Military History Books
by Harold A. Skaarup   www.SilverHawkAuthor.com   
 
Artillery preserved in Canada 6b: Quebec City

Artillery preserved in Quebec City, fortifications

The page for artillery preserved in Quebec has grown too large to download quickly, so the guns on display in the Quebec City fortifications are listed here separately.  (This should keep the webpage from crashing).

For all official data concerning the Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery, please click on the link to their website:

Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery Website

The aim of this website is to locate, identify and document every historical piece of artillery preserved in Canada.  Many contributors have assisted in the hunt for these guns to provide and update the data found on these web pages.  Photos are by the author unless otherwise credited.  Any errors found here are by the author.  French Translation of the technical data presented here would be appreciated.  Corrections, amendments and suggested changes may be emailed to the author at hskaarup@rogers.com.

Une traduction au français pour l'information technique présente serait grandement apprécié. Vos corrections, changements et suggestions sont les bienvenus, et peuvent être envoyés au hskaarup@rogers.com

Data current to 22 July 2017.

Note: Back in the day, artillery in Canada was referred to by its radio call sign "Sheldrake".  It is now referred to by its "Golf" call sign.  (Acorn)

Québec City

Blomefield Cast Iron 24-pounder 50-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, Quebec City, ca 1950s.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3330196)

There are many guns located in and around the defence works of old Québec City.  From the Highway 20 exiting North on Highway 73, you turn East onto Route 173, Boulevard Laurier, and then take a turn South onto St. Louis Street.  Four guns are located in front of the church overlooking the St Lawrence River at Sillery.

Québec City, Presbytère St-Michel de Sillery

 (Photos courtesy of James Simonds)

Blomefield Cast Iron 32-pounder 56-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 56-2-23 (6,351 lbs), The Carron Company of Falkirk, Scotland (Serial No. 70743, CARRON, 1807) on left trunnion, (32P) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on an iron garrison carriage marked 24-pounder, weight 21-32-2 (2,438 lbs).  The Blomefield 32-pounder 56-cwt Gun has a length of 9 feet 6 inches.  It is the most common 32-pounder in Canada and can be recognized by a reinforcing ring that is slightly raised followed by a definite "step-down" in the barrel just forward of the trunnions heading to the muzzle.  This Gun is No. 1 of 4 facing the St Lawrence River.

Blomefield Cast Iron 32-pounder 56-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 55-2-18 (6,234 lbs), Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England (WCo) on left trunnion, (Serial No. 318) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on an iron carriage, weight 22-3-25 (2,573 lbs).  No. 2 of 4 facing the river.

Blomefield Cast Iron 32-pounder 56-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 55-3-14 (6,258 lbs), Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England (WCo) on left trunnion, (Serial No. 316) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on an iron garrison carriage, weight 21-3-6 (2,442 lbs).  No. 3 of 4 facing the river.

Blomefield Cast Iron 32-pounder 56-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 56-0-0 (6,272 lbs), Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England (WCo) on left trunnion, (Serial No. 315) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on an iron garrison carriage, weight 21-2-20 (2,428 lbs).  No. 4 of 4, beside the church, facing the river.

Québec City, Plains of Abraham Battlefield Park

Returning to Boulevard Laurier, the road becomes St. Louise Street when you continue East to Parc-des-Champs-de-Bataille.  Entering the park from the West end there are four sets of groups of three Carronades in each group (12), followed by a group of 14 guns of various calibres and another set of four groups of Carronades arranged in four groups of three, three, four and two (12).  The SBML 32-pounder 17-cwt Carronades have a weight greater than 3,584 lbs.  The guns are numbered in this list from right to left.  The Carronade is a short smoothbore, cast iron cannon, which was used by the Royal Navy and first produced by the Carron Company, an ironworks in Falkirk, Scotland.  It was used from the 1770s to the 1850s.  Its main function was to serve as a powerful, short-range anti-ship and anti-crew weapon.  While considered very successful early on, Carronades eventually disappeared as rifled naval artillery changed the shape of the shell and led to fewer and fewer close-range engagements.

No. 1. Cast Iron 68-pounder 36-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 36-0-21 (4,053 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.  1st group of 3 guns.

