Military History Books
by Harold A. Skaarup   www.SilverHawkAuthor.com   
 
Artillery preserved in Canada 9d: Nova Scotia, Halifax, Naval Museum of Halifax

Artillery preserved in the Naval Museum of Halifax, Admiralty House, CFB Halifax

Data current to 7 May 2018.

The aim of this website is to locate, identify and document every historical piece of artillery preserved in Canada.  Many contributors have assisted in the hunt for these guns to provide and update the data found on these web pages.  Photos are by the author unless otherwise credited.  Any errors found here are by the author, and any additions, corrections or amendments to this list of Guns and Artillery in Canada would be most welcome and may be e-mailed to the author at hskaarup@rogers.com.

For all official data concerning the Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery, please click on the link to their website:

Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery Website

Note: Back in the day, artillery in Canada was referred to by its radio call sign "Sheldrake".  It is now referred to by its "Golf" call sign.  (Acorn sends)

The web page for Nova Scotia has become too big for all the guns to be listed on one page, therefore the guns on display within Annapolis Royal including Fort Anne, the City of Halifax including York Redoubt, the Fort George Citadel, the Maritime Command Museum and Royal Artillery Park etc., are listed on separate pages for Nova Scotia.

9-inch 12-ton Mk. II Muzzleloading Rifle with Millar pattern breeching ring, weight and Serial No. corroded, one of the four recovered from a trench in front of the Halifax Armoury in 2011.  This gun is resting on wood blocks at the North entrance to the Museum parking lot.

  

Armstrong 20-pounder 16-cwt Rifled Breech-loading Gun, weight 16-1-10 (1,802 lbs), RGF 1867, (+) on the left trunnion. blank on the right trunnion, Queen Victoria cypher.  Resting on wood blocks at the North entrance to the Museum parking lot.  Twelve Armstrong 20-pounder 16-cwt Rifled Breech-loading Guns were allocated to the defence of Halifax by the British War Office in January 1873.

Cast Iron 24-pounder 13-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, 12---- (>1,300 lbs) heavily corroded Gun on wood blocks.

Cast Iron 24-pounder 13-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 12-3-21 (1,449 lbs), mounted on wood blocks. The carronade is a short smoothbore, cast iron cannon, which was used by the Royal Navy and first produced by the Carron Company, an ironworks in Falkirk, Scotland.  It was used from the 1770s to the 1850s.  Its main function was to serve as a powerful, short-range anti-ship and anti-crew weapon.  While considered very successful early on, Carronades eventually disappeared as rifled naval artillery changed the shape of the shell and led to fewer and fewer close-range engagements.

Cast Iron possible 1-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloader with Blomefield pattern breeching ring,corroded, mounted on a small wood naval gun carriage.

A number of guns are mounted in a small park facing the entrance to Admiralty House:

Cast Iron 32-pounder 56-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight corroded, left trunnion corroded, (V, Serial No. 106) on the right trunnion, King George III cypher, CV C K.  Mounted on a concrete stand.  No. 1 facing South in a park in front of the Museum.

Blomefield Cast Iron 32-pounder 56-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight corroded, King George III cypher, (Serial No. 34) on left trunnion, CV C K.  Mounted on a concrete stand.  No. 2 facing South in a park in front of the Museum.

 

Bronze 9-pounder 13-1/2-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, 12-3-14 (1,442 lbs) on the barrel, (CDXVII) on the barrel, (418), Queen Victoria cypher, mounted on a wood naval gun carriage, No. 3, facing East in a park in front of the Museum.

  

Blomefield Cast Iron 32-pounder 56-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight corroded, (WCo), (Walker & Company of Rotherham, Yorkshire, England), on the left trunnion, (Serial No. 332) on the lright trunnion,King George III cypher, CV C K.  Mounted on a concrete stand.  No. 5 facing North in the park in front of the Museum.

 

Blomefield Cast Iron 32-pounder 56-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight corroded, (WCo), (Walker & Company of Rotherham, Yorkshire, England), on the left trunnion, (Serial No. 332) on the right trunnion, King George III cypher, CV C K.  Mounted on a concrete stand.  No. 5 facing North in the park in front of the Museum.

