Military History Books
by Harold A. Skaarup   
Canadian Warplanes 4-1: The Second World War Trainers, Transports and Utility Aircraft

Canadian Second World War Trainers, Transports and Utility Aircraft

Data current to 21 Dec 2019.


This aviation handbook is intended to provide the reader with a quick reference to identify military support aircraft flown by the Royal Canadian Air Force, the Royal Canadian Navy and the Canadian Army during the Second World War. The handbooks in this series include a general description and a photograph from the Canadian Forces Archives of at least one of the key variants or marks of each aircraft that has been in Canadian military service or used by Canadian servicemen overseas.Each aircraft is listed alphabetically by manufacturer, number and type. General details describing the aircrafts engines, service ceiling, speed, armament or weapons load are included, along with a brief description of the Canadian or allied squadron in which Canadian aircrews used the aircraft operationally. This is the fourth volume in the series. It describes the trainers, transports and utility aircraft flown by Canadians during the war. A list of museums, private aircraft collections and other locations where a number of the survivors might be found is also included. The handbook is not a definitive list of all Canadian-manufactured or operated support aircraft, but it should serve as a quick reminder for anyone with an interest in Canadian military aviation.

Order book:

Order book in Canada:

Nook book:

For an update on military aircraft preserved in Canada, see "Canadian Warplanes".

Canadian Warbirds of the Second World War, Trainers, Transports and Utility Aircraft, Photo Update

Airspeed Horsa Transport Gliders flown by Canadians are listed on a separate page on this website.

Airspeed AS 51 Horsa Mk. I & II Transport Glider (3), (Serial Nos. TL334, TL349, TL401).

Airspeed Oxford trainers in RCAF service are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Airspeed AS 10 Oxford Mk. I (27), (Serial Nos. 1501-1525, A89, A101), Mk. II (606), (Serial Nos. T1119, T1127, T1139, T1167, T1172, T1177, T1180, T1181, T1184, T1273, T1277, T1280, T1282, T1312-17, T1323, T1326, T1328, V-3247, V-3268, V-3289, V-3290, V-3291, V-3294, V-3310, V-3312, V-3313, V-3315, V-3316, V-3319, V-3332, V-3342, V-3348, V-3351, V-3353, V-3379, V-3883, X6520, X6521, X6529, X6534, X6536, X6538, X6539, X6541, X6543, X6544, X6549- X6552, X6555- X6557, X6559, X6563, X6564, X6589-91, X6593, X6596, X6610, X6665, X6675, X6679, X6683- X6686, X6688, X6689, X6692, X6733- X6735, X6880- X6884, X6952, X6954, X6957, X6961- X6964, X6967, X7038, X7042, X7057, X7116-22, X7124, X7137, X7140, X7141, X7143- X7149, X7156, AP413, AP415, AP418, AP424, AP452, AP486, AP487, AP491, AR756, AR757, AR761, AR762, AR765, AR766, AR768, AR770, AR774, AR775, AR778, AR780, AR784, 8 AR75, AR809, AR810, AR813, AR814, AR819, AR830, AR833, AR834, AR836, AR844, AR847, AR850, AR872, AR875, AR877, AR913, AR919, AR921, AR924, AR927, AR935, AR937, AR953, AR969, AR971- AR974, AR978, AR981, AS148- AS150, AS157, AS159, AS162, AS164- AS168, AS170, AS172, AS173, AS180, AS181, AS184- AS186, AS202, AS203, AS205- AS215, AS217- AS225, AS227- AS230, AS255, AS257- AS264, AS266, AS268, AS270, AS272, AS275- AS278, AS299-AS301, AS303- AS308, AS312, AS314, AS316, AS317, AS319- AS322, AS329, AS330, AS347, AS349, AS350, AS352, AS359- AS363, AS365- AS368, AS372, AS373, AS378, AS381, AS383, AS386, AS388, AS390, AS394- AS396, AS503, AS505, AS510, AS513, AS514, AS516, AS517, AS521, AS523, AS537, AS538, AS540, AS544, AS545, AS549, AS550, AS552, AS553, AS556, AS559, AS561, AS564, AS565, AS568, AS569, AS571, AS591, AS592- AS595, AS599, AS600, AS603, AS607, AS608, AS610- AS614, AS616, AS617, AS619- AS621, AS624- AS626, AS629, AS637, AS639, AS640, AS666- AS670, AS673- AS675, AS677- AS680, AS684- AS686, AS688- AS691, AS693, AS695-AS701, AS704, AS706, AS726, AS730, AS734, AS738, AS764, AS769- AS771, AS773, AS775, AS777, AS778, AS781- AS784, AS787, AS788, AS790- AS792, AS795, AS796, AS798, AS800- AS804, AS806, AS813, AS828, AS829, AS831, AS833- AS835, AS837, AS838, AS846, AS848, AS850, AS851, AS853, AS854, AS859- AS862, AS869, AS912, AS914- AS916, AS918- AS922, AS924- AS927, AS930, AS931, AS933, AS935, AS936, AS938, AS939, AS941, AS942, AS980, AT440, AT442- AT450, AT452, AT453, AT455- AT458, AT460, AT461, AT464- AT466, AT472, AT473, AT482, AT483, AT502, AT504, AT511, AT516, AT517, AT519, AT523- AT525, AT533, AT535, AT576, AT584, AT589- AT592, AT599-AT601, AT605, AT607, AT641, AT642, BF800, BF866, BF881, BF904, BF905, BF909, BF910, BF977- BF980, BG125, BG289, BG294, BG295, BG297, BG298, BG303, BG304, BG322, BG323, BG325, BG327- BG329, BG331, BG332, BG334, BG352, BG354, BG355, BG357, BG360, BG363, BG366, BG369, BG370, BG372, BM675- BM682, BM684, BM685, BM689- BM691, BM696, BM697, BM699-BM702, BM714- BM718, BM720, BM747- BM754, BM758- BM764, BM766- BM773, BM780, BM781, BM801, BM805-BM817), AS 46 Oxford Mk. V (188), (Serial Nos. EB425- EB461, EB463, EB484- EB489, EB491- EB4518, EB435- EB484, EB599-EB5640, EB554-EB577), for a total of 819 of all Marks of the Oxford operated by the RCAF in Canada.