No. 2. Cast Iron 68-pounder 36-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 36-0-22 (4,054 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.  1st group of 3 guns.

No. 3. Cast Iron 68-pounder 36-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 36-0-25 (4,057 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.  1st group of 3 guns.

 

No. 4. Cast Iron 68-pounder 36-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 35-1-12 (3,960 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.  2nd group of 3 guns.

No. 5.  Cast Iron 68-pounder 36-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 35-3-1 (4,015 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.  2nd group of 3 guns.

No. 6. Cast Iron 68-pounder 36-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 35-2-20 (3,996 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.  2nd group of 3 guns.

No. 7. Cast Iron 68-pounder 36-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 35-0-25 (3,945 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.  3rd group of 3 guns.

No. 8. Cast Iron 68-pounder 36-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 35-1-2 (3,950 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.  3rd group of 3 guns.

No. 9.  Cast Iron 68-pounder 36-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 35-0-23 (3,943 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.  3rd group of 3 guns.

No. 10. Cast Iron 68-pounder 36-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 35-0-13 (3,933 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.  4th group of 3 guns.

No. 11. Cast Iron 68-pounder 36-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 36-0-2 (4,034 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.  4th group of 3 guns.

No. 12. Cast Iron 68-pounder 36-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 35-0-26 (3,946 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.  4th group of 3 guns.

 

No. 13.  German First World War German First World War 10.5 cm leichte Feldhaubitze 16 (10.5 cm leFH 16), (Serial No. 12826), also stamped M.1352, S.4276, Fr.  Kp.  1917.  The 10.5 cm leFH 16 was a field gun that shared the same carriage as the 7.7 cm FK 16.  This gun was captured 2 September 1918 by the 13th Battalion (Royal Highlanders of Canada), 3rd Infantry Brigade, 1st Canadian Division, Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF), at Cagnicourt Wood, France.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.

 

No. 14.  German First World War 7.7-cm Feldkanone 16 (7.7-cm FK 16), (Serial Nr. 8899), Fr.  Kp.  1916.  This gun was captured on 27 Sep 1918 by the 87th Battalion (Canadian Grenadier Guards), 11th Infantry Brigade, 4th Canadian Division, Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF), near Bourlon, France.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.

No. 15.  Cast Iron Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, heavily corroded, mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.

No. 16.  Cast Iron Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, heavily corroded.  This gun is mounted on a wood naval gun carriage and has a cannon ball cemented in the muzzle.  It was recovered from an oak shipwreck in Burstall’s Cove, Sillery, in 1890.  (Part of the Price Collection).

No. 17.  Cast Iron Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, heavily corroded.  This British gun is mounted on an iron garrison carriage and has a cannon ball embedded in its muzzle.  It was recovered from English Bay, Anticosti.

 

No. 18.  Blomefield Cast Iron 30-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun with the forward half of the gun barrel missing, weight 29-2-16 (3,320 lbs), maker and Serial No. unknown, King George III cypher.  This gun is mounted on a wood naval carriage and has a cannon ball embedded in its muzzle.

 

No. 19.  Cast Iron Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, heavily corroded.  This gun is mounted on a wood naval gun carriage and has a cannon ball embedded in its muzzle.  The gun was recovered from the St. Charles River where a floating bridge had been located in 1759.

No. 20.  Cast Iron 8-inch 22-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Howitzer, weight 22-0-10 (2,474 lbs), maker and Serial No. TBC, mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.  The gun is stamped 1859.  Six of these guns were allocated to Quebec.

No. 21. Cast Iron 68-pounder 36-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 36-1-8 (4,068 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.

No. 22.  Cast Iron Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, heavily corroded.  This gun is mounted on a wood naval gun carriage and has a cannon ball embedded in its muzzle.  The gun was recovered from Louisbourg.

 

No. 23.  Cast Iron Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, heavily corroded.  This gun is mounted on a wood naval gun carriage and has a cannon ball embedded in its muzzle.  It was recovered from one of the wrecks of Sir Hovendon Walker’s Fleet which sank off Egg lsland in the Gulf of St Lawrence in 1711.

