Military History Books
by Harold A. Skaarup   www.SilverHawkAuthor.com   
 
Artillery preserved in Canada 5h: Ontario, City of Toronto

Artillery preserved in Canada: Ontario, 

The web page has become to big for all the guns in Ontario to be listed on one page, therefore the guns on display within the City of Toronto are listed separately here.  

Data current to 16 April 2017.

City of Toronto

Toronto, Beechwood Cemetery

40-mm Bofors Light Anti-Aircraft Gun, (Serial No. 8238), 1942.

25-pounder QF Field Gun.

Toronto, Canadian Forces Command and Staff College

3-inch 50 calibre guns in a Naval twin gun mounting.

Toronto, Fort Rouillé

Fort Rouillé heritage plaque and overview.

Cast Iron 8-inch 65-cwt Smoothbore Shell Gun with Millar pattern breeching ring, weight 65-0-16 (7,296 lbs), Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England, (WCo) on left trunnion, (Serial No. 407) on right trunnion, mounted on wood Naval Gun carriage, 1843, broad arrow mark.  West side of Fort Rouillé Monument.

Cast Iron 8-inch 65-cwt Smoothbore Shell Gun with Millar pattern breeching ring, weight 65-1-0 (7,308 lbs) 1843, Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England (WCo) on left trunnion, (Serial No. 404) on right trunnion, broad arrow mark.  East side of Fort Rouillé Monument.

Cast Iron 10-inch 18-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Land Service Mortar, weight 18-0-26 (2,042 lbs) 1856, Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England (WCo) on left trunnion, (Serial No. 53) on right trunnion, iron bed, weight 16-3-14 (1,890 lbs). In front of the Fort Rouillé Monument.

Toronto, Fort York

 (Photo courtesy of Andre Blanchard)

Blomefield Cast Iron 18-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 41-1-7 (4,627 lbs), stamped above the cascabel (unusual placement),  Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England (WCo) on left trunnion, (Serial No. 54) on right trunnion, King George III cipher, broad arrow mark (below the Serial No., also an unusual placement), mounted on a long traversing wood carriage, first gun on the right South side of the West Gate.

 (Photo courtesy of Andre Blanchard)

Cast Iron 8-inch 65-cwt Smoothbore Shell Gun with Millar pattern breeching ring, weight 64-3-11 (7,263 lbs), 1843 above the vent, no cipher, broad arrow mark, Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England (WCo) on left trunnion, (Serial No. 406) on right trunnion, unmounted, on the ground, second gun on the south side to the right of  the West Gate.

Cast Iron 8-inch 65-cwt Smoothbore Shell Gun with Millar pattern breeching ring, weight 64-3-7 (7,259 lbs), 1843 above the vent, no cipher, broad arrow mark,  Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England (WCo) on left trunnion, (Serial No. 403) on right trunnion, CV C T, unmounted, on the ground, third gun on the south side to the right of the West Gate.

Blomefield Cast Iron 24-pounder 50-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 47-2-0 (5,320 lbs), under the cascabel, Carron Company of Falkirk, Scotland (Serial No. 56737, CARRON, 1797) on left trunnion, (24P) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on an iron garrison carriage. West side of Circular Battery, South Wall.  

Blomefield Cast Iron 32-pounder 56-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 56-0-1 (6,273 lbs) under the cascabel,  Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England (WCo) on left trunnion, (Serial No. 357) on right trunnion, King George III cipher, broad arrow mark, mounted on an iron garrison carriage.  East side of Circular battery.  The Blomefield Cast Iron 32-pounder 56-cwt Smoothbore Gun has a length of 9 feet 6 inches.  It is the most common 32-pounder in Canada and can be recognized by a reinforcing ring that is slightly raised followed by a definite "step-down" in the barrel just forward of the trunnions heading to the muzzle.

Blomefield Cast Iron 32-pounder 56-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 56-0-0 (6,272 lbs), below the cascabel,  Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England (WCo) on left trunnion, (Serial No. 169) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on an iron garrison carriage.  North Wall.

