Military History Books
by Harold A. Skaarup   www.SilverHawkAuthor.com   
 
Artillery preserved in Canada 9f: Nova Scotia, Halifax, York Redoubt

Artillery preserved in Nova Scotia, Halifax, York Redoubt

The web page has become to big for all the guns in Nova Scotia to be listed on one page, therefore the guns on display within the City of Halifax including York Redoubt, the Citadel, the Naval Museum of Halifax (previously known as the Maritime Command Museum) and Royal Artillery Park are listed on separate pages. 

Data current to 30 Oct 2016.

There are five 9-inch 12-ton Muzzleloading Rifles and one 10-inch 18-ton Muzzleloading Rifle mounted and well preserved in the coastal battery at York Redoubt National Historic Site near Halifax.  The 9-inch guns fired a projectile of 256 pounds (116 kg.) at an effective range of 2,000 yards (1829 m.).  Great guns such as these were installed in major Canadian forts from the 1860s.  During the 1880s, the eight forts defending Halifax had thirty-eight 9-inch (22.8 cm.) guns as well as fifteen 10-inch (25.4 cm.), fifteen 7-inch (17.7 cm.) and nine 64-pounder (29 kg.) Muzzleloading Rifels set in place to defend the city against enemy warships.  The mountings and the concrete ‘Moncrieff’ emplacement pit, named after its designer, were a refinement of the 1890s which allowed the gunners to fire the gun over a high parapet while being well protected from enemy fire.  (Parks Canada)

The five Cast Iron 9-inch 12-ton Muzzleloading Rifles and one Cast Iron 10-inch 18-ton Muzzleloading Rifle mounted on the ramparts of York Redoubt are numbered from one to six, right to left, standing behind them facing North:

No. 1.  Cast Iron 9-inch 12-ton Mk III Muzzleloading Rifle (Serial No. 374), 1869, weight 12-13-0-0, (28,336 lbs), Queen Victoria cypher, mounted on an iron traversing carriage.

No. 2.  Cast Iron 10-inch 18-ton Mk II Muzzleloading Rifle (Serial No. 75), 1870, weight 17-17-0-0, Queen Victoria cypher, mounted on an iron traversing carriage.  An English ton is 2,240 lbs, therefore the weight for this gun is (17 X 2,240 lbs = 38,080 lbs) + (17 X 112 lbs =1904) = 39,984 lbs or close to 20 tons in Canadian weight.

No. 3.  Cast Iron 9-inch 12-ton Mk III Muzzleloading Rifle (Serial No. 361), 1869, weight 12-13-3-0, (28,420 lbs), Queen Victoria cypher, mounted on an iron traversing carriage.

No. 4.  Cast Iron 9-inch 12-ton Mk III Muzzleloading Rifle (Serial No. 380), weight 12-13-2-0, (28,392 lbs), 1869, Queen Victoria cypher, mounted on an iron traversing carriage.

No. 5.  Cast Iron 9-inch 12-ton Mk III Muzzleloading Rifle (Serial No. 354), weight 12-12-3-0, (28,308 lbs), 1869, Queen Victoria cypher, mounted on an iron traversing carriage.

 

No. 6.  Cast Iron 9-inch 12-ton Mk III Muzzleloading Rifle (Serial No. 298), weight 12-13-2-0, (28,392 lbs), 1869, Queen Victoria cypher, mounted on an iron traversing carriage.

There are 17 unmounted Cast Iron Guns, with one row of nine in large calibres, a second row of seven in smaller calibres and one 9-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun with broken trunnions beside one of the park signs, all resting on wood blocks inside York Redoubt.  Most of these guns are heavily corroded with only partial details and serial numbers discernible

Cast Iron 12-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 29-0-2 (3,270 lbs), 7-feet, 6-inches long, cast during the reign of King George III (1760-1820).  This gun has broken trunnions and rests on wood blocks near the line of six mounted RML Guns on the ramparts.  David McConnell, British Smooth-Bore Artillery: A Technological Study, (Ottawa, Minister of Supply and Services Canada, 1988), p. 83.