No. 24.  Cast Iron Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, heavily corroded.  This gun is mounted on a 24-pounder iron garrison carriage and has a cannon ball embedded in its muzzle.  The gun was recovered from the wreck of the French warship Prudent, which was captured and burned by the British in June 1758 during the siege of Louisbourg.  Twenty cannons like this one from Prudent and other French ships sunk during the siege, were raised in 1899.

No. 25.  German First World War 7.7-cm Feldkanone 96 neuer Art (7.7-cm FK 96 n.A.), (Serial Nr. 9742).  This gun was captured on 27 Sep 1918 by the 87th Battalion (Canadian Grenadier Guards), 11th Infantry Brigade, 4th Canadian Division, Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF), near Bourlon, France.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.

 

No. 26.  German First World War 10.5-cm Feldhaubitze 98/09 (10.5-cm FH 98/09), (Serial Nr. 5051), Fr.  Kp. 1917.  This gun was captured ca 1918 by the 22nd Battalion (French Canadian), 5th Infantry Brigade, 2nd Canadian Division, Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF), in France.  A cannonball is cemented in the muzzle.

The 10.5 cm Feldhaubitze 98/09 (10.5 cm FH 98/09), a short barreled (1625-mm) 105-mm howitzer, also referred to as the 10.5-cm leichte Feldhaubitze (light field howitzer) 98/09, was used by Germany in the First World War and after.  It had a maximum range of 6,300 metres (20,700 ft).   It was originally built by Rheinmetall as the 10.5-cm Feldhaubitze 98, an old-fashioned, fixed-recoil weapon delivered to the German army in 1898; between 1902 and 1904, it was redesigned, by Krupp, with a new recoil mechanism and a new carriage.  However, it wasn't accepted for service until 1909, hence the ending designation 98/09. Existing weapons were rebuilt to the new standard.  As usual, two seats were attached to the gun shield.  There were 1,260 in service at the beginning of the First World War.

 

German First World War 10.5-cm Feldhaubitze 98/09 (10.5-cm FH 98/09), captured by Canadians near Vis en Artois, France, Sep 1918.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN 3397953).

No. 27.  Cast Iron 68-pounder 36-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 35-1-21 (3,969 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.

No. 28. Cast Iron 68-pounder 36-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 35-0-? (>3,920 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.  5th group of 3 guns.

 

No. 29. Cast Iron 68-pounder 36-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 35-3-12 (4,016 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.  5th group of 3 guns.

No. 30. Cast Iron 68-pounder 36-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 35-1-21 (3,969 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.  5th group of 3 guns.

No. 31.  Cast Iron 68-pounder 36-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 35-0-9 (3,929 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.  6th group of 4 guns.

No. 32. Cast Iron 68-pounder 36-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 35-2-10 (3,986 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.  6th group of 4 guns.

No. 33. Cast Iron 68-pounder 36-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 35-2-14 (>3,990 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.  6th group of 4 guns.

No. 34. Cast Iron 68-pounder 36-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 35-?-7 (>3,927 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.  6th group of 4 guns.

No. 35. Cast Iron 68-pounder 36-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 35-2-0 (3,976 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.  7th group of 4 guns.

No. 36. Cast Iron 68-pounder 36-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 35-2-27 (4,003 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.  7th group of 4 guns.

No. 37. Cast Iron 68-pounder 36-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 35-1-7 (3,955 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.  7th group of 4 guns.

No. 38. 6Cast Iron 68-pounder 36-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 35-2-7 (3,983 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.  7th group of 4 guns.

No. 39. Cast Iron 68-pounder 36-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 35-0-24 (3,944 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.  8th group of 2 guns.

No. 40. Cast Iron 68-pounder 36-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 35-2-0 (3,976 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.  8th group of 2 guns.

East of these guns there is a Museum building with more of the battlefield park where additional guns and mortars from various eras can be viewed.

  

Cast Iron 10-inch 52-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Land Service Mortar, weight 52-0-3 (5,827 lbs), broad arrow mark, CARRON Serial No. 80740, 1815, dolphin carrying handles, mounted on an iron stand.  This mortar stands beside a second mortar near a stone marking the spot where General Wolfe fell.  No. 1 of 2.

