Military History Books
by Harold A. Skaarup   www.SilverHawkAuthor.com   
 
Artillery preserved in Canada 9a: Nova Scotia, Annapolis Royal

Artillery preserved in the province of Nova Scotia, Annapolis Royal

Data current to 7 May 2018.

The aim of this website is to locate, identify and document every historical piece of artillery preserved in Canada.  Many contributors have assisted in the hunt for these guns to provide and update the data found on these web pages.  Photos are by the author unless otherwise credited.  Any errors found here are by the author, and any additions, corrections or amendments to this list of Guns and Artillery in Canada would be most welcome and may be e-mailed to the author at hskaarup@rogers.com.

For all official data concerning the Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery, please click on the link to their website:

Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery Website

Note: Back in the day, artillery in Canada was referred to by its radio call sign "Sheldrake".  It is now referred to by its "Golf" call sign.  (Acorn sends)

The web page for Nova Scotia has become too big for all the guns to be listed on one page, therefore the guns on display within Annapolis Royal including Fort Anne, the City of Halifax including York Redoubt, the Fort George Citadel, the Maritime Command Museum and Royal Artillery Park etc., are listed on separate pages for Nova Scotia.

Annapolis Royal, Fort Anne

Fort Anne, Officers Quarters, 1935.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3527934)

Annapolis Royal is located in the western part of Annapolis County and was known as Port Royal until the British Conquest of Acadia in 1710 by Britain.  The town was the capital of Acadia and later Nova Scotia for almost 150 years, until the founding of Halifax in 1749.  It was attacked by the British six times before permanently changing hands in 1710. Over the next fifty years, the French and their allies made six unsuccessful military attempts to regain the capital. Including a raid during the American Revolution, Annapolis Royal faced a total of thirteen attacks, more than any other place in North America.

Cast Iron 18-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 41-2-21 (4,669 lbs), (SOLID) on left trunnion, (W) on right trunnion, King George III cypher ( ca. 1760-1780), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage guarding the South side of the main entrance to the fort.

Bronze16-inch Smoothbore Muzzleloading Mortar, stamped No. 2, Serial No. 2006, with three fleur-de-lys.  This Mortar stands beside the flag pole North of the main entrance.

Bronze 12-pounder 6-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 6-0-17 (689 lbs), 3.75-inch, (Serial No. 278) above the cascabel, “LA RUGISSANT” (the roaring one).  (No. 36) on left trunnion, (P over 671) on right trunnion.  The gun is also marked with the device of King Louis XIV (the “Sun King”), with his motto, NEC PLURIBUS IMPAR (Not unequal to many).  This gun is resting on wood supports South of the former Officer's Quarters.

Fort Anne, Officers Quarters, 1951.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3305287)

Fort Anne, Annapolis Royal, ca 1952.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4317476)

Cast Iron 12-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun with Blomefield pattern breeching ring, no markings, mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  This gun stands in front of the former Officer's Quarters.

Cast Iron 6-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with Blomefield pattern breeching ring, crown, no cypher, no markings on the trunnions, mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  This stands at the SW corner of the main building inside the fort.  The Carronade is a short smoothbore, cast iron cannon, which was used by the Royal Navy and first produced by the Carron Company, an ironworks in Falkirk, Scotland.  It was used from the 1770s to the 1850s.  Its main function was to serve as a powerful, short-range anti-ship and anti-crew weapon.  While considered very successful early on, Carronades eventually disappeared as rifled naval artillery changed the shape of the shell and led to fewer and fewer close-range engagements.

Blomefield Cast Iron 24-pounder 50-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight (not observed), no markings on the trunnions, King George II cypher, unmounted, resting on wood supports in front of the main building.

Blomefield Cast Iron 24-pounder 50-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight (not observed), no markings on the trunnions, King George II cypher, unmounted, resting on wood supports in front of the main building.

