Military History Books
by Harold A. Skaarup   www.SilverHawkAuthor.com   
 
Canadian Warplanes 3-1: The Second World War, Fighters, Bombers: Manchester, Lincoln, Airacobra, Roc, Skua, Buffalo, Bermuda, Seamew, Helldiver, Fulmar, Barracuda, Martlet, Hellcat, Marauder, Thunderbolt, Lerwick

Avro Manchester, Avro Lincoln, Bell P-39 Airacobra, Blackburn Roc, Blackburn Skua, Brewster Buffalo, Brewster Bermuda, Curtiss SO3C-1 Seamew, Curtiss SBW1 Helldiver, Fairey Fulmar, Fairey Barracuda, Grumman Martlet, Grumman Hellcat, Martin B-26 Marauder, Republic P-47 Thunderbolt, Saro S.36 Lerwick

Data current to 10 February 2020.  

This aviation handbook is intended to provide the reader with a quick reference to identify the military aircraft flown by the Royal Canadian Air Force, the Royal Canadian Navy and the Canadian Army during the Second World War. The handbooks in this series include a general description and a photograph from the Canadian Forces Archives of at least one of the key variants or marks of each aircraft that has been in Canadian service or used by Canadian servicemen overseas.Each aircraft is listed alphabetically by manufacturer, number and type. General details describing the aircrafts engines, service ceiling, speed, armament or weapons load are included, along with a brief description of the Canadian or allied squadron in which Canadian aircrews used the aircraft operationally. This is the third volume in the series. It describes fighters, bombers and patrol aircraft flown by Canadians during the war. A list of museums, private aircraft collections and other locations where survivors preserved and displayed is also included. The handbook is not a definitive list of all Canadian-manufactured or operated aircraft, but it should serve as a quick reminder of the major examples flown on duty for anyone with an interest in Canadian military aviation.

Order book: http://bookstore.iuniverse.com/Products/SKU-000009790/Canadian-Warbirds-of-the-Second-World-War--Fighters-Bombers-and-Patrol-Aircraft.aspx

Order book in Canada: http://www.chapters.indigo.ca/books/Canadian-Warbirds-Second-World-War-Harold-A-A-Skaarup/9780595183814-item.html?ikwid=harold+skaarup&ikwsec=Books

http://www.amazon.ca/Canadian-Warbirds-Second-World-War/dp/0595183816/ref=sr_1_18?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1322340490&sr=1-18

Nook book: http://www.barnesandnoble.com/w/canadian-warbirds-of-the-second-world-war-fighters-bombers-and-patrol-aircraft-harold-skaarup/1110499469?ean=9781462048144&itm=31&USRI=Harold+Skaarup

For an update on military aircraft preserved in Canada, see "Canadian Warplanes".

Canadian Warbirds of the Second World War, Fighters, Bombers and Patrol Aircraft, Photo update

 (RCAF Photo)

 (RCAF Photo)

Avro 679 Manchester Mk. IA.  None were on the RCAF establishment, but many were flown by RCAF aircrews serving with the RAF overseas during the Second World War.

Avro 683 Lancasters from both the Second World War and Post War RCAF service, are listed on a separate page on this website.

 (RCAF Photo)

Avro 694 Lincoln B, Mk. XV, RCAF.

 (RCAF Photo)

Avro 694 Lincoln B, Mk. XV, RCAF.  Although built in Canada, none have been preserved here.

Avro 694 Lincoln B. Mk. I (1), (Serial No. RE258), B Mk. II (1), (Serial No. SX 924), B. Mk. XV (1), (Serial No. FM 300), for a total of 3 aircraft.

 (RAF Photo)

 (RAF Photo)

 (RAF Photo)

 (RAF Photo)

Bell P-39 Airacobra, No. 601 Squadron, RAF, ca 1941.  None on the RCAF establishment, but a few were flown by RCAF aircrews overseas during the Second World War.

 (RN Photo)

 (RN Photo)

Blackburn Roc, Royal Navy.  None on the RCN establishment, but many were flown by RCN aircrews overseas during the Second World War.

 (RN Photo)

Blackburn Skua, Royal Navy.  None on the RCN establishment, but a few were flown by RCN aircrews overseas during the Second World War.

 (RN Photo)

Blackburn Skua, Royal Navy.

 (RN Photo)

Blackburn Skua, Royal Navy. 

Boulton P.82 Paul Defiant fighter.  None were on the RCAF establishment, but many were flown by RCAF aircrews overseas during the Second World War.  Defiants are listed on a separate page on this web site. 

(RAF Photo)

(RAF Photo)

(RAF Photo)

(RAF Photo)

Brewster Buffalo, RAF.  None were on the RCAF establishment, but a few were flown by RCAF aircrews serving with the RAF in the Far East during the Second World War.  None are preserved in Canada.

