Military History Books
by Harold A. Skaarup   www.SilverHawkAuthor.com   
 
Canadian Warbirds 2: The Biplane Era, Trainers, Transports and Utility Aircraft (Book)

 

This aviation handbook provides the reader with a quick general reference to identify military support aircraft flown by Canadians during WWI and post-war with the Canadian Air Force, the Royal Canadian Air Force, the Royal Canadian Navy, and the Canadian Army during the biplane era. The handbooks in this series include a general description and a photograph from the Canadian Forces Archives of key variants or marks of each aircraft that has been in Canadian service or used by Canadian servicemen overseas.Each aircraft is listed alphabetically by manufacturer, number and type. General details describing the aircrafts engines, service ceiling, speed, armament or weapons load are included, along with a brief description of the Canadian squadrons which flew the aircraft.This is the second volume in the series. It describes the trainers, transports and utility aircraft flown by Canadian servicemen during the biplane era. A list of museums, private aircraft collections and other locations where a number of the survivors might be found is also included. The handbook is not a definitive list of all Canadian-manufactured or operated aircraft, but it should serve as a quick reminder of the major examples for anyone with an interest in Canadian military aviation.

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Nook book:http://www.barnesandnoble.com/w/canadian-warbirds-of-the-biplane-era-harold-a-skaarup/1004803364?ean=9781462048236&itm=6&USRI=Harold+Skaarup

For an update on military aircraft preserved in Canada, see "Canadian Warplanes".

Canadian Warplanes of the Biplane Era, Trainers, Transports and Utility Aircraft, Photo update

 

AEA Silver Dart first flight.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3194128)

AEA Silver Dart being towed by hand.   (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3194129)

 

Close up view of the Silver Dart engine.  (RCAF Photo courtesy of the Canadian Aviation Preservation Association)

AEA Silver Dart propeller & engine detail, ca 1909.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3650309)

Aerial Experimental Association, June Bug, John A.D. McCurdy.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN 3650305)

Baddeck No. I.  (RCAF Photo courtesy of the Canadian Aviation Preservation Association)

Avro 504, UK, 1917.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3387974)

Avro 504K, G-CYEI in flight.  (RCAF Photo)

Avro 504K, G-CYEI.  (RCAF Photos)

 

Avro 504K, Toronto, 1918.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3387973)

Avro 504K, Toronto, 1918.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3387972)

Avro 504N Lynx on skis.  (RCAF Photo)

Avro 504K Lynx, with J-4 Engine, Canadian Vickers Ltd, 8 July 1925.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3552604)

Avro 504K (Serial No. D8971), C-CYC, C-GYCK, on loan to the BBMM.  This Avro 504K was manufactured in 1918 by the Grahame-White Aviation Company Limited of London, England. The aircraft's early history is unknown, beyond the fact that it was owned by a number of people.  In 1961, this aircraft was purchased by Major James S. Appleby of Torrance, California, who restored much of its fuselage.  Appleby later sold it to the RCAF.  It was flown on a Lockheed CC-130 Hercules cargo plane to Trenton, Ontario, where it was restored by the No. 6 Repair Depot.  Restoration took place between May and October 1966. The aircraft was finished in the markings G-CYCK: one of the original Canadian Air Force 504Ks, which was accepted in November 1920 and crashed a year later.  This 504K was flown by RCAF pilots during the Centennial Flying Displays presented across Canada in 1966–1967. The aircraft was transferred to the Museum by the Canadian Armed Forces in March 1968, where it was kept in flying condition and flown on special occasions. It is currently on loan to Canadian Forces Base Borden, Ontario.  (CA&SM)

Avro 504K (Serial No. 2353), G-CYFG, (H2453).  This Avro 504K was manufactured in 1918 by A.V. Roe and Company Limited (Avro) in the United Kingdom. It passed through the hands of several American owners, including James H. "Cole" Palen of Rhinebeck, New York, who purchased it from the Roosevelt Field Historical Aviation Museum in 1951 and used it in flying exhibitions.  The RCAF purchased the aircraft from Palen in 1961 and later restored it. It was used in RCAF air demonstrations in 1967 before it was retired to the RCAF's historic aircraft collection. Transferred to the Museum in 1968, it is one of several rotary-engine aircraft in the collection.  (CA&SM)

Avro 504K, (Serial No. B3243).  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3585192)

