Military History Books
by Harold A. Skaarup   www.SilverHawkAuthor.com   
 
Artillery preserved in Canada 9a: Nova Scotia, Annapolis Royal

Artillery preserved in the province of Nova Scotia, Annapolis Royal

For all official data concerning the Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery, please click on the link to their website:

Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery Website

The aim of this website is to locate, identify and document every historical piece of artillery preserved in Canada.  Many contributors have assisted in the hunt for these guns to provide and update the data found on these web pages.  Photos are by the author unless otherwise credited.  Any errors found here are by the author, and any additions, corrections or amendments to this list of Guns and Artillery in Canada would be most welcome and may be e-mailed to the author at hskaarup@rogers.com.

The web page for Nova Scotia has become to big for all the guns to be listed on one page, therefore the guns on display within Annapolis Royal including Fort Anne, the City of Halifax including York Redoubt, the Fort George Citadel, the Maritime Command Museum and Royal Artillery Park etc., are listed on separate pages for Nova Scotia.   

Data current to 10 May 2017.

Annapolis Royal, Fort Anne

Fort Anne, Officers Quarters, 1935.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3527934)

Annapolis Royal is located in the western part of Annapolis County and was known as Port Royal until the British Conquest of Acadia in 1710 by Britain.  The town was the capital of Acadia and later Nova Scotia for almost 150 years, until the founding of Halifax in 1749.  It was attacked by the British six times before permanently changing hands in 1710. Over the next fifty years, the French and their allies made six unsuccessful military attempts to regain the capital. Including a raid during the American Revolution, Annapolis Royal faced a total of thirteen attacks, more than any other place in North America.

Cast Iron 18-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 41-2-21 (4,669 lbs), (SOLID) on left trunnion, (W) on right trunnion, King George III cypher ( ca. 1760-1780), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage guarding the South side of the main entrance to the fort.

Bronze16-inch Smoothbore Muzzleloading Mortar, stamped No. 2, Serial No. 2006, with three fleur-de-lys.  This Mortar stands beside the flag pole North of the main entrance.

Bronze 12-pounder 6-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 6-0-17 (689 lbs), 3.75-inch, (Serial No. 278) above the cascabel, “LA RUGISSANT” (the roaring one).  (No. 36) on left trunnion, (P over 671) on right trunnion.  The gun is also marked with the device of King Louis XIV (the “Sun King”), with his motto, NEC PLURIBUS IMPAR (Not unequal to many).  This gun is resting on wood supports South of the former Officer's Quarters.

Fort Anne, Officers Quarters, 1951.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3305287)

Fort Anne, Annapolis Royal, ca 1952.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4317476)

Cast Iron 12-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun with Blomefield pattern breeching ring, no markings, mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  This gun stands in front of the former Officer's Quarters.

Cast Iron 6-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with Blomefield pattern breeching ring, crown, no cypher, no markings on the trunnions, mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  This stands at the SW corner of the main building inside the fort.  The Carronade is a short smoothbore, cast iron cannon, which was used by the Royal Navy and first produced by the Carron Company, an ironworks in Falkirk, Scotland.  It was used from the 1770s to the 1850s.  Its main function was to serve as a powerful, short-range anti-ship and anti-crew weapon.  While considered very successful early on, Carronades eventually disappeared as rifled naval artillery changed the shape of the shell and led to fewer and fewer close-range engagements.

Blomefield Cast Iron 24-pounder 50-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight (not observed), no markings on the trunnions, King George II cypher, unmounted, resting on wood supports in front of the main building.

Blomefield Cast Iron 24-pounder 50-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight (not observed), no markings on the trunnions, King George II cypher, unmounted, resting on wood supports in front of the main building.

Blomefield Cast Iron 24-pounder 50-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight (not observed), no markings on the trunnions, King George II cypher, unmounted, resting on wood supports in front of the main building.

Cast Iron 12-pounder 6-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with Blomefield breeching ring, weight 6-1-21 (721 lbs), 4, broad arrow mark, 3-feet, 100-inches long, mounted on a wood naval gun carriage, North side of the main building.

Cast Iron possible 3-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, heavily corroded, (P) on left trunnion, blank on right trunnion, plain cascabel, mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  North side of the main building.

Cast Iron 18-pounder 42-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 42-0-0 (4,704 lbs) on the barrel, (SOLID) on the left trunnion, (W) on the right trunnion, King George III cypher, ca. 1760-1780, mounted on concrete stands, No. 1 of 2 guarding the East side of the fort.

Cast Iron 18-pounder 42-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 41-2-14 (4,662 lbs) on the barrel, (SOLID) on the left trunnion, (Z) on the right trunnion, King George III cypher ca. 1760-1780, mounted on concrete stands, No. 2 of 2 guarding the East side of the fort.

Blomefield Cast Iron 12-pounder 34-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 32-3-27 (3,807 lbs) under the cascabel, (W) on the left trunnion, (Serial No. 64) on the right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on an iron garrison carriage, facing the water to the South of the fort.

Fort Anne, Annapolis Royal, ca 1954.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3305259)

Blomefield Cast Iron 12-pounder 34-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 32-2-24 (3,664 lbs) under the cascabel, (WCo), Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England on the left trunnion, (63) on the right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on an iron garrison carriage, No. 1 of 2 facing West.

Blomefield Cast Iron 12-pounder 34-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 32-3-7 (3,675 lbs), Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England (WCo) on left trunnion, (Serial No. 66) on right trunnion, 12 above the King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on an iron garrison carriage. No. 2 of 2 facing West.

King George III, reigned from 25 Oct 1760 to 29 Jan 1820.  (Wikipedia Photo)

Armstrong 20-pounder 16-cwt Rifled Breech-Loading Gun, weight 16-1-1 (1,821 lbs), made by Armstrong, (No. 2, 1860) on the left trunnion, (+) on the right trunnion, Queen Victoria cypher, mounted on concrete stands.  The land service model of this gun was introduced in 1860.  It is identified by its two long chase hoops, no muzzle swell and its distinctive breech mechanism, No. 1 of 2 facing the bay.

Armstrong 20-pounder 16-cwt Rifled Breech-Loading Gun, weight 16-2-0 (1,848 lbs) on the barrel below the cypher, made by Armstrong, (No. 45, 1860) on the left trunnion, (+) on the right trunnion, Queen Victoria cypher, mounted on concrete stands.  The land service model of this gun was introduced in 1860.  It is identified by its two long chase hoops, no muzzle swell and its distinctive breech mechanism, No. 2 of 2 facing the bay. 

(Photo courtesy of P. Williams) 

9-pounder 8-cwt Muzzleloading Rifle Mk. III (SS) Gun, weight 8-1-6 (930 lbs) on the barrel, the left and right trunnions have been painted over, RGF No. not legible, Queen Victoria cypher, No. 1 of 2, mounted on a Mk. II all steel carriage with Madras wheels. 

9-pounder 8-cwt Muzzleloading Rifle was replaced by the BL 12-pounder in permanent artillery batteries before the Boer War, but militia units in Canada continued to use them until after 1905.

9-pounder 8-cwt Muzzleloading Rifle Mk. III (SS) Gun, weight 8-1-7 (931 lbs) on the barrel, the left and right trunnions have been painted over, RGF No. not legible, Queen Victoria cypher, No. 2 of 2, mounted on a Mk. II all steel carriage with Madras wheels. 

Cast Iron 4-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight unknown, 3-feet, 6-inches long, no markings, reported to be here, (not observed).