    

Cast Iron 10-inch 52-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Land Service Mortar, weight 52--- (5,824 lbs +), broad arrow mark, CARRON Serial No. 83749, 1815, dolphin carrying handles, mounted on an iron stand.  This mortar stands beside the first mortar, near a stone marking the spot where General Wolfe fell.  No. 2 of 2.

Martello Tower on the edge of the Plains of Abraham.

 

Cast Iron 8-inch 65-cwt Smoothbore Shell Gun with Millar pattern breeching ring, weight 65-3-4 (7,368 lbs), Low Moor on right trunnion, Serial No. 3675 on left trunnion, no cypher, mounted on a wood traversing carriage, in front of the Martello Tower on the Plains of Abraham Battlefield Park.

Blomefield Cast Iron 24-pounder 50-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 47-3-4 (5,352 lbs) under the cascabel, maker and Serial No. TBC, King George III cypher.  This gun is mounted on a long wood traversing carriage West of the Citadel on Ave Cap-Diamant the river.

Blomefield Cast Iron 32-pounder 56-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 48-0-0 (5,376 lbs), maker and Serial No. TBC, mounted on a wood traversing carriage, in front of the Visitor’s Centre for the Plains of Abraham Battlefield Park, near the site where Wolfe fell in 1759.  No. 1 of 2.

   

Blomefield Cast Iron 32-pounder 56-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 48-1-18 (5,422 lbs), maker and Serial No. TBC, mounted on a wood traversing carriage, in front of the Visitor’s Centre for the Plains of Abraham Battlefield Park, near the site where Wolfe fell in 1759.  No. 2 of 2.

German First World War 21-cm Mörser gun being examined by a Canadian Officer, Arras, Aug 1918.  CANADA scratched on the barrel.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3397899), left and 21-cm Morser,captured by Canadians, Sep 1917. (Library and Archives Canada Photo,  MIKAN No. 3397876), right.

Captured German Great War 21-cm Morser.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3397895), left and 21-cm Morser, Amiens, Aug 1918.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3397905), right.

German First World War 21-cm Mörser 1910 neuer Art Heavy Mortar, (Serial Nr. 85).    This gun was captured on 8 Aug 1918 by the 42nd Battalion (Royal Highlanders of Canada), 7th Infantry Brigade, 3rd Canadian Division, Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF), SE of Demuin, France.  This gun has its barrel elevated and locked in the recoil position facing a large tree.  A cannonball is cemented in the muzzle.  The gun is located East of the Musée nationale des beaux-arts on the behind trees South of Avenue George VI on the Parcs des Champs-de-Bataille facing the river.

German First World War 10-cm K 17, captured, Amiens, Aug 1918.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3397894)

German First World War 10-cm Kanone 17 (10-cm K 17), (Serial Nr. 10), Kp, 1918 with a blown barrel (listed in the records as a 10.5-cm).  This gun was captured on 28 Aug 1918, by the 42nd Battalion (Royal Highlanders of Canada), 7th Infantry Brigade, 3rd Canadian Division, Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF), in France.  The gun is located on Ontario Avenue below the Parcs des Champs-de-Bataille facing the river.

German First World War 15-cm schwere Feldhaubitze 1902 (15-cm sFH 02), (Serial Nr. 473).  This gun was captured by the 60th Battalion (Victoria Rifles of Canada), 9th Infantry Brigade, 3rd Canadian Division, Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF), at Vimy Ridge, near La Chaudiere and put into action against the enemy.  The sFH 02 is located on Ontario Avenue below the Parcs des Champs-de-Bataille facing the river.

Québec City, Upper Town

Cast Iron 10-inch 16-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Land Service Mortar, weight 16-1-7 (1,827 lbs), maker and Serial No. unknown.  No. 1 of 2, standing in front of the entrance to 35 Brigade Group Headquarters on the street leading up to the Citadel.

Cast Iron 10-inch 16-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Land Service Mortar, weight 16-1-7 (1,831 lbs), maker and Serial No. unknown.  No. 2 of 2, standing in front of the entrance to 35 Brigade Group Headquarters on the street leading up to the Citadel.