Avro 504K (62), Reg. Nos. G-CYAA, G-CYAC, G-CYAI, G-CYAL, G-CYAM, G-CYAP (later Serial No. 44), G-CYAQ (later Serial No. 2), G-CYAR (later Serial No. 1), G-CYAS, G-CYAT, G-CYAU, G-CYAV (later Serial No. 50), G-CYAW, G-CYAX (later Serial No. 14), G-CYBD, G-CYBG, G-CYBH, G-CYBK, G-CYBL (later Serial No. 53), G-CYBM (later Serial No. 52), G-CYBR, G-CYBS, G-CYBZ, G-CYCA, G-CYCB, G-CYCD (later Serial No. 51), G-CYCH, G-CYCI, G-CYCJ, G-CYCK, G-CYCL, G-CYCM, G-CYCR, G-CYCS, G-CYCT, G-CYCU, G-CYCS (later Serial No. 3), G-CYCY, G-CYCZ, G-CYDA (later Serial No. 13), G-CYEE, G-CYEG, G-CYEH (later Serial No. 54), G-CYEI (later Serial No. 4), G-CYFE, G-CYFF  (later Serial No. 15), G-CYFG (later Serial No. 5), G-CYFH (later Serial No. 6), G-CYFI, G-CYFJ (later Serial No. 7), G-CYFK, G-CYFL, G-CYFM, G-CYFN, G-CYFO, G-CYHA, G-CYHC (later Serial No. 49), G-CYHD, H9552, H9554, H9557, H9733), Avro 504N Gosport (35) Reg. Nos. G-CYAR, (later Serial No. 1, see the K variant), G-CYAQ (later Serial No. 2, see the K variant), G-CYAV (later Serial No. 50, see the K variant), G-CYBL, (later Serial No. 53), G-CYBM (later Serial No. 52), G-CYCD (later Serial No. 51, see the K variant), G-CYCX (later Serial No. 3, see the K variant) G-CYEH (later Serial No. 54, see the K variant), G-CYEI (later Serial No. 4, see the K variant), G-CYFG (later Serial No. 5, see the K variant), G-CYFH (later Serial No. 6, see the K variant), G-CYFJ (later Serial No. 7, see the K variant), G-CYFY (later Serial No. 8), G-CYFZ (later Serial No. 9), (Serial No. 13) ex G-CYDA (Serial No. 14), ex G-CYAX (Serial No. 15), ex G-CYFF (Serial Nos. 32-43), (Serial No. 44), ex G-CYAP (Serial No. 45), ex G-CYAT (Serial No. 46), ex G-CYAU (Serial No. 47), ex G-CYFL (Serial No. 48), ex G-CYFN (Serial No. 49), ex G-CYHC, for a total of 97 aircraft of all Marks.

 

Avro 552A Wright TS Patrol AWS floatplane (Serial No. G-CYGK), RCAF.  None are preserved in Canada.  (RCAF Photo courtesy of the Shearwater Aviation Museum)

Avro 552A Wright TS Patrol AWS Seaplane (1) Registration G-CYCK, (later Serial No. 12).

 

Avro 552A Viper SS Patrol, RCAF.  (RCAF Photo courtesy of the Shearwater Aviation Museum)

 

Avro 552A Viper SS Patrol, RCAF (Serial No. G-CYGI), Cormorant Lake, Manitoba, 1925.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3388048)

Avro 552A Viper SS Patrol, RCAF (Serial No. G-CYGI), 1925.  None are preserved in Canada.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3388049)

Avro 552A Viper, RCAF (Serial No. G-CYGC), Cormorant Lake, Manitoba, ca 1926.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3388051)

Avro 552A Viper, RCAF (Serial No. G-CYGC), Cormorant Lake, Manitoba, ca 1926.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3388050)

Avro 552A Viper, RCAF (Serial No. G-CYGC), Victoria Beach, Manitoba, ca 1925.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3643592)

Avro 552A Viper SS Patrol AVL (5) Reg. Nos. G-CYFT – G-CYFX, Avro 552A Viper TS Patrol AVS (9) Reg. Nos. C-CYGB – G-CYGJ, for a total of 14 aircraft.

Avro Avian Mk. IVM, CF-CEW, Ottawa Flying Club, 1938.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3545886)

Avro Avian Mk. IVM, CF-CEW, Ottawa Flying Club, 1938.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3545898)

 

Avro 616 Avian Mk. IVM, RCAF (Serial No. 137), R3, C/N 316, CF-CDV, ex-Calgary Flying Club. 

Avro 616 Avian Major.

Avro 616 Avian Mk. IVM Minor (11), (Serial Nos. 92-101), A129, ex CF-CFH, Avian Mk. IVM Major (18), (Serial Nos. 125-138, 141-144), for a total of 29 aircraft.

 

Avro 621 Tutor, RCAF (Serial No. 187).  None have been preserved in Canada.  (RCAF Photo)

Avro Tutor, (Serial No. 188), 19 Sep 1939, Ottawa.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3642468)

Avro Tutor, 19 Sep 1939.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3581425)

Avro 621 Tutor (7), (Serial Nos. 184-189, 224).

 

Avro 626 Prefect, RCAF (Serial No. 268).  None have been preserved in Canada.  (RCAF Photo)

Avro 626 Prefect, RCAF (Serial No. 226), ca 1940.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3241746)

Avro 626 Prefect (12), (Serial Nos. 225-227, 266-274).

