Military History Books
by Harold A. Skaarup   www.SilverHawkAuthor.com   
 
Canadian Warplanes 3: The Second World War, and post-War, North American P-51 Mustang

North American P-51 Mustang, RCAF

Data current to 20 Feb 2020.

North American Mustang Mk. I (P-51A), Mk. III (P-51B and P-51C), and Mk. IV (P-51D)

Canada had five squadrons equipped with Mustangs during the Second World War.  RCAF Nos. 400, 414 and 430 Squadrons flew Mustang Mk. Is (1942–1944) and Nos. 441 and 442 Squadrons flew Mustang Mk. IIIs and Mk. IVAs in 1945.

North American Mustang Mk. IV, flown by the RCAF post war (130), (Serial Nos. 9221-9300, 9551-9600).

Postwar, the RCAF acquired a total of 150 Mustang P-51Ds, which were purchased and served in two regular squadrons (No. 416 "Lynx", and No. 417 "City of Windsor") and six auxiliary fighter squadrons (No. 402 "City of Winnipeg", No. 403 "City of Calgary", No. 420 "City of London", No. 424 "City of Hamilton", No. 442 "City of Vancouver" and No. 443 "City of New Westminster").  The Mustangs were declared obsolete in 1956, but a number of special-duty versions served on into the early 1960s.

No. 400 Squadron formed in Canada as No. 110 "City of Toronto" (Army Co-operation) Squadron (Auxiliary) on 5 Oct 1932.  The Squadron flew the North American Mustang Mk. I from Jun 1942 to Feb 1944.  The Squadron's aircraft were coded AG, AL, AM and AP.--.

 (IWM Photo CH 10222)

North American Mustang Mk. I, RAF (Serial No. AG431), coded D, of No. 16 Squadron RAF, being prepared for a reconnaissance sortie at Middle Wallop, Hampshire.

 (AWM Photo via Peter Lambros)

North American Mustang Mk. I, RAF, with aerial camera behind the pilot.  The Mustang Mk. I's excellent range and low-level performance led to it being fitted with an oblique camera for use in the army co-operation role.  Two RCAF units flew these aircraft.

 (RAF Photo)

North American Mustang Mk. I, RAF (Serial No. AG633), coded XV-E, with an aerial camera mounted behind the pilot.

No. 414 Squadron formed in Canada as No. 110 "City of Toronto" (Army Co-operation) Squadron (Auxiliary) on 5 Oct 1932.  The Squadron flew the North American Mustang Mk. I from Jun 1942 to Aug 1944.  The Squadron's aircraft were coded AG, AL, AM and AP.

The first Mustang victory was claimed over during Operation Jubilee over Dieppe on 19 Aug 1942, by RCAF Pilot Officer Hollis Hills of RCAF No. 414 Squadron.  On his second mission of the day, flying Mustang Mk. I (Serial No. AG470), coded RU-M, P/O Hills, shot down a Focke-Wulf Fw 190.

 (RCAF Photo via James Craik)

North American Mustang Mk. I, No. 414 Squadron, RCAF, Dunsfold, Surrey, UK, ca 1941. 

 

 (RCAF Photo via James Craik)

North American Mustang Mk. I, No. 414 Squadron, RCAF, Dunsfold, Surrey, UK, ca 1941.

 (RAF Photo)

North American Mustang Mk. I, RAF, coded G-RM.

 (RAF Photo)

North American Mustang, Mk. I, RAF (Serial No. AM104), carrying two 250-lb bombs.

 (NMNA Photo)

North American Mustang Mk. I, vistor being briefed by Hollis H. Hills while he was serving in the RCAF in 1942.  He later became a US Navy fighter ace.

No. 430 Squadron, formed as an Army Co-operation unit at Hartford Bridge, Hampshire, England on 1 Jan 1943, redesignated Fighter Reconnaissance on 28 Jun 1943.  The Squadron was disbanded at Luneburg, Germany, on 7 Aug 1945.  The Squadron flew Mustang Mk. Is from Jan 1943 to Dec 1944.  The Squadron's aircraft were coded AG, AL, AM and AP.

No. 441 Squadron, formed in Canada as No. 125 (Fighter) Squadron on 20 Apr 1942.  The Squadron flew Mustang Mk. IIIs from May to Aug 1945.

