Military History Books
by Harold A. Skaarup   www.SilverHawkAuthor.com   
 
Artillery Preserved in Canada 8: Prince Edward Island

Artillery preserved in the province of Prince Edward Island

For all official data concerning the Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery, please click on the link to their website:

Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery Website

The aim of this website is to locate, identify and document every historical piece of artillery preserved in Canada.  Many contributors have assisted in the hunt for these guns to provide and update the data found on these web pages.  Photos are by the author unless otherwise credited.  Any errors found here are by the author, and any additions, corrections or amendments to this list of Guns and Artillery in Canada would be most welcome and may be e-mailed to the author at hskaarup@rogers.com.

Data current to 4 Sep 2017.

Note: Back in the day, artillery in Canada was referred to by its radio call sign "Sheldrake".  It is now referred to by its "Golf" call sign.  (Acorn)

Prince Edward Island

Charlottetown, Prince Edward Battery, Victoria Park

Prince Edward Battery plaque, Victoria Park.

Cast Iron 18-pounder 42-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun with Millar pattern breeching ring, weight 43-1-12 (4,856 lbs), 1844, Low Moor Ironworks of Bradford, England (Low Moor) on the right trunnion, (Serial No. 2519) on the left trunnion, Queen Victoria cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  This is gun No. 1 facing the harbour in the first protected position facing the harbour in Victoria Park.

 

Cast Iron 18-pounder 42-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun with Millar pattern breeching ring, weight 42-2-4 (4,764 lbs), 1841, Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England (WCo) on the left trunnion, (Serial No. 641) on the right trunnion, Queen Victoria cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  This is gun No. 2 facing the harbour in the second protected position facing the harbour in Victoria Park.

Cast Iron 18-pounder 42-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun with Millar pattern breeching ring, weight 42-1-26 (4,758 lbs), 1841, Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England (WCo) on left trunnion, (Serial No. 638) on the right trunnion, Queen Victoria cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  This is gun No. 3 facing the harbour in the third protected position facing the harbour in Victoria Park.

Blomefield Cast Iron 9-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 23-3-2? (2,662 lbs), (WCo), (Walker & Company of Rotherham, Yorkshire, England), on the left trunnion, (Serial No. 17) on the right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, corroded, mounted on a 9-pounder iron garrison carriage, stamped 14-2-21, No. 4 facing the harbour in the fourth protected position.  It is one of three brought from Port la Joye/Fort Amherst.

Blomefield Cast Iron 9-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 23-2-7? corroded (2,639 lbs), maker and Serial No. TBC, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on an iron garrison carriage stamped 14-2-21, No. 2.  This gun is No. 5, standing in the open to the left of the protected positions facing the harbour, close to the parking lot.  It is one of three brought from Port la Joye/Fort Amherst.

Queen Victoria and her Royal Cypher.  She reigned from 2 June 1837 to 22 Jan 1901.  The portrait is from her Coronation, 1838.  (Wikipedia Photo)

Dundas 32/64-pounder 58-cwt Converted Rifled Muzzleloading Gun, weight 59--0 (6,558 lbs), (RGF No. 420, I, 1874) on the left trunnion, RGF IRON on the muzzle, Queen Victoria cypher, no broad arrow mark, Victoria Park, unmounted, set on wood blocks.  This gun is No. 1 of three unmounted guns, set on wood blocks to the right of the parking lot.

Dundas 32/64-pounder 58-cwt Converted Rifled Muzzleloading Gun, weight 59-0-0 (6,608 lbs), (RGF No. 414, I, 1874) on the left trunnion, RGF IRON on the muzzle, Queen Victoria cypher, two broad arrow marks, unmounted, set on wood blocks, Victoria Park.  This gun is No. 2 of three to the right of the parking lot.

Dundas 32/64-pounder 58-cwt Converted Rifled Muzzleloading Gun, weight 59-1-0 (6,636 lbs), (RGF No. 448, I, 1874) on the left trunnion, blank on the right trunnion, RGF IRON on the muzzle, Queen Victoria cypher, broad arrow mark, unmounted, set on wood blocks, Victoria Park.  This gun is No. 3 of three South of the parking lot.

Blomefield Cast Iron 9-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, 23-3-2? (2,662 lbs), (WCo), (Walker & Company of Rotherham, Yorkshire, England), on the left trunnion, (Serial No. 41?) on the right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, corroded, mounted on an iron garrison carriage stamped 14-3-7, No. 12.  This gun is No. 4 in the second row of guns to the rear of the Blomefield in No. 5 position in the first row, next to the parking lot, also facing the harbour.  It is one of three brought from Port la Joye/Fort Amherst.

