Military History Books
by Harold A. Skaarup   www.SilverHawkAuthor.com   
 
Canadian Warplanes 3: The Second World War Fighters, Bombers and Patrol Aircraft

Canadian Military Aircraft of the Second World War

Data current to 15 Dec 2018.

 

This aviation handbook is intended to provide the reader with a quick reference to identify the military aircraft flown by the Royal Canadian Air Force, the Royal Canadian Navy and the Canadian Army during the Second World War. The handbooks in this series include a general description and a photograph from the Canadian Forces Archives of at least one of the key variants or marks of each aircraft that has been in Canadian service or used by Canadian servicemen overseas.Each aircraft is listed alphabetically by manufacturer, number and type. General details describing the aircrafts engines, service ceiling, speed, armament or weapons load are included, along with a brief description of the Canadian or allied squadron in which Canadian aircrews used the aircraft operationally. This is the third volume in the series. It describes fighters, bombers and patrol aircraft flown by Canadians during the war. A list of museums, private aircraft collections and other locations where survivors preserved and displayed is also included. The handbook is not a definitive list of all Canadian-manufactured or operated aircraft, but it should serve as a quick reminder of the major examples flown on duty for anyone with an interest in Canadian military aviation.

Order book: http://bookstore.iuniverse.com/Products/SKU-000009790/Canadian-Warbirds-of-the-Second-World-War--Fighters-Bombers-and-Patrol-Aircraft.aspx

Order book in Canada: http://www.chapters.indigo.ca/books/Canadian-Warbirds-Second-World-War-Harold-A-A-Skaarup/9780595183814-item.html?ikwid=harold+skaarup&ikwsec=Books

http://www.amazon.ca/Canadian-Warbirds-Second-World-War/dp/0595183816/ref=sr_1_18?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1322340490&sr=1-18

Nook book: http://www.barnesandnoble.com/w/canadian-warbirds-of-the-second-world-war-fighters-bombers-and-patrol-aircraft-harold-skaarup/1110499469?ean=9781462048144&itm=31&USRI=Harold+Skaarup

For an update on military aircraft preserved in Canada, see "Canadian Warplanes".

Canadian Warbirds of the Second World War, Fighters, Bombers and Patrol Aircraft, Photo update

 

 

Avro 679 Manchester IA.  (RCAF Photos)

Avro 683 Lancasters from both the Second World War and Post War RCAF service, are listed on a separate page on this website.

Avro 683 Lancaster Mk. III (1), (Serial No. EE 182), Mk. X and Mk. XP (228)), (Serial Nos. FM101-FM105, FM110, FM111, FM115, FM118, FM120, FM122- FM124, FM126- FM128, FM130, FM136, FM140, FM148, FM153, FM155, FM159, FM172, FM199, FM206-FM229, KB721, KB732, KB733, KB739, KB744, KB746- KB748, KB757, KB760, KB764, KB771- KB774, KB781, KB783, KB789, KB791, KB794, KB796, KB801, KB802, KB807, KB810- KB812, KB819, KB820, KB823- KB827, KB829, KB830, KB833, KB836- KB841, KB843, KB844, KB847- KB849, KB851, KB852, KB854, KB856, KB857, KB860- KB865, KB867, KB868, KB871- KB873, KB875- KB878, KB880- KB886, KB888- KB896, KB898-KB900, KB912- KB934, KB936- KB970, KB972- KB979, KB981- KB984, KB986, KB988, KB990- KB992, KB994- KB999), for a total of 229 aircraft.

Avro 694 Lincoln B, Mk. XV, RCAF.  (RCAF Photo)

Avro 694 Lincoln B, Mk. XV, RCAF.  Although built in Canada, none have been preserved here.  (RCAF Photos)

Avro 694 Lincoln B. Mk. I (1), (Serial No. RE258), B Mk. II (1), (Serial No. SX 924), B. Mk. XV (1), (Serial No. FM 300), for a total of 3 aircraft.

