Military History Books
by Harold A. Skaarup   www.SilverHawkAuthor.com   
 
Canadian Warplanes 3: The Second World War Fighters, Bombers and Patrol Aircraft

Canadian Military Aircraft of the Second World War

Data current to 18 Feb 2019.

 

This aviation handbook is intended to provide the reader with a quick reference to identify the military aircraft flown by the Royal Canadian Air Force, the Royal Canadian Navy and the Canadian Army during the Second World War. The handbooks in this series include a general description and a photograph from the Canadian Forces Archives of at least one of the key variants or marks of each aircraft that has been in Canadian service or used by Canadian servicemen overseas.Each aircraft is listed alphabetically by manufacturer, number and type. General details describing the aircrafts engines, service ceiling, speed, armament or weapons load are included, along with a brief description of the Canadian or allied squadron in which Canadian aircrews used the aircraft operationally. This is the third volume in the series. It describes fighters, bombers and patrol aircraft flown by Canadians during the war. A list of museums, private aircraft collections and other locations where survivors preserved and displayed is also included. The handbook is not a definitive list of all Canadian-manufactured or operated aircraft, but it should serve as a quick reminder of the major examples flown on duty for anyone with an interest in Canadian military aviation.

Order book: http://bookstore.iuniverse.com/Products/SKU-000009790/Canadian-Warbirds-of-the-Second-World-War--Fighters-Bombers-and-Patrol-Aircraft.aspx

Order book in Canada: http://www.chapters.indigo.ca/books/Canadian-Warbirds-Second-World-War-Harold-A-A-Skaarup/9780595183814-item.html?ikwid=harold+skaarup&ikwsec=Books

http://www.amazon.ca/Canadian-Warbirds-Second-World-War/dp/0595183816/ref=sr_1_18?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1322340490&sr=1-18

Nook book: http://www.barnesandnoble.com/w/canadian-warbirds-of-the-second-world-war-fighters-bombers-and-patrol-aircraft-harold-skaarup/1110499469?ean=9781462048144&itm=31&USRI=Harold+Skaarup

For an update on military aircraft preserved in Canada, see "Canadian Warplanes".

Canadian Warbirds of the Second World War, Fighters, Bombers and Patrol Aircraft, Photo update

 (RCAF Photo)

 (RCAF Photo)

Avro 679 Manchester IA.  None were on the RCAF establishment, but many were flown by RCAF aircrews serving with the RAF overseas during the Second World War.

Avro 683 Lancasters from both the Second World War and Post War RCAF service, are listed on a separate page on this website.

Avro 683 Lancaster Mk. III (1), (Serial No. EE 182), Mk. X and Mk. XP (228)), (Serial Nos. FM101-FM105, FM110, FM111, FM115, FM118, FM120, FM122- FM124, FM126- FM128, FM130, FM136, FM140, FM148, FM153, FM155, FM159, FM172, FM199, FM206-FM229, KB721, KB732, KB733, KB739, KB744, KB746- KB748, KB757, KB760, KB764, KB771- KB774, KB781, KB783, KB789, KB791, KB794, KB796, KB801, KB802, KB807, KB810- KB812, KB819, KB820, KB823- KB827, KB829, KB830, KB833, KB836- KB841, KB843, KB844, KB847- KB849, KB851, KB852, KB854, KB856, KB857, KB860- KB865, KB867, KB868, KB871- KB873, KB875- KB878, KB880- KB886, KB888- KB896, KB898-KB900, KB912- KB934, KB936- KB970, KB972- KB979, KB981- KB984, KB986, KB988, KB990- KB992, KB994- KB999), for a total of 229 aircraft.

 (RCAF Photo)

Avro 694 Lincoln B, Mk. XV, RCAF.

 (RCAF Photo)

Avro 694 Lincoln B, Mk. XV, RCAF.  Although built in Canada, none have been preserved here.