Blomefield Cast Iron 24-pounder 50-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight (not observed), no markings on the trunnions, King George II cypher, unmounted, resting on wood supports in front of the main building.

Cast Iron 12-pounder 6-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with Blomefield breeching ring, weight 6-1-21 (721 lbs), 4, broad arrow mark, 3-feet, 100-inches long, mounted on a wood naval gun carriage, North side of the main building.

Cast Iron possible 3-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, heavily corroded, (P) on left trunnion, blank on right trunnion, plain cascabel, mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  North side of the main building.

Cast Iron 18-pounder 42-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 42-0-0 (4,704 lbs) on the barrel, (SOLID) on the left trunnion, (W) on the right trunnion, King George III cypher, ca. 1760-1780, mounted on concrete stands, No. 1 of 2 guarding the East side of the fort.

Cast Iron 18-pounder 42-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 41-2-14 (4,662 lbs) on the barrel, (SOLID) on the left trunnion, (Z) on the right trunnion, King George III cypher ca. 1760-1780, mounted on concrete stands, No. 2 of 2 guarding the East side of the fort.

Blomefield Cast Iron 12-pounder 34-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 32-3-27 (3,807 lbs) under the cascabel, (W) on the left trunnion, (Serial No. 64) on the right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on an iron garrison carriage, facing the water to the South of the fort.

Fort Anne, Annapolis Royal, ca 1954.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3305259)

Blomefield Cast Iron 12-pounder 34-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 32-2-24 (3,664 lbs) under the cascabel, (WCo), Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England on the left trunnion, (63) on the right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on an iron garrison carriage, No. 1 of 2 facing West.

Blomefield Cast Iron 12-pounder 34-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 32-3-7 (3,675 lbs), Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England (WCo) on left trunnion, (Serial No. 66) on right trunnion, 12 above the King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on an iron garrison carriage. No. 2 of 2 facing West.

King George III, reigned from 25 Oct 1760 to 29 Jan 1820.  (Wikipedia Photo)

Armstrong 20-pounder 16-cwt Rifled Breech-loading Gun, weight 16-1-1 (1,821 lbs), made by Armstrong, (No. 2, 1860) on the left trunnion, (+) on the right trunnion, Queen Victoria cypher, mounted on concrete stands.  The land service model of this gun was introduced in 1860.  It is identified by its two long chase hoops, no muzzle swell and its distinctive breech mechanism, No. 1 of 2 facing the bay.

Armstrong 20-pounder 16-cwt Rifled Breech-loading Gun, weight 16-2-0 (1,848 lbs) on the barrel below the cypher, made by Armstrong, (No. 45, 1860) on the left trunnion, (+) on the right trunnion, Queen Victoria cypher, mounted on concrete stands.  The land service model of this gun was introduced in 1860.  It is identified by its two long chase hoops, no muzzle swell and its distinctive breech mechanism, No. 2 of 2 facing the bay. 

(Photo courtesy of P. Williams) 

9-pounder 8-cwt Muzzleloading Rifle Mk. III (SS) Gun, weight 8-1-6 (930 lbs) on the barrel, the left and right trunnions have been painted over, RGF No. not legible, Queen Victoria cypher, No. 1 of 2, mounted on a Mk. II all steel carriage with Madras wheels. 

9-pounder 8-cwt Muzzleloading Rifle was replaced by the BL 12-pounder in permanent artillery batteries before the Boer War, but militia units in Canada continued to use them until after 1905.

9-pounder 8-cwt Muzzleloading Rifle Mk. III (SS) Gun, weight 8-1-7 (931 lbs) on the barrel, the left and right trunnions have been painted over, RGF No. not legible, Queen Victoria cypher, No. 2 of 2, mounted on a Mk. II all steel carriage with Madras wheels. 

Cast Iron 4-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight unknown, 3-feet, 6-inches long, no markings, reported to be here, (not observed).

