Military History Books
by Harold A. Skaarup   www.SilverHawkAuthor.com   
 
Canadian Warbirds 1: The Biplane Era, Fighters, Bombers and Patrol Aircraft (Book)

 

This aviation handbook provides a quick general reference to identify and briefly describe military aircraft flown by Canadians during WWI and in the post-war Canadian Air Force, the Royal Canadian Air Force, the Royal Canadian Navy, and the Canadian Army during the biplane era. The handbooks in this series include a general description and a photograph from the Canadian Forces Archives of at least one of the key variants or marks of each aircraft that has been in Canadian service or used by Canadian servicemen overseas.Each aircraft is listed alphabetically by manufacturer, number and type. General details describing the aircrafts engines, service ceiling, speed, armament and weapons load are included, along with a brief description of the Canadian squadrons which flew the aircraft.This is the first volume in the series. It describes the fighters, bombers and patrol aircraft flown by Canadian servicemen during the biplane era. A list of museums, private aircraft collections and other locations where a number of the survivors might be found is also included. The handbook is not a definitive list of all Canadian-manufactured or operated aircraft, but should serve as a quick reminder for anyone with an enthusiastic interest in Canadian military aviation.

Order book: http://bookstore.iuniverse.com/Products/SKU-000011078/Canadian-Warbirds-of-the-Biplane-Era.aspx

Order book in Canada: http://www.chapters.indigo.ca/books/Canadian-Warbirds-Biplane-Era-Fighters-Harold-A-A-Skaarup/9780595183630-item.html?ikwid=harold+skaarup&ikwsec=Books

http://www.amazon.ca/Canadian-Warbirds-Biplane-Fighters-Aircraft/dp/0595183638/ref=sr_1_17?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1322339874&sr=1-17

Nook book: http://www.barnesandnoble.com/w/canadian-warbirds-of-the-biplane-era-harold-a-skaarup/1004803364?ean=9781462067411&itm=26&USRI=Harold+Skaarup

For an update on military aircraft preserved in Canada, see "Canadian Warplanes".

Data current to 3 May 2017.

Canadian Air Force cap badge.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3643715)

The RCAF traces its history to the Canadian Air Force which was formed in 1920.  The Canadian Air Force was incorporated in 1923 and granted royal sanction in 1924 by King George V.  

Canadian Warplanes of the Biplane Era, Fighters, Bombers and Patrol Aircraft, Photo update.

 

Armstrong-Whitworth Atlas Mk. I floatplane, RCAF (Serial No. 19 (later 404).  None are preserved in Canada.  (RCAF Photo)

Armstrong Whitworth Atlas Mk. I, (Serial No. 16 (later 401), 12 Jul 1934.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3521019)

Armstrong Whitworth Atlas Mk. I, RCAF (Serial No. 16), 12 Jul 1934.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3580854)

Armstrong Whitworth Atlas Mk. I, RCAF (Serial No. 16), 14 Jul 1934.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3203340)

Armstrong Whitworth Atlas Mk. I AC, RCAF (Serial No. 406), Hon. Grote Stirling (fourth from left), Minister of National Defence, preparing for a flight, 27 July 1935.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3206354)

Armstrong Whitworth Atlas Mk. I AC, RCAF (Serial No. 408), Army Cooperation aircraft shown picking up a message at Rockecliffe, Ontario.  The aircraft has a damaged undercarriage.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3208140)

Armstrong Whitworth Atlas Mk. I AC, RCAF (Serial No. 409), 19 Mar 1936.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3580954)

Armstrong Whitworth Atlas MK. I AC, RCAF (Serial Nos. 407 & 408), 27 July 1935.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3206355)

Armstrong Whitworth Atlas aircraft, RCAF Station Rockcliffe, Ontario, 27 Jul 1935.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3583331)

Armstrong Whitworth Atlas, RCAF Station Rockcliffe, 12 Jul 1934.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3564343)

Armstrong Whitworth Atlas Mk. I AC (Serial No. 409), ca. 1938, (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3581157)

Armstrong Whitworth Atlas Mk. I AC, No. 2 (AC) Sqn, at the opening of the Silver Dart Aerodrom, Petawawa, Ontario, 17 June 1936.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3387946)

Armstrong Whitworth Atlas Mk. I AC, RCAF COS flight, 27 July 1935.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3580902)

Armstrong Whitworth Atlas Mk. I AC, RCAF (Serial No. 410), No. 2 Sqn, 1938, (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3545872)

Armstrong Whitworth Atlas Mk. I (5), (Serial Nos. 16 (later 401), 17 (later 402), 18, (later 403), 19 (later 404), 111, Mk. I dual (1), (Serial No. 112), (later 405), Mk. I AC (10), (Serial Nos. 406-415), for a total of 16 aircraft.

Armstrong-Whitworth F.K.8.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN 3387943)  None are preserved in Canada.  