Avro 694 Lincoln B. Mk. I (1), (Serial No. RE258), B Mk. II (1), (Serial No. SX 924), B. Mk. XV (1), (Serial No. FM 300), for a total of 3 aircraft.

 (RAF Photo)

 (RAF Photo)

 (RAF Photo)

 (RAF Photo)

Bell P-39 Airacobra, No. 601 Squadron, RAF, ca 1941.  None on the RCAF establishment, but a few were flown by RCAF aircrews overseas during the Second World War.

 (RN Photo)

 (RN Photo)

Blackburn Roc, Royal Navy.  None on the RCN establishment, but many were flown by RCN aircrews overseas during the Second World War.

 (RN Photo)

 (RN Photo)

Blackburn Skua, Royal Navy.  None on the RCN establishment, but a few were flown by RCN aircrews overseas during the Second World War.

Boulton P.82 Paul Defiant fighter.  None were on the RCAF establishment, but many were flown by RCAF aircrews overseas during the Second World War.  Defiants are listed on a separate page on this web site. 

(RAF Photo)

(RAF Photo)

(RAF Photo)

(RAF Photo)

Brewster Buffalo, RAF.  None were on the RCAF establishment, but a few were flown by RCAF aircrews serving with the RAF in the Far East during the Second World War.  None are preserved in Canada.

 (NMUSAF Photo)

Brewster Bermuda, RAF (Serial No. FF-741)

The RCAF acquired three Bermudas which were used at Suffield, Alberta, for "special" research operations.  None are preserved in Canada.  Deliveries of Brewster Bermudas to the RAF began in July 1942.  The RAF judged that the type was unsuitable for combat, and most of the Bermudas delivered to the service were converted to target tugs Five of the aircraft were transferred to the Fleet Air Arm of the Royal Navy for assessment – four as dive bombers and one as a target towing tug.  The USAAF received 108 Bermudas, which it designated the A-34 Buccaneer.  The type was considered unsuitable even for training purposes, and was withdrawn from service in 1944.  A single Buccaneer is preserved with the National Museum of Naval Aviation, Pensacola NAS, Florida.

 (NMNA Photo)

Brewster SB2A Buccaneer of the U.S. National Museum of Naval Aviation at Pensacola, Florida.

Bristol Blenheims and Bolingbrokes flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Bristol Blenheim Mk. IV (1), (Serial No. K7072).

Bristol (Fairchild) Bolingbroke Mk. I (18), (Serial Nos. 702-719), Mk. II (1), (Serial No. 705), Mk. III (1), (Serial No. 717), Mk. IV (185), (Serial Nos. 9001-9004, 9006-9009, 9024-9073, 9075-9201), Mk. IVW (15), (Serial Nos. 9005, 9010-9023), Mk. IVC (1), (Serial No. 9074), Bolingbroke Mk. IVT (407), (Serial Nos. 9850-10256), for a total of 626 aircraft.

Bristol Beaufort and Bristol Beaufighter aircraft flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Consolidated Catalina and Canso aircraft flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Canadian Vickers PBV-1A Canso A (Consolidated PBY-5A), (244), (Serial Nos. 9701-9844, 11001-11100).

The PBV-1A Canso is the Canadian Vickers-built version of the amphibious PBY-5A Catalina.  380 were built including 150 provided to the RCAF as the Canso A and the rest to the USAAF as the OA-10A.  620 variants of the Canso were built in Canada.  The designation "PBY" was determined in accordance with the US Navy aircraft designation system of 1922; PB representing "Patrol Bomber" and Y being the code assigned to Consolidated Aircraft as its manufacturer.  Catalinas built by other manufacturers for the US Navy were designated according to different manufacturer codes, thus Canadian Vickers-built examples were designated PBV, and Boeing Canada examples were designated PB2B.   In accordance with the contemporary British naming practice of naming seaplanes after coastal port towns, RCAF examples were named Canso, after the town of that name in Nova Scotia.  The RAF used the name Catalina and the US Navy adopted this name in 1942.  The USAAF, later the USAF, used the designation OA-10.