 (RCAF Photo)

North American Mustang Mk. III with Malcolm hood, RAF (Serial No. HB876), No. 441 Squadron Mustang coded 9G-L.  This aircraft is armed with four wing-mounted .50 calibre Browning M2 machine guns, and equipped with two under-wing racks for bombs or drop tanks.  Mk. IIIs were powered with one 1,380-hp Packard-built V-1650-3 Merlin engine or one 1,490-hp Packard-built V-1650-7 Merlin engine.  Equipped with a four-bladed constant speed 11-ft-2-in.-diameter Hamilton Standard propeller, it had a maximum speed of 708 kmh (440 mph) at 9,144 m (30,000 ft).

The RAF put into service more Mustang Mk. III fighters than any other version.  These included Inglewood, California-built, P-51Bs and Dallas, Texas-built, P-51Cs.  Like the subsequent Mk. IV and Mk. IVA, the Mk. IIIs should have been designated Mk.III and Mk.IIIA but were not.  The RAF received 855 Mk. III Mustangs, (Serial Nos. FB-100 to FB124 (25); FB135 to FB399 (265); FR411 (1); FX848 to FX999 (152); FZ100 to FZ109 (10); HB821 to HB962 (142); HK944 to HK947 (4); HK955 and HK956 (2); KH421 to KH640 (220); SR406 to SR438 (33); and SR440 (1).  About 60 Mk. IIIs were diverted to other RAF air bases in Canada and Australia.

 (San Diego Air & Space Museum Photo)

North American Mustang Mk. III with Malcolm hood, RAF (Serial No. XF893).

 (RAF Photo)

North American Mustang Mk. III with Malcolm hood, RAF (Serial No. FX 925), coded SZ-U, cA 1945.

No. 442 Squadron, formed in Canada as No. 14 (Fighter) Squadron on 2 Jan 1942.  The Squadron flew Mustang Mk. IIIs from Mar to Aug 1945, with aircraft coded KH and Mustang Mk. IVs coded Y2. 

(The Squadron did not have a badge during the Second World War)

No. 442 Squadron, RCAF, brielfly flew Mustang Mk. IVs in May 1945.  The RAF Mustang Mk. IV and Mk. IVA fleet of aircraft were based on P-51D and P-51K Mustangs,  P-51Ds built at Inglewood, California and Dallas, Texas made up the Mk. IV, while only the Dallas-built P-51K made up the Mk .IVA.  RAF squadrons operating these Mustangs included Nos. 19, 64, 65, 112, 118, 122, 149, 154, 213, 260, 303 (Polish), No. 442 Squadron, RCAF, and No. 611 Squadrons.

RAF Serial Nos for these Mustangs include KH641 to KH670 (30 Mk. IV), KH671 to KH870 (200 Mk. IVA), KM100 to KM492 (393 Mk. IVA), KM493 to KM743 (251 Mk. IV), KM744 to KM799 (56 that were never delivered), TK586 and TK589 – both former USAAF P-51D-5-NA aircrafts (Serial Nos. 44-13524 and 44-13332).  The RAF received 876 Mk. IV and Mk. IVA in total from the US under the Lend-Lease program.

 (IWM Photo ATP 13617C)

Royal Air Force Mustang Mk. IVA (Serial No. KM219) in the United Kingdom.  This aircraft was delivered as a P-51K-10-NT USAAF (Serial No. 44-12342), Mar 1945.

The RAF Mustang Mk. IVA fleet consisted solely of Dallas, Texas-built, P-51K fighters, received in 1944-1945.  During the spring and summer months of 1944, RAF Mk. IV and Mk. IVA Mustangs based in England accounted for the destruction of 232 V-1 Buzz Bombs by 5 September 1944.  After VE Day, the RAF redirected deliveries of Mk. IV and Mk. IVA Mustangs to its units in India to help ward off the Japanese still fighting in the China-Burma-India (CBI) theatre.  After the Second World War, a number of Mustang Mk. IV and Mk. IVA aircraft continued to serve with the RAF up until May 1947, when they were superseded by more modern turbojet-powered fighters.  A large number were returned to the US while unserviceable aircraft were scrapped.

The Mustang Mk. IV was powered with a 1,695-hp Packard-built V-1650-7 Merlin engine driving a four-bladed constant speed 11-ft-1-in.-diameter Hamilton Standard propeller or a four-bladed 11-ft-diameter Aeroproducts propeller.  It had a maximum speed of 703 kmh (437 mph) at 7620 m (25,000 ft). 

