Military History Books
by Harold A. Skaarup   
Canadian Warplanes (5) Ontario, Ottawa, Canada Aviation & Space Museum, North American to Zenith

Warplanes in Ontario, Ottawa,

Canada Aviation and Space Museum, 

Musée de l'Aviation et de l'Espace du Canada

(Part 4, North American to Zenith)

The aircraft on display in the Canada Aviation and Space Museum, 11 Aviation Parkway in Ottawa are listed here in four parts.  

The aim of this website is to locate, identify and document every historical Warplane preserved in Canada.  Many contributors have assisted in the hunt for these aircraft to provide and update the data on this website.  Photos are by the author unless otherwise credited.  Any errors found here are by the author, and any additions, correctons or amendments to this list of Warplanes in Canada would be most welcome and may be e-mailed to the author at

Data current to 29 Aug 2019.

North American NA-66 Harvard Mk. I RCAF (Serial No. 1330) and Hawker Hurricane Mk. I, No. 1 (F) Sqn, RCAF, 1939.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3545871)

North American NA-66 Harvard Mk. II, RCAF Serial No. 3083), ca 1942.  (Bruce Adams family Photo)

North American NA-66 Harvard Mk. II, RCAF (Serial No. 2702), Rockcliffe, Ontario, 12 Sep 1941.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390852)

North American NA-66 Harvard Mk. II, RCAF (Serial No. 2532), C/N 66-2265.

North American NA-66 Harvard Mk. II, RCAF (Serial No. 2592), C/N 66-2325.

Canadian Car & Foundry Harvard Mk. 4, RCAF (Serial No. 20387), C/N CCF4-178, CF-GBV.

North American B-25 Mitchell, Bombload, 22 Mar 1945.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4447459)

North American TB-25L Mitchell Mk. 3PT (Serial No. 5244), (108-47453), (ex 44-86699).

 (RCAF Photo)

 ( Photo)


North American P-51D Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9298), ex-USAAF (Serial No. 44-73347), C/N 122-39806, Y2-E.

 (RCAF Photo)

Northrop Delta Mk. II (Serial No. 675), ca 1939.

 (Rob Tracz Photo)

Northrop Delta Mk. II, fuselage (Serial No. 673), CV183.  These are the remains of the first RCAF loss of the Second World War.  The Delta went down in Northern New Brunswick on 14 Sep 1939 with the loss of the aircrew.

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4821166)

Piasecki HUP-3 helicopter, RCN, ca 1950s. 

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4821167)

Piasecki HUP-3 helicopter, RCN, ca 1950s. 

 (RCN Photo)

Piasecki HUP-3 Retriever Helicopter (Serial No. 51-116623), hovering over HMCS Labrador in the Arctic. 

(Comox Air Force Museum VU 33 collection Photo)

Piasecki HUP-3 Retriever Helicopter (Serial No. 51-116623), hovering over HMCS Labrador in the Arctic.  Note the white emblem on the tail.  This helicopter started life in the USAF as H-25 51-16623.  When it transferred to the RCN it kept its US serial number while in RCN service. In keeping with the RCN tradition of modified side identification numbers it went to VH 21, at Shearwater, on 8 June 1954, coded as "947".  It was renumbered to "247" in June 1955.  It served witth HU-21 Detachment onboard HMCS Labrador for an Arctic cruise, 28 May to 21 November 1955.  It was renumbered "923" when it was transferred to VU 33 at Patricia Bay, BC in Nov 1958.  It was later marked as "407" and "623" while still on the west coast. It eventually came to the CWM in 1965, and later to the Canada Air and Space Museum.  It is currently on display in the CASM Ottawa.

Piasecki HUP-3 Retriever Helicopter (Serial No. 51-116623).

 (NACA Photo)

Pitcairn PCA-2 autogiro, NACA44. 

Pitcairn-Cierva PCA-2 autogiro, (Serial No. 8), NC2624.

Quickie Aircraft Corporation Quickie 1 (Serial No. 1001), C-GGLC.

Rosie O’Grady Balloon of Peace (Serial No. 111), N53NY.

 (RCAF Photo)

Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2d (Serial No. 5878), was thought to be B.E.2c (Serial No. 4112), B&C 1042, N5878.

 (RN Photo courtesy of the Shearwater Aviation Museum)

Sikorsky R-4B Hoverfly Helicopter (Serial No. 43-46565).

Sikorsky S-51 Dragonfly, 7 Apr 1949, RCAF Station Trenton, Ontaro.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3520193)

Sikorsky S-51/H-5 Dragonfly Helicopter (Serial No. 9601), (5118).  This aircraft is currently on loan to the National Museum of the RCAF, CFB Trenton, Ontario.

Sikorsky HO4S-3, RCN pennant number 254, 5 April 1957.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4821228)

Sikorsky HO4S-3 Horse Helicopter (Serial No. 55877).  55877 participated in eight rescue missions and was credited with rescuing thirty-two people and four animals over its lifetime.  Eight maple leaves decorate the nose of the helicopter, one for each rescue mission.  Its most famous mission was its rescue of twenty-one crew members of the Liberian freighter Kismet II, along with the ship's dog and cat, which took place on 26 Nov 1955 off the coast of Cape Breton Island.  (CA&SM)

 ( Photo)

Sopwith 2F.1 Camel  (Serial No. N8156).

Sopwith Pup (Serial No. C552), replica of B2167, CF-RFC.  Currently on display in the Canadian War Museum.

Sopwith 7F.1 Snipe, (Serial No. E6938).

