Military History Books
by Harold A. Skaarup   www.SilverHawkAuthor.com   
 
Canadian Warplanes 2: The Biplane Era Trainers, Transports and Utility Aircraft

Canadian Military Aircraft of the Biplane Era

Data Current to 18 Feb 2019.

 

This aviation handbook provides the reader with a quick general reference to identify military support aircraft flown by Canadians during WWI and post-war with the Canadian Air Force, the Royal Canadian Air Force, the Royal Canadian Navy, and the Canadian Army during the biplane era. The handbooks in this series include a general description and a photograph from the Canadian Forces Archives of key variants or marks of each aircraft that has been in Canadian service or used by Canadian servicemen overseas.Each aircraft is listed alphabetically by manufacturer, number and type. General details describing the aircrafts engines, service ceiling, speed, armament or weapons load are included, along with a brief description of the Canadian squadrons which flew the aircraft.This is the second volume in the series. It describes the trainers, transports and utility aircraft flown by Canadian servicemen during the biplane era. A list of museums, private aircraft collections and other locations where a number of the survivors might be found is also included. The handbook is not a definitive list of all Canadian-manufactured or operated aircraft, but it should serve as a quick reminder of the major examples for anyone with an interest in Canadian military aviation.

Order book: http://bookstore.iuniverse.com/Products/SKU-000011082/Canadian-Warbirds-of-the-Biplane-Era--Trainers-Transports-and-Utility-Aircraft.aspx

Order book in Canada: http://www.chapters.indigo.ca/books/Canadian-Warbirds-Biplane-Era-trainers-Harold-A-A-Skaarup/9780595184187-item.html?ikwid=harold+skaarup&ikwsec=Books

http://www.amazon.ca/Canadian-Warbirds-Era-Trainers-Transports-Aircraft/dp/0595184189/ref=sr_1_20?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1322340258&sr=1-20

Nook book:http://www.barnesandnoble.com/w/canadian-warbirds-of-the-biplane-era-harold-a-skaarup/1004803364?ean=9781462048236&itm=6&USRI=Harold+Skaarup

For an update on military aircraft preserved in Canada, see "Canadian Warplanes".

Canadian Warplanes of the Biplane Era, Trainers, Transports and Utility Aircraft, Photo update

Aerial Experimental Association (AEA) aircraft including the Silver Dart, June Bug and Baddeck, are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Avro biplanes flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

(RCAF Photo)

Bellanca CH-300 Pacemaker, RCAF, Reg. No. G-CYWT.  

Bellanca CH-300 Pacemaker (1) Reg. No. G-CYWT, Pacemaker 30 (6) Reg. No. G-CYVF (Serial No. 607), Reg. No. G-CYFG (Serial No. 608), Reg No. G-CYFH (Serial No. 609), Reg. No. G-CYVI (Serial No. 610), Reg. No. G-CYVJ (Serial No. 611), Reg. No. G-CYVK (Serial No. 612); and Canadian Vickers Pacemaker 31 (CH-300), (6) Reg. No. C-CYUX (Serial No. 601), Reg. No. G-CYUY (Serial No. 602), Reg. No. G-CYUZ (Serial No. 603), Reg. No. G-CYVA (Serial No. 604), G-CYVB (Serial No. 605), Reg. No. G-CYVC (Serial No. 606),  for a total of 13 aircraft.

Canadian-operated Bellancas were initially imported from the United States, but later, six Bellanca CH-300s were built by Canadian Vickers Ltd., in Montreal and delivered to the RCAF (added to the first order of 29 made in 1929), which used them mainly for aerial photography.  A distinguishing feature of all Bellancas was the airfoil shape of the wing struts , which contributed additional lift and stability.  The RCAF operated 13 Pacemakers for aerial photography.

(RCAF Photo)

Bellanca CH-300 Pacemaker floatplane, RCAF.

  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3391025)

Canadian Vickers Pacemaker 31, RCAF (Serial No. 601).

 (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3388092)

Bellanca Pacemaker 30, RCAF, G-CYVG, Fort Fitzgerald, Alberta, 1931.

 (Author Photo)

 (Author Photo)

 (Author Photo)

Bellanca CH-300 Pacemaker (Serial No. 181), N196N, CF-ATN.  The Museum's aircraft is one of only two surviving Bellanca CH-300 Pacemakers in the world.  Built in 1929 by Bellanca Aircraft Corporation, it was sold to El Paso Air Service in Texas. Its Wright engine was replaced with a more powerful Pratt & Whitney Wasp Jr. engine in 1945.  This CH-300 was operated commercially in Texas, Mexico and Alaska almost without interruption between 1929 and 1964.  It was still airworthy when the Museum purchased it in 1964, after twenty-eight years of bush flying in Alaska.  (CA&SM)

(RCAF Photo)

Boeing Stearman PT-17 Kaydet, RCAF (Serial No. FJ852).

Boeing-Stearman A-75N1/PT-17 Kaydet (1), (Serial No. 41-25453), D-75N1/PT-27 Kaydet (300), (Serial Nos. FD968-FD99, FJ741-FJ999, FK100-FK108), for a total of 301 aircraft.

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3582884)

Cockpit view of Boeing Stearman D-75N1.

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3582154)

Boeing Stearman PT-27 Kaydet, RCAF (Serial No. FD975), 29 Apr 1942.

Canadian Vickers floatplanes and biplanes flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

(RCAF Photo)

Consolidated O-17 Courier Mk. VII (Serial No. 26).

Consolidated O-17 Courier Mk. VII (1), (Serial No. 26), Mk. VIII (2), (Serial No. 24), and (Serial No. 25), for a total of 3 aircraft.