 (RAF Photo)

Armstrong Whitworth AW.38 Whitley, flown by RCAF aircrew serving with the RAF, used as a tow-plane for gliders and for dropping paratroops.  The Whitley was in service with the RAF at the outbreak of the Second World War.  It had been developed during the mid-1930s, and formally entered RAF squadron service in 1937.  Following the outbreak of war in Sep 1939, the Whitley participated in the first RAF bombing raid on German territory and remained an integral part of the early British bomber offensive.  By 1943, it was being superseded as a bomber by the larger four-engined heavy bombers such as the Avro Lancaster Its front line service included maritime reconnaissance with Coastal Command and second line roles including glider-tug, trainer and transport aircraft.  None have been preserved. 

 (IWM Photo, H22785)

Paratroopers inside the fuselage of a Whitley aircraft at RAF Ringway, in the UK, August 1942.  In 1940, the Whitley had been selected as the standard paratroop transport; in this role, the ventral turret aperture was commonly modified to be used for the egress of paratroopers.  Members of the 1st Canadian Parachute Battalion would have been jumping from these aircraft during their training in the UK at RAF Ringway.

 (RAF Photo)

Armstrong Whitworth AW.38 Whitley..

 (RAF Photo)

Armstrong Whitworth AW.41 Albemarle ST Mk. I.

The Armstrong Whitworth AW.41 Albemarle was a British twin-engine transport aircraft that entered service during the Second World War.  It was originally designed as a medium bomber but was used for general and special transport duties, paratroop transport, and glider towing.  Albemarle Squadrons participated in operations over Normandy and the assault on Arnhem during Operation Market Garden.

 (IWM Photo, CH12049)

Armstrong Whitworth AW.41 Albemarle ST Mk. I, RAF (Serial No. P1514), No. 511 Sqn.

 (IWM Photo, CNA3953)

Armstrong Whitworth AW.41 Albemarle ST Mk. I, RAF (Serial No. P1564), No. 511 Sqn.

 (IWM Photo, CH12962)

Armstrong Whitworth AW.41 Albemarleof No. 296 or 297 Squadron RAF, taking off from Brize Norton, Oxfordshire in the UK, towing an Airspeed Horsa Mk. I glider.

Auster AOP.3, RAF in support of RCA, Ortona, Italy, 10 Feb 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3524518)

Auster AOP, mission plans, Italy ca 1943.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4232925)

Auster AOP.6 aircraft flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Auster AOP.6 (36), (Serial Nos. 16651-16686), T7 (6), (Serial Nos. 16687-16692), for a total of 42 aircraft.

