Military History Books
by Harold A. Skaarup   www.SilverHawkAuthor.com   
 
Canadian Warplanes 1: The Biplane Era Fighters, Bombers and Patrol Aircraft

Canadian Military Aircraft of the Biplane Era Fighters, Bombers and Patrol Aircraft

Data Current to 15 Dec 2018.

 

This aviation handbook provides a quick general reference to identify and briefly describe military aircraft flown by Canadians during WWI and in the post-war Canadian Air Force, the Royal Canadian Air Force, the Royal Canadian Navy, and the Canadian Army during the biplane era. The handbooks in this series include a general description and a photograph from the Canadian Forces Archives of at least one of the key variants or marks of each aircraft that has been in Canadian service or used by Canadian servicemen overseas.Each aircraft is listed alphabetically by manufacturer, number and type. General details describing the aircrafts engines, service ceiling, speed, armament and weapons load are included, along with a brief description of the Canadian squadrons which flew the aircraft.This is the first volume in the series. It describes the fighters, bombers and patrol aircraft flown by Canadian servicemen during the biplane era. A list of museums, private aircraft collections and other locations where a number of the survivors might be found is also included. The handbook is not a definitive list of all Canadian-manufactured or operated aircraft, but should serve as a quick reminder for anyone with an enthusiastic interest in Canadian military aviation.

Order book: http://bookstore.iuniverse.com/Products/SKU-000011078/Canadian-Warbirds-of-the-Biplane-Era.aspx

Order book in Canada: http://www.chapters.indigo.ca/books/Canadian-Warbirds-Biplane-Era-Fighters-Harold-A-A-Skaarup/9780595183630-item.html?ikwid=harold+skaarup&ikwsec=Books

http://www.amazon.ca/Canadian-Warbirds-Biplane-Fighters-Aircraft/dp/0595183638/ref=sr_1_17?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1322339874&sr=1-17

Nook book: http://www.barnesandnoble.com/w/canadian-warbirds-of-the-biplane-era-harold-a-skaarup/1004803364?ean=9781462067411&itm=26&USRI=Harold+Skaarup

For an update on military aircraft preserved in Canada, see "Canadian Warplanes".

Canadian Air Force cap badge.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3643715)

The RCAF traces its history to the Canadian Air Force which was formed in 1920.  The Canadian Air Force was incorporated in 1923 and granted royal sanction in 1924 by King George V.  

Canadian Warplanes of the Biplane Era, Fighters, Bombers and Patrol Aircraft, Photo update.

Armstrong Whitworth Atlas aircraft flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Armstrong Whitworth Atlas Mk. I (5), (Serial Nos. 16 (later 401), 17 (later 402), 18, (later 403), 19 (later 404), 111, Mk. I dual (1), (Serial No. 112), (later 405), Mk. I AC (10), (Serial Nos. 406-415), for a total of 16 aircraft.

Armstrong-Whitworth F.K.8.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN 3387943)  None are preserved in Canada.  

While flying an F.K. 8, 2Lt Alan A. McLeod won the Victoria Cross for an action fought by him and his observer, Lt A.W. Hammond, MC, on 27 March 1918.  2Lt Alan A. McLeod VC grew up in Stonewall, Manitoba.  During an air battle at an altitude of 5,000', 2Lt McLeod and his Observer, Lt A.W. Hammond MC, were attacked by eight German Fokker DR.1 Triplane fighters.  2Lt McLeod skilfully manoeuvred to enable his observer to engage and shoot down three of the attackers.  Wounded five times and with his aircraft on fire, 2Lt McLeod climbed out onto the left bottom-plane of his aircraft and proceeded to control his machine from the side of the fuselage.  By steeply side-slipping the aircraft he was able to keep the flames to one side, thus enabling the observer to continue firing until the ground was reached.  The observer had by now been wounded six times when the machine crashed in "no man's land," and 2Lt McLeod, not withstanding his own wounds, dragged him away from the burning wreckage at great personal risk from heavy machine-gun fire from enemy lines.  Wounded again by a bomb while engaged in this rescue, he persevered until he had placed Lt Hammond in comparative safety before falling himself from exhaustion and lack of blood.  He later died of influenza on 6 November 1919.  He was Canada's youngest VC winner, and the youngest winner of a VC for an air action.  Internet: http://www.cbrnp.com/profiles/quarter1/F.K.8.htm.