While flying an F.K. 8, 2Lt Alan A. McLeod won the Victoria Cross for an action fought by him and his observer, Lt A.W. Hammond, MC, on 27 March 1918.  2Lt Alan A. McLeod VC grew up in Stonewall, Manitoba.  During an air battle at an altitude of 5,000', 2Lt McLeod and his Observer, Lt A.W. Hammond MC, were attacked by eight German Fokker DR.1 Triplane fighters.  2Lt McLeod skilfully manoeuvred to enable his observer to engage and shoot down three of the attackers.  Wounded five times and with his aircraft on fire, 2Lt McLeod climbed out onto the left bottom-plane of his aircraft and proceeded to control his machine from the side of the fuselage.  By steeply side-slipping the aircraft he was able to keep the flames to one side, thus enabling the observer to continue firing until the ground was reached.  The observer had by now been wounded six times when the machine crashed in "no man's land," and 2Lt McLeod, not withstanding his own wounds, dragged him away from the burning wreckage at great personal risk from heavy machine-gun fire from enemy lines.  Wounded again by a bomb while engaged in this rescue, he persevered until he had placed Lt Hammond in comparative safety before falling himself from exhaustion and lack of blood.  He later died of influenza on 6 November 1919.  He was Canada's youngest VC winner, and the youngest winner of a VC for an air action.  Internet: http://www.cbrnp.com/profiles/quarter1/F.K.8.htm.

Armstrong Whitworth Siskin IIIA, (Serial No. 60), Ottawa, 12 Jul 1934.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo,  MIKAN No. 3642452)

Armstrong Whitworth Siskin, (Serial No. J7758), ca. 1926.  (RCAF Photo)

Armstrong Whitworth Siskin IIIA, (Serial No. 60), 13 Jul 1934.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3203339)

Armstrong Whitworth Siskin IIIA, left to right (Serial Nos 210, 21, 20 & 60), 12 Jul 1934.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3521018)

Armstrong Whitworth Siskin, (Serial No. J7759), ca. 1926.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3543750)

Armstrong Whitworth Siskin III dual control training aircraft (Serial No. 63), St Hubert, Quebec, 1928.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3650315)

Armstrong Whitworth Siskin Mk. III (2), (Serial Nos. J7758), 10, (later 301), Mk. IIIA (8), (Serial Nos. 20), (later 302), 21 (later 303), 22 (later 304), 23, 59 (later 305), 60 (later 306), 61, 210, (later 309), Mk. IIIDC dual control (2), (Serial Nos. 62), (later 307), and 63 (later 308), for a total of 12 aircraft.  None are preserved in Canada.

Blackburn Shark Mk. II, RCAF (Serial No. 502), No. 6 (TB) Sqn, 8 Dec 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3583642)

Blackburn Shark Mk. II, RCAF (Serial No. 502), No. 6 (TB) Sqn, May 1937.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3203457)

Blackburn Shark Mk. II, RCAF  No. 6 (TB) Sqn, May 1939. (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3545879)

Blackburn Shark Mk. II, RCAF (Serial No. 503), No. 6 (TB) Sqn, May 1939. (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3545880)

Blackburn Shark Mk. III, RCAF No. 6 (TB) Sqn, May 1940. (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3545931)

Blackburn Shark Mk. II, RCAF (Serial No. 503), 7 Nov 1936.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3581009)

Blackburn Shark Mk. II, (Serial No. 503).  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3232302)

Blackburn Shark Mk. II, RCAF (Serial No. 503).  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3642455)

Blackburn Shark Mk. II, RCAF (Serial No. 503), 7 Nov 1936.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3581010)

Blackburn Shark Mk. II, RCAF (Serial No. 504) hood. 15 March 1938.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3241747)

Blackburn Shark, RCAF (Serial No. 504), 8 Dec 1944.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3583642)

Blackburn Shark Mk. II, (Serial No. 504), on skis.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3642460)

 

Blackburn Shark Mk III floatplane (Serial No. 505), RCAF Statino Trenton, Ontario, ca. 1940.  (RCAF Photo)

Blackburn Shark Mk. III, RCAF (Serial No. 523), XE-L, No. 6 (TB) Sqn, May 1940. (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3545930)

Blackburn Shark Mk. III, RCAF (Serial No. 525), No. 6 (TB) Sqn, May 1939. (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3545873)

Blackburn Shark Mk. III, RCAF (Serial No. 525), No. 6 (TB) Sqn, May 1939.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3545877)

Blackburn Shark Mk. III, RCAF (Serial No. 525), No. 6 (TB) Sqn, May 1939. (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3545876)

Blackburn Shark Mk. III, RCAF (Serial No. 525), No. 6 (TB) Sqn, May 1939. (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3208198)

Blackburn Shark Mk. II (7), (Serial Nos. 501-507); and Shark Mk. III (19), (Serial Nos. 514-526, 545-550), for a total of 26 aircraft.

Bristol F.2B Fighter (Serial No. D-8096) in flight, RFC.  (RCAF Photo)

Bristol F.2B Fighter (Serial No. 13), RFC.  (RFC Photo)

Bristol F.2B in Flight, ca 1918.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4817977)

 

Bristol F.2B Fighter, (Serial No. C-4611), RFC, ca. 1917.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 338170)

Bristol F.2B Fighter, (Serial No. C-4611), RFC, ca. 1917.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 338162)

 

Bristol F.2B Fighter (Serial No. D-7889).  The Canada Air & Space Museum's aircraft is one of only three original Bristol Fighters still in existence worldwide.  It was built by the Bristol Aeroplane Company in 1918.  It has been identified as aircraft D7889, as this number was stencilled on the remains of the aircraft's original engine cowling. Details of its service career are unknown, since most of the war records of the RFC were destroyed during bombing raids in London during the early 1940s.  The aircraft was restored by the Historic Aircraft Collection in the United Kingdom from the 1980s to early 2006.  That same year, it flew in several aerial displays in Britain, powered by the world's oldest airworthy Rolls-Royce aero engine.  The Museum acquired the Bristol Fighter in 2006, through trade of one of its 1945 Heinkel He-162 War Prize aircraft.  (CA&SM)

Burgess-Dunne floatplane in flight in US service, 18 March 1914.  (Bain News Service Photo)

Burgess-Dunne in flight, ca. 1913.  (RCAF Photo)

Burgess-Dunne floatplane, the Royal Canadian Air Force's first aircraft. 

