Military History Books
by Harold A. Skaarup   www.SilverHawkAuthor.com   
 
Artillery preserved in Canada 6: Québec, Témiscaming, Terrebonne, Trois-Rivières, DRDC Valcartier, Victoriaville, Warwick, Waterloo and Windsor

Artillery preserved in the province of Québec,

Témiscaming, Terrebonne, Trois-Rivières, DRDC Valcartier, Victoriaville, Warwick, Waterloo and Windsor    

Data current to 21 April 2019.

The aim of this website is to locate, identify and document every historical piece of artillery preserved in Canada.  Many contributors have assisted in the hunt for these guns to provide and update the data found on these web pages.  Photos are by the author unless otherwise credited.  Any errors found here are by the author, and any additions, corrections or amendments to this list of Guns and Artillery in Canada would be most welcome and may be e-mailed to the author at hskaarup@rogers.com.

For all official data concerning the Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery, please click on the link to their website:

Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery Website

Une traduction au français pour l'information technique présente serait grandement apprécié. Vos corrections, changements et suggestions sont les bienvenus, et peuvent être envoyés au hskaarup@rogers.com

Canadian field batteries were combined to form the Royal CanadiaField Artillery (RCFA), which in 1905 became the Royal Canadian Horse Artillery (RCHA).  The garrison companies would become the Royal Canadian Garrison Artillery (RCGA).

Les batteries de campagne seront amalgamées plus tard au sein de la Royal Canadian Field Artillery (RCFA) qui, en 1905, deviendra la Royal Canadian Horse Artillery (RCHA): pour leur part, les compagnies de garnison donneront la Royal Canadian Garrison Artillery (RCGA).

Quebec

Témiscaming

5.5-inch BL Mk. III Gun on a Mk. I Carriage, city park.  Canada made carriages for these guns during the Second World War, and after the war acquired 85 of them for the RCA.  The gun fired a 45.5-kg (100-pound) shell to a range of 14,800 metres (16,200 yards).

4.5-inch Breechloading Mk. III Gun on a Mk. I Carriage, Canadian Gunners, 2nd Medium Regiment, RCA, Netherlands, 2 Apr 1945.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3209132)

Terrebonne

 (Canalblog Photo) 

German First World War 7.58-cm leichtes Minenwerfer neuer Art (7.57-cm leMW), (Serial Nr. 305), no data.  765 Rue Léopold Lachapelle. 

 (Author Photos)

17-pounder QF Towed Anti-Tank Gun, No. 1 of 2, beside the War Memorial.

 (Author Photos)

17-pounder QF Towed Anti-Tank Gun, No. 2 of 2, beside the War Memorial.  The RCA held 138 of these guns.

25-pounder C Mk. 2 QF Field Gun with No. 9 circular firing platform, Mascouche.

Trois-Rivières

 (Daniel Robert Photo)

Russian Cast Iron 24-pounder Gun, weight and Serial No. unknown, forged by Foullon at Alexandrovski, with double-headed Eagle, Crimean War trophy, mounted on a wooden box, Place d’Armes.

Trois-Rivières, HMCS Radisson

 (J.L.C. Primeau Photos)

QF BL 3-inch/50 Gun on a Naval gun mount, No. 1 of 2, in front of the Naval Reserve HQ.  1000, Île Saint-Christophe.

 (J.L.C. Primeau Photos)

QF BL 3-inch/50 Gun on a Naval gun mount, No. 2 of 2, in front of the Naval Reserve HQ.

12-pounder 8-cwt QF Royal Navy Landing Gun, Flag Ceremony, Cornwallis, 1965.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4821529)

 (LCol Yvon Begin Photos)

 (WO Michel Paprocki Photos)

 (LCdr Martin Bouchard Photos)

12-pounder 8-cwt QF Royal Navy Landing Gun, weight 7-3-10 (878 lbs), Gun Serial No. TBC, Breech Block Serial No. TBC, Carriage weight 6-cwt, Admiralty No. 17, dated 1896, with Limber.  King Edward VII cypher.  The 12-pounder 8-cwt Naval Landing Gun was carried on ships of the British and Commonwealth navies for use by naval landing parties.  This gun is on loan to 62e RAC from HMCS Quebec, (Naval Cadet Unit), Trois-Rivières (Marine).  The Naval Landing Guns found in Canada probably originated on early ships of the Royal Canadian Navy, such as HMCS Niobe, HMCS Aurora, HMCS Rainbow and others. 