Armstrong Whitworth Siskin aircraft flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Armstrong Whitworth Siskin Mk. III (2), (Serial Nos. J7758), 10, (later 301), Mk. IIIA (8), (Serial Nos. 20), (later 302), 21 (later 303), 22 (later 304), 23, 59 (later 305), 60 (later 306), 61, 210, (later 309), Mk. IIIDC dual control (2), (Serial Nos. 62), (later 307), and 63 (later 308), for a total of 12 aircraft.  None are preserved in Canada.

Boeing Aircraft of Canada (Blackburn) Sharks of the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Blackburn Shark Mk. II (7), (Serial Nos. 501-507); and Shark Mk. III (19), (Serial Nos. 514-526, 545-550), for a total of 26 aircraft.

Blackburn Lincock Mk. II  (Canadian Forces Photo)

In 1928 Blackburn designed and built a private venture lightweight biplane fighter powered by an Armstrong Siddeley Lynx IVC engine.  The Blackburn F.2 Lincock was of wooden construction and first appeared in May 1928.  It performed well in demonstrations but failed to gain any orders.  The canadian government showed an interest in the design, and a metal construction variant (the Lincock II) was built.  It was tested in Canada at Camp Borden in 1930 where there was interest in using the Lincock as an advanced trainer, but the type was not ordered.  It was later used to perform public aerobatic displays in 1933 and 1934.  One survives in the Streetlife Museum Hull in the UK.

Bristol F.2B Fighter (Serial No. D-8096) in flight, RFC.  (RCAF Photo)

Bristol F.2B Fighter (Serial No. 13), RFC.  (RFC Photo)

Bristol F.2B in Flight, ca 1918.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4817977)

 

Bristol F.2B Fighter, (Serial No. C-4611), RFC, ca. 1917.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 338170)

Bristol F.2B Fighter, (Serial No. C-4611), RFC, ca. 1917.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 338162)

 

Bristol F.2B Fighter (Serial No. D-7889).  The Canada Air & Space Museum's aircraft is one of only three original Bristol Fighters still in existence worldwide.  It was built by the Bristol Aeroplane Company in 1918.  It has been identified as aircraft D7889, as this number was stencilled on the remains of the aircraft's original engine cowling. Details of its service career are unknown, since most of the war records of the RFC were destroyed during bombing raids in London during the early 1940s.  The aircraft was restored by the Historic Aircraft Collection in the United Kingdom from the 1980s to early 2006.  That same year, it flew in several aerial displays in Britain, powered by the world's oldest airworthy Rolls-Royce aero engine.  The Museum acquired the Bristol Fighter in 2006, through trade of one of its 1945 Heinkel He-162 War Prize aircraft.  (CA&SM)

Burgess-Dunne floatplane in flight in US service, 18 March 1914.  (Bain News Service Photo)

Burgess-Dunne in flight, ca. 1913.  (RCAF Photo)

Burgess-Dunne floatplane, Canada's first military aircraft.  (DND Photo)

Burgess-Dunne floatplane, Canada's first military aircraft.  (Comox Air Force Museum Photo)

When Canadian troops left for Europe on September 30, 1914, the Burgess-Dunne seaplane war loaded onto the S.S. Athenia for England. On the trip the aircraft was heavily damaged and was no longer flyable.  (RCAF Photo)

 

Burgess-Dunne floatplane, replica, National Museum of the RCAF, CFB Trenton, Ontario.