When Canadian troops left for Europe on September 30, 1914, the Burgess-Dunne seaplane war loaded onto the S.S. Athenia for England. On the trip the aircraft was heavily damaged and was no longer flyable.  (RCAF Photo)

 

Burgess-Dunne floatplane, replica, National Museum of the RCAF, CFB Trenton, Ontario.

Canadian Vickers Vancouver II (Serial No. 905), 30 Aug 1934.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3642451)

Canadian Vickers Vancouver Mk. IIS (Serial No. 903), 19 Aug 1936.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3201822)

Canadian Vickers Vancouver, RCAF (Serial No. 903), 19 Aug 1936.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3580999)

Canadian Vickers Vancouver, 16 Aug 1936.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3580997)

Canadian Vickers Vancouver, 30 Aug 1934.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3580877)

Canadian Vickers Vancouver, 30 Aug 1934.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3580879)

Canadian Vickers Vancouver Mk. II, RCAF (Serial No. 902), No. 4 (FB) Sqn, Jericho Beach, BC, 1936.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3650431)

Canadian Vickers Vancouver Mk. II, RCAF (Serial No. 906), No. 4 (FB) Sqn, Jericho Beach, BC, 1939.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3545934)

Canadian Vickers Vancouver Mk. I (1), (Registration G-CYXS), Mk. II (5), (Reg. Nos. G-CYVK), (later 902), G-GYVR – G-CYVU (later 903-906), for a total of 6 aircraft.

Canadian Car & Foundry (Grumman) Goblins, RCAF formation, ca 1941.  (RCAF Photo)

Canadian Car & Foundry (Grumman) Goblin cockpit.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3616061)

  

Canadian Car & Foundry (Grumman) Goblin, RCAF (Serial No. 342), ca 1941.  None are preserved in Canada, one is preserved with the National Museum of Naval Aviation, Pensacola, Florida.  (RCAF Photo)

Canadian Car & Foundry (Grumman) Goblin, RCAF (Serial No. 339), gear up belly landing, 12 July 1941.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3616063)

Canadian Car & Foundry (Grumman) Goblin, RCAF (Serial No. 339), gear up belly landing, 12 July 1941.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3616062)

Canadian Car & Foundry (Grumman) Goblin, RCAF (Serial No. 335), RCAF Station Trenton, Ontario, 23 May 1941.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3583639)

Canadian Car & Foundry (Grumman) Goblin, (Serial No. 348), 1940.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3577562)

Canadian Car & Foundry (Grumman) G-23 Goblin (15), (Serial Nos. 334-348).

Curtiss HS-2L (Serial No. 1876) being launched at Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, 1918.  (Photo courtesy of the Shearwater Aviation Museum)

Curtiss HS-2L (Serial No. G-CYAH) on the water.  (Photo courtesy of the Canadian Aviation Preservation Association)

Curtiss HS-2L, RCAF (Serial No. G-CAAC) on the water.  (RCAF Photo)

Curtiss HS-2L, G-CADQ, Ontario Provincial Air Service, 1925.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 338992)

Curtiss HS-2L, G-CYDS, Canadian Air Board, 1 July 1921.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3643591)

Curtiss HS-2L, G-CYDT, Canadian Air Board, Victoria Beach, Manitoba, 3 Aug 1921.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3643587)

Curtiss HS-2L, G-CYDT, Canadian Air Board, Victoria Beach, Manitoba, 3 Aug 1921.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3643588)

Curtiss HS-2L, G-CACT, Northern Air Service.  (Photo courtesy of the Canadian Aviation Preservation Association)

Curtiss HS-2L, G-CAAC, Laurentide Air Service, on the water, cA 1920s.   (Photo courtesy of the Canadian Aviation Preservation Association)

Curtiss HS-2L, Laurentide Air Service, hull (Serial No. A1876), (2901-H2, wings of NC652), G-CAAC.  This is the only complete HS-2L in the world. It is a reconstruction of G-CAAC La Vigilance, which belonged to Laurentide Air Service Limited, the world’s first bush-flying company.  The original La Vigilance was the company’s first aircraft; it was built in 1918 and made the first bush flight in Canada in 1919.  That same year, Stuart Graham, Canada’s first professional bush pilot and a member of Canada’s Aviation Hall of Fame, began his civilian career in La Vigilance, and his wife, Madge Graham, became the first Canadian woman to participate in flight when she accompanied him between Nova Scotia and Quebec.  On 2 September 1922 La Vigilance crashed into Foss Lake, Ontario, where it remained until 1967, when Donald Campbell of Kapuskasing reported the location of the wreck at the bottom of the lake.  The hull, along with metal parts and fittings from the aircraft, was retrieved by the Museum during a salvage operation between 1968 and 1969.  The original hull was preserved separately and is displayed next to the reconstructed aircraft, which was built using parts from three different HS-2Ls.  Restoration of this HS-2L lasted from 1970 until 1986, making it the largest and longest restoration project the Canada Air & Space Museum has undertaken.  (CA&SM)

Curtiss HS-2L (30) Reg. Nos. G-CYAE-AH, BA, BB, DR-DU, DX, DY, EA, EB, ED, EF, EJ-EL, GA, GL-GU.