I would imagine that many of you who are reading this book are very likely familiar with the standard routine of military training exercises and the rigours of being in the field in all seasons, not to mention the conditions found on deployment these days. Whether or not you have experienced it, I am sure you can well imagine what it is like to train and work in the heat, the dust and the mosquitoes in summer, the wind, the rain and the mud in the spring and fall, the snow and the cold in the winter and of course the routine day-to-day challenges of combat exercises in the training areas of the Canadian Forces. For most in the Army, this includes CFB Gagetown, CFB Valcartier, CFB Petawawa, CFB Kingston, CFB Shilo, CFB Edmonton, CFB Wainwright, CFB Suffield and all the fields and exercise areas of LFAATC Aldershot and LFCATC Meaford and their environs.

As an Army Officer in the Canadian Forces, it has been my privilege to have served alongside a tremendous number of highly professional military men and women of our nation while taking part in training in Germany, the UK and the USA and while on operational deployments to Cyprus, Bosnia-Herzegovina and in Afghanistan. During my training and military professional development, I have learned much about our long military history. My interest in our multi-faceted historical record has led me to write about it and to seek out the stories about Canada's military servicemen and women and the tools and equipment they used to preserve our security when warclouds darkened our horizons.

As a military history enthusiast, I have learned over the years that there are many with similar interests in preserving our story. We have all seen the odd old gun or retired tank placed on display outside a Militia Drill Hall, War Memorial, city park site or Royal Canadian Legion Hall, and many will have enjoyed visiting a number of our military Museums. The vast majority of retired wartime combat equipment used by members of the CF have dwindled in number, many being scrapped, others being shot up as targets, while a few have been sold to overseas operators and collectors. Fortunately, a handful of important examples of retired CF guns and war machines have been preserved and may be found in a wide variety of locations throughout Canada.

Curators, docents and volunteers working in Canada's military museums have been successful in preserving a good number of retired military weapons of war and many are still being sought after and in some cases, being restored to running condition again. As an artist, photographer and military history enthusiast, I have attempted to keep track of where historic Canadian military equipment has survived and is presently located and to make that information available to others with the same interest. For those of like mind, the purpose of this handbook is to provide a simple checklist of the classic Great War and WWII artillery that is part of our military heritage and a location guide to where they can be found in Canada. The book includes a number of photographs to illustrate an example of each gun wherever possible, and lists the locations of the survivors by province.

The numbers of restored Canadian guns is actually increasing as a few rare examples are being recovered from scrapyards and monument sites and salvaged for restoration. (Ultra rare items such as Skink AA gun turrets come to mind). One of the aims of this book is to help an enthusiast track down these monuments and museum artefacts and to have a simple reference book on hand with more detailed information about them such as a serial number, a Museum location and contact information which might be helpful in learning a bit of the history of a particular vehicle. The guns detailed in this handbook are listed alphabetically by manufacturer, number and type in the order that they came into service with the CF. The data is also appended with a list of most of the current guns found in the various collections and Museums in Canada. The book is also meant to serve as a companion volume to "Ironsides", Canadian Tanks and Armoured Fighting Vehicle Museums and Monuments, also available online.

It is my sincere hope that more of the guns and artillery found in this list will one day be added to the record of historically important military armament survivors that have been recovered and restored.


Shelldrake can be ordered online in softcover or e-book at these bookstores:

http://www.amazon.ca/Shelldrake-Canadian-Artillery-Museums-Monuments/dp/1469750007/ref=sr_1_44?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1331231081&sr=1-44

http://www.amazon.com/Shelldrake-Canadian-Artillery-Museums-Monuments/dp/1469750007/ref=sr_1_45?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1331231130&sr=1-45

http://bookstore.iuniverse.com/Products/SKU-000542288/Shelldrake.aspx

http://www.barnesandnoble.com/w/shelldrake-harold-a-skaarup/1109124375?ean=9781469750002&itm=46&usri=harold+skaarup 

Photos and technical data on artillery preserved in Canada may be viewed by Province on seprate pages on this website.