Avro Anson trainers flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Avro 652A Anson Mk. I (1,528), (Serial Nos. 3541-3542), (Serial Nos. 6001-7068), (Serial Nos.10497-10499), A84, A85, A97, A103, A115, A116, K6197, K6207, K6230, K6241, K6251, K6264, K6265, K6278, K6281, K6293, K6297, K6298, K6300, K6302, K6303, K6316, K6324, K8706, K8709, K8714, K8724, K8727, K8729, K8730, K8734, K8743, K8745, K8751, K8752, K8756, K8760, K8761, K8770, K8774, K8775, K8777, K8782, K8786, K8818, K8820, K8824, K8830, L7046, L7054, L7056, L7062, L7070, L7910, L7911, L7931, L7946, L7959, L7961, L7962, L7966, L7967, L7970, L7971, L9158, L9159, N4856, N4859, N4861, N4862, N4874, N4886, N4888, N4894, N4897, N4898, N4901, N4905, N4907, N4909, N4915, N4924, N4928, N4932, N4938, N4942, N4963, N4964, N4967, N4968, N4978, N4979, N4998, N5008, N5011, N5012, N5015, N5016, N5018, N5023, N5035, N5036, N5038, N5041, N5042, N5047, N5049, N5051, N5058, N5087, N5088, N5092, N5104, N5107, N5108, N5148, N5162, N5189, N5195, N5201, N5202, N5207, N5208, N5211, N5212, N5214, N5216, N5217, N5219, N5236, N5241, N5243, N5249, N5250, N5253, N5258, N5261, N5268, N5273, N5292, N5298, N5300, N5301, N5304, N5306, N5316, N5320, N5341, N5347- N5350, N5352, N5353, N5357, N5358, N5361, N5362, N5370, N5375, N5380, N5384, N9526, N9528, N9529, N9539- N9542, N9547- N9549, N9555, N9557, N9559, N9560, N9564, N9566, N9572, N9574, N9575, N9588, N9591- N9597, N9600, N9602- N9604, N9607, N9615, N9640, N9644, N9650- N9652, N9655, N9658, N9659, N9661, N9665, N9670, N9672, N9675, N9688, N9713, N9715, N9719, N9724, N9725, N9728, N9746, N9750, N9752, N9766, N9770, N9779, N9786, N9816, N9818- N9820, N9836- N9838, N9843- N9845, N9850, N9851, N9854, N9856, N9870- N9872, N9874, N9887, N9888, N9891, N9893, N9894, N9899- N9901, N9905, N9907, N9938, N9943, N9982, N9983, N9985, R3338, R3350, R3372, R3377, R3380, R3383, R3390, R3401, R3404, R3413, R3431, R3434, R3438, R3442, R3447, R3463, R9568, R9577, R9588- R9591, R9598, R9599, R9601, R9609, R9631, R9633, R9635, R9641, R9651, R9664, R9666, R9668- R9670, R9685, R9686, R9688, R9691, R9692, R9696, R9700, R9703, R9714, R9715, R9720, R9722, R9723, R9725, R9739- R9741, R9768, R9775, R9778, R9798, R9800, R9818- R9821, R9823, R9826, W1654, W1672, W1729, W1768, W2617, W2621, W2623, W2624, W2640, W2643, W2653, W2654, W2658, W2661, W2665, AW964, AW968, AX105, AX109- AX111, AX114, AX116, AX137, AX146, AX163- AX172, AX181- AX187, AX218, AX219, AX221, AX222, AX227, AX239, AX242- AX248, AX283, AX284, AX287, AX288, AX343, AX347- AX349, AX356, AX365- AX372, AX396, AX397, AX414, AX415, AX418, AX419, AX422, AX423, AX426, AX427, AX436, AX444, AX445, AX469, AX472, AX473, AX482- AX496, AX507, AX508, AX572, AX573, AX611, AX612, AX640, AX641, DG812, DG813, DG817, DG820, DG823, DG872- DG875, DG893, DG894, DG898, DG899), Mk. II (1,833), (Serial Nos. 7069-7622), (Serial Nos. 8203-8648), (Serial Nos. 11181-11580), FP687-FP999, JS100-JS218, Mk. IV (1), (Serial No. 10257), Mk. V (1,049), (Serial Nos. 11581-12628, 13231), Mk. VI (1), (Serial No. 13881), for a total of 4,413 aircraft.

Avro York Mk. I in flight, RAF.  (RAF Photo)

Avro York, RAF.  (SDA&SM Archives)


Barkley Grow T8P-1 (Serial No. 8), CF-BQM.  Calgary, Alberta.  (Author Photo)

Barkley Grow T8P-1, RCAF (Serial No. 758), ca 1940.  (RCAF Photo)

Barkley-Grow T8P-1, CF-BMV.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3223865)

Barkley-Grow T8P-1, CF-BMV.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, , MIKAN No. 3223866)

Barkley-Grow T8P-1, CF-BMV.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3223867)

Barkley Grow T8P-1, RCAF (Serial No. 758), Uplands, Ontario, 6 Dec 1939.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3388053)

Barkley Grow T8P-1 (1), (Serial No. 758).  The one RCAF Barkley Grow T8P-1 aircraft was sold to Central Maritime Airways of Summerside, PEI, in 1941 as CF-BMV.  While flying near Greenland it had to force land on an ice flow on 23 Dec 1941. The aircraft broke through the ice and sank but the crew was rescued by local Inuit. 