Canadian Vickers aircraft flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this website.

Canadian Vickers Vanessa (1) Registration G-CYZJ.

Canadian Vickers Varuna Mk. I (1), (Registration G-CYGV), Mk. II (7), (Registration No’s G-CYZP - G-CYZV), for a total of 8 aircraft.

Canadian Vickers Vancouver Mk. I (1), (Registration G-CYXS), Mk. II (5), (Reg. Nos. G-CYVK), (later 902), G-GYVR – G-CYVU (later 903-906), for a total of 6 aircraft.

Canadian Vickers Vedette Mk. I (1), (Reg. No. G-CYFS), Mk. II (18), (Reg. Nos. G-CYGA, GW-GZ, XZ, YA-YF, ZK, (later 11), ZL-ZO, 108), Mk. V (13), (Reg. Nos. G-CYVP, WR, WS, YZ, ZA-ZF, 109, 110, 116), (later 803), Mk. VA (11), (Reg. Nos. G-CYWJ (later 808), WK, WL-WQ (later 809-814), 115, 123, 124), Mk. VI (1), (Reg. No. G-CYWI (later 817), for a total of 44 aircraft.

Canadian Vickers Velos (1), RCAF (Serial No. G-CYZX)

Canadian Vickers Vigil (1), RCAF (Serial No. G-CYZW).

Canadian Vickers Vista (1) RCAF (Serial No. G-CYZZ).

Canadian Vickers Viking Mk. IV.

Canadian Car & Foundry G-23 Goblina are listed on a separate page on this web site. 

Canadian Car & Foundry G-23 Goblin I (15), (Serial Nos. 334-348).

The Canadian Car & Foundry Company acquired a manufacturing licence for the Grumman G-23, and improved FF-1, of which it completed a total of 52, some of which were assembled from US-built components.  Although initially rejected as a fighter by the RCAF as outdated and too slow, with the advent of war, the last 15 of the CC&F production batch were taken on strength as the Goblin I.  The aircraft type served with the RCAF from 17 September 1940 until 21 April 1942.  "A" Flight of No. 118 RCAF Sqn was equipped with Goblins at Rockcliffe in Ottawa, and subsequently became No. 118 (Fighter) Sqn., later stationed at Dartmouth, Nova Scotia where the Goblins for a time constituted the sole fighter force on the east coast.  One CCF-built G-23 was sold to the Nicaraguan government where is saw limited service before being relegated to a scrap yard at Zololtan Air Field in 1942, destined to remain there until 1961 when it was purchased and shipped to the USA.  In 1966, Grumman restored the aircraft before passing it to the US Navy where it is currently on display at the National Museum of Naval Aviation at Pensacola, Florida.

Curtiss HS-2L (Serial No. 1876) being launched at Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, 1918.  (Photo courtesy of the Shearwater Aviation Museum)

Curtiss HS-2L (Serial No. G-CYAH) on the water.  (Photo courtesy of the Canadian Aviation Preservation Association)

Curtiss HS-2L, RCAF (Serial No. G-CAAC) on the water.  (RCAF Photo)

Curtiss HS-2L, G-CADQ, Ontario Provincial Air Service, 1925.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 338992)

Curtiss HS-2L, G-CYDS, Canadian Air Board, 1 July 1921.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3643591)

Curtiss HS-2L, G-CYDT, Canadian Air Board, Victoria Beach, Manitoba, 3 Aug 1921.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3643587)

Curtiss HS-2L, G-CYDT, Canadian Air Board, Victoria Beach, Manitoba, 3 Aug 1921.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3643588)

Curtiss HS-2L, G-CACT, Northern Air Service.  (Photo courtesy of the Canadian Aviation Preservation Association)

Curtiss HS-2L, G-CAAC, Laurentide Air Service, on the water, cA 1920s.   (Photo courtesy of the Canadian Aviation Preservation Association)

