Military History Books
by Harold A. Skaarup   www.SilverHawkAuthor.com   
 
Canadian Warplanes 3: The Second World War, and post-War, North American P-51 Mustang

Canadian Warplanes, the Second World War, 

North American P-51 Mustang

Data current to 5 March 2019.

North American Mustang Mk. I (P-51A), Mk. III (P-51B and P-51C), and Mk. IV (P-51D)

Canada had five squadrons equipped with Mustangs during the Second World War.  RCAF Nos. 400, 414 and 430 Squadrons flew Mustang Mk. Is (1942–1944) and Nos. 441 and 442 Squadrons flew Mustang Mk. IIIs and Mk. IVAs in 1945.

North American Mustang Mk. IV, flown by the RCAF post war (130), (Serial Nos. 9221-9300, 9551-9600).

Postwar, the RCAF acquired a total of 150 Mustang P-51Ds, which were purchased and served in two regular squadrons (No. 416 "Lynx", and No. 417 "City of Windsor") and six auxiliary fighter squadrons (No. 402 "City of Winnipeg", No. 403 "City of Calgary", No. 420 "City of London", No. 424 "City of Hamilton", No. 442 "City of Vancouver" and No. 443 "City of New Westminster").  The Mustangs were declared obsolete in 1956, but a number of special-duty versions served on into the early 1960s.

 (RCAF Photo via James Craik)

North American Mustang Mk. I, RCAF No. 414 Sqn, Dunsfold, Surrey, UK, ca 1941.  The first Mustang victory was claimed over during Operatoin Jubilee over Dieppe on 19 Aug 1942, by RCAF Pilot Officer Hollis Hills of RCAF No. 414 Sqn.  On his second mission of the day, flying Mustang Mk. I (Serial No. AG470), coded RU-M, P/O Hills, shot down a Focke-Wulf Fw 190.

 (RCAF Photo via James Craik)

North American Mustang Mk. I, RCAF No. 414 Sqn, Dunsfold, Surrey, UK, ca 1941.

 (RAF Photo)

North American Mustang Mk. I, RAF, coded G-RM.

 (IWM Photo CH 10222)

North American Mustang Mk. I, RAF (Serial No. AG431), coded D, of No. 16 Squadron RAF, being prepared for a reconnaissance sortie at Middle Wallop, Hampshire.

 (RAF Photo)

North American Mustang, Mk. I, RAF (Serial No. AM104), carrying two 250-lb bombs.

 (AWM Photo via Peter Lambros)

North American Mustang Mk. I, RAF, with aerial camera behind the pilot.  The Mustang Mk. I's excellent range and low-level performance led to it being fitted with an oblique camera for use in the army co-operation role.  Two RCAF units flew these aircraft.

 (RAF Photo)

North American Mustang Mk. I, RAF (Serial No. AG633), with aerial camera behind the pilot.

 (NMNA Photo)

North American Mustang Mk. I, vistor being briefed by Hollis H. Hills while he was serving in the RCAF in 1942.  He later became a US Navy fighter ace.

 (San Diego Air & Space Museum Photo)

North American Mustang Mk. III with Malcolm hood, RAF (Serial No. XF893).

 (RAF Photo)

North American Mustang Mk. III with Malcolm hood, RAF (Serial No. FX 925), coded SZ-U, cA 1945.

 (RCAF Photo)

North American Mustang Mk. III with Malcolm hood, RCAF (Serial No. HB876).

 (RCAF Photo)

 (RCAF Photo)

 (RCAF Photo)

 (RCAF Photo)

 (RCAF Photo)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF, coded H-Y2, in the United Kingdom, ca May 1945.  The Mustangs flown by the RCAF during the war were owned by the RAF and carried RAF serial numbers and designations.

 (DND Photo via James Craik)

North American Mustang Mk. IVs flown by the RCAF post war (130), (Serial Nos. 9221-9300, 9551-9600).

Canada had five squadrons equipped with Mustangs during the Second World War.  RCAF No. 400, No. 414 and No. 430 squadrons flew Mustang Mk. Is (1942–1944) and No. 441 and No. 442 Squadrons flew Mustang Mk. IIIs and Mk. IVAs in 1945.  Postwar, a total of 150 Mustang P-51Ds were purchased and served in two regular squadrons (No. 416 "Lynx", and No. 417 "City of Windsor") and six auxiliary fighter squadrons (No. 402 "City of Winnipeg", No. 403 "City of Calgary", No. 420 "City of London", No. 424 "City of Hamilton", No. 442 "City of Vancouver" and No. 443 "City of New Westminster").  The Mustangs were declared obsolete in 1956, but a number of special-duty versions served on into the early 1960s.

 (Tony Edmundson Photo via Bruce Richards)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9597), 443 Sqn, Vancouver, 1956, 

(RCAF Photos)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF, running up, ca 1953.