Bell P-39 Airacobra, No. 601 Squadron, RAF, ca 1941.  (CF & RAF Photos)

Blackburn Roc, Royal Navy.  (RN Photos)

Blackburn Skua, Royal Navy.  (RN Photos)

Boulton Paul P.82 Defiant flown by members of the RCAF in the UK, ca. 1941.  None are preserved in Canada, one is on display in the RAF Museum, London, UK.  (RAF Photo)

Boulton Paul P.82 Defiant flown by members of the RCAF in the UK, ca. 1941. (RAF Photos)

Boulton Paul P.82 Defiant flown by members of the RCAF in the UK, ca. 1941.  None are preserved in Canada, one is on display in the RAF Museum, London, UK.  (RAF Photos)

Fitters working on the 1,030hp Rolls-Royce Merlin III of a No 125 (Newfoundland) Squadron Defiant at Fairwood Common, January 1942.  (IWM Photo)

No. 125 Squadron (Newfoundland) was a Royal Air Force squadron active during and after the Second World War.  Like a number of Squadrons, No. 125 was initially formed during the later months of the First World War but never became operational before the Armistice.  No. 125 Squadron was reformed on 16 June 1941 at RAF Colerne in England where it was initially equipped with Boulton-Paul Defiant Mk. Is operating in a night fighter role with the Squadron Code VA on its aircraft.  The squadron became operational at the end of September covering western England and South Wales.

The squadron was raised as a result of a War Loan raised by the Newfoundland Commission on Government.  The Commission presented the British Government with $500,000 to establish the squadron with the hope that it would be manned by Newfoundlanders.

In September 1941 the squadron moved to RAF Fairwood Common and became fully operational with the Defiant proving to be a more than effective night fighter.  By March 1942, 125 Squadron started converting to the twin-engined Bristol Beaufighter Mk. IIF and later Mk. VI.  Defiants and Hawker Hurricanes were also used to supplement the Beaufighters.  Aircrews named some of their aircraft in recognition of its Newfoundland heritage.  St, John's, Corner Brook, Deer Lake and Buchans, Harbour Grace, Grand Falls, Bell Island, Bonavista, St. George’s, Heart’s Content, Grand Bank and Botwood were some of the names used.

November 1943 saw the squadron move to RAF Valley in Wales to enable patrols to take place over the Irish Sea.  With a conversion to de Havilland Mosquito Mk. XVII and later Mk. 30s in February 1944, No. 125 moved to RAF Hurn in preparation to cover the Operation Overlord landings in Normandy.  With the commencement of V-1 attacks on London the squadron moved to RAF Middle Wallop to assist in the City's defence and to fly patrols from RAF Bradwell Bay over the Low Countries.  A move to RAF Coltishall saw the squadron defend against enemy intruders and flying bomb carriers whilst undertaking reconnaissance to locate the remainder of German shipping. 

Before the war ended, the squadron destroyed some 44 enemy aircraft, and damaged 20.  Although airmen from other countries accounted for the majority of these attacks, volunteers from Newfoundland and Labrador also played their part.  On the night of July 28, 1944, Flight Sergeant Royal Cooper of Trinity Bay shot down the unit’s first V-1 flying bomb.

After the war, No. 125 squadron was reformed with Gloster Meteor night fighters on 31 March 1955 at RAF Stradishall.  De Havilland Venoms replaced the Meteors in late 1955 and remained with the squadron until it was disbanded on 10 May 1957. 

Internet: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/No._125_Squadron_RAF.

Brewster Buffalo, flown by RCAF members serving with the RAF in the Far East during the Second World War.  None are preserved in Canada.  (RAF Photo)

Brewster SB2A-1 Bermuda (Serial No. FF741).  (USAF Photo). 

The RCAF acquired three Bermudas which were used at Suffield, Alberta, for "special" research operations.  None are preserved in Canada.  A single Buccaneer is preserved with the National Museum of Naval Aviation, Pensacola NAS, Florida.

Brewster SB2A-1 Bermuda (3), (Serial Nos. FF568, FF718, FF732).

Bristol Blenheims and Bolingbrokes flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Bristol Blenheim Mk. IV (1), (Serial No. K7072).

Bristol (Fairchild) Bolingbroke Mk. I (18), (Serial Nos. 702-719), Mk. II (1), (Serial No. 705), Mk. III (1), (Serial No. 717), Mk. IV (185), (Serial Nos. 9001-9004, 9006-9009, 9024-9073, 9075-9201), Mk. IVW (15), (Serial Nos. 9005, 9010-9023), Mk. IVC (1), (Serial No. 9074), Bolingbroke Mk. IVT (407), (Serial Nos. 9850-10256), for a total of 626 aircraft.