 

Bellanca Pacemaker, RCAF (Serial No. 601).  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3391025)

Bellanca Pacemaker 30, RCAF, G-CYVG, Fort Fitzgerald, Alberta, 1931.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3388092)

 

Bellanca CH-300 Pacemaker (Serial No. 181), N196N, CF-ATN.  The Museum's aircraft is one of only two surviving Bellanca CH-300 Pacemakers in the world.  Built in 1929 by Bellanca Aircraft Corporation, it was sold to El Paso Air Service in Texas. Its Wright engine was replaced with a more powerful Pratt & Whitney Wasp Jr. engine in 1945.  This CH-300 operated commercially in Texas, Mexico and Alaska almost without interruption between 1929 and 1964.  It was still airworthy when the Museum purchased it in 1964, after twenty-eight years of bush flying in Alaska.  (CA&SM)

Bellanca CH-300 Pacemaker (1) Reg. No. G-CYWT, Pacemaker 30 (6) Reg. Nos. G-CYVF – G-CYVK (later Serial Nos. 607-612); and   Pacemaker 31 (6) Reg. Nos. G-CYVA, G-CYVC, (later Serial Nos. 604-606), Reg. Nos. C-CYUX – G-CYUZ, (later Serial Nos. 601-603), for a total of 13 aircraft.

Boeing Stearman PT-17 Kaydet, RCAF (Serial No. FJ852).  (RCAF Photo)

Cockpit view of Boeing Stearman D-75N1.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3582884)

Boeing Stearman PT-27 Kaydet, RCAF (Serial No. FD975), 29 Apr 1942.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3582154)

Boeing-Stearman A-75N1/ PT-17 Kaydet (1), (Serial No. 41-25453), D-75N1/PT-27 Kaydet (300), (Serial Nos. FD968-99, FJ741-999, FK100-08), for a total of 301 aircraft.

Canadian Vickers Vanessa, 2 Sep 1927.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3552856 and 3552857)

Canadian Vickers Vanessa.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3552856 and 3552857)

Canadian Vickers Vanessa (1) Registration G-CYZJ.

 

Canadian Vickers Varuna I, G-CYGV, RCAF, 1926.  None are preserved in Canada.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN 3388212)

Canadian Vickers Varuna II, RCAF (Serial No. G-CYZR), The Pas, Manitoba, 1928. (Library and Archives Canada Photo,MIKAN No. 3388228)

Canadian Vickers Varuna I, G-CYGV and Vedette I, G-CYFS, Larder Lake, Ontario, 1926.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3388215)

 

Canadian Vickers Varuna I, RCAF (Serial No. G-CYGV), 1926.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN 3388213)

Canadian Vickers Varuna II, RCAF (Serial No. G-CYZS), Cormorant Lake, Manitoba, ca, 1929.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3551335)

Canadian Vickers Vedette, FS, 22 May 1925.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3552501)

Canadian Vickers Vedette, FS, 22 May 1925.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3552499)

Canadian Vickers Vedette, FS, Wright Engine, 22 May 1925.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3552498)

Canadian Vickers Vedette, G-CAUU, 23 Nov 1928.  (Library and Archives Canada Photos, MIKAN Nos. 3553009, 3553010, 3553011 and 3553012)

Canadian Vickers Varuna I, G-CYGV, RCAF, 1926.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN 3388214)

Canadian Vickers Varuna II, G-CYZR, RCAF Saskatchewan, 1929.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3388218)

Canadian Vickers Varuna II, G-CYZT, RCAF, 1927.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN 3388216)

Canadian Vickers Varuna Mk. I (1), (Registration G-CYGV), Mk. II (7), (Registration No’s G-CYZP - G-CYZV), for a total of 8 aircraft.

 

Canadian Vickers Vedette, RCAF (Serial No. VS).  (RCAF Photo courtesy of the Canadian Aviation Preservation Association)

 

Canadian Vickers Vedette & Photo equipment.  (RCAF Photo courtesy of the Canadian Aviation Preservation Association)

Canadian Vickers Vedette II flying boat, G-CYYF, RCAF, near Orient Bay, Ontario, ca 1930.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3650434)

Canadian Vickers Vedette V, CF-MAA.

 

Canadian Vickers Vedette, RCAF, ca. 1928.  (RCAF Photo courtesy of the Shearwater Aviation Museum)

Canadian Vickers Vedette Mk B, 9 May 1930.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3553178 and 3553175)

Canadian Vickers Vedette Mk. I (1), (Reg. No. G-CYFS), Mk. II (18), (Reg. Nos. G-CYGA, GW-GZ, XZ, YA-YF, ZK, (later 11), ZL-ZO, 108), Mk. V (13), (Reg. Nos. G-CYVP, WR, WS, YZ, ZA-ZF, 109, 110, 116), (later 803), Mk. VA (11), (Reg. Nos. G-CYWJ (later 808), WK, WL-WQ (later 809-814), 115, 123, 124), Mk. VI (1), (Reg. No. G-CYWI (later 817), for a total of 44 aircraft.