Curtiss HS-2L, Laurentide Air Service, hull (Serial No. A1876), (2901-H2, wings of NC652), G-CAAC.  This is the only complete HS-2L in the world. It is a reconstruction of G-CAAC La Vigilance, which belonged to Laurentide Air Service Limited, the world’s first bush-flying company.  The original La Vigilance was the company’s first aircraft; it was built in 1918 and made the first bush flight in Canada in 1919.  That same year, Stuart Graham, Canada’s first professional bush pilot and a member of Canada’s Aviation Hall of Fame, began his civilian career in La Vigilance, and his wife, Madge Graham, became the first Canadian woman to participate in flight when she accompanied him between Nova Scotia and Quebec.  On 2 September 1922 La Vigilance crashed into Foss Lake, Ontario, where it remained until 1967, when Donald Campbell of Kapuskasing reported the location of the wreck at the bottom of the lake.  The hull, along with metal parts and fittings from the aircraft, was retrieved by the Museum during a salvage operation between 1968 and 1969.  The original hull was preserved separately and is displayed next to the reconstructed aircraft, which was built using parts from three different HS-2Ls.  Restoration of this HS-2L lasted from 1970 until 1986, making it the largest and longest restoration project the Canada Air & Space Museum has undertaken.  (CA&SM)

Curtiss HS-2L (30) Reg. Nos. G-CYAE-AH, BA, BB, DR-DU, DX, DY, EA, EB, ED, EF, EJ-EL, GA, GL-GU.

  

de Havilland DH.2, ca. 1918, flown by Canadians in the RFC during the First World War.  None are preserved in Canada.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390122)

de Havilland DH.4, No.1 & 2 Fighting Squadron, CAF, Upper Heyford, Oxon, UK, 1919.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3523019)

de Havilland DH.4, No.1 & 2 Fighting Squadron, CAF, Upper Heyford, Oxon, UK, 1919.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3523020)

de Havilland DH.4, G-CYEC, High River, Alberta, 16 June 1923.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3643529)

de Havilland DH.4, G-CYEC, Canada Air Board, 27 May 1922.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3643556)

de Havilland DH.4, G-CYEC, Canada Air Board, 27 May 1922.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3643557)

Hucks Starter Vehicle, Canadian Air Board, 27 May 1922.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3643557), (2)

 

de Havilland DH.4,  ca. 1918, flown by Canadians in the RFC during the First World War.  None are preserved in Canada.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390123)

de Havilland DH.4, Reg. Nos. G-CYBU and G-CYDM of the Canadian Air Board, 1 Sep 1921.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3643563)

de Havilland DH.4, Reg. No. G-CYBO, Canadian Air Board, 1922.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390131)

de Havilland DH.4, Reg. No. G-CYCW, Canadian Air Board, 28 June 1922.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3643547)

de Havilland DH.4, Reg. No. G-CYCW, Canadian Air Board, 28 June 1922.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3643547)

de Havilland DH.4, Reg. No. G-CYDM, Canadian Air Board, 4 Nov 1922.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3643537)

de Havilland DH 4, G-CYDN, RCAF, 1924.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390133)

de Havilland DH.4 (12) Reg. Nos. G-CYBO, G-CYBU- G-CYBW, G-CYCW, G-CYDB, G-CYDK- G-CYDN, G-CYEC, G-CYEM.

  

de Havilland DH.9A in RCAF service, Camp Borden, Ontario.  None are preserved in Canada.  (RCAF Photo)

de Havilland DH.9A, RAF, Hounslow, UK, 1919.  This aircraft may have been part of No. 2 Squadron, Canadian Air Force/123 Squadron, RAF, which operated a communications flight from Hounslow.  The nose markings suggests 'C' Flight.  Alan Eyre.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390121)

de Havilland DH 9 Napier Lion, ca. 1918.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390126)

DH.4, leaving Dawson, YT, July 1920. Although the pilot's cockpit is aft of the wings, the bulges on the wing leading edges which are part of the aileron control mechanisms were not used on the DH.9A.  Alan Eyre.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3388480)

de Havilland DH.9A (12) Reg. Nos. G-CYAD, G-CYAJ, G-CYAK, G-CYAN, G-CYAO, G-CYAZ, G-CYBF, G-CYBI, G-CYBN, G-CYCG, G-CYDO, E991.