CFB Valcartier

The data for CFB Valcartier may be found on a separate page on this website.

DRDC Valcartier

Blomefield Cast Iron 12-pounder 34-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 34-0-11 (3,819 lbs), Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England (WCo) on the left trunnion, (Serial No. 168) on the right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, DRDC Building.

Blomefield Cast Iron 12-pounder 34-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 34-0-11 (3,819 lbs), Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England (WCo) on the left trunnion, (Serial No. 172) on the right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, DRDC Building.

Victoriaville

17-pounder anti-tank gun of the 57th Battery, 1st Anti-Tank Regiment, RCA near Campobasso, Italy, 25 October 1943.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3599876)

 (Lucky Al Photos)

 ( Jacques Verville Photo)

 (Terry Honour Photo)

17-pounder QF Towed Anti-Tank Gun, located in a small park across the street from Royal Canadian Legion Branch No. 86 at 34 Rue Saint Maire.

The 17-pounder and 25-pounder were acquired on 26 April 1961 from the Crown Assets Disposal Corporation by Royal Canadian Legion Branch # 86 of Victoriaville.  The Branch took delivery of the two guns at CFB Longue-Pointe de Montréal.
The guns were exhibited at the 46th Field Artillery Regiment Armory, RCA, 73rd Battery until 1968.  Subsequently, they were moved to the grounds of Branch # 86 at 34 Ste-Marie, Victoriaville.
From July 1977 to 2013, the 25-pounder was successively loaned to the Royal Canadian Legion of Windsor (Branch # 148), and Branch # 141 of Asbestos.  It returned to Victoriaville and is now on display at Place de la Sainte-Famille in front of Branch # 86 with the 17-pounder that was moved there in 2006.
Guns like these were in use at Victoriaville, the 17-pounder with the 46th Anti-Tank Regiment RCA, 139th Battery from June 1947 to September 1954, and replaced by the 25-pounder with the 46th Field Artillery Regiment RCA, 139th Battery until June 1959.

The 17-pounder anti-tank gun Mk. I was manufactured in England in 1943 by several factories.  The barrel has serial number R. 9171 and was manufactured by W & T Avery Ltd in Birmingham, United Kingdom. The breech block was manufactured by William Beardmore & Company in Dalmuir, Scotland and one component by a company with the abbreviation G & K.  Any number that is preceded by FL on the barrel is probably the drawing number for manufacturing.

Le 17 et le 25 Pounder ont été acquis le 26 avril 1961 de la Biens meubles en surplus de la Couronne par la  Légion Royale Canadienne Filiale # 86 de Victoriaville. La Filiale a pris livraison des deux canons à la BFC Longue-Pointe de Montréal.

Les canons ont été exposés au Manège militaire du 46th Field Artillery Regiment, RCA,  73th Battery jusqu’en 1968. Par la suite ils sont déménagés sur le terrain de la Filiale # 86 au 34 Ste-Marie, Victoriaville.

De juillet 1977 à 2013, le 25 livre a été successivement prêté à la Légion Royale Canadienne de  Windsor Filiale #148 et à la Filiale # 141 d’Asbestos. De retour à Victoriaville  il est maintenant exposé sur la Place de la Sainte-Famille en face de la Filiale # 86 avec le 17 Pounder qui lui y a été déplacé en 2006.

Les même type de canon ont été en service à Victoriaville, soit le 17 Pounder avec le 46th Anti-Tank Regiment RCA, 139th Battery de juin 1947 à septembre 1954, et remplacé par le 25 Pounder avec le 46th Field Artillery Regiment, RCA, 139th Battery  jusqu’en juin 1959.

L’anti-char de 17 Pounder MK I a été fabriqué en Angleterre en 1943 par plusieurs usines.  Le canon a le numéro de série R. 9171 et a été fabriqué par W & T Avery Ltd à Birmingham, Royaume-Uni. La culasse a été fabriquée par William Beardmore & Company à Dalmuir en Écosse et pour une composante par une compagnie  avec l’abréviation G & K. N’importe nombre qui est précédé par FL sur le canon est probablement le numéro du dessin pour la fabrication de la pièce.

 GUN: 17 pounder Mk. I

 TOP BREECH                   LOW BREECH              BARREL

 17 Pr I & III                    Brn No L/6798            Reg. No. R. 9171

 SP30256 98                   WB & co FL 5593        W. & T. A. 1943

                                          G1/1291 >                    E.S. 693

 Telescopic sight unit 17 PDR MARK V 1945.