            The low-wing, twin-engine Barkley Grow was an airliner designed in the USA before the Second World War to carry eight passengers and was used as a communication and transport aircraft.  The Grow was powered by a pair of Pratt & Whitney Wasp Junior SB engines.  No. 728 was the only one purchased by the RCAF in 1939, and it was used by No. 12 (Comm) Squadron.  The Grow had fixed landing gear, and was used successfully as a Bushplane in Canada, often mounted on skis or pontoons.  (Internet:

            There are three survivors in Canada, with one in the ASMC, Calgary, Alberta, Barkley Grow T8P-1 (Serial No. 8), CF-BQM.  AAM, Edmonton, Alberta, Barkley Grow T8P-1, CF-BLV, Yukon Queen.  R-AM, Wetaskiwin, Barkley Grow T8P-1 (Serial No.1), CF-BVE, prototype of 11 built. 


Beechcraft D17S Staggerwing, 1938, CN 203, DoT CF-CCA, Rockcliffe, Ontario.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3545906)

Beechcraft D17S Staggerwing, 1938, CN 203, DoT CF-CCA, Rockcliffe, Ontario.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3409873)

This D17S (c/n 203) was built in April 1938 and delivered to Canada's Controller of Civil Aviation (Department of Transport) in Ottawa as CF-CCA.  It spent a considerable period of time in the civil service before being sold to a number of owners in quick succession (Bradley Air services in 1955, Spartan Air services in 1956, and Mr I.Sanders in 1957), before its Certificate of Airworthiness expired in December 1958 and it was left derelict in Ottawa.  Dr William Boyd began a rebuild of CCA in 1972, and the project was continued by Morley Servos in 1979.  The aircraft returned to the air in April 1985.  The aircraft features several variations from a standard D17, including G model undercarriage and Cleveland brakes, toes brakes rather than a Johnson bar, and starboard access door; as well as a full IFR panel, GPS, and autopilot.  Robin and Elaine Campbell acquired the aircraft which had been re-registered as C-FCCA at the Leeward Air Ranch in Occala, Florida where it had its own air-conditioned hangar.  The aircraft was delivered to California in 1995 and dismantled for shipping to New Zealand.  The Staggerwing was registered on 29 Nov, and received its New Zealand Certificate of Airworthiness on 8 Dec as Reg. No. ZK-AMU, based at North Shore, NZ.  Douglas Drummond, Bathurst, New South Wales owns it now, Reg. No. VH-WEE.  It is painted in an eye catching red.
Beechcraft Expeditors in RCAF service are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Beechcraft 18A Expeditor (1), (Serial No. 8650), 18B Expeditor (2), (Serial Nos. 7644, 7842), Expeditor (3), (Serial Nos. 1530, 7629, 7643), D-18S, CT-128, C-45 Expeditor Mk. 3N (100), (Serial Nos. 1426-1500, 2278-2302), Mk. 3NM (133), (Serial Nos. 1502-1506, 1507 (later 5179), 1508 (later 5180), 1509-1511, 1512 (later 5181), 1513-1515, 1536-1545, 1546 (later 5186), 1546 (later 5187), 1548, 1549, 1550 (later 5188), 1551 (later 5189), 1552-1554, 1555 (later 5190), 1576 (later 5194), 1577-1580, 1581 (later 5195), 1577-1580, 1581 (later 5195), 1582 (later 5196), 1583, 1584 (later 5197), 1585-1588, 1589 (later 5198), 1590, 1591 (later 5199), 1592-1594, 2303-2382), Mk. 3T (108), (Serial Nos. 1381-1399, 1401-1425, FR940-48, HB100-27, 29-31, 34-46, 48, 51, 85, 86, HB207, 10, 12, 66-69), Mk. 3TM (47), (Serial Nos. 1501, 1516 (later 5182), 1517, 1518, 1519 (later 5183), 1520-1524, 1525 (later 5184), 1526, 1527, 1528 (later 5185), 1529-1535, 1556, 1557 (later 5191), 1558-1560, 1561 (later 5192), 1562, 1563, 1564 (later 5193), 1565-1575, 1595-1600), for a total of 394 aircraft.

Boeing 247D, RCAF (Serial No. 7635), No. 121 Squadron, ca 1939.  (RCAF Photos)

Boeing 247D, C-73 (8), (Serial Nos. 7635-7639, 7655, 7839, 7840).

Boeing B-17 Flying Fortresses in RCAF service are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress Mk. II (3), (Serial Nos. 9205-9207), and Mk. IIA (9202-9204), (3) for a total of 6 aircraft.

Brewester Bermudas in RCAF service are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Brewster SB2A-1 Bermuda (3), (Serial Nos. FF568, FF718, FF732).  The RCAF acquired three, which were used at Suffield, Alberta, for "special" research operations.  None are preserved in Canada.  A single Buccaneer is preserved with the National Museum of Naval Aviation, Pensacola NAS, Florida.