 

Douglas MO-2B Seaplane.  (RCAF Photos)

Douglas MO-2B Seaplane (1), (Reg. No. G-CYZG).

  (RCAF Photo)

Fairey IIIC (Mod) Transatlantic Floatplane (1) Registration G-CYCF,

Fairey IIID floatplane on display in the Marine Museum, Lisbon, Portugal.

 

Fairey IIIF, HMS Furious, ca. early 1930s.  (USN Photo)

Fairey IIIF Mk. IV G.P. floatplane (1), RCAF (Serial No. J9172), Jericho Beach, BC ca 1930.  This is the sole British-built Fairley III F to serve in Canada.  It was used for trials October 1929 to September 1930.  (City of Vancouver Archives Photo, AM1535-: CVA 99-2155)

 

Fairey Albacore flown by RCN and RCNVR pilots in service with the Fleet Air Arm, Royal Navy.  None are preserved in Canada. (RN Photo)

Fairey Albacore Mk. I (6), (Serial Nos. N4191, N4315, T9244, T9246, X8947, X8952).

  

Fairey Seafox flown by RCN and RCNVR pilots in service with the Fleet Air Arm, Royal Navy.  None are preserved in Canada. (RN Photo)

Fairey Swordfish are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Fairey Swordfish Mk. I, Mk. II (99), (Serial Nos. W5856, DK698, DK699, DK752, DK774, HS168, HS171, HS196, HS209, HS220, HS260, HS261, HS263- HS266, HS268, HS275, HS288, HS320, HS322- HS325, HS335- HS337, HS339, HS343, HS381, HS383, HS396-HS405, HS455, HS464- HS471, HS484-HS501, HS503, HS507, HS509- HS515, HS517- HS519, HS533, HS534, HS553- HS555, HS560, HS582, HS663, LS193, LS229, NE926, NE927, NE929, NE937, NE938, NE940, NE952, NE953, NF136, NF161), Mk. III (6), (Serial Nos. NR944, NR948, NR953, NS122, NS129, NS171), for a total of 105 aircraft.

 

Felixstowe F.3 flying boat G-CYBT of the Canadian Air Board, The Pas, Manitoba, 1921.  None are preserved in Canada.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390396)

Felixstowe F.3 flying boat G-CYBT of the Air Board, Pelican Narrows, Saskatchewan, 1922.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390395)

Felixstowe F.5 flying boat built by Canadian Aeroplanes Ltd. Toronto, Ontario, July 1918.  None are preserved in Canada.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390402)

Felixstowe F.5 flying boat on a parade float, London, 19 Nov 1918.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3394773)

Felixstowe F.3 flying boat G-CYBT of the Canadian Air Board, Pelican Narrows, Saskatchewan, 1922.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390394)

Felixstowe F.3 flying boat G-CYEN, Canadian Air Board, engine change, 8 Aug 1922.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3200383)

Felixstowe F.3 flying boat of the Canadian Air Board, 5 Sep 1921.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3575578)

Felixstowe F.5 flying boat built by Canadian Aeroplanes Ltd. Toronto, Ont. July 1918.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390399)

Felixstowe F.3 flying boat G-CYBT of the Air Board, Victoria Beach, Manitoba, 5 Aug 1921.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3643589)

Felixstowe F.3 (11) Reg. Nos. G-CYBT, DH-DJ, DQ, EN, EO, N4012, 13, N4178, 79.

