Military History Books
by Harold A. Skaarup   www.SilverHawkAuthor.com   
 
Canadian Warplanes 1: The Biplane Era, Sopwith fighters

Canadian Warplanes of the Biplane Era,

Sopwith fighters

Data current to 3 Dec 2018.

Sopwith Camel project, RCAF Station Rockcliffe, Ontario, 9 Jun 1951.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3584525)

 

Sopwith F.1 Camel in service, ca. 1918.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390979)

Sopwith F.1 Camel. being armed with bombs, No. 203 Sqn, Allonville, France, July 1918.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390976)

Squadron Commander Raymond Collishaw in Sopwith F.1 Camel aircraft, Allonville, France, 1918.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, PA-2788).

Sopwith F.1 Camel.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3585191)

Sopwith 1F.1 Camel, RAF (Serial No. B3802), ca 1918.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390990)

 

Sopwith Dolphins, Canadian Air Force, No. 1 and No. 2 Fighting Sqns, Upper Heyford, UK, 1919.  None have been preserved in Canada.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo)

Sopwith Dolphin, Canadian Air Force, No. 1 and No. 2 Fighting Sqns, Upper Heyford, UK, 1919.  None have been preserved in Canada.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390997)

Sopwith Dolphins, Canadian Air Force, No. 1 and No. 2 Fighting Sqns, Upper Heyford, UK, 1919.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390995)

Sopwith 5F.1 Dolphin, No. 1 and 2 Fighting Sqn, CAF, Upper Heyford, Oxon, UK, 1919.   Canadian Aces Don Mclaren with 54 victories is the first on the left and Andrew McKeever with 31 victories is second from the left.   McKeever was to become CO of Camp Borden post war but died in a traffic accident on Christmaas day, Dec 1919.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3523022) 

Sopwith_5F.1_Dolphin_C3988. RAF Museum, Cosford, UK.  (Alan Wilson Photo)

Sopwith 1½ Strutter, No. 3 (Naval) Wing, Ochey, UK, Mar 1917.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4759735)

Sopwith Pup launching from the aircraft carrier HMS Furious.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3391006)

Sopwith Pup, Special Flying School, Gosport, Hants, UK, 1918.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3391009)

Sopwith Pup, RFC (Serial No. N6181), "Happy", PSL Lloyd S. Breadner, Walmer, Kent, Defence Flight, ca 1916.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3213052)

RCAF Air Chief Marshal Lloyd Samuel Breadner, CB, DSC (July 14, 1894 – March 14, 1952) was a Canadian military pilot and Chief of the Air Staff during the Second World War. Breadner obtained his pilot's certificate at Wright Flying School and was commissioned in the British Royal Naval Air Service on 28 December 1915. During the First World War he served on the Western Front as a fighter pilot in the No. 3 (Naval) Squadron. He was promoted to Flight Lieutenant (RNAS) on 31 December 1916. He was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross on 23 May 1917. He transferred to the Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) on its formation in 1924.

Sopwith Pup.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3391007)

Sopwith Pup, RFC (Serial No. N5182), Reg. No. G-APUP, RAF Museum, London, England.  (Alan Wilson Photo)

Sopwith Snipe, No. 1 & 2 Fighting Sqn, Canadian Air Force, Upper Heyford, England, 1919.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No.  3391011)

Sopwith Snipe.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3391012)

Sopwith Snipe, Capt William George Barker, VC.  (RAF Photo)

Sopwith 7F.1 Snipe 7F.1, fuselage (Serial No. E8102), LCol William G. Barker, VC. These are the remains of the fighter flown by Barker when he won his VC, preserved Canadian War Museum.

 

Sopwith 7F.1 Snipe  (Serial No. E6938).  The Museum’s Snipe was manufactured in 1918 by Nieuport and General Aircraft Limited of England.  Details of its RAF history remain unknown, although it probably served abroad, as did most RAF Snipes. Ex-Royal Flying Corps pilot and actor Reginald Denny imported the aircraft to California in 1926, and it was featured in several movies.  Jack Canary restored the Snipe between 1953 and 1960.  The Museum purchased the aircraft in 1964.  It was the first of the First World War fighters flown by the Museum’s chief pilot, Wing Commander Paul A. Hartman.  The Snipe was last flown in 1967 during Air Force Day celebrations at Rockcliffe.  Damaged during the celebrations, it was recovered and had some work done on it in time for the opening of the new Museum building in 1988.  (CA&SM)

 

Sopwith Triplane, "Peggy", ca. 1917.  (RAF Photo)

Sopwith Triplane (Serial No. N5438), ca 1918.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390963)

 (Author Photos)

Sopwith Triplane replica (Serial No. N5492), CF-CBM.  The Museum's Triplane is a reproduction built by American amateur airplane-maker Carl R. Swanson between 1963 and 1966.  The Museum purchased it in 1966, and provided and installed its Clerget 9B rotary engine.  Wing Commander Paul A. Hartman piloted the aircraft during its first flight, on 5 May 1967 at Rockcliffe airport.  It remained airworthy and flew on special occasions until 1971.  (CA&SM)