 (NMUSAF Photo)

Brewster Bermuda, RAF (Serial No. FF-741)

The RCAF acquired three Bermudas which were used at Suffield, Alberta, for "special" research operations.  None are preserved in Canada.  Deliveries of Brewster Bermudas to the RAF began in July 1942.  The RAF judged that the type was unsuitable for combat, and most of the Bermudas delivered to the service were converted to target tugs Five of the aircraft were transferred to the Fleet Air Arm of the Royal Navy for assessment – four as dive bombers and one as a target towing tug.  The USAAF received 108 Bermudas, which it designated the A-34 Buccaneer.  The type was considered unsuitable even for training purposes, and was withdrawn from service in 1944.  A single Buccaneer is preserved with the National Museum of Naval Aviation, Pensacola NAS, Florida.

 (NMNA Photo)

Brewster SB2A Buccaneer of the U.S. National Museum of Naval Aviation at Pensacola, Florida.

Bristol Blenheims and Bolingbrokes flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Bristol Beaufort and Bristol Beaufighter aircraft flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Chance Vought Corsair and Goodyear Corsairs flown by Canadians in the RN are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Consolidated Catalina and Canadian Vickers PBV-1A Canso A (Consolidated PBY-5A) aircraft flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Consolidated B-24 Liberators flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Curtiss P-40 Kittyhawks flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

  (RN Photo)

 (RN Photo)

Curtiss SO3C-1 Seamew Mk. I, Royal Navy (Serial No. FN475).  Flown by the RN at Yarmouth, Nova Scotia during the war.  None are preserved in Canada.

Curtiss SO3C Seamew Mk. I (82), (Serial Nos. FN480- FN486, FN489- FN496, FN498, FN499, FN600- FN608, FN610- FN613, FN615, FN616, FN618- FN620, FN622, FN623, FN625, FN627, FN629- FN642, JW576- JW578, JW580- JW583, JW614- JW618, JW621, JW622, JW634, JW638, JW640, JW642).

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3197980)

Curtiss SB2C1 Helldiver, overhead view of male and female workers assembling the aircraft on the Canadian Car & Foundry Company Ltd. production floor, Fort William, Ontario.  Eventually, 834 Helldivers were produced by CC&F in various versions from SBW-1, SBW-1B, SBW-3,SBW-4E and SBW-5.  Some of the Curtiss divebombers were sent directly to the Royal Navy under Lend-Lease arrangements.  CC&F also built the North American AT-6 Texan/Harvard under licence. 

In 1939, Canadian Car & Foundry and its Chief Engineer, Elsie MacGill, were contracted by the Royal Air Force to produce the Hawker Hurricane (Marks X, XI and XII).  Refinements introduced by MacGill on the Hurricane included skis and de-icing gear.  When the production of the Hurricane was complete in 1943, CC&F's workforce of 4,500 (half of them women) had built over 1,400 aircraft, about 10% of all Hurricanes built.

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3197984)

Curtiss SB2C1 Helldiver aircraft almost complte, on the production floor of the Canadian Car & Foundry Company Ltd.

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3197981)

Curtiss SB2C1 Helldiver aircraft almost complte, on the production floor of the Canadian Car & Foundry Company Ltd.

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3197977)

Curtiss SBW1 Helldiver, ca 1944.  The Curtiss SBW1 Helldiver, Canadian built version of the SB2C-1.  38 were built by the Canadian Car & Foundry company at Fort William, Ontario during the war for the US Navy, but none were in service with the RCAF.  SBW-1B, Canadian built version for lend-lease to the Royal Navy as the Helldiver I, 28 aircraft built by CCF, SBW-3, Canadian built version of the SB2C-3, 413 built by CCF, and the SBW-4E, 270 built by CCF.  SBW-5, Canadian-built version of the SB2C-5, 85 built (165 cancelled) by the CCF.

 (Archives of Ontario Photo, I0002978)

Curtiss SBW-1 Helldiver, Canadian Car & Foundry, Fort William, Ontario, 29 July 1943.

 (RN Photo)

Curtiss SBW-1B Helldiver, RN (Serial No. JW117).

 (NMNA Photo)

Curtiss SBW-4E Helldiver, New York Naval Reserve, USN (BuNo. V60166).

de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito fighters flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Douglas Digby bombers flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Douglas Boston medium bombers flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Fairey Firefly fighters flown by the RCN during the Second World War and post war are listed on a separate page on this web site.

 (RN Photo)

Fairey Fulmar flown by RCN and RCNVR pilots in service with the Fleet Air Arm, Royal Navy.  None are preserved in Canada.

 (IWM Phto, A 20180)

Fairey Barracuda Mk. II carrying an 18-inch (46 cm) aerial torpedo.  The ASV radar "Yagi" antennae are visible above the wings.  Flown by RCN and RCNVR pilots in service with the Fleet Air Arm, Royal Navy.  None are preserved in Canada.

 (IWM Photo, A 28846)

Fairey Barracuda II aircraft of No. 814 Squadron, Fleet Air Arm banking, showing clearly the observer's blister, the distinctive dive brakes, the high tail plane, and (below the blister) one of the lugs in which the accelerator/catapult engages.  Photograph taken from the aircraft carrier HMS Venerable (R63).  Flown by RCN and RCNVR pilots in service with the Fleet Air Arm, Royal Navy.

