Military History Books
by Harold A. Skaarup   www.SilverHawkAuthor.com   
 
Canadian Warplanes 4-1: The Second World War Trainers, Transports and Utility Aircraft, York, Staggerwing, Boeing 247D, Bombay, DH,91, Harrow, Master, Martinet, Yale, Yoyager, Reliant, Warwick, Windsor

Canadian Second World War Trainers, Transports and Utility Aircraft.

Auster AOP, Avro York, Beechcraft D17S Staggerwing, Boeing 247D, Bristol Bombay, DH.91, Handley Page Harrow, Miles Master, Miles Martinet, North American Yale, Stinson Voyager, Stinson Reliant, Vickes Warwick, Vickers Windsor

Data current to 5 Nov 2020.

This aviation handbook is intended to provide the reader with a quick reference to identify military support aircraft flown by the Royal Canadian Air Force, the Royal Canadian Navy and the Canadian Army during the Second World War. The handbooks in this series include a general description and a photograph from the Canadian Forces Archives of at least one of the key variants or marks of each aircraft that has been in Canadian military service or used by Canadian servicemen overseas.Each aircraft is listed alphabetically by manufacturer, number and type. General details describing the aircrafts engines, service ceiling, speed, armament or weapons load are included, along with a brief description of the Canadian or allied squadron in which Canadian aircrews used the aircraft operationally. This is the fourth volume in the series. It describes the trainers, transports and utility aircraft flown by Canadians during the war. A list of museums, private aircraft collections and other locations where a number of the survivors might be found is also included. The handbook is not a definitive list of all Canadian-manufactured or operated support aircraft, but it should serve as a quick reminder for anyone with an interest in Canadian military aviation.

Order book: http://bookstore.iuniverse.com/Products/SKU-000011072/Canadian-Warbirds-of-the-Second-World-War--Trainers-Transports-and-Utility-Aircraft.aspx

Order book in Canada: http://www.chapters.indigo.ca/books/Canadian-Warbirds-Second-World-War-Harold-A-A-Skaarup/9780595184033-item.html?ikwid=harold+skaarup&ikwsec=Books

http://www.amazon.ca/Canadian-Warbirds-Trainers-Transports-Aircraft/dp/0595184030/ref=sr_1_19?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1322340692&sr=1-19

Nook book: http://www.barnesandnoble.com/w/canadian-warbirds-of-the-second-world-war-trainers-transports-and-utility-aircraft-harold-skaarup/1110499468?ean=9781462048120&itm=5&USRI=Harold+Skaarup

For an update on military aircraft preserved in Canada, see "Canadian Warplanes".

Canadian Warbirds of the Second World War, Trainers, Transports and Utility Aircraft, Photo Update

Airspeed Horsa Transport Gliders flown by Canadians are listed on a separate page on this website.

Airspeed Oxford trainers in RCAF service are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Armstrong Whitworth AW.38 Whitleys flown by RCAF aircrew serving with the RAF, are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Armstrong Whitworth AW.41 Albemarle ST Mk. I flown by RCAF aircrew serving with the RAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Auster AOP.3, RAF in support of RCA, Ortona, Italy, 10 Feb 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3524518)

Auster AOP, mission plans, Italy ca 1943.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4232925)

Auster AOP.6 aircraft flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Avro Anson trainers flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Avro York Mk. I in flight, RAF.  (RAF Photo)

Avro York, RAF.  (SDA&SM Archives)

Barkley Grow T8P-1 aircraft flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Beechcraft D17S Staggerwing, 1938, CN 203, DoT CF-CCA, Rockcliffe, Ontario.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3545906)

Beechcraft D17S Staggerwing, 1938, CN 203, DoT CF-CCA, Rockcliffe, Ontario.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3409873)