Bristol Bombay Mk. I, RAF (Serial No. L5838), No. 216 Squadron, Aldergrove, County Antrim, UK.  (IWM Photo CH2936)

Bristol Bombay Mk. I, RAF (Serial No. L5845), D, No. 216 Squadron in the Middle East.  (IWM Photo CH4230)

Northrop Delta aircraft flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Canadian Vickers (Northrop) Delta Mk. I (3), (Serial Nos. 667-669), Mk. II (17), (Serial Nos. 670-677, 682-690), for a total of 20 aircraft.  Flown by RCAF No. 8, No. 119 and No. 120 Squadrons.

Canada selected the Delta for use as a photographic survey aircraft for use by the RCAF in 1935.  They were built by Canadian Vickers Ltd under license.  One aircraft, the last Delta built by Northrop, was supplied as a part assembled pattern to Canadian Vickers, first flying on 16 August 1936 and being delivered to the RCAF on 1 September that year.  It was followed by a further 19 aircraft built wholly by Canadian Vickers, production continuing until October 1940.  The Northrop Delta was the first all-metal, stressed-skin aircraft built in Canada.

The Deltas, which were capable of being operated from wheeled, ski or float undercarriages, proved capable survey aircraft, well suited to operations in the North of Canada, but in August 1939, when the outbreak of the Second World War loomed, Canada found itself short of coastal patrol aircraft, and the Deltas were diverted to this role, being fitted with floats and carrying out long anti-submarine missions.  The Deltas were less successful as patrol floatplanes, as they were damaged by ocean swell and by salt water corrosion, and they were forced to revert to landplane use after two months.  The Delta was withdrawn from operations in late 1941, and was then used as instructional airframes in training schools.  (Wikipedia)

Cessna T-50 Cranes flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Cessna T-50 Crane Mk. I (644), (Serial Nos. 1300, 4000, 7657-7836, 7843-8202, 8651-8750, 9000, 9500), Mk. IA (100), (Serial Nos. 8751-8850), Mk. IA (82), (Serial Nos. FJ200-39, 48-89), for a total of 826 aircraft.

de Havilland DH.91 Albatross, Imperial Airways 1938. (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3353834)

de Havilland DH.91 Albatross four-engine British transport aircraft, seven built in 1938–39.  With the onset of the Second World War, the Royal Air Force considered their range and speed useful for courier flights between Great Britain and Iceland, and two mail plane versions of the DH.91 were pressed into service with No. 271 Squadron in September 1940, operating between Prestwick and Reykjavik.  Unfortunately, both aircraft were destroyed in landing accidents in Reykjavík within the space of 18 months in 1941 and 1942. 

Douglas Dakota aircraft flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Douglas C-47 Dakota Mk. I (15), (Serial Nos. 650-664), Mk. III (44), (Serial Nos. 960-994, 10910-10918, FL595, 98, FL615, 16, 18, 21, 36, 50, FZ557, 58, 71, 75, 76, 81, 83, 84, 86, FZ634, 35, 69, 71, 78, 92, 94, 95, KG312, 17, 20, 30, 37, 45, 50, 54, 68, 82, 89, 94, 95, KG400, 03, 14, 16, 23, 30, 41, 55, 79, 85, 86, KG526, 45, 57, 59, 62, 63, 68, 77, 80, 87, KG600, 02, 23, 32, 34, 35, 41, 65, 68, 92, 93, KG713, 69, KG808, 27, 28, KG936, TS422, 25), DC-3, CC-129 Dakota Mk. IV (31), (Serial Nos. 1000, KJ956, KK101, 02, 43, 60, KN200, 01, 56, 58, 61, 70, 77, 78, 81, 91, KN392, KN427, 36, 43, 48, 51, 85, KN511, KN665, 66, 76, KP221, 24, 27), for a total of 169 aircraft.

Fairchild Cornell trainers flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Fairchild M-62A-4 Cornell Mk. I trainer (541), (Serial Nos. EW341-EW490, FH652-80, FH682-709, 15-78, FH780-953, 55-99, FJ650-700), Cornell Mk. II (917), (Serial Nos. 10500-10523, 10525-10750, 10766-10795, 10801-10907, 14381-14670, 15001-15065, 15141-15165, 15191-15215, 15241-15265, 15291-15315, 15341-15365, 16601-16650, FV653, FV661-734, FX166-97), Mk. III (107), (Serial Nos. 10502 (converted from Mk. II).