  

Bristol Beaufort, S-AW in flight.  (RCAF Photo)

Cockpit view of the Bristol Beaufort bomber interior.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3581951)

Bristol Beaufort bomber interior.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3581953)

Bristol Beaufort, RCAF (Serial No. N1006), 32 OTU, 1 Feb 1942, Patricia Bay, British Columbia.  (BCAM Photo via Mike Kaehler)

Bristol Beaufort Mk. I, RCAF (Serial No. L9938), Y-AW.  These torpedo bombers were flown by the RCAF from Patricia Bay, British Columbia during the Second World War.  None have been preserved in Canada.  (Photo courtesy of the Shearwater Aviation Museum)

Bristol 152 Beaufort Mk. I (15), (Serial Nos. L9967, L9968, N1005-N1007, N1021, N1026, N1029, N1030, N1045, N1078, N1107, W6473, W6484).

Bristol 156 Beaufighter Mk. IIF (Serial No. T3037), No. 406 'Lynx' (NF) Sqn, RCAF, based at RAF Station Aklington, Northumberland, Jan 1942.  (IWM Photo)

 

Bristol 156 Beaufighter TF.Xs (NV427 'EO-L' nearest) of RCAF No. 404 Squadron based at Dallachy, Morayshire, England, breaking formation during a flight along the Scottish coast.  (Flt Lt B.J. Daventry, RAF Photo)

Bristol 156 Beaufighter TF Mk, X. EE-H of RCAF No. 404 Sqn, Banff, Scotland September 1944.  The aircraft is carrying RPs (rocket projectiles) with 25 lb. warheads for anti-shipping operations.  (RCAF Photo)

Bristol 156 Beaufighter TF Mk. X, RCAF No. 404 Sqn, serving with RAF Coastal Command ca. 1944.  (RCAF Photo)

Consolidated Catalina and Canso aircraft flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Canadian Vickers PBV-1A Canso A (Consolidated PBY-5A), (244), (Serial Nos. 9701-9844, 11001-11100).

The PBV-1A Canso is the Canadian Vickers-built version of the amphibious PBY-5A Catalina.  380 were built including 150 provided to the RCAF as the Canso A and the rest to the USAAF as the OA-10A.  620 variants of the Canso were built in Canada.  The designation "PBY" was determined in accordance with the US Navy aircraft designation system of 1922; PB representing "Patrol Bomber" and Y being the code assigned to Consolidated Aircraft as its manufacturer.  Catalinas built by other manufacturers for the US Navy were designated according to different manufacturer codes, thus Canadian Vickers-built examples were designated PBV, and Boeing Canada examples were designated PB2B.   In accordance with the contemporary British naming practice of naming seaplanes after coastal port towns, RCAF examples were named Canso, after the town of that name in Nova Scotia.  The RAF used the name Catalina and the US Navy adopted this name in 1942.  The USAAF, later the USAF, used the designation OA-10.

Vickers-Canada built 50 Catalina Mk. II (nbon-amphibious) for the RAF.

Boeing Canada built 240 PB2B-1 (PBY-5, non-amphibious) for the RAF and the RCAF from 1942.  Boeing Canada also built 67 PB2B aircraft with a taller fin.  Most were supplied to the RAF as the Catalina Mk. VI.

The PBY-5A models had hydraulically actuated, retractable tricuycle landing gear, with a main gear design based on one from the 1920s designed by Grumman, for amphibious operation.  The bow gun position featured a turret equipped with twin .30 calibre machine guns, improved armour and a self-sealing fuel tank.

Consolidated B-24 Liberators flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Consolidated B-24D Liberator B Mk. III & Mk. V (22), (Serial Nos. 586-600, 3701-3707), B-24J Liberator GR Mk. VI (64), (Serial Nos. 3708-3742, 11101-11105, EW127-37, EW208-14, 16-18, 70, 81, 82), GR Mk. VIT (10), (Serial Nos. 570-579), B Mk. VI (36), (Serial Nos. KG880, 86, 88, 91, 92, 94, KG920, 22-24, 29-31, 78, KH105-10, 71-76, KH285-88, KK237-42), B-24M Liberator GR Mk. VIII (16), (Serial Nos. 11120-11135), for a total of 148 aircraft.

Curtiss P-40 Kittyhawks flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Curtiss Hawk Model 81A-1, P-40 Tomahawk Mk. I (3), (Serial No. A313 (ex AH793), A315 (ex AH840), A316 (ex AH774), 81A-2, P-40B Tomahawk Mk. IIA (1), (Serial No. A317 (ex AH938).