Admiralty House.

    

1-¼ pounder QF Mk. III, V.S.M. (Vickers, Sons & Maxim LL) Automatic Gun (Serial No. 2343), London, 1904.  Mounted on a naval gun stand (Serial No. 5939), in the park in front of the Museum.

   

12-pounder 12-cwt Mk. V (3-inch-40) QF Breechloading Naval Gun with shield and stand.  In a park in front of the Museum.

12-pounder 12-cwt Mk. V (3-inch-40) QF Breechloading Naval Gun with shield aboard ship.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3356795)

Oerlikon 20-mm Anti-Aircraft Gun, HMCS Prince Henry, Normandy, 6 June 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3205256) 

Oerlikon 20-mm/70 AA Gun Mk. 4, (Serial No. 215716), mounted on a naval gun stand.

Oerlikon 20-mm Anti-Aircraft Gun manned on HMCS Prince David, off Kithera, Greece, 16 Sep 1944.  (Library and Archives canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3394410)

40-mm Bofors Light Anti-Aircraft Gun Mk. 1, (Serial No. 8064), 1942.  In the park in front of the Museum.

Mk. MC10 “Limbo” Ahead Throwing Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) triple-barrelled Mortar.  In a park in front of the Museum.

.50 cal MG, HMCS St. Croix, March 1941.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3571062)

.50-cal Twin Anti-Aircraft Gun mount and stand (no guns).

.50 cal Twin Anti-Aircraft Guns, water cooled, on an M46 pedestal mount.  (USN Photo)

Bronze Lyle Smoothbore Gun, 10 March 1921.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3657555)

Rocket Gun Life Saving and Police Patrol, Toronto, 4 Oct 1928.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3656737)

Bronze Lyle Smoothbore Gun (2.5-inch bore), mounted on a wood platform, No. 1 of 3. 

This Lyle type gun is one of three inside the Museum.  It was used to fire life lines from ship or shore.  Light-weight rope was shot out to a wreck after it had been carefully wound on a rope-board so it would uncoil without snagging. The crews would then use this rope to haul out the heavier lines which actually carried the breeches buoy. The survivors would brought ashore or to the tugboat in a breeches buoy, which was a pair of canvas pants sewed onto a life-preserver.  These line guns are used primarily for shore based rescue operations.  The shooter would fire, aiming over the victims head and then pull the line within reach of the victim.  They are also useful for rescuing victims that have fallen through the ice, or are stranded on a cliff or burning building.  Boats in distress need larger lines.  Lyle guns were designed to throw projectiles weighing approximately 15 pounds, carrying heavier rope over 1000 feet.  Getting this equipment close to a wreck would have been difficult, given the likelihood the conditions that caused the wreck would still have been present.

Bronze Lyle Smoothbore gun (2.5-inch bore), mounted on an iron platform.  No. 2 of 3.

Bronze Lyle Smoothbore Gun (2.5-inch bore), mounted on a wood carriage, No. 3 of 3. 

Halifax, Stadacona, Mess Hall

SBML 3-pounder Gun, 7-1-5 (817 lbs), left and right trunnions corroded, King George III cypher, mounted on a wooden naval gun carriage.  No. 2 of 2 at the front entrance to the Fleet Mess Hall.

 

SBML 3-pounder Gun, 7-0-26 (810 lbs) on the barrel, left and right trunnions corroded, King George III cypher, mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  No. 1 of 2, at the front entrance to the Fleet Mess Hall.

Halifax, Stadacona, Naval Gunnery School

Main entrance to the Naval Gunnery School, Stadacona.

Bronze 6-pounder 6-cwt Smoothbore Gun, 6-0-6 (678 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage, 3-¾ inch bore.  King George III cypher.  No. 1 of 3 guns, located in front of the Naval Gunnery School.

SBML iron Gun, heavily corroded, B on left trunnion, mounted on a wood naval gun carriage, 3 inch bore.  No. 2 of 3 guns located in front of the Naval Gunnery School.

 

Bronze 6-pounder 6-cwt Smoothbore Gun, 6-0-4 (676 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage, 3-¾ inch bore.  King George III cypher.  No. 3 of 3 guns located in front of the Naval Gunnery School.