Large Row of nine guns, right to left:

No. 1. Cast Iron 10-inch 18-ton Mk. II Muzzleloading Rifle, weight 17-18-2-0 (40,152 lbs), RGF No. 46, 1870 on the left trunnion, Queen Victoria cypher, Firths Steel (Serial No. 1921) on the muzzle face.

No. 2. Cast Iron 10-inch 18-ton Mk. II Muzzleloading Rifle, weight 17-19-1-0 (40,236 lbs), RGF No. 38, 1870 on the left trunnion, Queen Victoria cypher, Firths Steel (Serial No. corroded) on the muzzle face.

No. 3. Cast Iron 10-inch 18-ton Mk. II Muzzleloading Rifle, weight 18-0-0-0 (40,320 lbs), RGF No. 72, 1870 on the left trunnion, Queen Victoria cypher, Firths Steel (Serial No. 1901) on the muzzle face.

No. 4. Cast Iron 9-inch 12-ton Mk V Muzzleloading Rifle, weight 12-0-0-0 (26,880 lbs), RGF No. 650, 1877.  Firths Steel 46.  A three foot long portion of approximately ¼  of the gun barrel has been cut from this gun.  47 stamped on the side of the gun.

No. 5. Cast Iron 9-inch 12-ton Mk III Muzzleloading Rifle, weight corroded (>26,000 lbs), RGF No. corroded.  Firths Steel (Serial No. corroded) on the muzzle face.

No. 6. Cast Iron 7-inch 7-ton Mk. I Muzzleloading Rifle, weight 7-2-1-18 (15,950 lbs), corroded, RGF No. 29, 1866, Firths Steel (Serial No. 205) on the muzzle face.  Queen Victoria cypher.

No. 7. Cast Iron 7-inch 7-ton Mk. I Muzzleloading Rifle, weight 7-2-1-0 (15,932), RGF No. 12, 1866, Queen Victoria cypher, Firths Steel (Serial No. 207) on the muzzle face.

No. 8. Cast Iron 7-inch 7-ton Mk. I Muzzleloading Rifle, weight 7-2-3-0 (15,988 lbs), RGF No. 30, 1866, Queen Victoria cypher, Firths Steel (Serial No. 199) on the muzzle face. 

No. 9. Cast Iron 7-inch 7-ton Mk. I Muzzleloading Rifle, weight corroded (>15,000 lbs), RGF No. corroded, Queen Victoria cypher, Firths Steel (Serial No. corroded) on the muzzle face. 

Small Row of seven guns, right to left:

No. 1. Cast Iron 12-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight corroded, 5, King George III cypher, ca. 1780.

No. 2.  Blomefield Cast Iron 12-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, King George III cypher, heavily corroded.

No. 3.  Blomefield Cast Iron 12-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, King George III cypher, heavily corroded.

No. 4. Cast Iron 12-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, 8-feet, 6-inches long, weight 29-0-0 (3,248 lbs), King George III cypher, ca. 1780.

No. 5. Cast Iron 12-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, 8-feet, 6-inches long, weight 29-3-7 (3,339 lbs), King George III cypher, ca. 1780.

No. 6. Cast Iron 12-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 29-0-22 (3,270 lbs), 14, King George III cypher, ca. 1780, cascable portion has been cut off.

   

No. 7.  Cast Iron 6-inch 30-cwt Mk. I Breechloading Howitzer.  The number 90 is stamped on the barrel, remaining data is too heavily corroded to decipher. There were six of these howitzers on record in Canada, Serial Nos. 132, 134, 138, 141, 106 and 107.

  (Imperial War Museum, David Holt Photo, left, RC Butcher Photo right)

 (British Government Photos)

6-inch 30-cwt Breechloading Mk. I Howitzer.

Parks Canada records seven 18-pounder Smoothbore Guns, one with weight 42-1-4 (4,736 lbs), ca. 1800 to 1820, and two 24-pounder Smoothbore Carronades, no markings, on site.  The author did not observe these guns in this location.

Range of Halifax smooth bore ordnance ca. 1860s.