The Mustang Mk. IV was armed with six wing-mounted .50 calibre Browning M2 machine guns with 12,100 total rounds of ammunition; three-to-four under-wing attachment points for bazooka tubes, bombs, rockets and drop tanks. 

 (RCAF Photo)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF, coded H-Y2, No. 442 Squadron, RCAF, at Hunsdon, Hertfordshire in the United Kingdom, ca May 1945.  The Mustangs flown by the RCAF during the war were owned by the RAF and carried RAF serial numbers and designations.  

The yellow trimmed Mustang Mk. IVs of No. 442 "Caribou" Squadron, RCAF, flew one of the last operational missions of the Second World War.  On 9 May 1945, the day after VE Day (and some heavy celebrations) the squadron was called upon to escort a naval force that had been sent to liberate the Channel Islands that had been occupied by German forces since 1940. Rumours prevailed that the German Commandant was refusing to surrender and would resist the liberating forces.

 (John Mallandine Photo)

North American Mustang Mk. IV (Serial No. KH661), coded Y2-C, No. 442 Squadron, RCAF, at Hunsdon, Hertfordshire in the United Kingdom, just before VE day in May 1945.  This aircraft was flown by Flying Officer P. Bremmner.  No. 442 Squadron was based at Hunsdon from 23 Mar to 17 May 1945, while converting onto the Mustang, and then while the Squadron was engaged in long-range bomber escort duties up to VE-Day.
There were variations on the markings on these Mustang Mk. IVs.  Some were marked as "B", "C" and "T", but also some of the bare metal ones were marked with "Y2" by the windscreen and had the individual letter painted just ahead of the roundel.  Others have the individual letter behind the roundel and the "Y2" immediately ahead of the roundel, in the manner used postwar.  Note that most of the aircraft in these photos have a louvered panel at the lower front of the engine cowling where most P-51Ds & Ks had a perforated panel.  (Jerry Vernon)

 (John Mallandine Photo)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF, coded Y2-T, No. 442 Squadron, RCAF, Art Nolan on the wing at Digby in the United Kingdom, May 1945. 

 (John Mallandine Photo)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF, coded Y2-B, "The Edmonton Special", No. 442 Squadron, RCAF, in the United Kingdom, ca May 1945.  The Mustangs flown by the RCAF during the war were owned by the RAF and carried RAF serial numbers and designations.

 (Robert Lansdale Photo)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF.

North American Mustang Mk. IVs flown by the RCAF post war (130), (Serial Nos. 9221-9300, 9551-9600).

Canada had five squadrons equipped with Mustangs during the Second World War.  RCAF No. 400, No. 414 and No. 430 squadrons flew Mustang Mk. Is (1942–1944) and No. 441 and No. 442 Squadrons flew Mustang Mk. IIIs and Mk. IVAs in 1945.  Postwar, a total of 150 Mustang P-51Ds were purchased and served in two regular squadrons (No. 416 "Lynx", and No. 417 "City of Windsor") and six auxiliary fighter squadrons (No. 402 "City of Winnipeg", No. 403 "City of Calgary", No. 420 "City of London", No. 424 "City of Hamilton", No. 442 "City of Vancouver" and No. 443 "City of New Westminster").  The Mustangs were declared obsolete in 1956, but a number of special-duty versions served on into the early 1960s.

The  RCAF received its first 32 aircraft during June 1947 with two more following during July of that year; a further five were taken on strength in October 1950, twenty-five during November 1950 and another twenty-five during December 1950.  The balance of forty-three aircraft followed during the first three months of 1951.

The Mustangs, designated in Canada as Tactical Fighter Mk. IV equipped RCAF Auxiliary Fighter Squadrons Nos. 402 'City of Winnipeg' (code AC), No. 403 'Calgary' (code PR, replaced by AD in 1954), No. 417 (Central Air Command Composite Flight' (code CB), No. 420 'City of London' (code AW, replaced by QJ ca. 1955), No. 424 'City of Hamilton (code BA, replaced by PV in 1954), No. 442 'City of Vancouver' (code MH) and No. 443 'Sea Island' (code PF).  In addition to these units, Mustangs were also operated by the Central Flying School [CFS] (code DD), Air Armament School [AAS] (code BZ), No. 1 Flying Training School [FTS] (code GM), Central Experiment & Proving Establishment [CEPE] (code FB) and the Canadian Joint Air Training Center [CJATC] (codes OU and AT).  Some Mustangs were also attached to various stations throughout the country, i.e. never apparently attached to any regular Auxiliary unit.  Other code-letters carried by Canadian Mustangs were PX and CM, but the units these aircraft belonged to are unknown.