 (RCAF Photo)

Canadian Vickers Velos, RCAF (Serial No. G-CYZX).  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3552999)

Canadian Vickers Velos, RCAF (Serial No. G-CYZX).   (RCAF Photo)

Canadian Vickers Velos (1), RCAF (Serial No. G-CYZX)

Canadian Vickers Vigil, RCAF (Serial No. G-CYZW).  (RCAF Photos)

Canadian Vickers Vigil (1), RCAF (Serial No. G-CYZW).

  

Canadian Vickers Vista, RCAF (Serial No. G-CYZZ), 31 Oct 1928.  (RCAF Photo courtesy of the Shearwater Aviation Museum)

Canadian Vickers Vista, RCAF (Serial No. G-CYZZ), 31 Oct 1928.  None have been preserved.  (RCAF Photo courtesy of the Shearwater Aviation Museum)

Canadian Vickers Vista, RCAF (Serial No. G-CYZZ), 28 Nov 1927.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3552895)

Canadian Vickers Vista (1) RCAF (Serial No. G-CYZZ).

Canadian Vickers Viking Mk. IV, (Serial No. G-CYEX), and Canadian Vickers Varuna Mk. II, (Serial No. G-CYZT), 1927.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3391070)

Canadian Vickers Viking IV, RCAF (Serial No. G-CYET), Stanley Mission, Saskatchewan, Aug 1924.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3643595)

Canadian Vickers Viking Mk. IV RCAF (Serial No. G-CYET) The Pas, Manitoba, July 1924.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3643598)

Canadian Vickers Viking Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. G-CYEX) being assembled.  Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3203288)

Canadian Vickers Viking Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. G-CYET0, equipment carried for aerial survey over Manitoba and Saskatchewan, July-Aug 1924.   Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3643602)

Canadian Vickers Viking Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. G-CYEV), 19 Sep 1923.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3575619 and 3575619)

Canadian Vickers Viking Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. G-CYEV), Victoria Beach, 1923.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3643580 and 3643581)

Canadian Vickers Viking Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. G-CYEV), ground crew changing an engine, Victoria Beach, Manitoba, 15 May 1924.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3643617)

Canadian Vickers Viking IV with skis, Montreal, 19 Mar 1924.   (Library and Archives Canada Photos, MIKAN No. 3643623 and 3643624)

Canadian Vickers Viking Mk. IV, G-CYEZ, 1926.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3391066)

Canadian Vickers Viking Mk. IV, RCAF (Serial No. G-CYET), 1924, Reindeer Lake, Manitoba.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3389794)

Canadian Vickers Viking Mk. IV, RCAF, camera crew, 1924.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3643612)

Canadian Vickers Viking Mk. IV, G-CYEU, Victoria Beach, Manitoba, 1925.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3391060)

Canadian Vickers Viking Mk. IV RCAF (Serial No. G-CYET) being refueled, Brochet, Manitoba, July 1924.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3643606)

Canadian Vickers Viking Mk. IV, G-CYET, 1924, Reindeer Lake, Manitoba.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3391057)

Canadian Vickers Viking Mk. IV, G-CYEZ, 1926.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3391068)

Canadian Vickers Viking Mk. IV, G-CYEZ, 1926.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3391059)

Canadian Vickers Viking Mk. IV, G-CYEZ, 1926, Victoria Beach, Manitoba.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3391065)

 

Consolidated O-17 Courier Mk. VII.  (RCAF Photo)

Consolidated O-17 Courier Mk. VIII.  (RCAF Photo)

Consolidated O-17 Courier Mk. VII (1), (Serial No. 26), Mk. VIII (2), (Serial Nos. 24 & 25), for a total of 3 aircraft.

Curtiss JN-4, C332, in flight.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3194479)

Curtiss JN-4 (C282), Ottawa, 26 Aug 1918.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390048)

Curtiss JN-4, C282, Winnipeg, Toronto, 27 Aug 1918.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390073)

Curtiss JN-4, Victory Loan Parade, 1917.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3408621)

Curtiss JN-4, Victory Loan Parade, 1918.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3408632)

Curtiss JN-4, Long Branch, Quebec, 13 Oct 1915.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390042)

Curtiss JN-4 aircrew gunnery training, Camp Borden, 1917.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3404197)

Curtiss JN-4 Lewis Gun, aerial gunnery training, Camp Borden, 1917.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3404272)

Curtiss JN-4 with .303-inch Vickers Machine Gun mounted for training, School of Aerial Gunnery, Beamsville, Ontario, 1918.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3404263)

Curtiss JN-4 with synchronized .303-inch Vickers MG, Camp Borden, 1917.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3404168)

 

Curtiss JN-4D, No. 13.  (Photo courtesy of the Canadian Aviation Preservation Association)

Curtiss JN-4, RFC, School of Aerial Gunnery, Camp Beamsville, Ontairo, 1918.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No.  3390052)

Curtiss JN-4D formation flight, ca 1920s.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390045)

 

Curtiss JN-4D.  (Photo courtesy of the Canadian Aviation Preservation Association)

Curtiss/Canadian Aeroplanes JN-4 Canuck, RFC (Serial No. C1347), G-CAAI, G-CATE, "City of Edmonton".  Wetaskiwin, Alberta.

