Military History Books
by Harold A. Skaarup   
Canadian Warplanes 3: The Second World War, Douglas Boston

Canadian Warplanes of the Second World War, Douglas Boston

Data current to 16 Feb 2019.

 (DND Photo via James Craik)

Douglas Boston, RCAF No. 418 Sqn, ca 1944.

The Douglas A-20 Havoc (company designation DB-7) is an American designed light bomber.  In British Commonwealth service as flown by RCAF aircrews its service name was Boston.  During the Second World War, 24 squadrons operated the Boston, primarily in the Mediterranean and North African theatres.

 (DND Photo via James Craik)

Douglas Boston formation, RCAF No. 418 Sqn, ca 1944.

 (Library of Congress Photo, LC-USW361-203)

 (Library of Congress Photo, LC-USW36-407)

Douglas A-20C-BO Havoc (Serial No. 635), at Langley Field, Virginia, USA, July 1942.  This Havoc was license built under the Lend-Lease-Agreement for the Royal Air Force, although most of these aircraft were diverted to the USAAF.

 (Library of Congress Photo, LC-USE6-D-008556)

Douglas A-20C-BO Havoc, painted as an RAF Boston, ca 1942.

 (Library of Congress Photo, LC-USE6- D-008569)

Douglas A-20C-BO Havoc, painted as an RAF Boston, ca 1942.

 (IWM Photo CH9502)

Douglas Boston Mk. III (Intruder), RAF (Serial No. W8317), TH-S, RCAF No. 418 Squadron, parked at Ford, Sussex at nightfall.  Canvas covers are protecting the glazed nose and the front of the engine cowlings.

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3378925)

Douglas Boston Mk. IIIs, No. 88 Sqn, on the flight line preparing for the Raid on Dieppe, 19 Aug 1942.

 (IWM Photo CH7210)

Douglas Boston Mk. III (Intruder), RCAF No. 418 Squadron taxiing at Bradwell Bay, Essex, prior to a night intruder raid over France, Sep 1942 In September 1942.  No 418 Squadron, operated Boston Mk. IIIs on night intruder sorties from Bradwell Bay.  Its usual targets were Luftwaffe airfields, the French railway system and occasionally factory buildings.  The aircraft in the photograph carry ventral fuselage gun packs housing four 20-mm cannon.

 (IWM Photo CH7211)

Douglas Boston Mk. III (Intruder) RCAF No. 418 Squadron, illuminated by a Chance Light by the runway at Bradwell Bay, Essex, prepares to take off on a night intruder mission over North-west Europe, ca 1942.  418 Squadron, led by Russ Bannock and Johny Caine (Edmonton), achieved more RCAF air to ground and air to air kills, than all other Canadian squadrons.  The squadron was later equipped with Mosquitoes.  The squadrons score included 173 aircraft destroyed of which 73 were on the ground, 9 probables, 103 damaged, 76 V-1's destroyed over water, and 7 V-1's destroyed over England.  418 Squadron dropped 56 tons of bombs, destroyed 17 locomotives and damaged 59 locomotives, with 52 freight and passenger cars destroyed or derailed and 300 motor vehicles destroyed.

  (RCAF Photo)

Douglas DB-7B Boston pair in flight, RCAF.

(RCAF Photo courtesy of the Shearwater Aviation Museum)

Douglas DB-7B Boston Mk. IV (Serial No. WB268), TH, flown by RCAF No. 418 (Intruder) Squadron.  None are preserved in Canada.

 (RAF Photo)

Douglas DB-7B Boston

(RCAF Photo)

Douglas Boston (Serial No. HJ496), RCAF.

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4900126)

Douglas Boston Mk. III, RCAF, coded T for Toronto, with six airmen from No. 418 Squadron who are from Toronto.  L-R: Sgt. H. J. Irving, Sgt. G. M. Riches, Sgt. J. W. Hutchison, Sgt. J. E. C. Pringle, P/O D. Duxfield (Timmins, Ontario), P/O E. Keyes (Ottwa, Ontario), Sgt. J. Field, Sgt. J. Sharples, and Sgt. G. Chabot (Sudbury, Ontario).  Photo taken at RAF Station Debden, Essex in the UK, Feb 1942. 

(NDIL Photo PL-7295)

Douglas Boston Mk. III,  5 March 1942, RCAF, 418 Squadron, "B" Flight, taken at their home, RAF Station Debden, Essex in the UK, Feb 1942.