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4948345)

Fairey Barracudas on a bombing run.   Flown by RCN and RCNVR pilots in service with the Fleet Air Arm, Royal Navy.

Fairey Barracuda Mk. II (Serial No. DP872), in storage, Cobham Hall, Fleet Air Arm Museum, Yeovilton, Ilchester, Somerset.

 (IWM Photo 25086)

Fairey Barracuda of 820 Squadron, Fleet Air Arm, HMS Indefatigable Flown by RCN and RCNVR pilots in service with the Fleet Air Arm, Royal Navy. 

 (RN Photo)

Fairey Barracuda.   Flown by RCN and RCNVR pilots in service with the Fleet Air Arm, Royal Navy.

 (RN Photo)

 (RN Photo)

Grumman Martlet flown by RCN and RCNVR pilots in service with the Fleet Air Arm, Royal Navy.  None are preserved in Canada.

 (RN Photo)

 (RN Photo)

Grumman Hellcat flown by RCN and RCNVR pilots in service with the Fleet Air Arm, Royal Navy.  None are preserved in Canada. 

Handley Page Hampden bombers flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Handley Page Halifax bombers flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Hawker Hurricanes flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Hawker Tempests and Typhoons flown by RCAF pilora are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Lockheed Hudson, Vega and Ventura aircraft flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Martin Baltimore and Martin Maryland bombers flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

 (RAF Photo)

Martin B-26 Marauder Mk. I, IA, II, III, RAF.

North American B-25 Mitchells flown by the RCAF during the Second World War and post war are listed on a separate page on this web site.

North American P-51 Mustangs flown by the RCAF during the Second World War and post war, are listed on a separate page on this web site.

 (RAF Photo)

 (RAF Photo)

 (RAF Photo)

 (RAF Photo)

 (RAF Photo)

Republic P-47 Thunderbolt Mk. I & II flown in the Far East by Canadians in RAF service.

 (RAF Photo)

Republic P-47 Thunderbolt Mk. I & II flown by Canadians in RAF service.

 (RAF Photo)

 (RAF Photo)

Saro S.36 Lerwick Mk. I, flown by RCAF aircrews overseas during the Second World War.

Short Sunderland flying boats flown by RCAF aircrew during the Second World War are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Short Stirling bombers, flown by RCAF aircrew during the Second World War are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Supermarine Spitfires and Seafires flown by RCAF and RCN pilots are listed on a separate page on this web site.

 (RCAF Photo)

Supermarine Spitfire 300 Mk. I, IA, 329 Mk. IIA (1), (Serial No. L1090), 329 Mk. IIB (3), (Serial Nos. P8332, ER824 & one unknown), 349 Mk. V (3), (Serial Nos. R7143, X4492, X4555), 349 Mk. VB, 359 Mk. VIII (1), (Serial No. JG480), 361 F. Mk. IXC, Mk. IXE, Mk. XVI (1), (Serial No. TE214), 365 PR. Mk. XI, 379 Mk. XIV (1), (Serial No. TZ138), 380 F. Mk. XVIE, Mk. XIX (1), (Serial No. PM627), for a total of 11 aircraft on RCAF strength in Canada.  The Spitfires flown by RCAF pilots overseas during the Second World War were owned by the RAF.

There were 24 marks of Spitfire and many sub-variants. These covered the Spitfire in development from the Merlin to Griffon engines, the high-speed photo-reconnaissance variants and the different wing configurations.  More Spitfire M.k Vs were built than any other type, with 6,487 built, followed by the 5,656 Mk. IXs.  Different wings, featuring a variety of weapons, were fitted to most marks; the A wing used eight .303 in (7.7 mm) machine guns, the B wing had four .303 in (7.7 mm) machine guns and two 20 mm (.79 in) Hispano cannon, and the C, or universal, wing could mount either four 20 mm (.79 in) cannon or two 20 mm (.79 in) and four .303 in (7.7 mm) machine guns.  As the war progressed, the C wing became more common.

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4950856)

A number of Canadian pilots flew with the Fleet Air Arm, most notably Lt (N) Robert Hampton Gray, VC, DSO. I found this shot in the Archives of a line-up of Fleet Air Arm aircraft at RNAS Mill Meece, HMS Fledgling ca 1943/44.  The facility was used to train WRNS Air Mechanics (Ordnance) on FAA aircraft. The aircraft in this photo include a Supermarine Seafire Mk. I, a Chance Vought Corsair, a Grumman Martlet, two Fairey Barracudas, and possibly a Hawker Sea Hurricane or Fairey Fulmar.

Supermarine Type 377 Seafire Mk. XV (35), (Serial Nos. PR375, PR410, PR425, PR428, PR434, PR451, PR458, PR460, PR461, PR470, PR479, PR494, PR496, PR498, PR499, PR500-06, SR459, SR464, SR530, SR545, SW793, SW802, SW809, SW815, SW860, SW869, SW870, SW909).

Vickers Wellington bombers flown by the RCAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.

Westland Whirlwind fighters flown by RCAF pilots with the RAF are listed on a separate page on this web site.