Vickers-Canada built 50 Catalina Mk. II (nbon-amphibious) for the RAF.

Boeing Canada built 240 PB2B-1 (PBY-5, non-amphibious) for the RAF and the RCAF from 1942.  Boeing Canada also built 67 PB2B aircraft with a taller fin.  Most were supplied to the RAF as the Catalina Mk. VI.

The PBY-5A models had hydraulically actuated, retractable tricuycle landing gear, with a main gear design based on one from the 1920s designed by Grumman, for amphibious operation.  The bow gun position featured a turret equipped with twin .30 calibre machine guns, improved armour and a self-sealing fuel tank.

Consolidated B-24 Liberators flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Consolidated B-24D Liberator B Mk. III & Mk. V (22), (Serial Nos. 586-600, 3701-3707), B-24J Liberator GR Mk. VI (64), (Serial Nos. 3708-3742, 11101-11105, EW127-37, EW208-14, 16-18, 70, 81, 82), GR Mk. VIT (10), (Serial Nos. 570-579), B Mk. VI (36), (Serial Nos. KG880, 86, 88, 91, 92, 94, KG920, 22-24, 29-31, 78, KH105-10, 71-76, KH285-88, KK237-42), B-24M Liberator GR Mk. VIII (16), (Serial Nos. 11120-11135), for a total of 148 aircraft.

Curtiss P-40 Kittyhawks flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Curtiss Hawk Model 81A-1, P-40 Tomahawk Mk. I (3), (Serial No. A313 (ex AH793), A315 (ex AH840), A316 (ex AH774), 81A-2, P-40B Tomahawk Mk. IIA (1), (Serial No. A317 (ex AH938).

Curtiss Hawk Model 87A-2, P-40D Kittyhawk Mk. I (72), (Serial Nos. 1028-1099). , P-40E-1 Kittyhawk Mk. IA (12), (Serial Nos. 720-731), P-40M Kittyhawk Mk. III (15), (Serial Nos. 831-845), P-40N Kittyhawk Mk. IV (35), (Serial Nos. 846-880), P-40K-1 Warhawk (9), for a total of 143 aircraft.

  (RN Photo)

 (RN Photo)

Curtiss SO3C-1 Seamew Mk. I, Royal Navy (Serial No. FN475).  Flown by the RN at Yarmouth, Nova Scotia during the war.  None are preserved in Canada.

Curtiss SO3C Seamew Mk. I (82), (Serial Nos. FN480- FN486, FN489- FN496, FN498, FN499, FN600- FN608, FN610- FN613, FN615, FN616, FN618- FN620, FN622, FN623, FN625, FN627, FN629- FN642, JW576- JW578, JW580- JW583, JW614- JW618, JW621, JW622, JW634, JW638, JW640, JW642).

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3197977)

Curtiss SBW1 Helldiver, ca 1944.

 (Archives of Ontario Photo, I0002978)

Curtiss SBW-1 Helldiver, Canadian Car & Foundry, Fort William, Ontario, 29 July 1943.

 (RN Photo)

Curtiss SBW-1B Helldiver, RN (Serial No. JW117).

 (NMNA Photo)

Curtiss SBW-4E Helldiver, New York Naval Reserve, USN (BuNo. V60166).

Curtiss SBW1 Helldiver, Canadian built version of the SB2C-1.  38 were built by the Canadian Car & Foundry company at Fort William, Ontario during the war for the US Navy, but none were in service with the RCAF.  SBW-1B, Canadian built version for lend-lease to the Royal Navy as the Helldiver I, 28 aircraft built by CCF, SBW-3, Canadian built version of the SB2C-3, 413 built by CCF, and the SBW-4E, 270 built by CCF.  SBW-5, Canadian-built version of the SB2C-5, 85 built (165 cancelled) by the CCF.

de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito fighters flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Douglas Digby bombers flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Douglas Digby Mk. I, RCAF (20), (Serial Nos. 738-757).

