)

Hawker Sea Fury and Grumman Avenger aircraft from HMCS Magnificent being refueled alongside Canadair CL-13 Sabre Mk. 2s at No. 1 (Fighter) Wing, North Luffenham, England, ca 1949.

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4821007)

Hawker Sea Fury FB Mk. 11, HMCS Magnificent.

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4820892) 

Hawker Sea Fury FB Mk. 11, RCN (Serial No. WG566), coded NAVY 132.

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4820893)

Hawker Sea Fury FB Mk. 11, RCN (Serial No. WG566), coded NAVY 132.

 (RCN Photo via RCAFA) 

Hawker Sea Fury FB Mk. 11, RCN (Serial No.), coded NAVY 101, carrier deck take-off.

 (Author Photos)

 (Author Photo)

Hawker Sea Fury FB Mk. 11, RCN (Serial No. WG565), coded NAVY 131.  Delivered to the Royal Canadian Navy in 1951, WG565 was struck off strength (SOC) in 1957.   The Sea Fury was ferried to Alberta for instructional use in the Alberta Provincial Institute of Technology by Lieutenant Commander Derek Prout.  On 1 April 1958, Flying Officer Lynn Garrison, serving with No. 403 (City of Calgary) Squadron, RCAF, made the final Canadian military flight for this aircraft type.  In 1966, it went on display at HMCS Tecumseh, the Canadian Naval Reserve unit in Calgary.It was preserved outside with a Supermarine Seafire and a McDonnell Banshee in their RCN colors. Later all three were restored by the Aero Space Museum of Calgary and returned for presentation inside at the new Naval Museum of Alberta, with the Military Museums Collection, Calgary, Alberta.

 (Author Photo)

Hawker Sea Fury FB Mk. 11, RCN (Serial No. TG119), c/n 41H/60997, coded NAVY 110, Canada Aviation and Space Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.  This Sea Fury was manufactured by Hawker Aircraft Limited in Kingston, United Kingdom in 1948.  It was accepted by the RCN in May of that year and shipped to Canada aboard HMCS Magnificent.  Beginning in 1949, it served with No. 883 Squadron, later known as VF 871, at HMCS Shearwater, a land base in Dartmouth, Nova Scotia.  TG119 was damaged in 1954 and repaired by Fairey Aviation Company of Canada Limited.  Retired from service, it was deemed surplus and sent to Crown Assets until 1956, when it was purchased by Bancroft Industries Limited of Montreal.  The company stored the aircraft in Fredericton, New Brunswick until 1963, and then donated it to the Museum. Fairey Aviation and a RCN unit at Eastern Passage, Nova Scotia restored the aircraft between 1963 and 1964.

 (Andy Vanderheyden Photos)

Hawker Sea Fury T20, Reg. No. N51SF, Hamilton, Ontario, early 1990's.  This Sea Fury was owned and flown at the time by Warbird collector Jerry Janes.