I would imagine that many of you who are reading this book are very likely familiar with the standard routine of military training exercises and the rigours of being in the field in all seasons, not to mention the conditions found on deployment these days. Whether or not you have experienced it, I am sure you can well imagine what it is like to train and work in the heat, the dust and the mosquitoes in summer, the wind, the rain and the mud in the spring and fall, the snow and the cold in the winter and of course the routine day-to-day challenges of combat exercises in the training areas of the Canadian Forces. For most in the Army, this includes CFB Gagetown, CFB Valcartier, CFB Petawawa, CFB Kingston, CFB Shilo, CFB Edmonton, CFB Wainwright, CFB Suffield and all the fields and exercise areas of LFAATC Aldershot and LFCATC Meaford and their environs.

As an Army Officer in the Canadian Forces, it has been my privilege to have served alongside a tremendous number of highly professional military men and women of our nation while taking part in training in Germany, the UK and the USA and while on operational deployments to Cyprus, Bosnia-Herzegovina and in Afghanistan. During my training and military professional development, I have learned much about our long military history. My interest in our multi-faceted historical record has led me to write about it and to seek out the stories about Canada's military servicemen and women and the tools and equipment they used to preserve our security when warclouds darkened our horizons.

As a military history enthusiast, I have learned over the years that there are many with similar interests in preserving our story. We have all seen the odd old gun or retired tank placed on display outside a Militia Drill Hall, War Memorial, city park site or Royal Canadian Legion Hall, and many will have enjoyed visiting a number of our military Museums. The vast majority of retired wartime combat equipment used by members of the CF have dwindled in number, many being scrapped, others being shot up as targets, while a few have been sold to overseas operators and collectors. Fortunately, a handful of important examples of retired CF guns and war machines have been preserved and may be found in a wide variety of locations throughout Canada.

Curators, docents and volunteers working in Canada's military museums have been successful in preserving a good number of retired military weapons of war and many are still being sought after and in some cases, being restored to running condition again. As an artist, photographer and military history enthusiast, I have attempted to keep track of where historic Canadian military equipment has survived and is presently located and to make that information available to others with the same interest. For those of like mind, the purpose of this handbook is to provide a simple checklist of the classic Great War and WWII artillery that is part of our military heritage and a location guide to where they can be found in Canada. The book includes a number of photographs to illustrate an example of each gun wherever possible, and lists the locations of the survivors by province.

The numbers of restored Canadian guns is actually increasing as a few rare examples are being recovered from scrapyards and monument sites and salvaged for restoration. (Ultra rare items such as Skink AA gun turrets come to mind). One of the aims of this book is to help an enthusiast track down these monuments and museum artefacts and to have a simple reference book on hand with more detailed information about them such as a serial number, a Museum location and contact information which might be helpful in learning a bit of the history of a particular vehicle. The guns detailed in this handbook are listed alphabetically by manufacturer, number and type in the order that they came into service with the CF. The data is also appended with a list of most of the current guns found in the various collections and Museums in Canada. The book is also meant to serve as a companion volume to "Ironsides", Canadian Tanks and Armoured Fighting Vehicle Museums and Monuments, also available online.

It is my sincere hope that more of the guns and artillery found in this list will one day be added to the record of historically important military armament survivors that have been recovered and restored.


Shelldrake can be ordered online in softcover or e-book at these bookstores:

http://www.amazon.ca/Shelldrake-Canadian-Artillery-Museums-Monuments/dp/1469750007/ref=sr_1_44?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1331231081&sr=1-44

http://www.amazon.com/Shelldrake-Canadian-Artillery-Museums-Monuments/dp/1469750007/ref=sr_1_45?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1331231130&sr=1-45

http://bookstore.iuniverse.com/Products/SKU-000542288/Shelldrake.aspx

http://www.barnesandnoble.com/w/shelldrake-harold-a-skaarup/1109124375?ean=9781469750002&itm=46&usri=harold+skaarup 

Photos and technical data on artillery preserved in Canada may be viewed by Province on seprate pages on this website.