Douglas Boston medium bombers flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Fairey Firefly fighters flown by the RCN during the Second World War and post war are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Fairey Firefly FR Mk. 1, (29), (Serial Nos. DK445, DK485, DK535, DK537, DK545, DK555, DK560, DK561, DK563- DK565, DK569, MB566, MB579, MB588, MB668, MB748, PP402, PP408, PP411- PP413, PP426, PP431, PP456, PP457, PP460, PP462, PP467), T Mk. I (3), (Serial Nos. DT975, MB433, MB443), T Mk. II (1), (Serial No. MB694), FR Mk. IV (13), (Serial Nos. TW741, TW753, VG963, VG966, VG971, VG979, VG997, VH123, VH126, VH128, VH129, VH131, VH143), AS Mk. V (11), (Serial Nos. VH125, VH130, VH134- VH142), for a total of 57 aircraft.

 (RN Photo)

Fairey Fulmar flown by RCN and RCNVR pilots in service with the Fleet Air Arm, Royal Navy.  None are preserved in Canada.

 (RN Photo)

 (RN Photo)

 (RN Photo)

Goodyear FG-1D Corsair flown by RCN and RCNVR pilots in service with the Fleet Air Arm, Royal Navy.

 (Author Photo)

 (Author Photo)

Goodyear Built FG-1D Corsair, USN (Bu. No. 92106), (Serial No. 3367), C-GVWC.  Vintage Wings of Canada, Gatineau, Quebec.

  (RN Photo)

 (RN Photo)

Grumman Martlet flown by RCN and RCNVR pilots in service with the Fleet Air Arm, Royal Navy.  None are preserved in Canada.

 (RN Photo)

 (RN Photo)

Grumman Hellcat flown by RCN and RCNVR pilots in service with the Fleet Air Arm, Royal Navy.  None are preserved in Canada. 

Handley Page Hampden bombers flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Handley Page HP 52 Hampden Mk. I (96), (Serial Nos. L4142, 45, 57, L6069, P1167, P1200, 30, P1311, P2067, P2133, P5298, P5336, 37, 99, P5400, 21-36, X3137, 49, AD751, 54, 67, AD961, AE258, 95, AE363, AJ988-99, AN100-22, 28-36, 38-47, 50, AT147).

Handley Page Halifax bombers flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Handley Page HP 57 Halifax Mk. V (4), (Serial Nos. DG399, EB127, 38, 57), HP 61 Halifax Mk. VI (1), (Serial No. RG814), for a total of 5 aircraft.

Hawker Hurricanes flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Hawker Hurricane Mk. I (50), (Serial Nos. 310-329, 1351-1380), Mk. IIC (1), (Serial No. A274 (ex HV961), Mk. XII (401), (Serial Nos. 5376-5775, 9426), Mk. XIIA (50), (V7402, BW835-BW884), Sea Hurricane (1), (Serial R4177), for a total of 503 aircraft.

Hawker Tempests and Typhoons flown by RCAF pilora are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Hawker Tempest Mk. V (1), (Serial No. NV999).  Single-seat RAF fighter with Sabre V engine (2,340 hp), 142 built.  One was flown in Canada by the RCAF for cold weather testing.