  

de Havilland DH.2, ca. 1918, flown by Canadians in the RFC during the First World War.  None are preserved in Canada.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390122)

de Havilland DH.4, G-CYEC, High River, Alberta, 16 June 1923.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3643529)

de Havilland DH.4, G-CYEC, Canada Air Board, 27 May 1922.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3643556)

de Havilland DH.4, G-CYEC, Canada Air Board, 27 May 1922.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3643557)

Hucks Starter Vehicle, Canadian Air Board, 27 May 1922.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3643557), (2)

 

de Havilland DH.4,  ca. 1918, flown by Canadians in the RFC during the First World War.  None are preserved in Canada.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390123)

de Havilland DH.4, Reg. Nos. G-CYBU and G-CYDM of the Canadian Air Board, 1 Sep 1921.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3643563)

de Havilland DH.4, Reg. No. G-CYBO, Canadian Air Board, 1922.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390131)

de Havilland DH.4, Reg. No. G-CYCW, Canadian Air Board, 28 June 1922.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3643547)

de Havilland DH.4, Reg. No. G-CYCW, Canadian Air Board, 28 June 1922.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3643547)

de Havilland DH.4, Reg. No. G-CYDM, Canadian Air Board, 4 Nov 1922.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3643537)

de Havilland DH 4, G-CYDN, RCAF, 1924.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390133)

de Havilland DH.4 (12) Reg. Nos. G-CYBO, G-CYBU- G-CYBW, G-CYCW, G-CYDB, G-CYDK- G-CYDN, G-CYEC, G-CYEM.

  

de Havilland DH.9A in RCAF service, Camp Borden, Ontario.  None are preserved in Canada.  (RCAF Photo)

de Havilland DH.9A, RAF, Hounslow, UK, 1919.  This aircraft may have been part of No. 2 Squadron, Canadian Air Force/123 Squadron, RAF, which operated a communications flight from Hounslow.  The nose markings suggests 'C' Flight.  Alan Eyre.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390121)

de Havilland DH 9 Napier Lion, ca. 1918.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390126)

DH.4, leaving Dawson, YT, July 1920. Although the pilot's cockpit is aft of the wings, the bulges on the wing leading edges which are part of the aileron control mechanisms were not used on the DH.9A.  Alan Eyre.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3388480)

de Havilland DH.9A (12) Reg. Nos. G-CYAD, G-CYAJ, G-CYAK, G-CYAN, G-CYAO, G-CYAZ, G-CYBF, G-CYBI, G-CYBN, G-CYCG, G-CYDO, E991.

 

Douglas MO-2B Seaplane.  (RCAF Photos)

Douglas MO-2B Seaplane (1), (Reg. No. G-CYZG).

 

Fairey IIIC (Mod) Transatlantic Seaplane.  (RCAF Photo)

Fairey IIID floatplane on display in the Marine Museum, Lisbon, Portugal.

Fairey IIIC (Mod) Transatlantic (1) Registration G-CYCF, IIIF, Mk. IV GP (1), (Serial No. J9172).

 

Fairey IIIF, HMS Furious, ca. early 1930s.  (USN Photo)

 

Fairey Albacore flown by RCN and RCNVR pilots in service with the Fleet Air Arm, Royal Navy.  None are preserved in Canada. (RN Photo)

Fairey Albacore Mk. I (6), (Serial Nos. N4191, N4315, T9244, T9246, X8947, X8952).

  

Fairey Seafox flown by RCN and RCNVR pilots in service with the Fleet Air Arm, Royal Navy.  None are preserved in Canada. (RN Photo)

 

Fairey Fairey Swordfish IV in flight, Royal Navy.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3650801)

Fairey Swordfish in flight.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3650431)

Fairey Swordfish, Royal Navy, Yarmouth, Nova Scotia, 29 Sep 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo,  MIKAN No. 3306095)

Fairey Swordfish Mk. 4 (Serial No. NS 122).  The exact identity of this Swordfish is unknown, but it was probably manufactured by Blackburn Aircraft Company Limited in Great Britain for the Royal Navy, and shipped to Canada.  It was purchased in the early postwar years by Tillsonburg, Ontario farmer Ernest V. Simmons, who bought a considerable amount of surplus war material, including around eight Fairey Swordfish.  Simmons kept the aircraft on his farm and few were sold during his lifetime.  He did, however, sell one Swordfish to the Canadian War Museum on 22 March 1965.  The aircraft was restored in Eastern Passage, Nova Scotia by Fairey Aviation of Canada Limited and the Royal Canadian Navy.  It was purchased by the Museum in 1965 and assigned a fictitious serial number corresponding to that of a Swordfish flown in Canada during the Second World War.  (CA&SM)

 (Photo courtesy of Armchair Aviators)

Fairey Swordfish Mk. III, RCN (Serial No. HS554), C-GEVS.  Vintage Wings of Canada, Gatineau, Quebec.