Curtiss JN-4s fitted with skis, Camp Leaside, Ontario, 1917.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No.  3390051)

Curtiss JN-4s fitted with skis, Camp Leaside, Ontario, 1917.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No.  3404496)

 

Curtiss JN-4D, G-CYDC.  (Photo courtesy of the Canadian Aviation Preservation Association)

Lecture on rigging, Curtiss JN-4 Canuck, School of Aviation, Royal Flying Corps Canada, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, ca. 1917.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3194478)

Curtiss JN-4 used as an air ambulance, Camp Leaside, Ontario, RFC, 1918.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3404545)

Curtiss JN-4 used as an air ambulance, Camp Leaside, Ontario, RFC, 1918.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3404546)

Curtiss JN-4 Canuck (Jenny), (10) Registration No’s G-CYCN-CP, DC-DG, DV, DW. 

Curtis-Reid Rambler.  None are preserved in Canada.  (Photos courtesy of the Canadian Aviation Preservation Association)

Curtiss-Reid Rambler Mk. I (7), (Serial Nos. 145-150), A62 (ex CF-BV), Mk. II (2) Reg. Nos. G-CYXC, XD, for a total of 9 aircraft.

de Havilland DH.60 Cirrus Moth, G-CYYG (Serial No. 503), on loan from the Reynolds-Alberta Museum.

 

de Havilland DH.60GM Gipsy Moth, RCAF (Serial No. 86) on skis.  (Photo courtesy of the Canadian Aviation Preservation Association)

 

de Havilland DH.60M Gipsy Moth, RCAF (Serial No. 28).  (RCAF Photo courtesy of the Canadian Aviation Preservation Association)

de Havilland DH.60GM Gipsy Moth, RCAF (Serial No. 77), being started by ground crew, 1938.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3545920)

de Havilland DH.60M Gipsy Moth, RCAF (Serial No. 55).  (RCAF Photo courtesy of the Canadian Aviation Preservation Association)

de Havilland DH.60G Moth, G-CAVK in flight, Montreal, 1932.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3650684)

 

de Havilland DH.60G Moth, G-CAVK in flight, Montreal, 1932.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3650683)

 

de Havilland DH.60GM Gipsy Moth.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3409853)

de Havilland DH.60 Cirrus Moth on floats.  (RCAF Photo)

de Havilland DH.60 Cirrus Moth (89) Reg. Nos. G-CYWV, WW, WY (later 212), G-CYXE-G-CYXI, G-CYYG-G-CYYS, G-CYYW-G-CYYY, 55-58, 64-91, 102-107, 117-122, 151-168, 223, A113 (ex CF-CCV), A114 (ex CF-ADA), DH 60M Gipsy Moth (2), (Serial Nos. 27, 28), DH 60GM Genet Moth for a total of 91 aircraft.

de Havilland DH.75A Hawk Moth (Serial No. G-CYVM), flown by the RCAF.  None are preserved in Canada.  (Photo courtesy of the Shearwater Aviation Museum)

de Havilland DH.75A Hawk Moth (3) Reg. Nos. G-CYVD, G-CYVL, G-CYVM.

de Havilland DH.80A Puss Moth, 30 June 1934.  MIKAN No. 3579099)

de Havilland DH.80A Puss Moth, CF-AQGQ, Rimouski, Quebec ca 1934.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390209)

de Havilland Puss Moth, 6 July 1930.   (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3598219)

De Havilland DH 80A Puss Moth.  (RAF Photo)

de Havilland DH.80A Puss Moth (19) Reg. Nos. G-CYUR-UU, 169 (changed later to 651), 171-181, A44 (ex CF-CCV), A114 (ex CF-ADA).

de Havilland DH.82C Tiger Moth, RCAF (Serial No. 4388).  (RCAF Photo)

de Havilland DH.82C Tiger Moth cockpits.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3580513)

 (Photos courtesy of Bzuk)

de Havilland DH.82C Tiger Moth, RCAF (Serial No. 5945), DHC1534, C-GTAL.  Winnipeg, Manitoba.