Lockheed Hudson, Vega and Ventura aircraft flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Lockheed L-214 Hudson Mk. I (28), (Serial Nos. 759-786), Mk. III (141), (Serial Nos. T9385, V9069, V9171, V9223, BW381-BW384, BW399-BW408, BW410, BW412, BW423, BW430- BW434, BW436- BW439, BW441- BW444, BW447- BW454, BW456- BW458, BW460, BW614, BW616- BW635, BW638- BW660, BW682, BW683, BW685- BW698, BW700- BW713, BW715- BW720, BW722- BW724, BW728, BW768, BW770- BW772, BW775- BW777, FH340, FH395, FH416, FH466), Mk. V (43), (Serial Nos. AM576, AM720, AM721, AM723, AM726, AM729, AM733, AM736, AM737, AM745, AM747- AM749, AM751, AM752, AM755, AM759, AM761, AM763- AM767, AM769, AM770, AM772, AM773, AM886-AM896, AM899, AM901-AM903, AM905), L-414 Hudson Mk. VI (35), (Serial Nos. EW873, EW956, FK393, FK399, FK408, FK409, FK443, FK460, FK464, FK465, FK467, FK468, FK470, FK495, FK506, FK511, FK512, FK514, FK518, FK534, FK539, FK541, FK546- FK548, FK550- FK553, FK560- FK564, A334), for a total of 247 aircraft.

Lockheed Vega V-146 Ventura Mk. I (21), (Serial Nos. AE658, AE659, AE661, AE663- AE674, AE676- AE678, AE696, AE703, AE728), Mk. II (108), (Serial Nos. AE849, AE851, AE860, AE866- AE869, AE871, AE872, AE874, AE878, AE879, AE882, AE886, AE889, AE893, AE905, AE907, AE911, AE912, AE922, AE923, AE925, AE926, AE928- AE932, AE934, AE936, AE942- AE944, AE946, AE950, AE952- AE954, AJ164, AJ173, AJ186, AJ194, AJ211, AJ230, AJ247, AJ270, AJ302, AJ335, AJ358, AJ373, AJ375, AJ383, AJ388, AJ389, AJ402, AJ404, AJ407, AJ409, AJ429, AJ430, AJ448, FD572, FD574, FD621, FD637, FD643, FD645, FD646, FD649, FD654, FD660, FD662, FD668, FD675, FD685, FD688, FD689, FD692, FD693, FD697, FD699, FD700-FD702, FD705, FD707, FD710- FD714, FD721, FD728- FD733, FD738- FD740, FD742, FD752, FD754, FD755), GR Mk. V (157), (Serial Nos. 2141-2277, FN967, FN971-FN983, FP542-FP547), for a total of 286 aircraft.

Martin Baltimore and Martin Maryland bombers flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

 (RAF Photo)

Martin B-26 Marauder Mk. I, IA, II, III, RAF.

North American B-25 Mitchells flown by the RCAF during the Second World War and post war are listed on a separate page on this web site.

North American NA-62B, B-25B Mitchell Mk. I (7), (Serial Nos. FK164, FK166, FK171, FK176- FK178, FK180), NA –87, TB-25L, B-25C/D Mitchell Mk. II (74), (Serial Nos. 891-894, FW220, FW237, FW246, FW251, FW259, FW260, FW272- FW274, FW278- FW280, HD310-15, HD310-17- HD310-20, HD310-22- HD310-26, HD310-31- HD310-35, HD310-37- HD310-45, KL133-61), NA-108, B-25J Mitchell Mk. III (77), (Serial Nos. 5200, 5220, 5227-5237, 5239, 5242-5283, KJ641, KJ764), B-25J Mitchell Mk. IIIA1 (6), (Serial Nos. 44-30314, 90, 44-30439, 44-30442, 44-30444, 44-30449), for a total of 164 aircraft)

North American P-51 Mustangs flown by the RCAF during the Second World War and post war, are listed on a separate page on this web site.

North American Mustang Mk. I (P-51A), Mk. III (P-51B and P-51C), and Mk. IV (P-51D)

Canada had five squadrons equipped with Mustangs during the Second World War.  RCAF No. 400, No. 414 and No. 430 squadrons flew Mustang Mk. Is (1942–1944) and No. 441 and No. 442 Squadrons flew Mustang Mk. IIIs and Mk. IVAs in 1945.  The Mustangs flown by the RCAF during the war were owned by the RAF and carried RCAF serial numbers and designations.

