Military History Books
by Harold A. Skaarup   www.SilverHawkAuthor.com   
 
Canadian Warplanes 3: The Second World War, Lockheed Hudson, Lodestar, Vega and Ventura

Lockheed Hudson, Lodestar, Vega and Ventura

Data current to 10 May 2020.

 (RCAF Photo)

Lockheed Hudson, RCAF.

Lockheed L-214 Hudson Mk. I (28), (Serial Nos. 759-786), Mk. III (141), (Serial Nos. T9385, V9069, V9171, V9223, BW381-BW384, BW399-BW408, BW410, BW412, BW423, BW430- BW434, BW436- BW439, BW441- BW444, BW447- BW454, BW456- BW458, BW460, BW614, BW616- BW635, BW638- BW660, BW682, BW683, BW685- BW698, BW700- BW713, BW715- BW720, BW722- BW724, BW728, BW768, BW770- BW772, BW775- BW777, FH340, FH395, FH416, FH466), Mk. V (43), (Serial Nos. AM576, AM720, AM721, AM723, AM726, AM729, AM733, AM736, AM737, AM745, AM747- AM749, AM751, AM752, AM755, AM759, AM761, AM763- AM767, AM769, AM770, AM772, AM773, AM886-AM896, AM899, AM901-AM903, AM905), L-414 Hudson Mk. VI (35), (Serial Nos. EW873, EW956, FK393, FK399, FK408, FK409, FK443, FK460, FK464, FK465, FK467, FK468, FK470, FK495, FK506, FK511, FK512, FK514, FK518, FK534, FK539, FK541, FK546- FK548, FK550- FK553, FK560- FK564, A334), for a total of 247 aircraft.

 (DND Photo via Chris Charland)

Lockheed Hudson, coded G-RR, No. 407 'Demon' (GR) Squadron, RCAF. The squadron used the Mk. III, IIIA and IV between June 1941 and April 1943, when the type was superceded by the Vickers Wellington

 (DND Photo via Chris Charland)

 Lockheed Hudson formation, No. 407 'Demon' General Reconnaissance(GR) Squadron, RCAF.  The Lockheed Hudson used Lockheed-fowler flaps between the ailerons and fuselage.  They slide back 42 inches in streamline guides. The ailerons are inter-connected to droop with the flaps. There are low-drag slots in each wing-tip in front of the ailerons.

 (DND Photo via Chris Charland)

Lockheed Hudson Mk. V (Serial No. AM679), coded RR-B, No. 407 'Demon' (GR) Squadron, RCAF, taking off from a grass field with a Spitfire.  This Hudson wast lost during an anti-shipping strike against a convoy off of Terschelling Island (West Frisian Islands) on 16 May 1942.  The aircraft was carrying four 250-pound bombs when it was last seen going in low and making a direct hit on the stern of a ship it was attacking.  The Hudson then burst into flames and struck the water.  No remains of any of the four crew members was ever found.  As a result, their names are engraved on the Runnymede War Memorial at Englefield Green, Egham, Surrey, England.  This memorial honours those with no known grave.

 (DND Photo via Chris Charland)

Lockheed Hudson Mk. I's from No. 11 General Reconnaissance Squadron, RCAF, affectionately nicknamed the “The Joe Squadron”.  The squadron was based at RCAF Station Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, at the time.  Note that the area where a gun turret would normally be, is faired over with perspex.  That would change with the squadron's introduction of the Hudson Mk. III into service in March 1942.  The squadron's first wartime sortie was fown by the squadron commanding officer Wing Commander A. Lewis on 10 Nov 1939.  It involved a naval co-operation height finding and sighting practice for the anti-aircraft guns on the battlecruiser HMS Repulse and the aircraft carrier HMS Furious.  Shore batteries at Halifax also took part. HMS Repulse would later be sunk by Japanese bombers on 10 Dec 1942.

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4090379).

RCAF Sunderlands, Cansos, Hudsons, Venturas, Digbys, Liberators and Stranraers went after the German U-boat threat in the North Atlantic with a vengeance. This is a photo of U-754, a German Type IX U-boat under attack by a Lockheed Hudson, RCAF (Serial No.625), No. 113 Sqn, on 31 July 1942.  All 43 hands on the U-boat were lost.

Canadian warships and aircraft sank, or shared in the destruction of some 50 U-boats.