Cast Iron 10-inch 16-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Land Service Mortar, weight 16-1-7 (1,827 lbs), with a pair of Dolphin carrying handles, mounted on a wood carriage minus the wheels, No. 1 of 2, guarding the outside entrance to the Citadel.

Cast Iron 10-inch 16-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Land Service Mortar, weight 16-?-? (>1,800 lbs), with a pair of Dolphin carrying handles, mounted on a wood carriage minus the wheels, No. 2 of 2, guarding the outside entrance to the Citadel.

Cast Iron 68-pounder 36-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight TBC, mounted on a wood naval gun carriage in front of Hotel Ashton on Rue St. Louis in Old Quebec.

Cast Iron Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight and maker unknown, mounted on a wood naval gun carriage in front of Hotel Ashton on Rue St. Louis in Old Quebec.

Québec CityDes Braves Monument

 (Streetscape Photo)

In the early 1850s, some workers discovered bones that appeared to belong to the soldiers who died on 28 April 1760, in the Battle of Sainte-Foy.  On 5 June 1854, the Saint-Jean Baptiste Society undertook to transfer the remains to a common grave on a property donated by a private citizen.  To commemorate this French victory, plans were made to erect a monument on the site of the Dumont Mill, where the fiercest fighting had taken place.  The cornerstone of the monument was laid on 18 July of the same year, in the presence of a procession of thousands.  Also participating in the ceremony was the crew of the French warship “La Capricieuse,” one of the first French ships to visit Quebec City since the Conquest.  This symbolic reconciliation coincided with the new alliance between England and France during the Crimean War (1853-1856).  A subscription campaign was conducted by the Saint-Jean Baptiste Society of Quebec to produce the monument designed by architect Charles Baillairgé and constructed by John Ritchie and Joseph Larose.  A stone base was erected in 1860, on the occasion of the battle’s centennial. The pedestal and cast column were added on 24 June 1861. The statue on top of the column, a representation of Bellona, the Roman goddess of war, was donated by the French prince Jerome-Napoleon, the uncle of Emperor Napoleon III.  The figure stands three metres high, carries a lance and shield, and looks over the part of the battlefield that was occupied by the French army.  On the cenotaph furnishing the base of the statue are four bronze mortars. Inscribed on two plaques are the names of Lévis and Murray, the generals who led the opposing armies. The 22-metre monument was officially inaugurated on 19 October 1863.  Archives of the National Battlefields Commission.

Bronze Smoothbore Muzzleloading Mortar, weight and maker TBC, No. 1 at the foot of Des Braves Monument, Des Braves Avenue and St. Foy Road.

Bronze Smoothbore Muzzleloading Mortar, weight and maker TBC, No. 2 at the foot of Des Braves Monument, Des Braves Avenue and St. Foy Road.

Bronze Smoothbore Muzzleloading Mortar, weight and maker TBC, No. 3 at the foot of Des Braves Monument, Des Braves Avenue and St. Foy Road.

Bronze Smoothbore Muzzleloading Mortar, weight and maker TBC, No. 4 at the foot of Des Braves Monument, Des Braves Avenue and St. Foy Road.

Québec CityLa Citadelle

 (Musée Royal 22e Régiment - Caporal David Robert Photo)

The page for artillery preserved in Quebec has grown too large to download quickly, so the guns on display in the Quebec Citadel are listed on a separate web page.  (This should keep the webpage from crashing).

Québec CityRues des Remparts

There are 29 guns and mortars mounted on the ramparts below Chateau Frontenac.  They are listed here in the sequence observed, numbered from right to left from the top of the ramparts.

 

Blomefield Cast Iron 32-pounder 56-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 56-2-21 (6,349 lbs), Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England (WCo) on left trunnion, (Serial No. 413) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a iron traversing gun carriage.  No. 1.

   

Blomefield Cast Iron 32-pounder 56-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 55-2-21 (6,237 lbs), Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England (WCo) on left trunnion, (Serial No. 303) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a iron traversing gun carriage.  No. 2.

 

Blomefield Cast Iron 32-pounder 56-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 55-3-7 (6,251 lbs), Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England (WCo) on left trunnion, (Serial No. 566) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a iron traversing gun carriage.  No. 3.