Curtiss Hawk Model 87A-2, P-40D Kittyhawk Mk. I (72), (Serial Nos. 1028-1099). , P-40E-1 Kittyhawk Mk. IA (12), (Serial Nos. 720-731), P-40M Kittyhawk Mk. III (15), (Serial Nos. 831-845), P-40N Kittyhawk Mk. IV (35), (Serial Nos. 846-880), P-40K-1 Warhawk (9), for a total of 143 aircraft.

  

Curtiss SO3C-1 Seamew Mk. I, Royal Navy (Serial No. FN475).  Flown by the RN at Yarmouth, Nova Scotia during the war.  None are preserved in Canada.  (RN Photos)

Curtiss SO3C Seamew Mk. I (82), (Serial Nos. FN480- FN486, FN489- FN496, FN498, FN499, FN600- FN608, FN610- FN613, FN615, FN616, FN618- FN620, FN622, FN623, FN625, FN627, FN629- FN642, JW576- JW578, JW580- JW583, JW614- JW618, JW621, JW622, JW634, JW638, JW640, JW642).

Curtiss SBW1 Helldiver, ca 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3197977)

Curtiss SBW-1 Helldiver, Fort William, CCF, 29 July 1943.  (Archives of Ontario, I0002978)

Curtiss SBW-1B Helldiver, RN (Serial No. JW117).  (Royal Navy Photo)

Curtiss SBW-4E Helldiver, New York Naval Reserve, USN (BuNo. V60166).  (NMNA Photo)

Curtiss SBW1 Helldiver, Canadian built version of the SB2C-1.  38 were built by the Canadian Car & Foundry company at Fort William, Ontario during the war for the US Navy, but none were in service with the RCAF.  SBW-1B, Canadian built version for lend-lease to the Royal Navy as the Helldiver I, 28 aircraft built by CCF, SBW-3, Canadian built version of the SB2C-3, 413 built by CCF, and the SBW-4E, 270 built by CCF.  SBW-5, Canadian-built version of the SB2C-5, 85 built (165 cancelled) by the CCF.

de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito fighters flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Douglas Digby bombers flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Douglas Digby Mk. I, RCAF (20), (Serial Nos. 738-757).

Douglas A-20C-BO Havoc, RAF (Serial No. 635), at Langley Field, Virginia, USA, July 1942.  This Havoc was license built under the Lend-Lease-Agreement for the Royal Air Force, although most of these aircraft were diverted to the USAAF.  (Library of Congress Photos, LC-USW361-203)

Douglas Boston Mk. III (Intruder), RAF (Serial No. W8317), TH-S, RCAF No. 418 Squadron, parked at Ford, Sussex at nightfall.  Canvas covers are protecting the glazed nose and the front of the engine cowlings.  (IWM Photo CH9502)

Douglas Boston Mk. IIIs, No. 88 Sqn, on the flight line preparing for the Raid on Dieppe, 19 Aug 1942.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3378925)

Douglas Boston Mk. III (Intruder), RCAF No. 418 Squadron taxiing at Bradwell Bay, Essex, prior to a night intruder raid over France, Sep 1942 In September 1942.   No 418 Squadron, operated Boston Mk. IIIs on night intruder sorties from Bradwell Bay.  Its usual targets were Luftwaffe airfields, the French railway system and occasionally factory buildings.  The aircraft in the photograph carry ventral fuselage gun packs housing four 20mm cannon.  (IWM Photo CH7210)

Douglas Boston Mk. III (Intruder) RCAF No. 418 Squadron, illuminated by a Chance Light by the runway at Bradwell Bay, Essex, prepares to take off on a night intruder mission over North-west Europe.  (IWM Photo CH7211)

 

Douglas DB-7B Boston pair in flight, RCAF.  (RCAF Photo)

Douglas DB-7B Boston Mk. IV (Serial No. WB268), TH, flown by RCAF No. 418 (Intruder) Squadron.  None are preserved in Canada.  (RCAF Photo courtesy of the Shearwater Aviation Museum)

Douglas DB-7B Boston.  (RAF Photo)

Douglas Boston, RAF (Serial No. HJ496), RCAF.  (RCAF Photo)

Douglas Boston, RCAF No. 418 Sqn.  (RCAF Photo)

