Military History Books
by Harold A. Skaarup   www.SilverHawkAuthor.com   
 
Artillery preserved in Portugal (Part 3), Museu Militar de Lisboa (Portuguese Army Military Museum of Lisbon)

Artillery preserved in Portugal (Part 3)

Museu Militar de Lisboa (Portuguese Army Military Museum of Lisbon)

Data current to 8 March 2019.

The aim of this website is to locate, identify and document every historical piece of artillery preserved in Portugal.  Many contributors have assisted in the hunt for these guns to provide and update the data found on these web pages.  Photos are by the author unless otherwise credited.  Any errors found here are by the author, and any additions, corrections or amendments to this list of Guns and Artillery in Portugal would be most welcome and may be e-mailed to the author at hskaarup@rogers.com.

Artillery and Military Museum Artifacts, Lisbon, Portugal

Museu Militar de Lisboa (Portuguese Army Military Museum of Lisbon)

Outdoor courtyard collection.

Portuguese Bronze Smoothbore Muzzleloading guns on iron stands, in the museum's inner courtyard.

 

Bronze Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, Great Britain, from the reign of King George II.

Bronze guns and mortars on the North side of the courtyard.

Bronze guns and mortars on the East side of the courtyard.

 

Bronze 90-pounder Colossal Basilisk gun, 16th century, cast in India and known as the "Tiro de Diu" (the shot of Diu).  It has a calibre of 23.5-cm, is 6.11 metres in length, weighs 19,499 kg and throws 43 kg (90 lb) iron balls.  The inscription reads, "From our Lord, the Sultan of Sultans of all time; life-giver of the Tradition of the Prophet of Merciful (God); who fights for the exaltation of the precepts of the Koran; desstroyer of the fundaments of partisans without mercy; which keeps away the houses of worshippers of idols; victor on the meeting day of the two armies; heir to the throne of Solomon; trusted in God the Benefactor; possessor of virtues; Bahadur xah, Sultan: this piece was made on the 5th of the month of Dhul Ka'da, in the year nine hundred and thirty nine".  (This date corresponds to 29 May 1533).  This gun came from India and was placed in Lisbon Castle.  In the reign of D. Joao IV it was placed in the Tower of S. Juliao da Barra, on a gun carriage invented by engineer Antonio Pereira.  It was to be smelted for a statue of D. Jose I, but when the inscription was translated by Father Jose de S. Antonio Moura, it was determined that the piece would be preserved.

Bronze guns on the South side of the Courtyard.  One of these huge bronze guns is an English piece of 13.5-cm calibre, 3.05 metres long, weighing 1,762 kg and capable of throwing 7.8 kg iron balls.  The gun is inscribed with Roses of the Houses of York and Lancaster, surmounted with the Royal Crown and surrounded with the motto "Jarreteira" and "Honi soit qui mal y pense" (Evil to him who evil thinks), with the name of Queen Elizabeth I, Elizabeth Regina, XIII, and near the powder chamber, the name of the found, (THOMAS OWEN MADE PECEAND DNI 1571).

The first Bronze Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun in this row was cast in Enchausae, Holland by the founder, Jan verbruggen in 1752.  Used in sieges and fortress defence, this gun has a calibre of 14-cm, weights 2,020 kg and throws 8.2 kg (17 lb) iron balls.  The gun is richly ornamented with the coat of arms of King Jose I on the barrel, and thistle leaves on the cascabel.  It was part of the defences of the fortress of Mozambique.

Bronze guns and mortars on the West side of the courtyard.

Bronze guns and mortars on the West side of the courtyard.

Various heavy bronze mortars in the courtyard.

Bronze Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun and Mortar collection of shields, crests, monograms and Royal cyphers in the inner courtyard.

Bronze Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun with the Royal monogram/cypher of King Luis I.

15-cm bronze siege Mortar M/96 with Canet breech, cast in Portugal in 1905.  This was the last type bore length of bronze siege mortar made in Portugal.  This mortar has a 15-cm calibre, is 123-cm long and has a bore length of 106-cm.

15-cm bronze siege Mortar M/96 with Canet breech, cast in Portugal in 1905.  This was the last type bore length of bronze siege mortar made in Portugal.  This mortar has a 15-cm calibre, is 123-cm long and has a bore length of 106-cm.  This one is on display in the interior gun room.