Charlottetown, Victoria Park Survey Markers

To ensure the accuracy of the surveying equipment in use on Prince Edward Island in the 19th century, a meridonal line was established in Victoria Park in 1830.  Three granite posts and what appears to be a SBML 9-pounder gun spaced appropriately are laid out in the park as per the diagram shown here beside the Prince Edward Battery.

No. 1 survey marker, granite post, East, beside the Prince Edward Battery.

No. 2 survey marker, granite post, North, inside the grounds of the Lieutenant Governor's Mansion.

Cast Iron possible 4-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, heavily corroded, no visible markings, 3 & 1/8-inch bore, mounted vertically as a survey marker located NW in Victoria Park.

No. 3 survey marker, granite post, West, Victoria Park.

Charlottetown, HMCS Queen Charlotte

Blomefield Cast Iron 24-pounder 50-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 47-3-4 (5,352 lbs) under the cascabel, Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England (WCo) on left trunnion, (Serial No. 6) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a wood naval gun carriage, 210 Water Street at Haviland Street.

Dundas 32/64-pounder 58-cwt Converted Rifled Muzzleloading Gun, weight 58-2-0 (6,552 lbs), (RGF 401, I, 1854) on left trunnion, King George III cypher, 19, broad arrow mark, mounted on a wood naval gun carriage, 210 Water Street at Haviland Street.

Queen Charlotte (1744-1818).  Dual Cypher of King William II and Queen Charlotte of Württemberg.

Charlottetown,  Queen Charlotte Armoury, Queen`s Square. 3 Haviland Street.

Bronze 6-pounder 6-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 5-3-21 (665 lbs), 1807, Kinman, King George III cypher.  This Gun was shipped to PEI in 1812 from England, to be used for local defence.  Mounted on a wooden stand.  The gun was used by the Post Master on a ship which brought the Royal Mail to PEI from Pictou, Nova Scotia.  While it could be used as a weapon against piracy, it was used to signal the local residents that the mail had arrived.  Inside the museum.

9-pounder 8-cwt Muzzleloading Rifle, weight 8-1-6 (930 lbs), RGF No. TBC, stamped with the King’s Arrow, 30, Firth's Steel No. 2840 on the muzzle.  The gun is mounted on a wheeled carriage stamped Sir W.G. Armstrong and Co. Newcastle on the Tyne, No. 1455.  On display inside the PEIR armoury.  One of two dated 1872 and 1873.

The British Garrison was established in PEI at the mouth of the Charlottetown harbour in 1758.  The Garrison was armed with 18 9-pounder SBMLs.  

In 1776, an additional four guns were brought to Charlottetown by HMS Lizard, and put in place for the Militia for use at Patterson's battery, now the site of the present day Armoury.  These guns came from Fort Ticonderoga.

As of Jan 1780, the Militia supporting the Garrison in PEI was equipped with five 12-pounder SBMLs and four 6-pounder SBMLs.  In 1784 they became the PEI Volunteer Artillery.  By 1829, the PEI Militia mustered 5,400, including two Companies of Artillery and a Troop of Cavalry.

The museum has a German First World War 7.92-mm Maxim Spandau MG 08 Machinegun, (Serial Nr. TBC), corroded.  At least 14 machineguns were allocated to Charlottetown after the war, including (Serial Nrs. 2583, 3187, 3335, 4462, 5053, 5397, 5902, 7119a, 8033, 9282, 9335, 9690, 10154, and 37102).  This is likely one of them.

German First World War 7.58-cm leichtes Minenwerfer neuer Art, (7.58-cm leMW), captured by Canadians East of Arras, France, Sep 1918. (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3397938)

German First World War 7.58-cm leichtes Minenwerfer neuer Art, (7.58-cm leMW), (Serial Nr. 16634), 2047, 1733, 799, 111, and 1686, mounted on iron wheels inside the Armoury.  This trench mortar was likely captured ca 1918 by a Battalion of a Brigade with a Canadian Division in the Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF) in France.  It came to PEI in 1920 as part of the War Trophies Act.  It stood in the Mount Stewart Cemetery until it was donated to the museum in 2008, and now stands inside the armoury.

The 7.58 cm Minenwerfer a.A. (alter Art or old model) (7.58 cm leMW).  The Germans fielded a whole series of mortars before the beginning of the First World War.  Their term for them was Minenwerfer, literally mine-thrower; they were initially assigned to engineer units in their siege warfare role.  By the Winter of 1916-17, they were transferred to infantry units where the leMW's light weight permitted them to accompany the foot-soldiers in the advance.  In common with Rheinmetall's other Minenwerfer designs, the leMW was a rifled muzzle-loader that had hydraulic cylinders on each side of the tube to absorb the recoil forces and spring recuperators to return the tube to the firing position.  It had a rectangular firing platform with limited traverse and elevation.  Wheels could be added to ease transportation or it could be carried by at least six men.  In 1916, a new version, designated as the n.A. or neuer Art, was fielded that included a circular firing platform, giving a turntable effect, which permitted a full 360 degree traverse.  It also had a longer 16 inches (410 mm) barrel and could be used for direct fire between 0° and 27° elevation if the new 90 kg (200 lb) trail was fitted to absorb the recoil forces.  In this mode it was pressed into service as an anti-tank gun.