Douglas Boston Mk. III, RCAF, T for Toronto, with six airmen from 418 Squadron who are from Toronto.  L-R: Sgt. H. J. Irving, Sgt. G. M. Riches, Sgt. J. W. Hutchison, Sgt. J. E. C. Pringle, P/O D. Duxfield (Timmins, Ontario), P/O E. Keyes (Ottwa, Ontario), Sgt. J. Field, Sgt. J. Sharples, and Sgt. G. Chabot (Sudbury, Ontario).  Photo taken at RAF Station Debden, Essex in the UK, Feb 1942.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4900126)

Douglas Boston Mk. III,  5 March 1942, RCAF, 418 Squadron, "B" Flight, taken at their home, RAF Station Debden, Essex in the UK, Feb 1942. (NDIL Photo PL-7295)

Fairey Firefly Mk. 1, Royal Navy, ca 1944.  (RN Photo)

Fairey Firefly Mk. 1 landing, Royal Navy, ca 1944.  (RN Photo)

Fairey Firefly FR Mk. 1, (29), (Serial Nos. DK445, DK485, DK535, DK537, DK545, DK555, DK560, DK561, DK563- DK565, DK569, MB566, MB579, MB588, MB668, MB748, PP402, PP408, PP411- PP413, PP426, PP431, PP456, PP457, PP460, PP462, PP467), T Mk. I (3), (Serial Nos. DT975, MB433, MB443), T Mk. II (1), (Serial No. MB694), FR Mk. IV (13), (Serial Nos. TW741, TW753, VG963, VG966, VG971, VG979, VG997, VH123, VH126, VH128, VH129, VH131, VH143), AS Mk. V (11), (Serial Nos. VH125, VH130, VH134- VH142), for a total of 57 aircraft.

Fairey Fulmar flown by RCN and RCNVR pilots in service with the Fleet Air Arm, Royal Navy.  None are preserved in Canada.  (RN Photo)

Goodyear FG-1D Corsair flown by RCN and RCNVR pilots in service with the Fleet Air Arm, Royal Navy.  (RN Photos)

Goodyear Built FG-1D Corsair, USN (Bu. No. 92106), (Serial No. 3367), C-GVWC.  Vintage Wings of Canada, Gatineau, Quebec.

 

Grumman Martlet flown by RCN and RCNVR pilots in service with the Fleet Air Arm, Royal Navy.  None are preserved in Canada.  (RN Photo)

Grumman Hellcat flown by RCN and RCNVR pilots in service with the Fleet Air Arm, Royal Navy.  None are preserved in Canada.  (RN Photos)

Handley Page HP 52 Hampden in flight.  (RAF Photo)

Handley-Page Hampden Mk. I, P5336.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3650859)

  

Handley Page HP 52 Hampden Mk. I bombers.  (RAF Photos)

Handley Page (Victory) HP 52 Hampden Mk. I, RCAF (Serial No. P5436), HL-B. Langley, British Columbia.

Handley Page Hampden Mk. I with groundcrew loading a torpedo into the bomb bay of a aircraft of No. 32 Operational Training Unit (Royal Canadian Air Force Schools and Training Units), Patricia Bay, British Columbia, 2 October 1942.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3202993)

Handley Page HP 52 Hampden being bombed up.  (RAF Photo)

Handley Page Hampdens of No. 408 Squadron, RCAF, being loaded with mines, 1942.  (IWM Photo)

Handley Page HP 52 Hampden Mk. I (96), (Serial Nos. L4142, 45, 57, L6069, P1167, P1200, 30, P1311, P2067, P2133, P5298, P5336, 37, 99, P5400, 21-36, X3137, 49, AD751, 54, 67, AD961, AE258, 95, AE363, AJ988-99, AN100-22, 28-36, 38-47, 50, AT147).

Handley Page Halifax bombers flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Handley Page HP 57 Halifax Mk. V (4), (Serial Nos. DG399, EB127, 38, 57), HP 61 Halifax Mk. VI (1), (Serial No. RG814), for a total of 5 aircraft.

Hawker Hurricanes flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Hawker Hurricane Mk. I (50), (Serial Nos. 310-329, 1351-1380), Mk. IIC (1), (Serial No. A274 (ex HV961), Mk. XII (401), (Serial Nos. 5376-5775, 9426), Mk. XIIA (50), (V7402, BW835-BW884), Sea Hurricane (1), (Serial R4177), for a total of 503 aircraft.