Fokker D.VII War prizes in RCAF service are listed on a separate page on this web site.

 (RAF Photo)

 (RAF Photo)

Handley Page 0/100 (Serial No. 1459), Le Tigre, of No. 3 Wing, RNAS.  This type of bomber was flown by Canadians serving in the RFC during the First World War.  None have been preserved in Canada.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3194166)

 

Handley Page 0/400 (Serial No. 1459), similar to those flown by Canadians serving in the RFC during the First World War.  None have been preserved in Canada.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 33390617)

Handley Page 0/400), ca 1918.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo,  MIKAN No. 3390611)

Handley Page V.1500, ca 1918.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390612)

Handley Page V-1500, preparing for an Atlantic crossing, June 1919, Harbour Grace, Newfoundland.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3574032)

Hawker Fury, RAF (Serial No. K2900), No. 1 Squadron,  warming up, Rockcliffe, Ontario, 14 July 1934.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3580856)

Hawker Fury, RAF (Serial No. K2901), No. 1 Sqn, Rockcliffe, Ontario, 28 June 1934.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3521020)

Hawker Hart, RCAF (Serial No. K3012), 14 Apr 1937.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3642454)

Hawker Hart, RCAF (Serial No. K3012), after a crash landing.  (Serial No. K3012).  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3581144)

Hawker Hart, RCAF (Serial No. K3012), 14 Apr 1937.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3256159 and 3582961)

  

Hawker Hart, RCAF (Serial No. K3012), 1937.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3574051 and 3581143)

Hawker Hart (3), (Serial Nos. A82 (ex K3752), A92 (ex K4757), (Serial No. K3012).

 

Hawker Audax Mk. I.  (RAF Photo)

Hawker Audax on skis, RCAF, 20 Mar 1935.  (Library and Archives Canada Photos, MIKAN No. 3580891 and 4731278)

Hawker Audax, RAF, Rockcliffe, Ontario, ca 1935.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4731365)

Hawker Audax (6), (biplane), (Serial Nos. A77-A81), (Serial No. K3100).

 

Hawker Hind (Serial No. L7180).  This aircraft was built in 1937 as a light bomber for the RAF.  It was one of nineteen Hinds donated to the Royal Afghan Air Force in 1939.  It served this air force in the 1940s and was then used as a training airframe (a teaching aid for mechanics and ground crews) in the 1950s.  In 1974, an interest in collecting a significant military biplane from the interwar era led the Museum to enquire whether any Hinds remained in Afghanistan.  The Afghan government located this Hind in a Kabul junkyard and, after some negotiation, the country's President donated it to Canada as a means of furthering relations between the two countries.  Alfred J. Shortt, Assistant Curator, and W. Merrikin, Chief Restoration Officer, travelled to Kabul in October 1975 to disassemble the aircraft and help the Canadian Forces load it onto a transport aircraft. The Hercules arrived at Ottawa's Uplands airport in November  1975.  The Hind was trucked to Rockcliffe airport to await restoration, which was undertaken by George Neal in Toronto in 1984.  The work was completed in 1988 and the aircraft was returned to the Museum.  (CA&SM)

Henry Farman biplane, ca 1919.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390702)

Martinsyde F.4.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390817)

 

Nieuport Bebe.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390834)

Nieuport Bebe.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390835)

Nieuport 12, (Serial No. A154).  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3585188)

Nieuport 12 (Serial No. N-11504), (A4737).  Built in 1915, this Nieuport 12 was a gift to Canada from the Government of France.  Transported from France to Halifax by steamship in February 1917, the War Trophies Board exhibited the aircraft across North America as a war relic, to raise public support for the war effort.  This Nieuport was the first aircraft that the Canadian government retained for its historical significance, and is one of only two known to exist worldwide.  It was transferred to the Canadian War Museum in the 1930s and to this Museum in 1965.  In the 1990s, the Museum's skilled conservation team restored it to appear as it would have during its 1917 exhibition tour.  (CA&SM)