 (Jaques Verville Photos)

25-pounder C Mk. 2 QF Field Gun with No. 9 circular firing platform, originally owned by the Royal Canadian Legion on 232 8th Ave., in Asbestos, this gun now stands beside the 17-pounder QF Towed Anti-Tank Gun in a small park across the street from Royal Canadian Legion Branch No. 86 at 34 Rue Saint Maire in Victoriaville.   (Photos 1 & 2 courtesy of Terry Honour, PTCRAZY Photo 3)

The howitzer 25 pound Mk II was manufactured and assembled by Sorel Industries Ltd. The serial number of the barrel is L / 10727 and manufactured in June 1942. It is mounted on a Mk 1 / L carriage serial number 242 and manufactured in 1943.

Le 25 livre de la LRC Filiale Asbestos 232 8th Ave, était la propriété de la Filiale No. 86 de Victoriaville. Lors de la fermeture de la Filiale d'Asbestos, le canon a été déménagé à Victoriaville. Il apparait sur votre site internet dans la section Victoriaville.

L’obusier 25 Pounder Mk II a été fabriqué et assemblé par Sorel Industries Ltd.  Le numéro de série du canon est L/10727 et fabriqué en Juin 1942. Il est monté sur un affut  Mk 1 / L, numéro de série 242 et fabriqué en 1943.

GUN : Q F 25 MARK II  S.I.C.-6-42. JACKET N-L/10727.

BREECH : 25PR C-MKII   CFL 4812 SI-C45  (RECUP /R22304 FORGE  S1085-4-E-7254 S. I. C. 1943.)

CARRIAGE : CARR 25 Pr MK I/L 1943 Canada        CA/      242)

Warwick

 (Jacques Verville Photos)

  (Jacques Verville Photos)

Le 40 mm Bofors est un canon antiaérien conçu par l’armurier suédois Bofors au début des années 1930.  Une grande partie des nations impliquées dans le deuxième conflit mondial l'ont utilisé sous des versions différentes.  De nombreuses versions sont toujours en service dans les années 2010.  Ce canon Q.F. 40mm Mk. 1.x avec le numéro de série L.30968 a été construit en 1944 dans une usine adjacente à l'usine d'ascenseurs Otis-Fensom Co de Hamilton et était assemblé à partir de 1600 pièces complexes. C’est la compagnie National Steel Car qui fabriquait le tube de 40 mm.  Les usines canadiennes ont produit 1 311 canons de 40 mm Bofors durant la 2e grande guerre.  Le 40mm Bofors a été acquis du Centre d'essais et d'expérimentation en munition de Nicolet (CEEM) par la Filiale # 51 de Drummondville vers 1988.  Ensuite il a été déménagé à la Filiale # 41 de Danville en 1996.  La Légion Royale Canadienne de Victoriaville Filiale # 86  en est devenue propriétaire en 2017.

The 40 mm Bofors is an antiaircraft gun designed by Swedish armourer Bofors in the early 1930s.  Many of the nations involved in the Second World War used it in different versions.  Many versions are still in use in the present day.  This gun Q.F. 40mm Mk. 1.x with serial number L.30968 was built in 1944 in a factory adjacent to the Otis-Fensom Co elevator plant in Hamilton and was assembled from 1600 complex pieces. The National Steel Car company manufactured the 40 mm gun barrel.  Canadian factories produced 1,311 40 mm Bofors guns during the Second World War.  This 40mm Bofors was acquired from the Nicolet Ammunition Test and Experimentation Center (CEEM) by Drummondville Branch # 51 around 1988.  it was later moved to Danville Branch # 41 in 1996.  The Royal Canadian Legion of Victoriaville Branch # 86 became the owner in 2017.  The LRC # 86 Branch has loaned this gun to the City of Warwick.   It was moved and installed on Major Yannick Place at the corner of St- Louis and Hôtel de Ville.  (Jacques Verville)

Waterloo

155-mm C1 (M1A2) Medium Howitzer on M1A2 Carriage, aka M114, manufactured at Sorel Industries Limited in Quebec, Queen Elizabeth II cypher, ca 1950s.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4235877)

 (gemloj Photo)

 

 (Yvon E. Bégin Photos)

155-mm C1 (M1A2) Medium Howitzer on M1A2 Carriage, aka M114, manufactured at Sorel Industries Limited in Quebec, Queen Elizabeth II cypher.  Royal Canadian Legion Branch No. 70, 77 Lewis E. Street..