Hawker Tempests and Typhoons flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Hawker Tempest Mk. V (1), (Serial No. NV999).  Single-seat RAF fighter with Sabre V engine (2,340 hp), 142 built.  One flown in Canada by the RCAF for cold weather testing.

Lockheed Hudson, Vega and Ventura aircraft flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Lockheed L-214 Hudson Mk. I (28), (Serial Nos. 759-786), Mk. III (141), (Serial Nos. T9385, V9069, V9171, V9223, BW381-BW384, BW399-BW408, BW410, BW412, BW423, BW430- BW434, BW436- BW439, BW441- BW444, BW447- BW454, BW456- BW458, BW460, BW614, BW616- BW635, BW638- BW660, BW682, BW683, BW685- BW698, BW700- BW713, BW715- BW720, BW722- BW724, BW728, BW768, BW770- BW772, BW775- BW777, FH340, FH395, FH416, FH466), Mk. V (43), (Serial Nos. AM576, AM720, AM721, AM723, AM726, AM729, AM733, AM736, AM737, AM745, AM747- AM749, AM751, AM752, AM755, AM759, AM761, AM763- AM767, AM769, AM770, AM772, AM773, AM886-AM896, AM899, AM901-AM903, AM905), L-414 Hudson Mk. VI (35), (Serial Nos. EW873, EW956, FK393, FK399, FK408, FK409, FK443, FK460, FK464, FK465, FK467, FK468, FK470, FK495, FK506, FK511, FK512, FK514, FK518, FK534, FK539, FK541, FK546- FK548, FK550- FK553, FK560- FK564, A334), for a total of 247 aircraft.

Lockheed Vega V-146 Ventura Mk. I (21), (Serial Nos. AE658, AE659, AE661, AE663- AE674, AE676- AE678, AE696, AE703, AE728), Mk. II (108), (Serial Nos. AE849, AE851, AE860, AE866- AE869, AE871, AE872, AE874, AE878, AE879, AE882, AE886, AE889, AE893, AE905, AE907, AE911, AE912, AE922, AE923, AE925, AE926, AE928- AE932, AE934, AE936, AE942- AE944, AE946, AE950, AE952- AE954, AJ164, AJ173, AJ186, AJ194, AJ211, AJ230, AJ247, AJ270, AJ302, AJ335, AJ358, AJ373, AJ375, AJ383, AJ388, AJ389, AJ402, AJ404, AJ407, AJ409, AJ429, AJ430, AJ448, FD572, FD574, FD621, FD637, FD643, FD645, FD646, FD649, FD654, FD660, FD662, FD668, FD675, FD685, FD688, FD689, FD692, FD693, FD697, FD699, FD700-FD702, FD705, FD707, FD710- FD714, FD721, FD728- FD733, FD738- FD740, FD742, FD752, FD754, FD755), GR Mk. V (157), (Serial Nos. 2141-2277, FN967, FN971-FN983, FP542-FP547), for a total of 286 aircraft.

Martin Maryland Mk. I, photo reconnaissance aircraft of No 771 Squadron Fleet Air Arm.  (RN Photo)

Martin Maryland, 39  Sqn being armed ca 1941.  (RAF Photo)

Martin 167 Maryland.  Flown by RCAF aircrew serving with the RAF.  (RAF Photo)

Martin 187 Baltimore, (Serial No. FA647), RAF.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3607736)

Martin 187 Baltimore Mk. III, RAF (Serial No. AG859).  None have been preserved in Canada.  (Photos courtesy of the Shearwater Aviation Museum)

Martin 187 Baltimore Mk. III (1), (Serial No. FA187).

Martin B-26 Marauder Mk. I, IA, II, III, RAF.  (RAF Photo).

North American B-25 Mitchell taking off, ca 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4447477)

North American B-25 Mitchell, RAF.  (RAF Photos)

North American B-25 Mitchell, Bombload, 22 Mar 1945.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4447459)

North American NA-62B, B-25B Mitchell Mk. I (7), (Serial Nos. FK164, FK166, FK171, FK176- FK178, FK180), NA –87, TB-25L, B-25C/D Mitchell Mk. II (74), (Serial Nos. 891-894, FW220, FW237, FW246, FW251, FW259, FW260, FW272- FW274, FW278- FW280, HD310-15, HD310-17- HD310-20, HD310-22- HD310-26, HD310-31- HD310-35, HD310-37- HD310-45, KL133-61), NA-108, B-25J Mitchell Mk. III (77), (Serial Nos. 5200, 5220, 5227-5237, 5239, 5242-5283, KJ641, KJ764), B-25J Mitchell Mk. IIIA1 (6), (Serial Nos. 44-30314, 90, 44-30439, 44-30442, 44-30444, 44-30449), for a total of 164 aircraft)