This D17S (c/n 203) was built in April 1938 and delivered to Canada's Controller of Civil Aviation (Department of Transport) in Ottawa as CF-CCA.  It spent a considerable period of time in the civil service before being sold to a number of owners in quick succession (Bradley Air services in 1955, Spartan Air services in 1956, and Mr I.Sanders in 1957), before its Certificate of Airworthiness expired in December 1958 and it was left derelict in Ottawa.  Dr William Boyd began a rebuild of CCA in 1972, and the project was continued by Morley Servos in 1979.  The aircraft returned to the air in April 1985.  The aircraft features several variations from a standard D17, including G model undercarriage and Cleveland brakes, toes brakes rather than a Johnson bar, and starboard access door; as well as a full IFR panel, GPS, and autopilot.  Robin and Elaine Campbell acquired the aircraft which had been re-registered as C-FCCA at the Leeward Air Ranch in Occala, Florida where it had its own air-conditioned hangar.  The aircraft was delivered to California in 1995 and dismantled for shipping to New Zealand.  The Staggerwing was registered on 29 Nov, and received its New Zealand Certificate of Airworthiness on 8 Dec as Reg. No. ZK-AMU, based at North Shore, NZ.  Douglas Drummond, Bathurst, New South Wales owns it now, Reg. No. VH-WEE.  It is painted in an eye catching red.
Beechcraft Expeditors in RCAF service are listed on a separate page on this web site.

 (RCAF Photo)

Boeing 247D (Serial No. 7635), No. 121 (K) Squadron, making a landing approach to the airfield at Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, May 1942.

Boeing 247D, RCAF (Serial No. 7635), No. 121 (K) Squadron, ca 1939.  (RCAF Photos)

Boeing 247D, C-73 (8), (Serial Nos. 7635, 7636, 7637, 7638, 7639, 7655, 7839, 7840).

Boeing B-17 Flying Fortresses in RCAF service are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Brewester Bermudas in RCAF service are listed on a separate page on this web site.

 (IWM Photo CH2936)

Bristol Bombay Mk. I, RAF (Serial No. L5838), No. 216 Squadron, Aldergrove, County Antrim, UK. 

Bristol Bombay Mk. I, RAF (Serial No. L5845), D, No. 216 Squadron in the Middle East.  (IWM Photo CH4230)

Northrop Delta aircraft flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Cessna T-50 Cranes flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

de Havilland DH.91 Albatross, Imperial Airways 1938. (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3353834)

de Havilland DH.91 Albatross four-engine British transport aircraft, seven built in 1938–39.  With the onset of the Second World War, the Royal Air Force considered their range and speed useful for courier flights between Great Britain and Iceland, and two mail plane versions of the DH.91 were pressed into service with No. 271 Squadron in September 1940, operating between Prestwick and Reykjavik.  Unfortunately, both aircraft were destroyed in landing accidents in Reykjavík within the space of 18 months in 1941 and 1942. 

Douglas Dakota aircraft flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Fairchild Cornell trainers flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Fairey Battle trainers flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Fleet Fort trainers flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

General Aircraft Hotspur gliders in Canadian service are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Grumman Goose seaplanes flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Handley Page HP 54 Harrow Mk. I flown by members of the RCAF.  (RAF Photo)

Handley Page HP 54 Harrow Mk. I (2), (Serial Nos. 794, 795).

 (RAF Photo, Toronto Public Library)

“Taken on charge 21 October 1940. Ex RAF K6933, ex G-AFRG.  In Newfoundland for in-flight refueling trials when war broke out, purchased by RCAF.  With the Test and Development Establishment at RCAF Station Rockcliffe, Ontario, dates unknown.  May have been operated initially with civil registration.  Assigned to Eastern Air Command, no record of use. Struck off 17 Nov 1941.” (rwrwalker.ca)

Handley Page HP.54 Harrow Mk.II G-AFRG Air Refueling, Ltd, ex RAF K6933 modified as refueler for Empire Flying Boats, impressed by RCAF in 1940 as 794.  Flight Refuelling Limited was registered by Sir Alan Cobham on 29 Oct 1934, carrying out air-to-air refueling experiments from Portsmouth, Flight Refuelling moved their operations to Ford, Sussex on 1 Jan 1936.  The company operated an extraordinary variety of aircraft, including three Harrows.

These three were converted by Handley Page at Radlett from K6933, K7027 and K7029, and all three were transferred to the civil register, K6933 and K7029 as G-AFRG and G-AFRH respectively on 5 Feb 1939, and K7027 as G-AFRL on 6 Mar 1939.  They were equipped with fuselage tanks of 1,000 gallons capacity and the necessary valves for controlling rapid fuel transfer through long hoses which could be reeled out and back by powered winches, also large observation transparencies in the front fuselage fabric covering.