de Havilland DH.82 Tiger Moth, (Serial No. 4398), RCAF.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3643685)

de Havilland DH.82 Tiger Moth, (Serial No. 5894), No. 17 Elementary FTS, RCAF.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3650709)

de Havilland DH.82 Tiger Moth, No. 17 Elementary FTS, RCAF.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3650711)

de Havilland DH.82A Tiger Moth (26), (Serial Nos. 238-258, 275-279). DH.82C Tiger Moth (1,384), (Serial Nos. 1100-1299, 3842-3991, 4001-4404, 4946-5175, 5800-5999, 8851-8999, 9645-9695), for a total of 1410 Tiger Moth variants, DH.82C2 Menasco Moth Mk. I (9), (Serial Nos. 4936-4944), DH.82C4 Mk. II (126), (Serial Nos. 4810-4933, 4935, 4945), Mk. III (1), (Serial No. 4934), for a total of 136 Menasco Moth variants in use by the RCAF.   The combined total of Tiger Moths and Menasco Moths is 1,546 aircraft.

 

de Havilland DH.83C Fox Moth (Serial No. FM-28/2), CF-DJB.  Built in Canada in 1947, this Fox Moth was owned by a number of operators before Maxwell Ward (founder of Wardair Inc., a private Canadian airline company) purchased it in the 1980s. Ward had the aircraft repainted to match the markings of his first bush plane (a de Havilland Fox Moth that he had bought in 1946 and used for several years until it was destroyed in a crash in the 1950s).  Ward restored this Fox Moth and presented it to the Museum in 1989.  (CA&SM)

de Havilland DH.83C Fox Moth (Serial No. 4033), C-FYPM, Vintage Wings, on display at the Ottawa Airport.

de Havilland DH.83C Fox Moth (1), (Serial A135) ex VO-ADE.

  (Photo courtesy of Bill Larson)

de Havilland DH.87A Hornet Moth (Serial No. 8031), CF-AYG.

de Havilland DH.87A Hornet Moth (1), (Serial No. 7623).

de Havilland DH.89 Dragon, 3 July 1935.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3580898).

de Havilland DH.89 Dragon, 3 July 1935.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3580899).

de Havilland DH.89 Dragon, CF-AEO.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3642450).

de Havilland DH.90 Dragonfly, RCAF (Serial No. 7624).  (RCAF Photo)

de Havilland DH.90 Dragonfly, RCAF (Serial No. 7623), Trenton, Ontario, 1 Oct 1940.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390169).

de Havilland DH.90 Dragonfly (6), (Serial Nos. 7623-7628).

Fairchild FC-2L floatplane, RCAF (Reg. No. XQ).  (RCAF Photo)

Fairchild FC-2, RCAF, Ottawa, Ontario, 1928.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390321)

 

Fairchild FC-2W, RCAF.  (RCAF Photos courtesy of the Canadian Aviation Preservation Association)

Fairchild FC-2W, RCAF (Reg. No. G-CAIQ).  (RCAF Photo courtesy of the Canadian Aviation Preservation Association)

Fairchild FC-2W, RCAF.  (RCAF Photo courtesy of the Canadian Aviation Preservation Association)

 

Fairchild FC-2W, RCAF (Reg. No. G-CYXP), Northern Alberta, July 1931.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390341)

Fairchild FC-2W-2 (Serial No. 128), NC6621, G-CART.  This FC-2W2 was manufactured in 1928 by Fairchild Airplane Manufacturing Corporation in the United States.  It was purchased in the same year by Brock and Weymouth Incorporated, a U.S.-based company that was acquired by the Aero Service Corporation the following year.  The aircraft was used for aerial surveys until the early 1940s.  It was then purchased by an aircraft broker but, following an engine failure on take-off and damages from the ensuing forced landing, it remained with the Aero Service Corporation.  In 1962, the company's founder and president, Virgil Kauffman, donated the aircraft to the Museum.  It has been restored in the markings of a Canadian Transcontinental Airways FC-2W2.  (CA&SM)

Fairchild FC-2, RCAF (Serial No. 625).  (RCAF Photo courtesy of the Canadian Aviation Preservation Association)

Fairchild FC-2 (15) Registration/Reg. Nos. G-CYXG, XK (later 620), XL, XM (later 613), XT, XU (later 614), XV (later 626), XW (later 624), XX, XY (later 211 623), YT (later 627), YV (later 625), 29 (later 621), 30 (later 622), 31 (later 628), FC-2L (6), (Reg. Nos. G-CYWU, XL, XM, XU, XX, XY), FC-2W (6) Registration/Reg. Nos. G-CYXN (later 615), XO (later 616), XP (later 617), XQ (later 618), XR, YU), for a total of 27 aircraft.

 

Fairchild FC-24R Argus, RCAF (Serial No. 4809).  (RCAF Photo)

Fairchild KR-34C, CF-AJZ, Oaks Airways Ltd, Jellicoe, Ontario, 1934.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 339036)

 (RCAF Photo)

Fairchild KR-34 (1), Reg. No. CF-AMW, (later Reg. No. CF-CCE).