Nieuport 17 unskinned, Air Force Day, RCAF Station Rockcliffe, Ontario, 9 Jun 1951.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3584524)

Capt Billy Bishop VC, with Nieuport 17 Scout, No 60 Squadron, Royal Flying Corps,  Filescamp, France, ca 1918.  (RAF Photo)

Capt Billy Bishop with Lewis Gun, Nieuport Aircraft, 1917.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, PA-122515)

Nieuport 17, CA&SM.  (CF Photo)

 (RCAF Photo)

Nieuport 17 replica (Serial No. B1556), CF-DDK.  This Nieuport 17 was built by American amateur airplane-maker Carl R. Swanson in 1961, as a flying replica.  A generous donor purchased the aircraft for the Museum in 1963.  It was refinished to match the airplane in which the famous Canadian ace William Avery "Billy" Bishop earned the Victoria Cross.  Wing Commander Paul A. Hartman took the aircraft on its first flight in May 1967, at Rockcliffe airport.  It was flown in several air shows across Canada, including a flight demonstration during the visit of HRH Prince Charles, Prince of Wales, in April 1975. Unfortunately, it crashed at the Abbotsford International Air Show in 1989.  The Museum's skilled restoration team rebuilt the aircraft to its current state.  (CA&SM)

 

Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2c.  (RCAF Photos)

Royal Aircraft Factory B.E. 2c.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390890)

Royal Aircraft Factory B.E. 2e.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390889)

Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2d (Serial No. 5878).  This aircraft was thought to be B.E.2c (Serial No. 4112), B & C 1042, N5878.  This Royal Aircraft Factory B.E. 2 was built in 1915 by the British and Colonial Aeroplane Company Limited and served with No. 7 Squadron RFC from 1916 to 1917.  Misidentified as a B.E.2c fighter flown by a Canadian who had destroyed a German airship, it was sent to Canada as a war trophy in 1919.  The aircraft was reconditioned and displayed at the National Research Council's Aeronautical Museum between 1936 and 1940.  In storage until 1957, it was restored by the RCAF in 1957 and 1958.  The aircraft was displayed at the Canadian War Museum between 1959 and 1962.  It was added to the Canada Aviation and Space Museum collection in 1964.  During restoration, the Museum's conservation team re-discovered the aircraft's true identity.  (CA&SM)

Royal Aircraft Factory (Farman Experimental) F.E. 2b, "Gold Coast No. 10".  (RAF Photo)

Royal Aircraft Factory (Farman Experimental 2), FE.2d, RAF (Serial No. A-6561), ca 1918.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3388494)

Royal Aircraft Factory (Reconnaissance Experimental) R.E.8 (Serial No. C2281), "Punjab 22 Simla Hills", built by Daimler Company Ltd. Coventry, ca 1918.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390896)

 (IWM Ohoto, Q 67552)

Royal Aircraft Factory R.E.8 two-seat reconnaissance biplane. 

Royal Aircraft Factory (Reconnaissance Experimental) R.E. 8 with Incendiary Bombs.  (Australian War Memorial Photo)

Royal Aircraft Factory R.E. 8 (Reconnaissance Experimental 8) pilot with the RFC, being briefed by an Intelligence Officer.  (RAF Photo)

Royal Aircraft Factory SE 5a.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390895)

Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.5a, No. 1 Fighting Squadron, Canadian Air Force, Upper Hayford, UK, 1919, flown by Capt Albert Debrisay Carter, DSO & Bar, Belgian Croix de Guerre, from Moncton, New Brunswick.  He also flew the SPAD VII and Sopwith 5F.1 Dolphin, and had 27 kills before he was shot down and captured.  He died while flying a captured German D.VII (Serial No. 84422/18), in England on 22 May 1919.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3523023)

Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.5a, Canadian Air Force Capt WB Lawson, OC, No. 1 and No. 2 Fighting Sqns, Upper Heyford, UK, 1919.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390924)

Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.5a (Serial 6194), RAF, 1918.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390899)

R-100 Airship visiting, St Hubert, Quebec, Sep 1930.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3349142)

Sopwith fighters are listed on a separate page on this web site.