Imperial Airways Empire flying boats were able to fly a transatlantic service via Ireland and Newfoundland, only with increased fuel capacities and hence reduced payloads. To increase payload again, experimental fuel transfer from Harrows to Empire flying boat receiver aircraft were successfully conducted.

For transatlantic trials Harrows G-AFRG and G-AFRH were then shipped as deck cargo to Montreal on the Canadian Pacific 'SS Bedford', they were re-erected by Fairchild Aircraft at Longueuil and on June 2 flown to Hattie's Camp (later Gander), Newfoundland, where they were based. G-AFRL was based at Rineanna (later Shannon Airport), Ireland and refueled the Empire flying boats G-ADHM 'Caledonia' and G-ADUV 'Cambria' after take off from Foynes, Ireland. On their return flights the flying boats were refueled by G-AFRG and G-AFRH, after take off from Botwood, Newfoundland.

On August 5, 1939 a weekly service from Southampton to New York was begun, with the Empire flying boats G-AFCU 'Cabot' and G-AFCV 'Caribou' relying on the Harrow tankers, after sixteen transatlantic flights were completed the service terminated at the end of September 1939. G-AFRL was returned to Ford, where it was destroyed by enemy action on August 18, 1940, along with others of the Flight Refuelling fleet.

G-AFRG and G-AFRH remained in Newfoundland and both were impressed into the RCAF, possibly initially operated under their civil registration. Anyway, on October 21, 1940, both aircraft were taken on strength by the RCAF and serialed 794 and 795 respectively, and were subsequently assigned to the Test and Development Establishment at RCAF Station Rockcliffe, Ottawa. Only three months later, January 22, 1941, 795 was struck off charge and dismantled for use as spares, for 794, which in turn, was struck off charge on November 17, 1941." 
-12A Electra Junior transports aircraft flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Lockheed Lodestars flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Miles M.9A Master Mk. IA, RAF (Serial No. T8559).  (RAF Photo)

Miles M.9A Master Mk. IA, RAF trainer.  (RAF Photo)

 

Miles M.9A Master Mk. IA, RAF trainer.  (RAF Photo)

Miles M.27 Master Mk. III, RAF (Serial No. W8667), No.5 SFTS.  (IWM Photo, COL 198)

Miles Martinet, RAF (Serial No. HN861).  (RAF Photo)

 (RAF Photos)

Miles Martinet TT Mk. I, RAF (Serial No, HN862), ca 1943. 

Noorduyn Norseman aircraft flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

 

North American NA-64 Yale.  (USAF Photo)

North American NA-64 Yale (Serial No. 3390).  (Sam Stead Photo)

North American Yale radio equipment.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3582314)

Cockpit of North American Yale.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3643695)

(RuthAS Photo)

North American NA-64 Yale I 

North American NA-26 Yale (1), (Serial No. 3345), NA-44 (1), (Serial No. 3344), NA-64/BT-14 Yale (119), (Serial Nos. 3346-3464).

North American Harvard trainers flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Northrop A-17A Nomads flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

 

Stinson Model HW-75, RCAF 105 Voyager.  (NASA Langley Photo)

Stinson 105 Voyager, RCAF (Serial No. 3465), 20 Mar 1942.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3582864)

Stinson 105 Voyager/HW-75 (25), (Serial Nos. 3465-3489).

 (Library of Congress Photo, LC-USW33-055048-C)

Vultee-Stinson Reliant Mk. 1, RAF (Serial No. FK814), ex-USAAF AT-19 (Serial No. 42-46640), (c/n 77-1), built under the lend-lease agreement for Great Britain.  The UK ordered 500 Reliants in July 1942. 

 (IWM Photo, A 19269)

Stinson Reliant, RN (Serial No. FK876), in service with the Fleet Air Arm for training observers at Lee-on-Solent Fleet Air Arm Station in the UK.

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3227960)

Stinson Reliant, used by General H.D.G. Crerar, shown here with his pilot and ground crew, Grave, Netherlands, 11 Apr 1945.  

 

Vickers Warwick with lifeboat.  (RAF Photo)

Vickers Warwick.  (IWM Photo, CNA 4201)

Vickers Windsor.  (RAF Photo)

Vickers Windsor.  (RAF Photo)

Vickers Windsor.  Aircraft test flown by RCAF pilots in the UK.  (RAF Photo)

WACO gliders flown by Canadians are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Westland Lysanders flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.