Fairey Battle trainers flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Fairey Battle Mk. I (739), (Serial Nos. 1301-1320, 1601-2140, A86-88, A99, A104, A125, A133, K7608, 32, 47, K9323, 99, K9406, 17, 76, K9244, 47, K9323, 99, K9406, 17, 76, L4963, 73, 87, L5009, 36, 41, 48, 63, L4963, 73, L5115, 84, 96, 97, L5205, 61, 65,66, 70, 92, L5308, 15, 31, 32, 35, 52, L5412, 13, 27, 42, 47, 76, L5505, 10, 30, 52, 53, 54, 56, 60, 69, 73, N2167, 73, N2245, P2252, P2304, 11, 58, P6495, P6541, 62, 64, P6620, 70, 72, P6724, 30, 31, 32, 34, R3958-67, 69, 90-98, R4000, 13-18, 37, 39, 41-43, 46, 50-53, R7360, 70, 73, 74, 84, R7403, 05, 08, 12-48, 61-71, 73-76, 79, 80), Mk. IIT (1), (Serial No. R7439), dual control Battle converted from Mk. I, for a total of 740 aircraft.

Fleet Fort trainers flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Fleet Model 60 Fort (101), (Serial Nos. 3540, 3561-3660).

General Aircraft Hotspur gliders in Canadian service are listed on a separate page on this web site.

General Aircraft Hotspur Mk. II Glider (22), (Serial Nos. HH418, 19, 21, 25, 27, HH521, 51-53, 57-62, 64, 79, 80, HH6646, 47, 54, 67).

Grumman Goose seaplanes flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site,

Grumman G-21A Goose Mk. I (2), (Serial Nos. FP471, FP473), Mk. II (29), (Serial Nos. 382-397, 796-798, 917, 924-926, 939-944), for a total of 31 aircraft.

Handley Page HP 54 Harrow Mk. I flown by members of the RCAF.  (RAF Photo)

Handley Page HP 54 Harrow Mk. I (2), (Serial Nos. 794, 795).

 (RAF Photo, Toronto Public Library)

“Taken on charge 21 October 1940. Ex RAF K6933, ex G-AFRG.  In Newfoundland for in-flight refueling trials when war broke out, purchased by RCAF.  With the Test and Development Establishment at RCAF Station Rockcliffe, Ontario, dates unknown.  May have been operated initially with civil registration.  Assigned to Eastern Air Command, no record of use. Struck off 17 Nov 1941.” (

Handley Page HP.54 Harrow Mk.II G-AFRG Air Refueling, Ltd, ex RAF K6933 modified as refueler for Empire Flying Boats, impressed by RCAF in 1940 as 794.  Flight Refuelling Limited was registered by Sir Alan Cobham on 29 Oct 1934, carrying out air-to-air refueling experiments from Portsmouth, Flight Refuelling moved their operations to Ford, Sussex on 1 Jan 1936.  The company operated an extraordinary variety of aircraft, including three Harrows.

These three were converted by Handley Page at Radlett from K6933, K7027 and K7029, and all three were transferred to the civil register, K6933 and K7029 as G-AFRG and G-AFRH respectively on 5 Feb 1939, and K7027 as G-AFRL on 6 Mar 1939.  They were equipped with fuselage tanks of 1,000 gallons capacity and the necessary valves for controlling rapid fuel transfer through long hoses which could be reeled out and back by powered winches, also large observation transparencies in the front fuselage fabric covering.

Imperial Airways Empire flying boats were able to fly a transatlantic service via Ireland and Newfoundland, only with increased fuel capacities and hence reduced payloads. To increase payload again, experimental fuel transfer from Harrows to Empire flying boat receiver aircraft were successfully conducted.

For transatlantic trials Harrows G-AFRG and G-AFRH were then shipped as deck cargo to Montreal on the Canadian Pacific 'SS Bedford', they were re-erected by Fairchild Aircraft at Longueuil and on June 2 flown to Hattie's Camp (later Gander), Newfoundland, where they were based. G-AFRL was based at Rineanna (later Shannon Airport), Ireland and refueled the Empire flying boats G-ADHM 'Caledonia' and G-ADUV 'Cambria' after take off from Foynes, Ireland. On their return flights the flying boats were refueled by G-AFRG and G-AFRH, after take off from Botwood, Newfoundland.

On August 5, 1939 a weekly service from Southampton to New York was begun, with the Empire flying boats G-AFCU 'Cabot' and G-AFCV 'Caribou' relying on the Harrow tankers, after sixteen transatlantic flights were completed the service terminated at the end of September 1939. G-AFRL was returned to Ford, where it was destroyed by enemy action on August 18, 1940, along with others of the Flight Refuelling fleet.

G-AFRG and G-AFRH remained in Newfoundland and both were impressed into the RCAF, possibly initially operated under their civil registration. Anyway, on October 21, 1940, both aircraft were taken on strength by the RCAF and serialed 794 and 795 respectively, and were subsequently assigned to the Test and Development Establishment at RCAF Station Rockcliffe, Ottawa. Only three months later, January 22, 1941, 795 was struck off charge and dismantled for use as spares, for 794, which in turn, was struck off charge on November 17, 1941."