North American P-51 Mustangs flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

North American Mustang Mk. I (P-51A), Mk. III (P-51B and P-51C), and Mk. IV (P-51D)

Canada had five squadrons equipped with Mustangs during the Second World War.  RCAF No. 400, No. 414 and No. 430 squadrons flew Mustang Mk. Is (1942–1944) and No. 441 and No. 442 Squadrons flew Mustang Mk. IIIs and Mk. IVAs in 1945.  The Mustangs flown by the RCAF during the war were owned by the RAF and carried RCAF serial numbers and designations.

Republic P-47 Thunderbolt Mk. I & II flown in the Far East by Canadians in RAF service.  (RAF Photos)

Republic P-47 Thunderbolt Mk. I & II flown by Canadians in RAF service.  (RAF Photos)

Saro S.36 Lerwick I, flown by Canadians with the RAF.  (RAF Photos)

Short Sunderland, flown by RCAF aircrew during the Second World War.  None are preserved in Canada.  One is preserved in the RAF Museum, Hendon, UK.  (RAF Photo)

Short Sunderland, Frazer-Nash FN13 rear turret of a Sunderland August 1940.  (RAF Photo)

Short Sunderland, RAF (Serial No. ML796), nose gun turret, IWM Duxford.  (Chad Kainz Photo)

Short Sunderland, flown by RCAF aircrew during the Second World War.  (RAF Photo)

Short Stirling, flown by RCAF aircrew during the Second World War.  (RAF Photo)

 Short Stirling, flown by RCAF aircrew during the Second World War.  (RAF Photos)

Supermarine Spitfires and Seafires are listed on a separate page on this web site.

 (Doug Smith Photo)

Supermarine Spitfire 300 Mk. I, IA, 329 Mk. IIA (1), (Serial No. L1090), 329 Mk. IIB (3), (Serial Nos. P8332, ER824 & one unknown), 349 Mk. V (3), (Serial Nos. R7143, X4492, X4555), 349 Mk. VB, 359 Mk. VIII (1), (Serial No. JG480), 361 F. Mk. IXC, Mk. IXE, Mk. XVI (1), (Serial No. TE214), 365 PR. Mk. XI, 379 Mk. XIV (1), (Serial No. TZ138), 380 F. Mk. XVIE, Mk. XIX (1), (Serial No. PM627), for a total of 11 aircraft on RCAF strength in Canada.

There were 24 marks of Spitfire and many sub-variants. These covered the Spitfire in development from the Merlin to Griffon engines, the high-speed photo-reconnaissance variants and the different wing configurations.  More Spitfire M.k Vs were built than any other type, with 6,487 built, followed by the 5,656 Mk. IXs.   Different wings, featuring a variety of weapons, were fitted to most marks; the A wing used eight .303 in (7.7 mm) machine guns, the B wing had four .303 in (7.7 mm) machine guns and two 20 mm (.79 in) Hispano cannon, and the C, or universal, wing could mount either four 20 mm (.79 in) cannon or two 20 mm (.79 in) and four .303 in (7.7 mm) machine guns. As the war progressed, the C wing became more common.

A number of Canadian pilots flew with the Fleet Air Arm, most notably Lt (N) Robert Hampton Gray, VC, DSO. I found this shot in the Archives of a line-up of Fleet Air Arm aircraft at RNAS Mill Meece, HMS Fledgling ca 1943/44.  The facility was used to train WRNS Air Mechanics (Ordnance) on FAA aircraft. The aircraft in this photo include a Supermarine Seafire Mk. I, a Vought Corsair, a Grumman Martlet, two Fairy Barracudas, and possibly a Hawker Sea Hurricane or Fairey Fulmar.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4950856)

Supermarine Type 377 Seafire Mk. XV (35), (Serial Nos. PR375, PR410, PR425, PR428, PR434, PR451, PR458, PR460, PR461, PR470, PR479, PR494, PR496, PR498, PR499, PR500-06, SR459, SR464, SR530, SR545, SW793, SW802, SW809, SW815, SW860, SW869, SW870, SW909).