 

S.P.A.D. S.VII Scout flown by Captain William S. Stephenson, ca. 1917.  (RAF Photo)

S.P.A.D. S.VII Scout (Serial No. A8798).  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390913)

S.P.A.D. S.VII Scout (Serial No. B9913), (103), CF-RFC.  The Museum's SPAD was built in England in 1917 by Mann Egerton and Company Limited.  Its British service history is unknown, but in 1918 it was transferred to the United States for use in the Army Air Service. Colonel J. B. Jarret, who operated a museum at the Steel Pier in Atlantic City, obtained the SPAD in 1932 from aviation junk dealer Arrigo Balboni of California.  Balboni claimed that the aircraft had been featured in the motion picture Wings (1927).  From 1949 until 1964, the Spad passed between the hands of several private owners.  From 1964 onward, it was displayed and flown at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force, until this Museum purchased it in 1965.  The Museum has restored the Spad on numerous occasions: little of the original woodwork remains.  (CA&SM)

Supermarine Stranraers are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Supermarine 304 Stranraer (40), (Serial Nos. 907-916, 918-923, 927-938, 947-957).

 

Supermarine Walrus, RN.  (IWM Photo A9272)

 (City of Vancouver Archives Photo, AM54-S4-2-: CVA 371-356)

Supermarine Walrus (Serial No. K8343), coded 769, suspended from a crane, Vancouver, British Columbia, ca 1940.

 (City of Vancouver Archives Photo, AM640-S1-: CVA 260-694)

Supermarine Walrus (Serial No. K8343), coded 769,  Vancouver, British Columbia, ca 1940.

 (City of Vancouver Archives Photo, AM640-S1-: CVA 260-696)

Supermarine Walrus (Serial No. K8343), coded 769,  Vancouver, British Columbia, ca 1940.

Supermarine Walrus pair, visiting an RCAF Station.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3581292)

Supermarine Walrus, RN (Serial No. Z1768), No. 1 Naval Gunnery School, RN, Oct 1944.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo,  MIKAN No. 3651070)

Supermarine Walrus Mk. I (2), (Serial Nos. L2330, W3089), Mk. II (6), (Serial Nos. Z1768, Z1771, Z1775, Z1781, Z1814, HD909), for a total of 8 aircraft.

The collection of Intelligence on the U-boat threat off Canada’s East coast during the Second World War became an absolute necessity early in the war.  Because of sightings and Direction Finding (DF) reports of submarines in the vicinity of Sable Island off the Nova Scotia Coast, a Royal Navy Fleet Air Arm (RN FAA) detachment with radar-equipped Supermarine Walrus amphibious aircraft was sent to the island in May 1942.  The RCAF provided a work party to build the station and later an observer for the aircraft.  Under the orders of a controller in Dartmouth, the Walrus flew daily patrols from a small lake on the island whenever the weather permitted, until 20 August when it was lost.  The patrol was abandoned for the rest of the 1942 season and the detachment was withdrawn.  (W.A.B. Douglas, “Creation of a National Airforce, Vol.  II, RCAF Official History)

 

Vickers Gun Bus flown by Canadians in the RFC during the Great War, ca 1918.  None are preserved in Canada.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3391051)

Vickers Vimy.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3391075)

 

Vickers Wellesley Mk. Is, flown by RCAF pilots serving in the RAF early in the Second World War.  None are preserved in Canada.  (RAF Photos)

Westland Wapitis flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Westland Wapiti Mk. II (1), (Serial No. J9237), Mk. IIA (24), (Serial Nos. 508-513, 527-544), for a total of 25 aircraft.