Military History Books
by Harold A. Skaarup   www.SilverHawkAuthor.com   
 
Canadian Warplanes 3: The Second World War, de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito

Canadian Warplanes 3: The Second World War, de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito

Data current to 28 Nov 2018.

The de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito was a British twin-engine shoulder-winged multi-role combat aircraft, introduced during the Second World War.  It was one of few operational front-line aircraft of the era whose frame was constructed almost entirely of wood.  Nicknamed The Wooden Wonder, it was affectionately as the "Mossie" to its crews.

When Mosquito production began in 1941 it was one of the fastest operational aircraft in the world.  The first variant was an unarmed, high-speed, high-altitude photo-reconnaissance aircraft.  Originally conceived as an unarmed fast bomber, the Mosquito's use evolved during the war into many roles including low to medium-altitude daytime tactical bomber, high-altitude night bomber, pathfinder, day or night fighter, fighter-bomber, intruder, and maritime strike aircraft.  It was also used by the British Overseas Airways Corporation (BOAC) as a fast transport to carry small high-value cargoes to, and from, neutral countries, through enemy-controlled airspace.  The crew of two, pilot and navigator, sat side by side, but a single passenger could ride in the aircraft's bomb bay when necessary.

The Mosquito FB Mk. VI was often flown in special raids, such as Operation Jericho, an attack on Amiens Prison in early 1944, and precision attacks against military intelligence, security and police facilities (such as Gestapo headquarters).  On the 10th anniversary of the Nazi' seizure of power in 1943, a morning Mosquito attack knocked out the main Berlin broadcasting station while Hermann Göring was speaking, putting his speech off the air.  Göring later said: "It makes me furious when I see the Mosquito.  I turn green and yellow with envy.  There is nothing the British do not have.  They have the geniuses and we have the nincompoops."

The Mosquito flew with the RCAF and other air forces in the European, Mediterranean and Italian theatres.  After the end of the Second World Warm Spartan Air Services flew 10 ex-RAF Mosquitoes, mostly B.35's plus one of only six PR.35's built, for high-altitude photographic survey work in Canada.  There are approximately 30 non-flying Mosquitos around the world with four airworthy examples, two in the United States, one in Canada and one in New Zealand.  (Wikipedia)

A total of 1,032 (wartime + 2 afterwards) Mosquitos were built by de Havilland Canada at Downsview Airfield in Downsview Ontario (now Downsview Park) in Toronto Ontario, including the following versions:

de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito B Mk. VII, Canadian version based on the Mosquito B Mk V bomber aircraft.  Powered by two 1,418 hp (1,057 kW) Packard Merlin 31 piston engines; (16), (Serial Nos. KB303- KB305, KB307- KB311, KB314, KB318- KB324).  First flown on 24 September 1942, the B Mk. VII only saw service in Canada, with 25 being built.  Six were handed over to the USAAF.

de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito B Mk. XX, Canadian version of the Mosquito B Mk IV bomber aircraft; (98), (Serial Nos. KB101- KB114, KB121, KB126- KB129, KB134- KB137, KB142- KB145, KB163- KB165, KB167- KB170, KB172- KB179, KB243- KB260, KB274- KB297, KB299, KB327, KB330- KB340, KB342), another sources state 145 were built, 145 built, of which 40 were converted into F-8 photo-reconnaissance aircraft for the USAAF.

de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito FB Mk. 21, Canadian version of the Mosquito FB Mk VI fighter-bomber aircraft. Powered by two 1,460 hp (1,090 kW) Rolls-Royce Merlin 31 piston engines; (1), (Serial No. KA101), another source states three were built. 

de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito T Mk. 22, Canadian version of the Mosquito T Mk III training aircraft; (4), (Serial Nos. KA873- KA876).

de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito FB Mk. 24, Canadian fighter-bomber version.  Powered by two 1,620 hp (1,210 kW) Rolls-Royce Merlin 301 piston engines; (2).

de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito B Mk. 25, an improved version of the Mosquito B Mk. XX Bomber aircraft.  Powered by two 1,620 hp (1,210 kW) Packard Merlin 225 piston engines; (51), (Serial Nos. KA936, KA942, KA982, KA984- KA999, KB370- KB386, KB412, KB414, KB418- KB420, KB428, KB478- KB480, KB585, KB587, KB596- KB598, KB642), another sources states 400 were built.