 (RCAF Photo)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9276), coded PV-276, early 1950s.

 (RCAF Photo via Mike Kaehler)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9232) or (Serial No. 9253).  Chris Charland noted that the Mustang in the forefront is former USAF P-51D (Serial No. 44-74502A).  This aircraft served with the No. 1 Air Armament School at RCAF Station Trenton.  The No. is difficult to discern, if it is (Serial No. 44-74582), then it would be RCAF (Serial No. 9253). This aircraft served with No. 424 Squadron at Hamilton, Ontario, and later with CEPE/NRC at Uplands, Ontario.

 (RCAF Photo)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF, on the ramp.

 (RCAF Photo)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9281), 403 Sqn, on the ramp.

 (DND Photo via Mike Kaehler)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF, being armed with bombs during winter flight trials with the Winter Experimental Establishment at Watson Lake, Yukon Territory.

 (DND Photo via Mike Kaehler)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF, being armed with bombs at the Winter Experimental Establishment at Watson Lake, Yukon Territory.

 (RCAF Photo)

 (RCAF Photo)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF, with bent prop, ca 1954.

 (RCAF Photo)

 (RCAF Photo)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9276), coded PV, crash landing with bent prop, ca 1954.

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3207279)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF, Uplands, 18 June 1951.

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3207282)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF, coded BA-U, top view.

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3207280)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9567), Uplands, 1 Dec 1950.

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3207278)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9567), Uplands, Ontario, 1 Dec 1950.

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3584571)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF, 9243, Uplands, 6 Sep 1951.

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3207281)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9249), 20 June 1952.

(DND Photo via James Craik)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9232), coded GM-V.  "GM" was the code for the Air Armament School at, RCAF Station Trenton, Ontario, in the 1950s.

(DND Photo via James Craik)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, 417 Sqn, Trenton, Ontario.  Newly arrived and preparing for a flypast a the Canadian National Exhibition.  Note Roundels without the Maple Leaf.

 (DND Photo via James Craik)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9232), Trenton, Ontario.

 (DND Photo via James Craik)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF Station Trenton, Ontario, ca 1950s.

 (DND Photo via James Craik)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9234), coded GM-X, firing rockets, No. 1 Armament School, ca 1950s.

(DND Photo via James Craik)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9279), 403 Sqn.

 (DND Photo via James Craik)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9281), 403 (City of Calgary) Sqn.

 (DND Photo via James Craik)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9287), OU-287, with red wing tips, yellow and red nose cone.

 (RCAF Photo)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9287), OU-287, CJATC Tactical Fighter Flight, Rivers, Manitoba.

 (DND Photo via James Craik)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9555), FC-M, with lightning bolt.

 (DND Photo via James Craik)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9555), FC-M, with lightning bolt.

(RCAF Photo via James Craik) 

(RCAF Photo via James Craik) 

(RCAF Photo via James Craik) 

(RCAF Photo via James Craik) 

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9569), CB-569.

(DND Photo via James Craik)

(DND Photo via James Craik)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9566), FB-N.

 (DND Photo via James Craik)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9522), coded FB-N, and (Serial No. 9566), coded P, with different Roundels, Grand Prairie, Alberta.

(Nathan Howland Photo)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9593), coded PF-593, 443 Sqn.

 (Author Photo)

 (Author Photo)

 (Author Photo)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, USAAF (Serial No. 44-73347), c/n 122-39806, RCAF (Serial No. 9298), coded Y2-E.

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9298), was manufactured in 1945 by North American Aviation Inc. in Inglewood, California, and served first with the U.S. Army Air Forces during the Second World War.  Details of its American history are unknown.  In March 1951, 9298 was acquired by the RCAF and served with No. 442 "City of Vancouver" (Auxiliary) Squadron, which operated out of the Sea Island Airport, near Vancouver, British Columbia.  In the early 1960s, the RCAF started transferring its historical aircraft to the Canadian War Museum, commencing with the Mustang in December 1961.  Transfer to the Canadian War Museum was stopped when it was determined that it did not have adequate facilities.  The Mustang was then transferred to Rockcliffe Airport in 1964.  It is painted in the colours of a Mustang Mk. IV flown by No. 442 "City of Vancouver" Squadron as it would have appeared in 1945.  (CA&SM)

 (Author Photo)

 (Author Photo)

 (Author Photo)

 (Author Photo)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, USAAF (Serial No. 44-73463), c/n 122-39922, RCAF (Serial No. 9575), previously "Oklahoma Miss", Reg. No. N351D, currently CF-VPM, painted in RCAF 442 Squadron colours as worn in 1945.  Michael Potter, Vintage Wings of Canada, Gatineau, Quebec.

 (DND Photo via James Craik)

North American Mustang Mk. IV formation, RCAF No. 416 Sqn.

 (Griffin Collection Photo via Mike Kaehler)

North American Mustang Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. 9228), coded AW-K.