  

Blomefield Cast Iron 32-pounder 56-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 56-0-25 (6,297 lbs), The Carron Company of Falkirk, Scotland  (Serial No. 70712, CARRON, 1887) on left trunnion, (32P) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on an iron traversing gun carriage.  No. 4.

 

Blomefield Cast Iron 32-pounder 56-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 56-1-7 (6,307 lbs), The Carron Company of Falkirk, Scotland  (Serial No. 70214, CARRON, 1806) on left trunnion, (32P) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on an iron traversing gun carriage.  No. 5.

 

Blomefield Cast Iron 32-pounder 56-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 55-0-21 (6,181 lbs) under the cascabel, Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England (WCo) on left trunnion, (Serial No. 286) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a iron traversing gun carriage.   No. 6.

  

Blomefield Cast Iron 32-pounder 56-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 56-1-11 (6,301 lbs) under the cascabel, The Carron Company of Falkirk, Scotland (Serial No. 70173, CARRON, 1806) on left trunnion, (32P) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on an iron traversing gun carriage.  No. 7.

Blomefield Cast Iron 32-pounder 56-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 55-2-21 (6,237 lbs), Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England (WCo) on left trunnion, (Serial No. 570) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a iron traversing gun carriage.  No. 8.

 

Blomefield Cast Iron 32-pounder 56-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 56-3-25 (6,370 lbs), The Carron Company of Falkirk, Scotland (Serial No. 71300, CARRON, 1807) on left trunnion, (32P) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on an iron traversing gun carriage.  No. 9.

 

Blomefield Cast Iron 32-pounder 56-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 56-2-17 (6,345 lbs), The Carron Company of Falkirk, Scotland (Serial No. 70737, CARRON, year 1807) on left trunnion, (32P) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on an iron traversing gun carriage.  No. 10.

 

Blomefield Cast Iron 32-pounder 56-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 55-3-14 (6,258 lbs), The Carron Company of Falkirk, Scotland (Serial No. 70172, CARRON, 1806) on left trunnion, (32P) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on an iron traversing gun carriage.  No. 11.

There is a wide gap between the No. 11 and No. 12 gun positions.

 

Blomefield Cast Iron 32-pounder 56-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 56-1-21 (6,321 lbs), The Carron Company of Falkirk, Scotland (Serial No. 70250, CARRON, 1806) on left trunnion, (32P) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on an iron traversing gun carriage.  No. 12.

 

Blomefield Cast Iron 32-pounder 56-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 56-2-21 (6,32149, lbs), The Carron Company of Falkirk, Scotland (Serial No. 70152, CARRON, 1806) on left trunnion, (32P) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on an iron traversing gun carriage.  No. 13.

 

Blomefield Cast Iron 32-pounder 56-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 55-0-21 (6,216 lbs), Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England (WCo) on left trunnion, (Serial No. 563) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a iron traversing gun carriage.  No. 14.

 

Blomefield Cast Iron 32-pounder 56-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 55-2-10 (6,226 lbs), Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England (WCo) on left trunnion, (Serial No. 555) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a iron traversing gun carriage.  No. 15.

 

Blomefield Cast Iron 32-pounder 56-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 56-1-7 (6,307 lbs), The Carron Company of Falkirk, Scotland (Serial No. 70151, CARRON, 1806) on left trunnion, (32P) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on an iron traversing gun carriage.  No. 16.

 

Blomefield Cast Iron 32-pounder 56-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 56-0-10 (6,282 lbs), The Carron Company of Falkirk, Scotland (Serial No. 70197, CARRON, 1806) on left trunnion, (32P) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on an iron traversing gun carriage.  No. 17.

 

Blomefield Cast Iron 32-pounder 56-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 56-0-0 (6,272 lbs), The Carron Company of Falkirk, Scotland (Serial No. 70247, CARRON, 1806) on left trunnion, (32P) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on an iron traversing gun carriage.  No. 18.

   

Blomefield Cast Iron 32-pounder 56-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 55-1-14 (6,202 lbs), The Carron Company of Falkirk, Scotland (Serial No. 70259, CARRON, 1806) on left trunnion, (32P) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on an iron traversing gun carriage.  No. 19.