(RAF Photo)

Sopwith 7F.1 Snipe, fuselage (Serial No. E8102), (minus landing gear, engine and cowl), flown by Major (later LCol) William G. Barker, VC.

Sopwith Triplane, (Serial No. N5492), CF-CBM, replica.

 ( Photo)

SPAD S.VII (Serial No. B9913), (103), CF-RFC.

Spectrum FX550 Beaver (Serial No. SB2331), C-IGOW.

Junior Speedmail, CF-CCH, Controller of Civil Aviation, Oct 1934.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3642967)

Stearman 4EM Junior Speedmail (Serial No. 4021), CF-AMB.

Stinson SR-10 Reliant (Serial No. 8717), CF-HAW.

 (Ahunt Photo)

Stitts SA-3A Playboy (Serial No. 5501), CF-RAD.

 (RCAF Photo)

Supermarine Spitfire Mk. V (Serial No. X4492) in flight.

 (Author Photo)

 (Mark12 Photo)

Supermarine Spitfire F Mk. IIb (Serial No. P8332), (6173), CBAF 711.  Currently on display in the Canadian War Museum, this aircraft is a Battle of Britain veteran.  She wears the codes ZD-L of No. 222 Sqn, which she wore when serving with the Squadron in 1941.  It is a "Presentation" aircraft and carries the name "SOEBANG N.E.I.”, funded by the Netherlands East Indies.

Supermarine Spitfire Mk. IX, Flight Sergeant Adams, ca 1943.  (Bruce Adams family Photo)

 (DND  Photo via James Craik)

Supermarine Spitfire LF Mk. IXc (Serial No. NH188), CBAF IX 2161. This aircraft served with the Royal Netherlands Air Force as (Serial No. H-109) later (Serial No. H-64) from 1947 to 1952 and with the Belgian Air Force as (Serial No. SM-39) from 1952 to 1954.  Privately owned, it was flown in Belgium as OO-ARC and was later imported to Canada where it flew as CF-NUS.  After being donated on 7 June 1964, it is now on display as AU-H.

 (Guppy35 Photo)

Supermarine Spitfire LF Mk. XVIe (Serial No. TE214), CBAF IX 4424, DN-T.  Built in 1945, this Spitfire never saw combat.  It is part of the Canada Aviation and Space Museum collection but is on long term loan to the Canadian Warplane Heritage Museum in Mount Hope, Ontario.

 ( Photo)

Taylorcraft E-2 Cub (Serial No. 289), C-CGCE.

Taylorcraft BC-65 (Serial No. 1409), CF-BPR.

Travel Air 2000 (Serial No. 720), CF-AFG.

 (Alain Rioux Photo)

Vickers Viscount 757 (Serial No. 270), CF-THI.

 (Ahunt Photo)


 ( Photo)

Waco YKS-7, C-FLWL.

 (RCAF photos via Fred Paradie)

Westland Lysander Mk. III, RCAF (Serial No. 1589), ex RAF (Serial No. V9415).  This aircraft was taken on strength 17 Feb 1942, converted to a Target Tug on 29 January 1943 and struck off strength in 1946.  It was transferred to the National Aeronautical Collection and partially restored in Canada.  In the late 1960s it was transferred to India and is currently on static display at the Indian Air Force Museum in Palam, Delhi.  In its place, the Indian Air Force donated the Consolidated (Vultee) B-24L Liberator GR Mk. VIII, RCAF (Serial No. 11130), (5009), HE773, ex-USAAF (44-50154), ex-Indian Air Force, now preserved in the CA&SM.

 (DND Photo via Fred Paradie)

Westland Lysander Mk. III, RCAF (Serial No. 2374), painted as (Serial No. R9003).

The Lysander had excellent short take-off and landing (STOL) characteristics.  For a brief period in 1940, every available Hawker Hurricane fighter in Canada had been sent overseas to fight in the Battle of Britain.  This situation left the RCAF without a modern fighter aircraft at home in Canada.  Two RCAF Lysander-equipped squadrons which were supposed to convert to fighter aircraft but had none to convert to, were re-designated as operational fighter squadrons.  No. 111 Squadron, a Coastal Artillery Squadron which earlier had replaced its Avro trainers with Lysanders and been reclassified as an Army Co-operation Unit, was again reclassified as a fighter squadron – the only one on the Canadian west coast – in June 1940.  Lysander-equipped No. 118 Squadron was also re-designated as a fighter squadron.  The Lysander completely lacked the capability to operate in a fighter role, and neither squadron saw action as a fighter unit while equipped with Lysanders, but their designation as fighter squadrons did allow RCAF fighter pilots to work up at a critical time without having to wait for the arrival of true fighter aircraft.  No. 118 Squadron was disbanded in September 1940, and when it reformed in December 1940, still as a fighter squadron, it was equipped with 15 oobsolete Grumman Goblin fighters produced by Canadian Car and Foundry. Both No. 111 and No. 118 Squadrons soon re-equipped with the Curtiss P-40 Kittyhawk, bringing the brief service of Lysanders in fighter squadrons to an end.  The aircraft was invaluable at landing behind enemy lines and rescuing downed pilots, POW or the resistance.  (David Lynn Courtney)

Wills Wing XC-185 Hang Glider.

WSK Lim-2/MiG-15bis Fagot (Poland), (Serial No. 1 B 003-16), (316).

 ( Photo)

Zenair Tri-Zenith CH-300 (Serial No. 300), C-GOVK.