Fairey Swordfish in flight ca. 1941.  (Photo courtesy of the Shearwater Aviation Museum)

Fairey Swordfish Mk. IV (Serial No. HS325), Q, Naval Air Gunnery School.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 365094)

Fairey Swordfish, HS268, Royal Navy, Yarmouth, NS, 29 Sep 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3650797)

Fairey Swordfish Mk. IV, RN (Serial No. HS275), J, No. 1 Naval Air Gunnery School, 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo,  MIKAN No. 3650796)

 

Fairey Swordfish, (Serial No. HS323), Royal Navy, Yarmouth, NS, 29 Sep 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo,  MIKAN No. 3390387)

Fairey Swordfish Mk. II (Serial No. HS469), FB 3S 126A, C-GRCN, 1943.  Shearwater Aviation Museum, Nova Scotia.

Fairey Swordfish Mk. I, Mk. II (99), (Serial Nos. W5856, DK698, DK699, DK752, DK774, HS168, HS171, HS196, HS209, HS220, HS260, HS261, HS263- HS266, HS268, HS275, HS288, HS320, HS322- HS325, HS335- HS337, HS339, HS343, HS381, HS383, HS396-HS405, HS455, HS464- HS471, HS484-HS501, HS503, HS507, HS509- HS515, HS517- HS519, HS533, HS534, HS553- HS555, HS560, HS582, HS663, LS193, LS229, NE926, NE927, NE929, NE937, NE938, NE940, NE952, NE953, NF136, NF161), Mk. III (6), (Serial Nos. NR944, NR948, NR953, NS122, NS129, NS171), for a total of 105 aircraft.

 

Felixstowe F.3 flying boat G-CYBT of the Canadian Air Board, The Pas, Manitoba, 1921.  None are preserved in Canada.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390396)

Felixstowe F.3 flying boat G-CYBT of the Air Board, Pelican Narrows, Saskatchewan, 1922.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390395)

Felixstowe F.5 flying boat built by Canadian Aeroplanes Ltd. Toronto, Ontario, July 1918.  None are preserved in Canada.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390402)

Felixstowe F.5 flying boat on a parade float, London, 19 Nov 1918.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3394773)

Felixstowe F.3 flying boat G-CYBT of the Canadian Air Board, Pelican Narrows, Saskatchewan, 1922.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390394)

Felixstowe F.3 flying boat G-CYEN, Canadian Air Board, engine change, 8 Aug 1922.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3200383)

Felixstowe F.3 flying boat of the Canadian Air Board, 5 Sep 1921.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3575578)

Felixstowe F.5 flying boat built by Canadian Aeroplanes Ltd. Toronto, Ont. July 1918.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390399)

Felixstowe F.3 flying boat G-CYBT of the Air Board, Victoria Beach, Manitoba, 5 Aug 1921.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3643589)

Felixstowe F.3 (11) Reg. Nos. G-CYBT, DH-DJ, DQ, EN, EO, N4012, 13, N4178, 79.

Flanders, German aircraft just hitting the ground., ca 1917.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3329025)

Fokker D.VII crash, Nov 1918.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3397977)

Fokker D.VII fighters were taken over by the Canadian Air Force in England in 1919.  Many were later sent to Canada.

Fokker D.VII, No. 1 and 2 Fighting Squadrons, CAFNo 1 & 2 Sqn, CAF, Upper Hayford, UK, 1919, flown by Capt Albert Carter from New Brunswick, shown here shortly before he died in this aircraft on 22 May 1919. (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390431)

Fokker D.VII, 8493/18, No 1 & 2 Sqn, CAF, Upper Hayford, UK, 1919.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390430)

Fokker D.VII with Major W.G. Barker, V.C. captured aircraft at Hounslow Aerodrome, UK, April 1919.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3214714)

Fokker D.VII, CAF, possibly Major Andrew McKeever, ca 1919.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390442)

Fokker D. VII. 8493/18, with Canadian Air Force markings, Maj A.E. McKeever, CO No. 1 Sqn, CAF, Upper Heyford, UK, 1919.  (Library and Archives Canada Photos, MIKAN Nos.  339044 and 3390440)

Fokker D.VII, No. 1 Sqn, Canadian Air Force, 1919.  (RAF Photo)

Fokker D.VII, 6832/18, Engineering Building Tractor Lab in 1920.  (University of Saskatchewan Archives Photo)

Fokker D.VIIs, Canadian Air Force, Hounslow, UK, ca 1919.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390446)

Fokker D.VII A1b (Serial No. 6810/18).  Brome County Historical Society (BCHS), 130 Lakeside Road.130 Lakeside Road., Knowlton, Quebec.

  

Handley Page 0/100 (Serial No. 1459), Le Tigre, of No. 3 Wing, RNAS.  This type of bomber was flown by Canadians serving in the RFC during the First World War.  None have been preserved in Canada.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3194166)

 

Handley Page 0/400 (Serial No. 1459), similar to those flown by Canadians serving in the RFC during the First World War.  None have been preserved in Canada.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 33390617)

Handley Page 0/400), ca 1918.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo,  MIKAN No. 3390611)

Handley Page V.1500, ca 1918.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390612)

Handley Page V-1500, preparing for an Atlantic crossing, June 1919, Harbour Grace, Newfoundland.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3574032)

Hawker Fury, RAF (Serial No. K2900), No. 1 Squadron,  warming up, Rockcliffe, Ontario, 14 July 1934.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3580856)

Hawker Fury, RAF (Serial No. K2901), No. 1 Sqn, Rockcliffe, Ontario, 28 June 1934.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3521020)

Hawker Hart, RCAF (Serial No. K3012), 14 Apr 1937.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3642454)

Hawker Hart, RCAF (Serial No. K3012), after a crash landing.  (Serial No. K3012).  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3581144)

Hawker Hart, RCAF (Serial No. K3012), 14 Apr 1937.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3256159 and 3582961)

  

Hawker Hart, RCAF (Serial No. K3012), 1937.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3574051 and 3581143)

Hawker Hart (3), (Serial Nos. A82 (ex K3752), A92 (ex K4757), (Serial No. K3012).