 (Robert Lansdale Photo)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF, Downsview, Ontario, ca 1950s.

(RCAF Photos)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF, running up, ca 1953.

No. 402 "City of Winnipeg" Squadron (Auxiliary).  Formed 15 Apr 1946.  The Squadron flew Mustang Mk. IVs from Nov 1950 to Sep 1956, with the aircraft coded AC--.

 (Catch 22 Photo)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9570), coded AC--, No. 402 "City of Winnipeg" Squadron, being bombed up.

(RCAF Photo via James Craik) 

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9569), coded CB-569, No. 402 "City of Winnipeg" Squadron.  9569 was assigned to Trenton Station Flight after service with No. 402 Squadron.  Previously USAF P-51D-25-N (Serial No. 44-73216).

 (DND Photo)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9569), coded CB-569, No. 402 "City of Winnipeg" Squadron.

(RCAF Photo via James Craik) 

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9569), coded CB-569, No. 402 "City of Winnipeg" Squadron.

(RCAF Photo via James Craik) 

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9569), coded CB-569, No. 402 "City of Winnipeg" Squadron.

(RCAF Photo via James Craik) 

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9569), coded CB-569, No. 402 "City of Winnipeg" Squadron.

  (Bzuk Photo)

North American P-51D-20-NA Mustang (Serial No. 44-63476), Reg. No. N63476, painted as a Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9274), coded AC-274, No. 402 (City of Winnipeg) Squadron colours in 2006.  It has been repainted and currently flies as "KWITCHERBITCHIN".  This Mustang flew with No. 442 Squadron (Auxiliary) at RCAF Station Sea Island (Vancouver), British Columbia, then with No. 403 Squadron (Auxiliary) at Calgary, Alberta, and finally No. 402 Squadron (Auxiliary), at Stevenson Field, Manitoba, shown here as AC-274, just before its retirement.  9274 carried No. 402 Squadron's yellow and blue colours as stripes on rudder and spinner, plus the name "City of Winnieg Squadron" in script on the anti-glare paint, just above its exhausts. 

 (RCAF Photo)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF, on the ramp.

 (RCAF Photo)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9258), 402 "City of Winnipeg" Squadron (Aux), Stephenson Field, Winnipeg, Manitoba.

No. 403 "City of Calgary" Squadron (Auxiliary).  Formed 15 Oct 1948.  The Squadron flew Mustang Mk. IVs from Nov 1950 to Oct 1956, with the aircraft coded AD, PR--.

 (F/L Lynn Garrison Photo)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9591), coded PR-281, No. 403 Squadron, RCAF Station Calgary, Alberta, 22 Feb 1957

(DND Photo via James Craik)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9279), coded AD--, No. 403 Squadron (Auxiliary), Calgary, Alberta.

 (DND Photo via James Craik)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9281), coded PR-281, No. 403 (City of Calgary) Squadron (Auxiliary) at RCAF Station Calgary, Alberta.

 (RCAF Photo)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9281), coded PR-281, 403 Squadron, piloted by F/O Lynn Garrison, RCAF Station Calgary, Alberta, 15 Feb 1956.

 (DND Photo via Mike Kaehler)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF, being armed with bombs during winter flight trials with the Winter Experimental Establishment at Watson Lake, Yukon Territory.

 (DND Photo via Mike Kaehler)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF, being armed with bombs at the Winter Experimental Establishment at Watson Lake, Yukon Territory.

 (RCAF Photo)

 (RCAF Photo)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF, with bent prop, ca 1954.

 (RCAF Photo)

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3207279)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF Station Uplands, Ontario, 18 June 1951.

 (DND Photo via James Craik)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9257), RCAF Station St. Hubert, Quebec, Ontario, ca 1951.  This aircraft was flown from RCAF Station Uplands, Ontario.  It crashed at Carlton Place, near Uplands, on 9 November 1951.

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3584571)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF, 9243, Uplands, 6 Sep 1951.

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3207281)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9249), 20 June 1952.

(DND Photo via James Craik)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9232), coded GM-V.  "GM" was the code for the Air Armament School at, RCAF Station Trenton, Ontario, in the 1950s.

No. 417 "City of Windsor" Squadron formed as a Fighter Reconnaisance unit at Rivers, Manitoba on 1 Jun 1947.  The Squadron flew Mustang Mk. IVs from Jul 1947 to Jul 1948, with the aircraft coded AT--.