German First World War 17-cm mittlerer Minenwerfer (17-cm mMW),  captured by Canadians, April 1917.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3521871)

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German First World War 17-cm mittlerer Minenwerfer (17-cm mMW), (Serial Nr. 848), stamped Rh.M.F. 1916.  This trench mortar was captured on 8 Aug 1918 by the 16th Battalion (Canadian Scottish), 3rd Infantry Brigade, 1st Canadian Division, Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF) near Aubercourt, France.  Originally allocated to Stamford, Ontario, this mMW was collected by Tom Skelding, held at the Armour School, CFB Gagetown for a number of years, and donated to the PEIR in 2013.  It is currently on display outside the Armoury.

105-mm LG1 C1 Mk. II Light Gun, one of two in service for gunnery training, shown here at the Queen Charlotte Armoury, Charlottetown, 14 Oct 2012.  This gun has a maximum range using NATO standard ammunition of 11,400 metres.

Kensington

German First World War 15-cm schwere Feldhaubitze 1902 (15-cm sFH 02), captured by Canadians, Battle of Amiens, Aug 1918.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3397897)

German First World War 15-cm schwere Feldhaubitze 1902 (15-cm sFH 02), (Serial Nr. 86), A.G. Essen, 1904.  This sFH 02 was likely captured ca 1918 by a Battalion of an Infantry Brigade in a Canadian Division with the Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF), in France.  It was originally allocated to Charlottetown.  The sFH 02 is on display outside the Kensington Veteran’s Memorial Military Museum, next to Royal Canadian Legion Branch No. 9.

The 15 cm schwere Feldhaubitze 1902 (15 cm sFH 02) was a German heavy field howitzer introduced in 1903.  It was the first artillery piece to use a modern recoil system in the German Army. Some 416 were in service at the beginning of the war.  Its mobility, which allowed it to be deployed as medium artillery, and fairly heavy shell gave the German army a firepower advantage in the early battles in Belgium and France in 1914 as the French and British armies lacked an equivalent.

German First World War 7.92-mm Maxim Spandau MG 08 Machinegun assembly, May 1917.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3403105)

German First World War 7.92-mm Maxim Spandau MG 08 Machineguns (two), (Serial Nr. corroded).  This MG 08 mounted on a Schlitten stand was likely captured ca 1918 by a Battalion of an Infantry Brigade in a Canadian Division with the Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF), in France.  Two machineguns were allocated to Montague after the war, (Serial Nr 2085) captured on 10 Oct 1917 by the 44th Battalion (Manitoba), 10th Infantry Brigade, 4th Canadian Division, Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF), at Hill 145, Vimy, France; and (Serial Nr. 9021) captured on 9 Aug 1918 by the 4th Battalion (Central Ontario), 1st Infantry Brigade, 1st Canadian Division, CEF, 1/2 km North of Beaufort, France. 

Lennox Island.

German First World War 10.5-cm Feldhaubitze 98/09 captured by Canadians, Arras, France, Aug 1918.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3397953), and another captured by Canadians at Vis en Artois, France, Sep 1918.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3395608)

German First World War 10.5-cm Feldhaubitze 98/09 (10.5-cm FH 98/09), (Serial Nr. 223), Rh MF, 1911.  This gun was captured ca 1918 by the 27th Battalion (City of Winnipeg), 6th Infantry Brigade, 2nd Canadian Division, Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF), in France.  This FH 98/09 was originally allocated to Grand River.  It is on display next to the cenotaph facing the waterfront.

The 10.5 cm Feldhaubitze 98/09 (10.5-cm FH 98/09), a short barreled (16.25 cm) 105-mm howitzer, also referred to as the 10.5 cm leichte Feldhaubitze (light field howitzer) 98/09, was used by Germany in the First World War and after.  It had a maximum range of 6,300 metres (20,700 ft).   It was originally built by Rheinmetall as the 10.5 cm Feldhaubitze 98, an old-fashioned, fixed-recoil weapon delivered to the German army in 1898; between 1902 and 1904, it was redesigned, by Krupp, with a new recoil mechanism and a new carriage.  However, it wasn't accepted for service until 1909, hence the ending designation 98/09. Existing weapons were rebuilt to the new standard.  As usual, two seats were attached to the gun shield. There were 1,260 in service at the beginning of the First World War.