 

Hawker Audax Mk. I.  (RAF Photo)

Hawker Audax on skis, RCAF, 20 Mar 1935.  (Library and Archives Canada Photos, MIKAN No. 3580891 and 4731278)

Hawker Audax, RAF, Rockcliffe, Ontario, ca 1935.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4731365)

Hawker Audax (6), (biplane), (Serial Nos. A77-A81), (Serial No. K3100).

 

Hawker Hind (Serial No. L7180).  This aircraft was built in 1937 as a light bomber for the RAF.  It was one of nineteen Hinds donated to the Royal Afghan Air Force in 1939.  It served this air force in the 1940s and was then used as a training airframe (a teaching aid for mechanics and ground crews) in the 1950s.  In 1974, an interest in collecting a significant military biplane from the interwar era led the Museum to enquire whether any Hinds remained in Afghanistan.  The Afghan government located this Hind in a Kabul junkyard and, after some negotiation, the country's President donated it to Canada as a means of furthering relations between the two countries.  Alfred J. Shortt, Assistant Curator, and W. Merrikin, Chief Restoration Officer, travelled to Kabul in October 1975 to disassemble the aircraft and help the Canadian Forces load it onto a transport aircraft. The Hercules arrived at Ottawa's Uplands airport in November  1975.  The Hind was trucked to Rockcliffe airport to await restoration, which was undertaken by George Neal in Toronto in 1984.  The work was completed in 1988 and the aircraft was returned to the Museum.  (CA&SM)

Henry Farman biplane, ca 1919.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390702)

Martinsyde F.4.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390817)

 

Nieuport Bebe.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390834)

Nieuport Bebe.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390835)

Nieuport 12, (Serial No. A154).  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3585188)

Nieuport 12 (Serial No. N-11504), (A4737).  Built in 1915, this Nieuport 12 was a gift to Canada from the Government of France.  Transported from France to Halifax by steamship in February 1917, the War Trophies Board exhibited the aircraft across North America as a war relic, to raise public support for the war effort.  This Nieuport was the first aircraft that the Canadian government retained for its historical significance, and is one of only two known to exist worldwide.  It was transferred to the Canadian War Museum in the 1930s and to this Museum in 1965.  In the 1990s, the Museum's skilled conservation team restored it to appear as it would have during its 1917 exhibition tour.  (CA&SM)

Nieuport 17 unskinned, Air Force Day, RCAF Station Rockcliffe, Ontario, 9 Jun 1951.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3584524)

Capt Billy Bishop VC, with Nieuport 17 Scout, No 60 Squadron, Royal Flying Corps,  Filescamp, France, ca 1918.  (RAF Photo)

Capt Billy Bishop with Lewis Gun, Nieuport Aircraft, 1917.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, PA-122515)

Nieuport 17, CA&SM.  (CF Photo)

 (RCAF Photo)

Nieuport 17 replica (Serial No. B1556), CF-DDK.  This Nieuport 17 was built by American amateur airplane-maker Carl R. Swanson in 1961, as a flying replica.  A generous donor purchased the aircraft for the Museum in 1963.  It was refinished to match the airplane in which the famous Canadian ace William Avery "Billy" Bishop earned the Victoria Cross.  Wing Commander Paul A. Hartman took the aircraft on its first flight in May 1967, at Rockcliffe airport.  It was flown in several air shows across Canada, including a flight demonstration during the visit of HRH Prince Charles, Prince of Wales, in April 1975. Unfortunately, it crashed at the Abbotsford International Air Show in 1989.  The Museum's skilled restoration team rebuilt the aircraft to its current state.  (CA&SM)

 

Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2c.  (RCAF Photos)

Royal Aircraft Factory B.E. 2c.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390890)

Royal Aircraft Factory B.E. 2e.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390889)

Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2d (Serial No. 5878).  This aircraft was thought to be B.E.2c (Serial No. 4112), B & C 1042, N5878.  This Royal Aircraft Factory B.E. 2 was built in 1915 by the British and Colonial Aeroplane Company Limited and served with No. 7 Squadron RFC from 1916 to 1917.  Misidentified as a B.E.2c fighter flown by a Canadian who had destroyed a German airship, it was sent to Canada as a war trophy in 1919.  The aircraft was reconditioned and displayed at the National Research Council's Aeronautical Museum between 1936 and 1940.  In storage until 1957, it was restored by the RCAF in 1957 and 1958.  The aircraft was displayed at the Canadian War Museum between 1959 and 1962.  It was added to the Canada Aviation and Space Museum collection in 1964.  During restoration, the Museum's conservation team re-discovered the aircraft's true identity.  (CA&SM)

Royal Aircraft Factory (Fighter Experimental) F.E. 2b (RFC).  (RAF Photo)