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3207280)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9567), coded AT-F, No. 417 Squadron, Uplands, Ontario, 1 Dec 1950.

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3207278)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9567), coded AT-F, No. 417 Squadron, Uplands, Ontario, 1 Dec 1950.

(DND Photo via James Craik)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, 417 Squadron, Trenton, Ontario.  Newly arrived and preparing for a flypast a the Canadian National Exhibition.  Note Roundels without the Maple Leaf.

 (DND Photo via James Craik)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9232), Trenton, Ontario.

 (DND Photo via James Craik)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF Station Trenton, Ontario, ca 1950s.

 (DND Photo via James Craik)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9234), coded GM-X, firing rockets, No. 1 Armament School, ca 1950s.

 (DND Photo via James Craik)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9555), FC-M, with lightning bolt.  This aircraft was flown out of Toronto, Ontario, by No. 400 Squadron and at Rivers, Manitoba by No. 417 Squadron before going to RCAF Station Trenton, Ontario.  It was written off, after Category A crash near Picton, Ontario in June 1952.

 (DND Photo via James Craik)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9555), FC-M, with lightning bolt.

(DND Photo via James Craik)

(DND Photo via James Craik)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9566), coded FB-N, and wearing early style red and blue maple leaf roundels, probably serving with a test unit.  9566 later served at RCAF Stations Rivers, Manitoba and Chatham, New Brunswick.  On 20 Nov 1953 it was struck off charge (SOC) after a Category A crash.

 (DND Photo via James Craik)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9552), coded FB-N, and (Serial No. 9566), coded P, with different Roundels, Grand Prairie, Alberta.  9552 was flown out of RCAF Stations Rivers, Manitoba; Trenton, Ontario; and Chatham, New Brunswick.  

No. 416 Squadron, formed at Uplands, Ottawa, Ontario, 8 Jan 1951.  The Squadron flew Mustang Mk. IVs from Jan 1951 to Mar 1952, with the aircraft coded AS--

 (DND Photo via James Craik)

North American Mustang Mk. IV (Serial No. 9246) leading a formation of  No. 416 (F) Squadron fighters based at RCAF Station Uplands, Ontario, 24 Jan 1952.  The squadron operated the Mustangs between January 1951 and March 1952, and then converted to the Candair CL-13 Sabre Mk. 2.

No. 420 "City of London" Squadron (Auxiliary) formed at London, Ontario on 15 Jun 1948.  The Squadron flew Mustang Mk. IVs from Dec 1950 to Aug 1956, with the aircraft coded AW--.

 (DND Photo via James Craik)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9287), coded OU-287, flown at Canadian Joint Air Training Centre (CJATC), Tactical Flight, Rivers, Manitoba.  Later flown with No. 420 Squadron (Auxiliary) at RCAF Station Crumlin (London), Ontario. with red wing tips, yellow and red nose cone.

 (RCAF Photo)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9287), coded OU-287, flown at Canadian Joint Air Training Centre (CJATC), Tactical Flight, Rivers, Manitoba.

 (Griffin Collection Photo via Mike Kaehler)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9228), coded AW-K, No. 420 "City of London" Squadron (Aux).

 (Air Dave Photo)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No.9---), coded AW-J, AW-L, and AW-R, No. 420 "City of London" Squadron (Aux).

No. 424 "City of Hamilton" Squadron (Auxiliary) formed at Hamilton, Ontario on 15 Apr 1946.  The Squadron flew Mustang Mk. IVs from Nov 1950 to Sep 1956, with the aircraft coded BA--.

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3207282)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9255), coded BA-U, No. 424 "City of Hamilton" Squadron, flying out of Mount Hope, Ontario.

 (RCAF Photo via Mike Kaehler)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9232) or (Serial No. 9253), coded BA-S, No. 424 Squadron, Hamilton, Ontario.  Chris Charland noted that the Mustang in the forefront is former USAF P-51D (Serial No. 44-74502A).  This aircraft served with the No. 1 Air Armament School at RCAF Station Trenton, Ontario.  The No. is difficult to discern, if it is (Serial No. 44-74582), then it would be RCAF (Serial No. 9253). This aircraft later served with entral Experimental and Proving Establishment at RCAF Station Uplands, (later the National Research Centre (NRC) at Uplands, Ontario.