Windsor

 (Streetview Photo)

Blomefield Cast Iron 24-pounder 50-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight, maker and Serial No. unknown, beside the cenotaph on Rue Principale 100m south of Hwy 249.

I would imagine that many of you who are reading this book are very likely familiar with the standard routine of military training exercises and the rigours of being in the field in all seasons, not to mention the conditions found on deployment these days. Whether or not you have experienced it, I am sure you can well imagine what it is like to train and work in the heat, the dust and the mosquitoes in summer, the wind, the rain and the mud in the spring and fall, the snow and the cold in the winter and of course the routine day-to-day challenges of combat exercises in the training areas of the Canadian Forces. For most in the Army, this includes CFB Gagetown, CFB Valcartier, CFB Petawawa, CFB Kingston, CFB Shilo, CFB Edmonton, CFB Wainwright, CFB Suffield and all the fields and exercise areas of LFAATC Aldershot and LFCATC Meaford and their environs.

As an Army Officer in the Canadian Forces, it has been my privilege to have served alongside a tremendous number of highly professional military men and women of our nation while taking part in training in Germany, the UK and the USA and while on operational deployments to Cyprus, Bosnia-Herzegovina and in Afghanistan. During my training and military professional development, I have learned much about our long military history. My interest in our multi-faceted historical record has led me to write about it and to seek out the stories about Canada's military servicemen and women and the tools and equipment they used to preserve our security when warclouds darkened our horizons.

As a military history enthusiast, I have learned over the years that there are many with similar interests in preserving our story. We have all seen the odd old gun or retired tank placed on display outside a Militia Drill Hall, War Memorial, city park site or Royal Canadian Legion Hall, and many will have enjoyed visiting a number of our military Museums. The vast majority of retired wartime combat equipment used by members of the CF have dwindled in number, many being scrapped, others being shot up as targets, while a few have been sold to overseas operators and collectors. Fortunately, a handful of important examples of retired CF guns and war machines have been preserved and may be found in a wide variety of locations throughout Canada.

Curators, docents and volunteers working in Canada's military museums have been successful in preserving a good number of retired military weapons of war and many are still being sought after and in some cases, being restored to running condition again. As an artist, photographer and military history enthusiast, I have attempted to keep track of where historic Canadian military equipment has survived and is presently located and to make that information available to others with the same interest. For those of like mind, the purpose of this handbook is to provide a simple checklist of the classic Great War and WWII artillery that is part of our military heritage and a location guide to where they can be found in Canada. The book includes a number of photographs to illustrate an example of each gun wherever possible, and lists the locations of the survivors by province.

The numbers of restored Canadian guns is actually increasing as a few rare examples are being recovered from scrapyards and monument sites and salvaged for restoration. (Ultra rare items such as Skink AA gun turrets come to mind). One of the aims of this book is to help an enthusiast track down these monuments and museum artefacts and to have a simple reference book on hand with more detailed information about them such as a serial number, a Museum location and contact information which might be helpful in learning a bit of the history of a particular vehicle. The guns detailed in this handbook are listed alphabetically by manufacturer, number and type in the order that they came into service with the CF. The data is also appended with a list of most of the current guns found in the various collections and Museums in Canada. The book is also meant to serve as a companion volume to "Ironsides", Canadian Tanks and Armoured Fighting Vehicle Museums and Monuments, also available online.

It is my sincere hope that more of the guns and artillery found in this list will one day be added to the record of historically important military armament survivors that have been recovered and restored.


Shelldrake can be ordered online in softcover or e-book at these bookstores:

http://www.amazon.ca/Shelldrake-Canadian-Artillery-Museums-Monuments/dp/1469750007/ref=sr_1_44?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1331231081&sr=1-44

http://www.amazon.com/Shelldrake-Canadian-Artillery-Museums-Monuments/dp/1469750007/ref=sr_1_45?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1331231130&sr=1-45

http://bookstore.iuniverse.com/Products/SKU-000542288/Shelldrake.aspx

http://www.barnesandnoble.com/w/shelldrake-harold-a-skaarup/1109124375?ean=9781469750002&itm=46&usri=harold+skaarup 

Photos and technical data on artillery preserved in Canada may be viewed by Province on seprate pages on this website.