(RCAF Photo)

Consolidated O-17 Courier Mk. VIII (Serial No. 24).

Curtiss biplanes are listed on a separate page on this web site.

 (Photo courtesy of the Canadian Aviation Preservation Association)

 (Photo courtesy of the Canadian Aviation Preservation Association)

 (Photo courtesy of the Canadian Aviation Preservation Association)

Curtis-Reid Rambler.  None are preserved in Canada.

Curtiss-Reid Rambler Mk. I (7), (Serial Nos. 145-150), A62 (ex CF-BV), Mk. II (2) Reg. Nos. G-CYXC, XD, for a total of 9 aircraft.

de Havilland biplanes flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Fairchild trainers, transports and utility aircraft flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Fleet Fawn and Fleet Finch trainers flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

(RCAF Photo)

Fleet 50K Freighter, RCAF (Serial No. 799).

Fleet Model 50K Freighter (2), (Serial Nos. 799, 800).

Fleet 50K Freighter, fuselage (Serial No. 202), CF-BXP, is preserved in the CA&SM.  This Freighter, built in 1939, was the third of five produced by Fleet Aircraft Limited in Canada.  Originally registered as CF-BJU, Canadian Airways used this aircraft on trial for a few months in 1939.  In August 1942, it was leased to Quebec Airways.  It was finally sold, in October 1942, to the RCAF, and used for training paratroopers at the Rockcliffe air base.  The aircraft was moved to Trenton, Ontario in 1943, and flown by the RCAF as an air ambulance and floatplane trainer.  The Labrador Mining and Exploration Company Limited purchased the Freighter on 14 June 1944. Nine days later, a downdraft during take-off forced the aircraft onto a beach, damaging it beyond repair. The aircraft's remains were salvaged by the Museum in 1964.  The Museum also has components of the fourth 50 Freighter in its collection.  This aircraft was leased by Fleet to a number of operators before being sold to Austin Airways in 1945.  In 1946, it was destroyed by engine fire.  (CA&SM)

  (Bzuk Photo)

Fokker Universal floatplane, G-CAJD in service, ca 1930s.  Fokker Standard Universal G-CAJD is also known as "The Ghost of Charron Lake".  It was lost in a snow storm on 10 Dec 1931.  After a 30-year search for the rare bush plane, it was discovered in 2005. A Royal Aviation Museum of Western Canada search team, using sophisticated side scan sonar technology, located the aircraft literally on the lake bottom.  In July 2006, the Ghost's engine was returned to Winnipeg, along with several artifacts.  In October, the underwater archaeology team returned to the recovery site and towed the tail section to shallower waters.  A further expedition was undertaken in 2007 to recover more of the Fokker for future display at the museum.  Larger and smaller components are presently in storage at the museum.  A decision as to restoration or conservation of the recovered material is pending.

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390509)

Fokker Universal floatplane, G-CAIZ, Central Manitoba Mines, Long Lake, Manitoba, August 1929.

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390536)

Fokker Universal being refuelled by Roy Brown, Cranberry Portage, Manitoba, 1928.

(RCAF Photo courtesy of the Canadian Aviation Preservation Association)

Fokker Super Universal, RCAF. 

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390454)

Fokker Super Universal floatplane, G-CASL of Western Canada Airways Co., Rottenstone Lake, Saskatchewan, 1929.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390454)

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390453)

Fokker 'Super Universal' aircraft CF-AAM, Saskatchewan, 1929.

 (Author Photo)

 (Author Photo)

Fokker Super Universal, C/N 827,  CF-AAM.  Winnipeg, Manitoba.

(RCAF Photo)

Ford Model 6-AT-AS Trimotor, RCAF, Reg. No. G-CYWZ, St. Hubert, Quebec, June 1931.  None have been preserved in Canada.

Ford Model 6-AT-AS Trimotor (1) Reg. No. G-CYWZ.  The Trimotor was originally purchased for crop dusting experiments in 1929.  For its remaining career, it carried out general transport duties until it was retired in 1937, and sold to United Air Transport as CF-BEP.   On 2 Mar 1939, a Hawker Hurricane, RCAF (Serial No. 312) swerved on take-off from Sea Island, British Columbia, and hit CF-BEP.  Both aircraft were destroyed.

(RCAF Photo)

Ford Model 6-AT-AS Trimotor, RCAF, Reg. No. G-CYWZ, mounted on skis, 1930.

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo MIKAN No. 3203342)

Ford Model 6-AT-AS Trimotor, RCAF, Reg. No. G-CYWZ, 14 July 1934.

Hawker Tomtit (2), (Serial No. 139 and 140).  Hawker Tomtit trainers flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

  (RCAF Photo)

Keystone Puffer Seaplane.

Keystone Puffer Floatplane (2) Registration G-CYZH, G-CYZI.

  (RCAF Photo)

Martinsyde F.6. Reg. No. G-CAEA.

(RCAF Photo)

Pitcairn PA-5 Mailwing, coded XJ, G.

(Library and Archives Canada photos, MIKAN No. 3391000)

 (Library and Archives Canada photos, MIKAN No. 3391001)

 (Library and Archives Canada photos, MIKAN No. 3391002)

 (Library and Archives Canada photos, MIKAN No. 3391003)

(Library and Archives Canada photos, MIKAN No. 3391004)

Sopwith Dove, HRH the Prince of Wales and LCol W.G. Barker, VC, Hounslow, England, 1919.

 (Alan D.R. Brown Photo)

Sopwith Dove. two-seat civilian trainer version of the Sopwith Pup.

  (RAF Photo)

Vickers Victoria, RAF (Serial No. J7924).

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3545940)

Waco YKC-S, CF-AWK, Dominion Skyways Ltd, 1939.  

Waco AQC-6.