No. 442 "City of Vancouver" Squadron (Auxiliary) formed at Vancouver, British Columbia on 15 Apr 1946.  The Squadron flew Mustang Mk. IVs from Nov 1950 to Oct 1956, with the aircraft coded SL--.

 (RCAF Photo)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9276), coded PV-276, No. 442 Squadron (Auxiliary) at RCAF Station Sea Island (Vancouver), British Columbia, ca early 1950s.

 (RCAF Photo)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9276), coded PV-276, No. 442 Squadron (Auxiliary) at RCAF Station Sea Island (Vancouver), British Columbia, with a bent propellor after a crash landing, ca 1954.

 (DND Photo)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, USAAF (Serial No. 44-73347), c/n 122-39806, RCAF (Serial No. 9298), coded Y2-E.

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9298), was manufactured in 1945 by North American Aviation Inc. in Inglewood, California, and served first with the U.S. Army Air Forces during the Second World War.  Details of its American history are unknown.  In March 1951, 9298 was acquired by the RCAF and served with No. 442 "City of Vancouver" (Auxiliary) Squadron, which operated out of the Sea Island Airport, near Vancouver, British Columbia.  It was coded PF-298.  In the early 1960s, the RCAF started transferring its historical aircraft to the Canadian War Museum, commencing with the Mustang in December 1961.  Transfer to the Canadian War Museum was stopped when it was determined that it did not have adequate facilities.  The Mustang was then transferred to Rockcliffe Airport in 1964.  It is painted in the colours of a Mustang Mk. IV flown by No. 442 "City of Vancouver" Squadron as it would have appeared in 1945.  (CA&SM)

 (aeroprints Photo)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, USAAF (Serial No. 44-73347), c/n 122-39806, RCAF (Serial No. 9298), coded Y2-E.

 (Author Photo)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, USAAF (Serial No. 44-73347), c/n 122-39806, RCAF (Serial No. 9298), coded Y2-E.

 (Author Photo)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, USAAF (Serial No. 44-73347), c/n 122-39806, RCAF (Serial No. 9298), coded Y2-E.

 (Author Photo)

 (Author Photo)

 (Author Photo)

 (Author Photo)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, USAAF (Serial No. 44-73463), c/n 122-39922, RCAF (Serial No. 9575), previously "Oklahoma Miss", Reg. No. N351D, currently CF-VPM, painted in RCAF No. 442 Squadron colours as worn in 1945.  Michael Potter, Vintage Wings of Canada, Gatineau, Quebec.

No. 443 "City of New Westminster" Squadron (Auxiliary) formed at Vancouver, British Columbia on 15 Sep 1951.  The Squadron flew Mustang Mk. IVs from Nov 1952 to Oct 1956, with the aircraft coded PF--.

 (Tony Edmundson Photo via Bruce Richards)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9597), No. 443 (Auxiliary) Squadron "City of New Westminster" at RCAF Station Sea Island, Vancouver, British Columbia, 1956.  Delivered to the RCAF on 8 Nov 1950, struck off charge (SOC) 15 Oct 1959.

(Nathan Howland Photo)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9593), coded PF-593, No. 443 Squadron.

 (Bill Ewing Photo)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9250), coded PF-250, No. 443 Squadron, visiting Winnipeg, Manitoba.  This aircraft was produced for the USAAF as a P-51D-25-NA (Serial No. 44-73027) in 1945.  It was transferred to the RCAF as a Mustang Mk. IV, on 6 Dec 1950.  It served with No. 416 (F) Squadron at RCAF Station Uplands, Ontario, and, as indicated by the code letters "PF", No. 443 (Auxiliary) Squadron "City of New Westminster" at RCAF Station Sea Island, Vancouver.

 (Toronto Star Photo Archives)

North American P-51 D Mustang, USAAF (Serial No. 44-74427), RCAF (Serial No. 9592), taken on strength (TOS) 8 Nov 1950.  With No. 403 Squadron (Auxiliary) at Calgary, Alberta, in 1950s, later with No. 442 Squadron (Auxiliary) Squadron at RCAF Station Sea Island, British Columbia, until struck off strength (SOS) 15 Oct 1959.   9592 flew with several civilian owners, Reg. N2251D.  It took part in the Toronto International Airshow (TIA) in 1980, as "Miss Coronado", when this photo was taken for the Toronto Star (Public Domain).  It is curently flying in France, Reg. No. F-AZSB, as "Nooky Booky IV".