Miscouche

 (BK-Hunters Photos)

French possibly 24-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, heavily corroded.  This gun was recovered from a French frigate that sank during the siege of Louisbourg in 1758.  The cannon was retrieved from the harbour in 1900.  From 9 Nov 1901, the Natural History Society of Prince Edward Island had it on display in front of Province House in Charlottetown.  In 1965, while Province House was being renovated, the cannon was entrusted to Parks Canada and stored at the Port-la-Joye/Fort-Amherst National Historic Site.  In the fall of 1999, the cannon was loaned by Parks Canada to the Acadian Museum in Miscouche to commemorate the ties which once existed between Île Saint-Jean and Louisbourg.  Its new site was officially inaugurated on 12 Aug 2000.  It is located along Highway 2 at the eastern end of Miscouche, near the Acadia Museum.

Montague

Cast Iron possible 9-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, 4-inch bore, heavily corroded, no visible markings.  A plaque stating "This cannon was used at Point De Roma (Brudinell Point), 1787-1745, to defend Georgetown Harbour.  In 1965, a gift to No. 8 Branch by Ft. Lt. Rodd M. Martin".  The gun stands beside the cenotaph in front of the Royal Canadian Legion at 15 Douses Road. 

Mount Stewart

German First World War 10.5-cm Feldhaubitze 98/09, captured by the 17th Battery C.F.A. and put into action firing on the retreating Germans during the Battle of Vimy Ridge.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3194730 and 3521875)

 (Alex Comber Photo), left, (Author Photo), right.

German First World War 10.5-cm Feldhaubitze 98/09, (Serial Nr. 438).  This gun was captured on 27 Sep 1918 by the British 11th (Northern) Division "Imperials", operating with the Canadian Expeditionary Force, SW of Epinoy, France.  The FH 98/09 was originally allocated to Charlottetown, it is now located beside the cenotaph at Mount Stewart, PEI, missing its wheels.  The Gunner's shield shows evidence of penetration.

Souris

Blomefield Cast Iron 24-pounder 50-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 48-0-21? corroded (5,397 lbs), Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England (WCo) on left trunnion, (Serial No. 91?) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a wood naval gun carriage in front of the Royal Canadian Legion Branch No. 3.  

Summerside

9-pounder 8-cwt Field Gun in action at Batoche, 24 Apr 1885.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3623592), and A Bty in action, 9 May 1885.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3192261)

9-pounder 8-cwt Muzzleloading Rifle, weight 8-1-5 (919 lbs), RGF No. TBC, mounted on farm wheels, St Eleanor.  No. 1.

9-pounder 8-cwt Muzzleloading Rifle, weight 8-1-7 (921 lbs), RGF No. TBC, mounted on farm wheels, St Eleanor.  No. 2.

9-pounder 8-cwt Muzzleloading Rifle, weight 8-1-6 (920 lbs), RGF No. 119, 1871 on the trunnion, Firth's Steel No. 2155 on the muzzle, mounted on wooden wheels, inside the Prince Edward Island Regiment Armoury, Slemon Park.  Inside the RHQ building.  No. 3.

German First World War 7.7-cm Feldkanone 16 (7.7-cm FK 16).  (Bundesarchiv Bild 102-11934, Reichswehr)

German First World War 7.7-cm Feldkanone 16 (7.7-cm FK 16), (Serial Nr. 13820).  This gun was captured on 29 Sep 1918 by the 25th Battalion (Nova Scotia Rifles), 6th Infantry Brigade, 2nd Canadian Division, Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF), at Moon Quarry near Cherisy, France.  No. 1 of 2 German guns in the Memorial Park.

The 7.7 cm Feldkanone 16 (7.7 cm FK 16) was a German field gun with a longer range than the FK 96 n.A.  The barrel is longer and the gun has a box carriage to allow for greater elevation, which increased the range.  It also has separate-loading ammunition to reduce powder consumption and barrel wear at short ranges, although this had the drawback of reducing the rate of fire compared to the older gun.  It was prematurely rushed into production in 1916 and early guns suffered from a number of defects, mainly stemming from the German use of substitute materials to reduce consumption of strategic metals.  It also suffered from a large number of premature detonations of its shells during 1916.

German First World War 10.5-cm leichtes Feldhaubitze 16 (10.5-cm leFH 16).  (Bundesarchiv Bild 102-10041), and (Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1998-009-15)

German First World War 10.5-cm leichtes Feldhaubitze 16 (10.5-cm leFH 16), (Serial Nr. 7419).  This leFH 16 was likely captured ca 1918 by a Battalion of an Infantry Brigade with a Canadian Division, Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF) in France.  No. 2 of 2 German guns in Memorial Park.

Tignish

105-mm C1A1, RCHA training in Germany.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4234806)

105-mm C1A1 Howitzer, CDN unknown, CFR unknown.  This gun stands in front of the Royal Canadian Legion at 221 Phillip St.