 (RAF Photo)

 (RAF Photo)

 (RAF Photo)

 (RAF Photo)

 (RAF Photo)

Republic P-47 Thunderbolt Mk. I & II flown in the Far East by Canadians in RAF service.

 (RAF Photo)

Republic P-47 Thunderbolt Mk. I & II flown by Canadians in RAF service.

 (RAF Photo)

 (RAF Photo)

Saro S.36 Lerwick I, flown by RCAF aircrews overseas during the Second World War.

 (RAF Photo)

Short Sunderland, flown by RCAF aircrew during the Second World War.  None are preserved in Canada.  One is preserved in the RAF Museum, Hendon, UK.  RCAF No. 422 Sqn and No. 423 Sqn flew the Sunderland during the war.

 (RAF Photo)

Short Sunderland, Frazer-Nash FN13 rear turret of a Sunderland August 1940.

 (Chad Kainz Photo)

Short Sunderland, RAF (Serial No. ML796), nose gun turret, IWM Duxford.

 (RuthAS Photo)

Sunderland V ML824 displayed at the RAF Museum London at Hendon wearing the codes of No. 201 Sqn RAF.

 (RAF Photo)

Short Sunderland, flown by RCAF aircrew during the Second World War.

Short Stirling bombers, flown by RCAF aircrew during the Second World War are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Supermarine Spitfires and Seafires flown by RCAF and RCN pilots are listed on a separate page on this web site.

 (RCAF Photo)

Supermarine Spitfire 300 Mk. I, IA, 329 Mk. IIA (1), (Serial No. L1090), 329 Mk. IIB (3), (Serial Nos. P8332, ER824 & one unknown), 349 Mk. V (3), (Serial Nos. R7143, X4492, X4555), 349 Mk. VB, 359 Mk. VIII (1), (Serial No. JG480), 361 F. Mk. IXC, Mk. IXE, Mk. XVI (1), (Serial No. TE214), 365 PR. Mk. XI, 379 Mk. XIV (1), (Serial No. TZ138), 380 F. Mk. XVIE, Mk. XIX (1), (Serial No. PM627), for a total of 11 aircraft on RCAF strength in Canada.  The Spitfires flown by RCAF pilots overseas during the Second World War were owned by the RAF.

There were 24 marks of Spitfire and many sub-variants. These covered the Spitfire in development from the Merlin to Griffon engines, the high-speed photo-reconnaissance variants and the different wing configurations.  More Spitfire M.k Vs were built than any other type, with 6,487 built, followed by the 5,656 Mk. IXs.  Different wings, featuring a variety of weapons, were fitted to most marks; the A wing used eight .303 in (7.7 mm) machine guns, the B wing had four .303 in (7.7 mm) machine guns and two 20 mm (.79 in) Hispano cannon, and the C, or universal, wing could mount either four 20 mm (.79 in) cannon or two 20 mm (.79 in) and four .303 in (7.7 mm) machine guns.  As the war progressed, the C wing became more common.

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4950856)

A number of Canadian pilots flew with the Fleet Air Arm, most notably Lt (N) Robert Hampton Gray, VC, DSO. I found this shot in the Archives of a line-up of Fleet Air Arm aircraft at RNAS Mill Meece, HMS Fledgling ca 1943/44.  The facility was used to train WRNS Air Mechanics (Ordnance) on FAA aircraft. The aircraft in this photo include a Supermarine Seafire Mk. I, a Vought Corsair, a Grumman Martlet, two Fairy Barracudas, and possibly a Hawker Sea Hurricane or Fairey Fulmar.

Supermarine Type 377 Seafire Mk. XV (35), (Serial Nos. PR375, PR410, PR425, PR428, PR434, PR451, PR458, PR460, PR461, PR470, PR479, PR494, PR496, PR498, PR499, PR500-06, SR459, SR464, SR530, SR545, SW793, SW802, SW809, SW815, SW860, SW869, SW870, SW909).

Vickers Wellington bombers flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Westland Whirlwind fighters flown by RCAF pilots with the RAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.