 

Blomefield Cast Iron 32-pounder 56-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 55-3-7 (6,251 lbs), Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England (WCo) on left trunnion, (Serial No. 281) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a iron traversing gun carriage.  No. 20.

 

Blomefield Cast Iron 32-pounder 56-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 55-2-25 (6,241 lbs), Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England (WCo) on left trunnion, (Serial No. 569) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a iron traversing gun carriage.  No. 21.

 

Cast Iron 10-inch 47-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Land Service Mortar, weight 47-3-4 (5,352 lbs), Great Ch II, No. 2, The Carron Company of Falkirk, Scotland (Serial No. 57854, CARRON, 1798) on left trunnion.  No. 22.

Cast Iron 10-inch 52-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Land Service Mortar, weight 52-1-8 (5,860 lbs), 1855,  Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England (WCo) on left trunnion, (Serial No TBC) on right trunnion, broad arrow mark.  No. 23.

 

Cast Iron 10-inch 47-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Land Service Mortar, weight 47-2-14 (5,334 lbs), No. 12, The Carron Company of Falkirk, Scotland (Serial No. 57854, CARRON, 1798) on left trunnion.  No. 24.

Cast Iron 10-inch 52-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Land Service Mortar, weight 52-0-13 (5,837 lbs), The Carron Company of Falkirk, Scotland (Serial No. 81353, CARRON, 1813) on left trunnion.  No. 25.

 

Blomefield Cast Iron 24-pounder 50-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 50-1-21, (5,649 lbs), The Carron Company of Falkirk, Scotland (Serial No. 709534, CARRON, 1812) on left trunnion, (32P) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on an iron traversing gun carriage.  No. 26.

  

Blomefield Cast Iron 18-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 40-0-? corroded, (4,480 lbs +), Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England (WCo) on left trunnion, (Serial No. 79) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a iron garrison carriage.  No. 27.

Blomefield Cast Iron 32-pounder 56-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 55-1-7 (6,195 lbs), Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England (WCo) on left trunnion, (Serial No. TBC) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a iron garrison carriage.  No. 28.

Blomefield Cast Iron 32-pounder 56-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 55-1-21 (6,209 lbs), Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England (WCo) on left trunnion, (Serial No. TBC) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a iron garrison carriage.  No. 29.

Québec CityChateau Frontenac, Dufferin Terrace

Blomefield Cast Iron 32-pounder 56-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight corroded, (6,000 lbs +), The Carron Company of Falkirk, Scotland (Serial No. 71504, CARRON, 1807) on left trunnion, (32P) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on an iron garrison carriage.  West side of the Promenade in front of Chateau Frontenac.  No. 1.

  

Blomefield Cast Iron 32-pounder 56-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight corroded (6,000 lbs +), Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England (WCo) on left trunnion, (Serial No. 291) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a iron garrison gun carriage.  West side of the Promenade in front of Chateau Frontenac.  No. 2.

  

Blomefield Cast Iron 32-pounder 56-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight corroded, (6,000 lbs +), The Carron Company of Falkirk, Scotland (Serial No. 70952, CARRON, 1806) on left trunnion, (32P) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on an iron garrison carriage.  West side of the Promenade in front of Chateau Frontenac.  No. 3.

 

Blomefield Cast Iron 32-pounder 56-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight corroded (6,000 lbs +), Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England (WCo) on left trunnion, (Serial No. 446) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a iron garrison gun carriage.  West side of the Promenade in front of Chateau Frontenac.  No. 4.

     

Russian Cast Iron 24-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight corroded, Serial No. 64312 on left trunnion, forged by Gascoigne at Alexandrovski with double-headed Eagle, Crimean War trophy with trunnions, mounted on an iron garrison carriage.  West side of the Promenade in front of Chateau Frontenac.  No. 5.

   

Russian Cast Iron 24-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight corroded, Serial No. 7379 on left trunnion, forged by Gascoigne at Alexandrovski with double-headed Eagle, Crimean War trophy with trunnions, mounted on an iron garrison gun carriage.  East side of the Promenade in front of Chateau Frontenac.  No. 6.