Lockheed Electra 10A, TCA, CF-BAF, 21 Feb 1942.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 2272191)

 (Photo courtesy of Bzuk)

Lockheed 10A Electra (Serial No.), stored in winter for TCA, CF-TCC.   Winnipeg, Manitoba.

Lockheed 10A, (Serial No. 7633).  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3650924)

Lockheed 10A, (Serial No. 7633).  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3650925)

Lockheed 10A, (Serial No. 1526), 8 Dec 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3583647)

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3583497)

Lockheed L-10 Electra, RCAF (Serial No. 7634), No. 1 Survey Detachment, 18 Sep 1944. 

Lockheed L-10A, L-10B Electra (15), (Serial Nos. 1526-29, 7631-34, 7648-52, 7656, 7841).

Cockpit of Lockheed L-212 (Serial No. 7642), 9 Oct 1941.  Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3582948)

Lockheed L-212, RCAF (Serial No. 7642)  & Noorduyn Norseman (Serial No. 2487),  9 Oct 1941.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3582946)

Lockheed L-12A Electra Junior (10), (Serial Nos. 1531, 7640, 7641, 7645-7647, 7653, 5764, 7837, 7838), Model L-212 (1), (Serial No. 7642), for a total of 11 aircraft.

Lockheed Lodestars flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Lockheed L-18-56 Lodestar (18), (Serial Nos. 551-568).

Miles M.9A Master Mk. IA, RAF (Serial No. T8559).  (RAF Photo)

Miles M.9A Master Mk. IA, RAF trainer.  (RAF Photo)


Miles M.9A Master Mk. IA, RAF trainer.  (RAF Photo)

Miles M.27 Master Mk. III, RAF (Serial No. W8667), No.5 SFTS.  (IWM Photo, COL 198)

Miles Martinet, RAF (Serial No. HN861).  (RAF Photo)

 (RAF Photos)

Miles Martinet TT Mk. I, RAF (Serial No, HN862), ca 1943. 

Noorduyn Norseman aircraft flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Noorduyn Norseman Mk. III (2), (Serial Nos. 694, 697), Mk. IV (47), (Serial Nos. 491, 494, 496-499, 678, 681, 691-693, 695, 696, 698, 2455, 2456, 2458, 2462, 2465, 2466, 2469, 2470, 2474, 2476-2481, 2483, 2486, 2493, 2494, 3522, 3523, 3525, 3527-3529, 3531-3537, 3539), Mk. IVW (27), (Serial Nos. 492, 493, 495, 679, 680, 2457, 2459, 2461, 2463, 2464, 2467, 2468, 2471-2473, 2475, 2482, 2484, 2485, 2487, 2489-2492, 3526, 3533, 3538), Mk. IVWA (3), (Serial Nos. 2460, 2488, 3524), Mk. VI (21), (Serial Nos. 361-372, 787-792, 2495, 2496, A591), for a total of 100 aircraft.


North American NA-64 Yale.  (USAF Photo)

North American NA-64 Yale (Serial No. 3390).  (Sam Stead Photo)

North American Yale radio equipment.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3582314)

Cockpit of North American Yale.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3643695)

(RuthAS Photo)

North American NA-64 Yale I 

North American NA-26 Yale (1), (Serial No. 3345), NA-44 (1), (Serial No. 3344), NA-64/BT-14 Yale (119), (Serial Nos. 3346-3464).

North American Harvard trainers flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