 (Toronto Star Photo Archive)

Lockheed Hudson in the background with Flight Sergeant George Calver of Grandview, Manitoba, with Air Marshal W. A. Bishop at the de Havilland Plant in Toronto in 1943.  Flt Sft Calver lost both his legs in a bombing mission over Cologne, Germany, and told the press he wanted to fight again.  He flew to Toronto from Montrea, for the first time since he lost his legs, to address workers at the de Havilland aircraft plant.  With new artificial limbs, he was anxious to get back into the fight.

Lockheed Hudson.  (Toronto Star Photo Archive)

 (RCAF Photo)

Lockheed Hudson Mk. III (Serial No. BW628), RCAF No. 122 (Composite) Squadron based at RCAF Station Patricia Bay (now Victoria International Airport), British Columbia.  In this photo it is carrying an air droppable life boat . When released, it descended by parachute. The aircraft was later equipped in December, 1945 with ASV (Air-to-Surface Vessel) radar.

BW628 was acquired through Lend-Lease (Requisition No. 62, 2467 and Contract No. DA-5).  It was taken on strength with the RCAF's Eastern Air Command at Halifax, Nova Scotia on5 Feb 1942.  It was immediately allocated to No. 31 Operational Training Unit at Debert, Nova Scotia.  While at Debert, it was involved in one minor accident.  On 26 June 1942, it sustained Category C5 damaged after the pilot Sergeant E. L. Downey, taxied into another Hudson (Serial No, BW437).  Downey's aircraft struck the port elevator while he was preparing to depart for a night time solo flight.  BW628 was put into storage on 22 May 1944.  On 9 Dec 1944, it was transferred to No. 122 (Composite) Squadron at RCAF Station Patricia Bay, BC.  The squadron was known as the 'Flying Joe Boys' and also to a lesser extent, the 'Flying Nightmares'.  On 13 March 1945 it was sent out for Air Sea Rescue modifications.  This Hudson was taken off strength with the RCAF on 14 Dec 1948 and disposed of by War Assets.

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3582226)

Lockheed Hudson (Serial No. 6317).

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3613291)

Lockheed Hudson, Goose Bay, Labrador, ca 1944.

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3581429)

Lockheed Hudson, recruits formed in flights, 25 Sep 1939.

 (Plismo Photo)

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3582236)

Lockheed Hudson cockpit, 15 July 1942.

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3581478)

Lockheed Hudson lineup, No. 11 Sqn, 16 Oct 1939. 

 (Newfoundland Post Card)

Lockheed 414 Hudson Mk. IIIA, (A-29-LO), (Serial No. 41-23631), ex-USAF (Serial No. BW769), now painted as RAF (Serial No. T9422), C/N 414-6448.  Gander, Newfoundland, as initially mounted on a cairn near the airport, ca 1960s. 

 (Photo courtesy of Bzuk)

Lockheed 414 Hudson Mk. IIIA, (A-29-LO), (Serial No. 41-23631), ex-USAF (Serial No. BW769), now painted as RAF (Serial No. T9422), C/N 414-6448.  Gander, Newfoundland.

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3589737)

Lockheed L-214 Hudson, 13 Jun 1943. 

(Library and Archves Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3589727)

Lockheed L-214 Hudson, Consolidated PBY-5 Canso, Avro Anson, 30 Jun 1943. 

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN Nos. 3589739)

Lockheed L-214 Hudson, 21 June 1943. 

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3589746)

Lockheed L-214 Hudson, 21 June 1943. 

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3589741)

Lockheed Hudson, RCAF 638, 21 June 1943.

  (RCAF Photo via the Shearwater Aviation Museum)

Lockheed Lodestar, RCAF (Serial No. 567).

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3583478)

Lockheed Lodestar, RCAF (Serial No. FK771), groundloop crash, Rockcliffe, Ontario, 7 Sep 1944. 

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3583477)

Lockheed Lodestar, RCAF (Serial No. FK771), groundloop crash, Rockcliffe, Ontario, 7 Sep 1944. 

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4236028)

Lockheed Lodestar, CF-HBW, ca 1950s.

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3581920)

Lockheed Lodestar, RCAF (Serial No. 554), 7 Feb 1944.

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3050939)

Lockheed Lodestar, RCAF (Serial No. 551), Moncton, New Brunswick, Jan 1944. 

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3643719)

Lockheed Lodestar, RCAF (Serial No. 554), Rockcliffe, Ontario, 23 Nov 1943.

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3643718)

Lockheed Lodestar, RCAF (Serial No. 555), Rockcliffe, 23 Nov 1943.

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3643717)

Lockheed Lodestar, RCAF (Serial No. 555), Rockcliffe, Ontario, 23 Nov 1943.

Lockheed L-18-56 Lodestar (18), (Serial Nos. 551-568).