Québec City, Artillery Park

 (Photo courtesy of Christophe Finot)

Cast Iron 24-pounder 13-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight TBC, mounted on a wooden naval carriage.  La Fonderie du bastion Saint-Jean.

Québec City, Batterie Royale

The Batterie Royale (Royal Battery) saw service from 1691 to 1759, although initially the only enemy the battery faced was the weather and nature.  During that period it was surrounded by the river and brushed by the tides, water currents and thick ice.  These elements caused extensive damage, and therefore over the years many repairs and adjustments were required to keep it intact.  The battery engaged in its first and only action in 1759.  General James Wolfe led the British Army to Quebèc and for three months, Commander Monckton and his gunners bombarded the city from the Lèvis shore.  Between 12 July and 13 September, over 40,000 rounds of shot and 10,000 shells rained down on the city.  Because the Royal Battery was a well-known defensive fortification it was a frequent target and during the bombardment, hundreds of houses behind it were reduced to rubble. The Battle of the Plains of Abraham on 13 September ended the siege, and five days later the city surrendered.  Once its military function became obsolete, the battery was used as a wharf.  Over the course of the 19th century, the battery was gradually built over and buried under landfill.  It was restored in 1977 after the buried ruins were discovered by archeologists.

There are ten replica SBML guns of various weights and sizes, but no markings, cyphers or makers marks, mounted on wood naval gun carriages behind a reconstructed wood defence position on Boulevard Champlain.

 

Cast Iron Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, reproduction, No. 1.

Cast Iron Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, reproduction, No. 2.

Cast Iron Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, reproduction, No. 3.

Cast Iron Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, reproduction, No. 4.

Cast Iron Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, reproduction, No. 5.

Cast Iron Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, reproduction, No. 6.

Cast Iron Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, reproduction, No. 7.

Cast Iron Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, reproduction, No. 8.

Cast Iron Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, reproduction, No. 9.

Cast Iron Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, reproduction, No. 10.

There are a number of Cast Iron Smoothbore Muzzleloading Guns in Quebec City for which the location has not been confirmed.  These guns may have the following weights and measures:

Blomefield Cast Iron 18-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 41-3-?-? (>4,676 lbs), Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England (WCo) on left trunnion, (Serial No. TBC) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a wood naval gun carriage, location TBC.

Blomefield Cast Iron 18-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 41-3-12 (4,688 lbs), Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England (WCo) on left trunnion, (Serial No. TBC) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a wood naval gun carriage, location TBC.  

Blomefield Cast Iron 18-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 41-3-11 (4,687 lbs), Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England (WCo) on left trunnion, (Serial No. TBC) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a wood naval gun carriage, location TBC.

Blomefield Cast Iron 18-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, No. 4 of 4, weight 42-0-19 (4,723 lbs), Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England (WCo) on left trunnion, (Serial No. TBC) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a wood naval gun carriage, location TBC. 

Blomefield Cast Iron 24-pounder 50-cwt Smoothbore Gun, weight 48-0-6 (5,382 lbs), Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England (WCo) on left trunnion, (Serial No. TBC) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a wood naval gun carriage, location TBC.

Blomefield Cast Iron 24-pounder 50-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 47-3-4 (5,352 lbs), Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England (WCo) on left trunnion, (Serial No. TBC) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a wood naval gun carriage, location TBC.

Blomefield Cast Iron 24-pounder 50-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 50-1-21 (5,649 lbs), The Carron Company of Falkirk, Scotland (Serial No. TBC, CARRON, 1812) on left trunnion, (24P) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a wood naval gun carriage, location TBC.

Blomefield Cast Iron 24-pounder 50-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, No. 4 of 4, weight 51-2-0 (5,768 lbs), The Carron Company of Falkirk, Scotland (Serial No. TBC, CARRON, 1807) on left trunnion, (24P) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a wood naval gun carriage, location TBC.

Québec CityHMCS Montcalm

40-mm Bofors Light Anti-Aircraft Guns.  CFFS (Q) has four of these guns, all used for training.  One is on HMCS Montcalm’s parade square for students to practice gun drills, one is in a training simulator (FATS) at 170 Dalhousie Street, and two are operational and used on a range at CFB Valcartier.  All RCN Kingston Class vessels continue to operate the QF 40-mm Bofors LAA Gun.