North American NA-49 Harvard Mk. I (1), (Serial No. 3560 (ex 7020, ex N7020), NA-61 Harvard Mk. I (33), (1321-1350, A83, A100, A102), NA-66 Harvard Mk. II (508), (Serial Nos. 2501-2520, 2531-2533, 2547, 2548, 2550-2721, 2723-3013), NA-75 Harvard Mk. II (100), (Serial Nos. 3134-3233), NA-76 Harvard Mk. II (259), (Serial Nos. AJ538-AJ597, AJ643-AJ662, AJ683-AJ702, AJ723- AJ737, AJ753- AJ767, AJ788-802, AJ823- AJ836, AJ847- AJ854, AJ893-AJ910, AJ912-AJ984, AJ986), NA-81 Harvard Mk. II (126), (Serial Nos. 3014-3033, 3761-3841, BW184-BW207, A429), AT-6A Harvard Mk. IIB (210), (Serial Nos. 3034-3133, 3234-3343), AT-16 Harvard Mk. IIB (649), (Serial Nos. 20200-20209 (ex USAF), FE268-FE353, FE383-FE412, FE433-FE467, FE498-FE527, FE553-FE592, FE618-FE662, FE688-FE695, FE721-FE765, FE790-FE877, FE902-FE951, FE976-FE999, FH100-FH106, FH117-FH166, FS661-FS681, FS857-FS878, FS957-FS978, FT265-FT301), Canadian Car & Foundry Harvard Mk. 4 (270), (Serial Nos. 20210-20479), AT-6D Texan (100), (Serial Nos. 41-34177, 41-34244, 41-34304, 41-34335, 41-34488, 41-34491, 41-34546, 41-34548, 41-34549, 42-44432, 42-44454, 42-44469, 42-44571, 42-44613, 42-44644, 42-44732, 42-84324, 42-84331, 42-84388, 42-84481, 42-84488, 42-84650, 42-84660, 42-84680, 42-84757, 42-84832, 42-84838, 42-84841, 42-84844, 42-84847, 42-84933, 42-84962, 42-84965, 42-84971, 42-85041, 42-85043, 42-85052, 42-85056, 42-85060, 42-85071, 42-85165, 42-85174, 42-85256, 42-85357, 42-85359, 42-85360, 42-85404, 42-85465, 42-85477, 42-85550, 42-85585, 42-85599, 42-85691, 42-85739, 42-85740, 42-85741, 42-85800, 42-85802, 42-85804, 42-85813, 42-85823, 42-85913, 42-85923, 42-85938, 42-86027, 42-86053, 42-86161, 42-86211, 42-86328, 42-86374, 42-86465, 42-86544, 42-86545, 44-80858, 44-80866, 44-80932, 44-80949, 44-81042, 44-81071, 44-81078, 44-81152, 44-81197, 44-81201, 44-81433, 44-81440, 44-81464, 44-81470, 44-81482, 44-81488, 44-81493, 44-81494, 44-81506, 44-81514, 44-81525, 44-81528, 44-81566, 44-81569, 44-81577, 44-81601, 44-81634), for a total of 2,256 Harvard aircraft.

Northrop A-17A Nomads flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Northrop A-17A Nomad (32), (Serial Nos. 3490-3521). 

The Royal Canadian Air Force received 32 Nomads that had been part of a French order of 93 aircraft.  When France fell in 1940, this order was taken over by Great Britain who transferred 32 of the aircraft to Canada where they were used as advanced trainers and target tugs as part of the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan.  All were assigned to No. 3 Training Command RCAF.  Nomad RCAF (Serial No. 3521), ex-A-17A, crashed in Lake Muskoka, Ontario on 13 Dec 1940.  Its wreckage was found in July 2010.  The remains of crew were recovered, and salvage and recovery of aircraft by the RCAF is in the planning stages as of September 2013.  Internet:


Stinson Model HW-75, RCAF 105 Voyager.  (NASA Langley Photo)

Stinson 105 Voyager, RCAF (Serial No. 3465), 20 Mar 1942.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3582864)

Stinson 105 Voyager/HW-75 (25), (Serial Nos. 3465-3489).

 (Library of Congress Photo, LC-USW33-055048-C)

Vultee-Stinson Reliant Mk. 1, RAF (Serial No. FK814), ex-USAAF AT-19 (Serial No. 42-46640), (c/n 77-1), built under the lend-lease agreement for Great Britain.  The UK ordered 500 Reliants in July 1942. 

 (IWM Photo, A 19269)

Stinson Reliant, RN (Serial No. FK876), in service with the Fleet Air Arm for training observers at Lee-on-Solent Fleet Air Arm Station in the UK.

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3227960)

Stinson Reliant, used by General H.D.G. Crerar, shown here with his pilot and ground crew, Grave, Netherlands, 11 Apr 1945.  


Vickers Warwick with lifeboat.  (RAF Photo)

Vickers Warwick.  (IWM Photo, CNA 4201)

Vickers Windsor.  (RAF Photo)

Vickers Windsor.  (RAF Photo)

Vickers Windsor.  Aircraft test flown by RCAF pilots in the UK.  (RAF Photo)

WACO gliders flown by Canadians are listed on a separate page on this web site.

WACO CG-4A Hadrian Mk. II Glider (32), (Serial Nos. 9501, 9503, 9505-9530, KH944-KH947).

WACO CG-15A Glider (1), (Serial No. 9504).

WACO PG-2A Powered Glider (1), (Serial No. 9502).  PG-2A with two 200 hp (150 kW) L-440-7 engines.

Westland Lysanders flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Westland Lysander Mk. II (76), (Serial Nos. 416-490, 700), Mk. IIIA (150), (Serial Nos. 2305-2454), Mk. IIIT (103), (Serial Nos. 1536-1592, V9281, V9290, V9301, V9312, V9315, V9318, V9320, V9323, V9324, V9347, V9351, V9365, V9370, V9371, V9378, V9383, V9386, V9407, V9409, V9413, V9417, V9423, V9442, V9443, V9449, V9486, V9502, V9504, V9508, V9519, V9520, V9526, V9553, V9556, V9570, V9577, V9589, V9607, V9642, V9651, V9676, V9678, V9712, V9716, V9733, V9739), for a total of 329 aircraft.