 

Fairchild 51, RCAF (Serial No. 625), YV.  (RCAF Photo)

Fairchild 51A, RCAF (Serial No. 627), YT, 27 Mar 1936.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3201825)

Fairchild 51A, RCAF, 1938, Sgt Pilot Frank Pearce.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3545915)

Fairchild 51 (6) Registration & Reg. Nos. G-CYXK (later 620), XW (later 624), XY (later 211 and 613), YV (later 625), 29 (later 621), 30 (later 622), Fairchild 51A (3), (Reg. Nos. G-CYXV (later 626), YT (later 627), 31 (later 628), for a total of 9 aircraft.

 

Fairchild FC-71C (Serial No. 17), (Reg. No. CF-ATZ).

Fairchild 71 (Serial No. G-CAVR).  (Photo courtesy of the Canadian Aviation Preservation Association)

 (Author Photo) (Photo courtesy of Bzuk)

Fairchild 71C (Serial No. 516), CF-AKT.

 

Fairchild 71B on Bowland Lake, Ontaro.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3582695)

Fairchild 71B, RCAF (Reg. No. G-CYUW), Fort Fitzgerald, Alberta, 1931. (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390294)

Fairchild 71B on floats, (Reg. No. G-CYUW), Fort Fitzgerald, Alberta, Aug 1931.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 35790242)

Fairchild 71B, RCAF (Reg. No. G-CYUW),  ca 1937.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 204895)

Fairchild 71 on skis, (Reg. No. G-CYWB), Elmsdale, Ontario, Feb 1935.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 35790320)

Fairchild 71, RCAF (Reg. No. G-CYWB), 637.  (RCAF Photo)

Fairchild 71B floatplane, RCAF (Serial No. 634), 17  Jun 1936.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3580964)

Fairchild 71B, RCAF (Serial No. 633).  (RCAF Photo)

Fairchild 71B, RCAF (Serial No. 647), 1938.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3545918)

Fairchild 71B, RCAF, Sgt A.D. Pearce, 1940.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3545925)

Fairchild 71 (11) Registration/Reg. Nos. G-CYWB (later 637), G-CYWC (later 638), G-CYWD (later 639), G-CYWE (later 640), G-CYWF (later 641), G-CYWG (later 642), G-CYWH (later 643), G-CYWX, G-CYXB (later 644), 113 (later 645), 114), Fairchild 71B (12), Registration/Reg. Nos. G-CYUV, G-CYUW (later 629), G-CYVE (later 630), G-CYVN (later 631), G-CYVO (later 632), G-CYVV, G-CYVX (later 633), G-CYVY (later 634), G-CYVZ (later 635), G-CYWA (later 636), 182 (later 646), 183 (later 647), Fairchild 71C (1), (Serial G-CYVE (later 630), Super 71D (2), (Serial Nos. 665, 666), for a total of 25 aircraft.

Fairchild Super 71D floatplane, RCAF (Serial No. 665).  (RCAF Photo)

Fairchild Super 71D, (Serial No. 666), 26 Nov 1936.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3256158)

Fairchild Super 71D, (Serial No. 666), 26 Nov 1936.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3643711)

Fairchild Super 71, CF-AUJ, 3 Jul 1935.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3580897)

Fairchild Super 71, CF-AUJ, 1935.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3650782)

 

Fairchild Super 71 (Serial No. 50), CF-AUJ.

Fleet Fawn II, 441, RCAF, 8 Dec 1944.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3583636)

Fleet 7C Fawn Mk. II cockpit, (Serial No. 230).  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3642466)

Fleet 7C Fawn, RCAF,  with Armstrong-Siddely Civet engine winter flying cowling, 4 Apr 1936.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3580956)

Fleet 7C Fawn Mk. II, RCAF (Serial No. 220), CF-CHF.  Wetaskiwin, Alberta.

Fleet 7C Fawn Mk. II , RCAF (Serial No. 219).  (RCAF Photo)

Fleet Fawn Mk. II, (Serial No. 213), 1938.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3545881)

Fleet Model 7B Fawn Mk. I (20), (biplane), (Serial Nos. 190-209), Model 7C Fawn Mk. II (31), (Serial Nos. 213-222, 228-237, 259-265, 280-283), for a total of 51 aircraft.

 

Fleet 16B Finch Mk. II, RCAF (Serial No. 4725), (Serial No. 542), C-GBJS.  Langley, British Columbia.