de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito FB Mk. 26, an improved version of the Mosquito FB Mk 21 fighter-bomber aircraft.  Powered by two 1,620 hp (1,210 kW) Packard Merlin 225 piston engines; (197), (Serial Nos. KA103, KA109- KA133, KA143, KA144, KA252, KA288, KA303, KA328, KA332, KA336, KA340, KA347, KA348, KA350, KA352, KA371, KA372, KA375, KA376, KA379- KA388, KA390-405, KA408- KA411, KA414, KA415, KA418- KA486, KA488-540),  another source states 338 were built.

de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito T Mk. III (24), (Serial Nos. HJ857, HJ866, HJ869, HJ871, HJ872, HJ874, HJ876, HJ879, HJ880, HJ882, HJ883, HJ958, HJ959, HJ965, HJ966, HJ974, HJ988, HJ989, HJ995, HJ996, HJ998, HJ999, LR533, LR536)

de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito T Mk. 27 ,  Canadian-built training aircraft (19), (Serial Nos. KA877- KA895),

de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito T Mk. 29, FB Mk. 26 fighters converted into T Mk. 29 trainers, (34), (Serial Nos. KA155, KA166, KA167, KA172- KA174, KA202- KA208, KA219- KA222, KA231- KA235, KA242- KA244, KA281, KA297-300, KA302, KA311, KA313, KA314), for a total of 444 aircraft with confirmed serial numbers.

A total of 1,032 (wartime + 2 afterwards) Mosquitos were built by De Havilland Canada at Downsview, Ontario (now Downsview Park in Toronto Ontario).

de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito, RCAF (Serial No. KA100).  (RCAF Photo courtesy of the Canadian Aviation Preservation Association)

de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito, night fighter.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4948344)

de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito bombing up.  (RAF Photo)

 

de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito, RCAF.  (RCAF Photo)

 

de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito test firing at night.  (RAF Photo)

de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito B Mk. XX, RCAF (Serial No. KB127).  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3643722)

de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito B Mk. XX, Canadian built, NACA 1945.  (NACA Photo)

The National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) was an American federal agency founded on 3 March 1915, to undertake, promote, and institutionalize aeronautical research.  On 1 October 1958, the agency was dissolved, and its assets and personnel transferred to the newly created National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). 

de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito B Mk. XX, RCAF (Serial No. KB174), T.  KB174 served with the RAF's No. 36 OTU at Greenwood, Nova Scotia, prior to being assigned to Eastern Air Command's Central Testing Establishment.  RAF No. 36 OTU was disbanded on 1 July 1944 and became RCAF No. 8 OTU.  On the same day, RAF Station Greenwood was also re-designated RCAF Station Greenwood, Nova Scotia.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3650674)

de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito B Mk. 25, RCAF (Serial No. KB380), R, No. 8 OTU, RCAF Station Greenwood, Nova Scotia.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3650675)

de Havilland DH.98 Moquito Mk. VI, RCAF No. 408 Sqn, (Serial No. NT137). (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4814396).  (Author's note: I do not have a record for a Canadian-built Mosquito with this serial number).

de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito B. Mk. 25, CF-HML of Spartan Air Services, Ottawa, Ontario.  (RuthAS Photo)

de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito (Serial No. KB336), later A535, CA&SM.  (DND Photos via Mike Kaehler)

 (Author Photo)

de Havilland DH 98 Mosquito B Mk. 35, RAF (Serial No. VA114), marked as (Serial No. HR147), TH-Z, "Hairless Joe", CF-HMQ.  Alberta Aviation Museum, Edmonton Aviation Heritage Centre, Alberta.

de Havilland DH 98 Mosquito, B Mk. 35 (Serial No. VR796), Reg. No. CF-HML, Bob Jens.  North Saanich.  This aircraft is flying as (Serial No. LR503), GB-F, "F-for-Freddie", RAF 103 Sqn.  CF-HML made its first flight after restoration on 16 June 2014 at Victoria International Airport, BC.  The original LR503 served with No. 105 Sqn, RAF and later flew on a publicity tour of Canada.  This aircraft was built by Airspeed in the UK in 1948 and was later operated by Spartan Air Services from 1954 to 1963.  Vancouver, British Columbia.

 (aeroprints.com Photo)

de Havilland DH 98 Mosquito B Mk. 20 (Serial No. KB336).  Canada Air and Space Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

 (Tomas Del Coro Photo)

de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito FB Mk. 26, (KA114), Canadian-built, Reg. No. N114KA, Military Aviation Museum Virginia Beach Airport, Virginia.