 Vickers Wellington Mk. IA, RAF (Serial No. N2887), 5, of the Central Gunnery School in the UK. (RAF Photo)

Vickers Wellington Mk. IA with Royal Canadian Air Force  flight crew, Sergeant McGillvray, Sergeant J. Holsch, Sergeant Spackman and Sergeant R.H. Gervin, plus one.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4359665)

Thirteen RCAF Squadrons flew the Wellington during the Second World War:

No. 405 Squadron RCAF 'Vancouver Squadron' Code letters "LQ"
No. 407 Squadron RCAF Code Letters "RR"
No. 415 Squadron RCAF Code Letters "6U"
No. 419 Squadron RCAF 'Moose Squadron' Code letters "VR"
No. 420 Squadron RCAF 'Snowy Owl Squadron' Code letters "PT"
No. 424 Squadron RCAF 'Tiger Squadron' Code letters "QB"
No. 425 Squadron RCAF 'Alouette Squadron' Code letters "KW"
No. 426 Squadron RCAF 'Thunderbird Squadron' Code letters "OW"
No. 427 Squadron RCAF 'Lion Squadron' Code letters "ZL"
No. 428 Squadron RCAF 'Ghost Squadron' Code letters "NA"
No. 429 Squadron RCAF 'Bison Squadron' Code letters "AL"
No. 431 Squadron RCAF Code Letters "SE"
No. 432 Squadron RCAF 'Leaside Squadron' Code letters "QO"

Vickers Wellington serving with the RCAF, with 4,000-lb bomb being loaded by its ground crew, May 1942.  (RAF Photo)

 (RAF Photo)

Vickers Wellington, RAF Bassingbourn OTU, 1940.  None have been preserved in Canada, two are preserved in the UK.

 (IWM Photo HU 107810)

Vickers Wellington Mk. I (Serial No. P9249), overhead view, ca 1940.

Westland Whirlwind, RAF (Serial No. P5112), ca 1942.  (RAF Photo)

Westland Whirlwind, RAF (Serial No. P5112), ca 1942.  (RAF Photo)

Westland Whirlwind, RAF (Serial No. P7048), ca 1942.  (RAF Photo)

Westland Whirlwind, RAF (Serial No. P7048).  This aircraft was damaged by flak on 17 April 1942, and sent back to Westland's for repair.  (RAF Photo)

Westland Whirlwind, RAF (Serial No. P6997).  (RAF Photo)

Westland Whirlwind, RAF (Serial No. P6969), No. 263 Sqn, lost on 8 Feb 1941.  (RAF Photo)

Westland Whirlwind, RAF (Serial No. P7110), ca 1942.  (RAF Photo)

Westland Whirlwind, RAF (Serial No. P7110), ca 1942.  (RAF Photo)

Westland Whirlwind, RAF (Serial No. P7110), ca 1942.  (RAF Photo)

Westland Whirlwind, RAF (Serial No. P7110), ca 1942.  (RAF Photo)

Westland Whirlwind heavy fighter, operated from 1940-1943.  It was fast and excelled in the low ground attack role.  The Peregrine engines which powered it had many development issues and therefore only 116 were built before it was withdrawn from service.  Whirlwinds were flown by RCAF pilots serving in the UK early in the Second World War.  None have been preserved in Canada.  

Westland Whirlwind Mk. I, RAF (Serial No. P7094), HE-T, of No. 263 Squadron, on the ground at Warmwell, Dorset, with Flying Officer J P Coyne, a Canadian pilot, in the cockpit.  The markings below the cockpit indicate that this aircraft was presented to the RAF by the Bellows Foundation in South America. (IWM Photo)

Westland Whirlwind photo taken on the day it was removed from the Secret List and released to the Press, Friday 20 March 1942.  From left to right - S/L Robert Woodward DFC, P/O Philip Harvey, Sgt John Walker, F/S Cecil King, F/L Geoff Warnes (on wing), P/O Les Currie, P/O Herbert Blackshaw, Sgt John Meredith, Sgt Mick Muirhead RCAF and Sgt Ken Ridley are watching F/L Cliff Rudland who flew a solo demonstration for the cameras.  (Rob Bowater)

 Westland Whirlwind of RAF No 137 Squadron being rearmed with 250lb bombs, March 1943, at which time they were stationed at Manston in the UK.  (RAF Photo)

Westland Whirlwind, RAF being bombed up.  (RAF Photo)