Fleet 16B Finch Mk. II (Serial No. 4510), (408).  This Finch was manufactured by Fleet Aircraft Limited in Fort Erie, Ontario in July 1940.  It was taken on strength by the RCAF and used at Elementary Flying Training Schools in London, Ontario and Cap-de-la-Madeleine, Quebec.  Put in long-term storage in St-Jean, Quebec in 1943, it was passed to the War Assets Commission in 1945, sold in 1947 to two private American owners, and given the civilian registration NC1327V in New York.  The Finch returned to Canada in 1964, when it was purchased by Dr. D.A. McLean of Toronto and restored in its original RCAF markings by No. 400 Reserve Squadron at Downsview Airport.  In June 1966, after restoration, McLean donated the aircraft to the RCAF's historic aircraft collection.  The Finch was flown to Ottawa in September and then transferred to the Museum.  As part of the Museum's collection, it was flown on Air Force Day in 1967 and displayed at Toronto's Canadian National Exhibition in 1970.  This Finch was missing a cockpit enclosure until one was donated in 1976 by Clifford Glenister of Toronto.  (CA&SM)

Fleet Finch on skis.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3643714)

Fleet Finch (Serial No. 4675).  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3581751)

Fleet Finch trainer, W.A. Taylor and A.M. Bishop look over a map before take-off, at the Elementary Training School, Toronto, Ontario, 29 July 1940.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4327245)

Fleet Finch.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3583636)

Fleet Finch 16B Mk. II, RCAF (Serial No. 4505),  pilot training, Sergeant Pilot R.N. Bennet with student Leading Aircraftman C.J. Ladouceur , 22 July 1940.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4327219)

Fleet 16R Finch Mk. I (27), (Serial Nos. 1001-1027), 16B Finch Mk. II (404), (Serial Nos. 4405-4808), for a total of 431 aircraft.

Fleet 50K Freighter, RCAF (Serial No. 799).  (RCAF Photo)

Fleet 50K Freighter, fuselage (Serial No. 202), CF-BXP.  This Freighter, built in 1939, was the third of five produced by Fleet Aircraft Limited in Canada.  Originally registered as CF-BJU, Canadian Airways used this aircraft on trial for a few months in 1939.  In August 1942, it was leased to Quebec Airways.  It was finally sold, in October 1942, to the RCAF, and used for training paratroopers at the Rockcliffe air base.  The aircraft was moved to Trenton, Ontario in 1943, and flown by the RCAF as an air ambulance and floatplane trainer.  The Labrador Mining and Exploration Company Limited purchased the Freighter on 14 June 1944. Nine days later, a downdraft during take-off forced the aircraft onto a beach, damaging it beyond repair. The aircraft's remains were salvaged by the Museum in 1964.  The Museum also has components of the fourth 50 Freighter in its collection.  This aircraft was leased by Fleet to a number of operators before being sold to Austin Airways in 1945.  In 1946, it was destroyed by engine fire.  (CA&SM)

Fleet Model 50K Freighter (2), (serial Nos. 799, 800).

Fokker Universal floatplane, G-CAJD in service, ca 1930s.  (Photo courtesy of Bzuk)

Fokker Universal floatplane, G-CAIZ, Central Manitoba Mines, Long Lake, Manitoba, August 1929.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390509)

Fokker Universal being refuelled by Roy Brown, Cranberry Portage, Manitoba, 1928.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390536)

Fokker Super Universal, RCAF.  (RCAF Photo courtesy of the Canadian Aviation Preservation Association)

Fokker Super Universal floatplane, G-CASL of Western Canada Airways Co., Rottenstone Lake, Saskatchewan, 1929.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390454)

Fokker 'Super Universal' aircraft CF-AAM, Saskatchewan, 1929.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390453)

Fokker Super Universal, C/N 827,  CF-AAM.  Winnipeg, Manitoba.

Ford Trimotor, (Reg. No. G-CYWZ), in RCAF service.  None have been preserved in Canada.  (RCAF Photo)

Ford Trimotor, (Reg. No. G-CYWZ), RCAF, 14 July 1934.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo MIKAN No. 3203342)

Ford Model 6-AT-AS Trimotor (1) Reg. No. G-CYWZ.

Hawker Tomtit, RCAF (Serial No. 140).  (RCAF Photo)

Hawker Tomtit, RCAF (Serial No. 140).  None are preserved in Canada.  (RCAF Photos courtesy of the Shearwater Air Museum)

Hawker Tomtit (2), (Serial No. 139 and 140).

 

Keystone Puffer Seaplane.  (RCAF Photo)

Keystone Puffer Floatplane (2) Registration G-CYZH, G-CYZI.

 

Martinsyde F.6.  (RCAF Photo)

Pitcairn PA-5 Mailwing.  (RCAF Photo)

Sopwith Dove, HRH the Prince of Wales and LCol W.G. Barker, VC, Hounslow, England, 1919.  Library and Archives Canada photos, MIKAN Nos. 3391000 to 3391004)

Sopwith Dove. two-seat civilian trainer version of the Sopwith Pup.  (Alan D.R. Brown Photo)

 

Vickers Victoria (RAF)

Waco YKC-S, CF-AWK, Dominion Skyways Ltd, 1939.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3545940)

Waco AQC-6.