Royal Aircraft Factory (Reconnaissance Experimental) R.E.8 built by Daimler Company Ltd. Coventry, ca 1918.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390896)

Royal Aircraft Factory (Reconnaissance Experimental) R.E. 8 with Incendiary Bombs.  (Australian War Memorial Photo)

Royal Aircraft Factory R.E. 8 (Reconnaissance Experimental 8) pilot with the RFC, being briefed by an Intelligence Officer.  (RAF Photo)

Royal Aircraft Factory SE 5a.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390895)

Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.5a, Canadian Air Force, Maj A.D. Carter, No. 1 and No. 2 Fighting Sqns, Upper Heyford, UK, 1919.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3523023)

Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.5a, Canadian Air Force Capt WB Lawson, OC, No. 1 and No. 2 Fighting Sqns, Upper Heyford, UK, 1919.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390924)

R-100 Airship visiting, St Hubert, Quebec, Sep 1930.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3349142)

Sopwith Camel project, RCAF Station Rockcliffe, Ontario, 9 Jun 1951.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3584525)

 

Sopwith F.1 Camel in service, ca. 1918.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390979)

Sopwith F.1 Camel. being armed with bombs, No. 203 Sqn, Allonville, France, July 1918.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390976)

Squadron Commander Raymond Collishaw in Sopwith F.1 Camel aircraft, Allonville, France, 1918.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, PA-2788).

Sopwith F.1 Camel.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3585191)

 

Sopwith Dolphins, Canadian Air Force, No. 1 and No. 2 Fighting Sqns, Upper Heyford, UK, 1919.  None have been preserved in Canada.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo)

Sopwith Dolphin, Canadian Air Force, No. 1 and No. 2 Fighting Sqns, Upper Heyford, UK, 1919.  None have been preserved in Canada.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390997)

Sopwith Dolphins, Canadian Air Force, No. 1 and No. 2 Fighting Sqns, Upper Heyford, UK, 1919.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390995

Sopwith 1½ Strutter, No. 3 (Naval) Wing, Ochey, UK, Mar 1917.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4759735)

Sopwith Pup launching from the aircraft carrier HMS Furious.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3391006)

Sopwith Pup, Special Flying School, Gosport, Hants, UK, 1918.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3391009)

Sopwith Pup, RFC (Serial No. N6181), "Happy", PSL Lloyd S. Breadner, Walmer, Kent, Defence Flight, ca 1916.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3213052)

RCAF Air Chief Marshal Lloyd Samuel Breadner, CB, DSC (July 14, 1894 – March 14, 1952) was a Canadian military pilot and Chief of the Air Staff during the Second World War. Breadner obtained his pilot's certificate at Wright Flying School and was commissioned in the British Royal Naval Air Service on 28 December 1915. During the First World War he served on the Western Front as a fighter pilot in the No. 3 (Naval) Squadron. He was promoted to Flight Lieutenant (RNAS) on 31 December 1916. He was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross on 23 May 1917. He transferred to the Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) on its formation in 1924.

Sopwith Pup.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3391007)

Sopwith Pup, RFC (Serial No. N5182), Reg. No. G-APUP, RAF Museum, London, England.  (Alan Wilson Photo)

Sopwith Snipe, No. 1 & 2 Fighting Sqn, Canadian Air Force, Upper Heyford, England, 1919.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No.  3391011)

Sopwith Snipe.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3391012)

Sopwith Snipe, Capt William George Barker, VC.  (RAF Photo)

Sopwith 7F.1 Snipe 7F.1, fuselage (Serial No. E8102), LCol William G. Barker, VC. These are the remains of the fighter flown by Barker when he won his VC, preserved Canadian War Museum.

 

Sopwith 7F.1 Snipe  (Serial No. E6938).  The Museum’s Snipe was manufactured in 1918 by Nieuport and General Aircraft Limited of England.  Details of its RAF history remain unknown, although it probably served abroad, as did most RAF Snipes. Ex-Royal Flying Corps pilot and actor Reginald Denny imported the aircraft to California in 1926, and it was featured in several movies.  Jack Canary restored the Snipe between 1953 and 1960.  The Museum purchased the aircraft in 1964.  It was the first of the First World War fighters flown by the Museum’s chief pilot, Wing Commander Paul A. Hartman.  The Snipe was last flown in 1967 during Air Force Day celebrations at Rockcliffe.  Damaged during the celebrations, it was recovered and had some work done on it in time for the opening of the new Museum building in 1988.  (CA&SM)

 

Sopwith Triplane, "Peggy", ca. 1917.  (RAF Photo)

Sopwith Triplane (Serial No. N5438), ca 1918.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390963)

Sopwith Triplane replica (Serial No. N5492), CF-CBM.  The Museum's Triplane is a reproduction built by American amateur airplane-maker Carl R. Swanson between 1963 and 1966.  The Museum purchased it in 1966, and provided and installed its Clerget 9B rotary engine.  Wing Commander Paul A. Hartman piloted the aircraft during its first flight, on 5 May 1967 at Rockcliffe airport.  It remained airworthy and flew on special occasions until 1971.  (CA&SM)

 

S.P.A.D. S.VII Scout flown by Captain William S. Stephenson, ca. 1917.  (RAF Photo)

S.P.A.D. S.VII Scout (Serial No. A8798).  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3390913)