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4948338)

Lockheed Ventura Mk. II, RAF(Serial No. AE742), TH-M, No. 21 Sqn, 2 Group, attacking the blast furnaces and steelworks at Ijmuiden, in the Netherlands on 13 February 1943.

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, PA114760)

Lockheed Ventura Mk. I, awaiting delivery to the RCAF at Dorval Airport, Montreal, Quebec. 

 (RCAF Photo)

 (RCAF Photo)

 (RCAF Photo)

Lockheed Vega V-146 Ventura, seagull white cam.

 (RCAF Photo via Chris Charland)

Lockheed Ventura G.R. Mk. V, RCAF (Serial No. FN979), No. 34 Operational Training Unit (OTU), based at Pennfield Ridge, New Brunswick.

(IWM Photo, CH 996)

Lockheed Hudson Mk. I, RAF (Serial No. T9277), QX-W, No. 224 Sqn based at Leuchars, Fife, in flight off the Scottish coast.  1940.  

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3584084)

Lockheed Ventura GR Mk. V, RCAF, 6 Aug 1947. 

 (RCAF Photo)

Lockheed Vega V-146 Ventura Mk. I, RCAF (Serial No. AE658).  This was the Prototype Ventura Mk. I.  AE658 served with No. 34 Operational Training Unit (OTU), Pennfield Ridge, New Brunswick. 

 (RCAF Photo via the Shearwater Aviation Museum)

Lockheed Vega V-146 Ventura G.R. Mk. V, RCAF (Serial No. FN974), on the flight line at No. 34 OTU, Pennfield Ridge, New Brunswick. 

Lockheed Vega V-146 Ventura Mk. I (21), (Serial Nos. AE658, AE659, AE661, AE663- AE674, AE676- AE678, AE696, AE703, AE728), Mk. II (108), (Serial Nos. AE849, AE851, AE860, AE866- AE869, AE871, AE872, AE874, AE878, AE879, AE882, AE886, AE889, AE893, AE905, AE907, AE911, AE912, AE922, AE923, AE925, AE926, AE928- AE932, AE934, AE936, AE942- AE944, AE946, AE950, AE952- AE954, AJ164, AJ173, AJ186, AJ194, AJ211, AJ230, AJ247, AJ270, AJ302, AJ335, AJ358, AJ373, AJ375, AJ383, AJ388, AJ389, AJ402, AJ404, AJ407, AJ409, AJ429, AJ430, AJ448, FD572, FD574, FD621, FD637, FD643, FD645, FD646, FD649, FD654, FD660, FD662, FD668, FD675, FD685, FD688, FD689, FD692, FD693, FD697, FD699, FD700-FD702, FD705, FD707, FD710- FD714, FD721, FD728- FD733, FD738- FD740, FD742, FD752, FD754, FD755), G.R. Mk. V (157), (Serial Nos. 2141-2277, FN967, FN971-FN983, FP542-FP547).  A total of 21 Mk. Is, 108 Mk. IIs, and 157 G.R. Mk. Vs were in service during this period for a total of 286 aircraft.

A total of 157 Ventura G.R. Mk. Vs were used operationally by the RCAF from 16 June 1942 to 18 April 1947 in the home defence coastal patrol role in both Eastern and Western Air Command.  They were flown by Nos. 8, 113, 115, 145, and 149 Squadrons.  A further 21 Ventura Mk. Is and 108 Ventura Mk. IIs were used in a training role at 1 Central Flying School, Trenton, Ontario, and at RCAF Station Pennfield Ridge, New Brunswick (RAF No. 34 Operational Training Unit) as part of the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan (BCATP).  

(Bill Larkins Photo)

Lockheed Vega V-146 Ventura G.R Mk. V, RCAF (Serial No. 2247), coded R, visiting Long Beach, California, 1953. 

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3650941)

Lockheed Ventura G.R. Mk. V, RCAF (Serial No. 2183), D, Jan 1944.  This aircraft flew with No. 113 (BR) Squadron in Nova Scotia and Newfoundland. 

 (DND Photo)

Lockheed Ventura G.R. Mk. V, RCAF, No. 115 (BR) Squadron.

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3584086)

Lockheed Ventura GR Mk. V, RCAF, 6 Aug 1947. 

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3643732)

Lockheed Ventura G.R. Mk. II, RCAF (Serial No. AE860), 6 Aug 1947. 

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3643799)

Lockheed Ventura G.R. Mk. II, RCAF (Serial No. AE860), 6 Aug 1947. 

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3643732-2)

Lockheed-Vega Ventura Mk. II, (Serial No. AE860), ski trials, 1947.