S.P.A.D. S.VII Scout (Serial No. B9913), (103), CF-RFC.  The Museum's SPAD was built in England in 1917 by Mann Egerton and Company Limited.  Its British service history is unknown, but in 1918 it was transferred to the United States for use in the Army Air Service. Colonel J. B. Jarret, who operated a museum at the Steel Pier in Atlantic City, obtained the SPAD in 1932 from aviation junk dealer Arrigo Balboni of California.  Balboni claimed that the aircraft had been featured in the motion picture Wings (1927).  From 1949 until 1964, the Spad passed between the hands of several private owners.  From 1964 onward, it was displayed and flown at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force, until this Museum purchased it in 1965.  The Museum has restored the Spad on numerous occasions: little of the original woodwork remains.  (CA&SM)

 

Supermarine 304 Stranraer, RCAF (Serial No. 952), 23 Nov 1941.  (Photo courtesy of Bill Larkins)

Supermarine Stranraer, RCAF (Serial No. 913), QN-B, No. 5 (General Reconnaissance) Squadron, operating out of Dartmouth, Nova Scotia. (RCAF Photo)

 

Supermarine Stranraer, RCAF (Serial No. 914), QN-O.  (RCAF Photo)

Supermarine Stranraer, RCAF (Serial No. 914), QN-O.  (RCAF Photo)

Supermarine Stranraer, RCAF (Serial No. 937) (RCAF Photo)

Supermarine Stranraer, RCAF, Apr 1949.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3584227)

 

Supermarine Stranraer, RCAF (Serial No. 937), QN-O. (RCAF Photo)

Supermarine Stranraer, RCAF (Serial No. 912) (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3203454)

Supermarine Stranraer, RCAF, BD-H, in flight, 7 Apr 1949.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3584228)

Supermarine Stranraer (Serial No. 912), 13 July 1939.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3581388)

Supermarine Stranraer (Serial No. 902), Jericho Beach, British Columbia, 1936.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3650431)

Supermarine Stranraers under construction, Canadian Vickers Plant.  ((Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3553994)

Supermarine Stranraer (Serial No. 907), Feb 1942.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3651067)

Supermarine 304 Stranraer (40), (Serial Nos. 907-916, 918-923, 927-938, 947-957).

 

Supermarine Walrus, RN.  (IWM Photo A9272)

Supermarine Walrus pair, visiting an RCAF Station.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3581292)

Supermarine Walrus, RN (Serial No. Z1768), No. 1 Naval Gunnery School, RN, Oct 1944.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo,  MIKAN No. 3651070)

Supermarine Walrus Mk. I (2), (Serial Nos. L2330, W3089), Mk. II (6), (Serial Nos. Z1768, Z1771, Z1775, Z1781, Z1814, HD909), for a total of 8 aircraft.

The collection of Intelligence on the U-boat threat off Canada’s East coast during the Second World War became an absolute necessity early in the war.  Because of sightings and Direction Finding (DF) reports of submarines in the vicinity of Sable Island off the Nova Scotia Coast, a Royal Navy Fleet Air Arm (RN FAA) detachment with radar-equipped Supermarine Walrus amphibious aircraft was sent to the island in May 1942.  The RCAF provided a work party to build the station and later an observer for the aircraft.  Under the orders of a controller in Dartmouth, the Walrus flew daily patrols from a small lake on the island whenever the weather permitted, until 20 August when it was lost.  The patrol was abandoned for the rest of the 1942 season and the detachment was withdrawn.  (W.A.B. Douglas, “Creation of a National Airforce, Vol.  II, RCAF Official History)

 

Vickers Gun Bus flown by Canadians in the RFC during the Great War, ca 1918.  None are preserved in Canada.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3391051)

Vickers Vimy.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3391075)

 

Vickers Wellesley Mk. Is, flown by RCAF pilots serving in the RAF early in the Second World War.  None are preserved in Canada.  (RAF Photos)

Westland Wapiti in flight.  (RAF Photo)

 

Westland Wapiti, RCAF (Serial No. J.9237) on skis, flown by the RCAF between the wars.  None have been preserved in Canada.  (RCAF Photo)

Westland Wapiti Mk. IIA, (Serial No.s 544, 541 and 538), No. 10 (BR), RCAF.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3256692)

Westland Wapiti, RCAF Station Trenton, Ontario, 8 Dec 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3583641)

Westland Wapiti, RCAF Station Trenton, Ontario.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3581156)

Westland Wapiti IIA, (Serial No. 513), RCAF Station Trenton, Ontario.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3232304)

Westland Wapiti, RCAF, pilot's hood open, 3 July 1937.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3581107)

Westland Wapiti, port side pilot's hood open, 3 July 1937.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3581105)

Westland Wapiti, pilot's hood, rear view, 3 July 1937.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3581106)

Westland Wapiti Mk. IIA RCAF (Serial No. 510), No. 3 Sqn, 1938.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3545983)

Westland Wapiti Mk. IIA, RCAF (Serial No. 510), No. 3 Sqn, 1938.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3545901)

Westland Wapiti Mk. IIA, RCAF (Serial Nos. 544, 541 and 538), No. 10 (BR) Squadron, 30 Aug 1939.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3256692)

Westland Wapiti Mk. II (1), (Serial No. J9237), Mk. IIA (24), (Serial Nos. 508-513, 527-544), for a total of 25 aircraft.