Blomefield Cast Iron 24-pounder 50-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 48-0-0 (5,376 lbs) under the cascabel, The Carron Company of Falkirk, Scotland (Serial No. 63011, CARRON, 1802) on left trunnion, (24P) on right trunnion, King George III cipher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a wood traversing gun carriage. North side of West Gate.

Bronze 9-pounder 13-1/2-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 12-2-22 (1,422 lbs), F.M. Eardley-Wilmot, 1859, B of O, Queen Victoria cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a wheeled wood field carriage.

Cast Iron 24-pounder 48-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Culverin Drake Gun, weight 48-3—(>5,460 lbs), 1650, no trunnions, no button. Blockhouse.

Cast Iron 18-pounder 48-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Culverin Drake Gun, weight 48-3-0 (4,460 lbs), 1650, no trunnions or button.  Blockhouse No. 2.

 (Photo courtesy of John Antoni)

Cast Iron 12-pounder 6-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring,  weight 6-3-6 (762 lbs), reproduction, mounted on a wood stand, Blockhouse No. 2.

Blomefield Cast Iron 12-pounder 34-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 34-0-10 (3,818 lbs), 4.5-inch, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark.  Blockhouse No. 2.

Bronze Coehorn 4.65-inch Smoothbore Muzzleloading Mortar, (Serial No. 118), reproduction, King George II cypher.  Blockhouse No. 2.

Cast Iron 9-pounder 24-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 23-2-10 (2,642 lbs), King George II cypher, ca. 1737-1756, Armstrong pattern, no trunnions, no button.  Blockhouse No. 2.

Borgard Cast Iron 6-pounder 12-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 12-0-14 (1,358 lbs), 1720, made for Hudson’s Bay Company.  Blockhouse No. 2.

Bronze 6-pounder 6-cwt Smoothbore Gun, weight 6-?-8 (>680 lbs), 1798, King George III cypher, lost from William Perry’s HMS Fury, found in 1930s by Lord Cornwallis.  Blockhouse No. 2.

Cast Iron 3-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, reproduction, sleeved, mounted on a field carriage with limber, used for demonstrations.  Blockhouse No. 2.

Cast Iron 3-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, reproduction, sleeved, mounted on a field carriage with limber, outside Blockhouse No. 2.

Cast Iron ½ -pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Swivel Gun, weight 1-0-26 (138 lbs).  Blockhouse No. 2.

Cast Iron 1-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun with trunnions and button, 18th century.  Blockhouse No. 2.

Toronto, High Park

Bronze 9-pounder 13-1/2-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 12-3-6 (1,434 lbs), W. North, 1843, Queen Victoria cypher, button broken off, mounted on a Naval carriage. High Park, Colborne Lodge.

Toronto, HMCS York, 659 Lakeshore Blvd West.

 (Photo courtesy of Will S.)

 (Photos courtesy of Curtis Kostin)

4-inch Guns on a High Angle Twin Gun Mounting, Mk. XIX Vickers Armstrongs Pattern, Trenton Industries, Trenton, Nova Scotia, Admiralty No. CAN 48.  Left 4-inch Gun (Serial No. 8293), right 4-inch Gun (Serial No. 8236).

 (Photos courtesy of Master Seaman Curtis Kostin)

12-pounder 8-cwt QF Royal Navy Landing Gun, weight 8-0-0 (896 lbs), (Serial No. 56), carriage (Serial No. unknown), and Limber.  The 2-pounder 8-cwt Naval Landing Gun was carried on ships of the British and Commonwealth navies for use by naval landing parties.  This one was made at Elswick Works in 1898.  These guns were almost entirely restricted to use as naval landing guns by sailors and marines. Its ammunition was separate Quick Firing (QF), which means the projectile and propellant were separate loading, the latter in an ejectable brass cartridge case; this same ammunition was also used by heavier shipboard 12-pounders. Typically, the landing gun appears on a low carriage, with small-diameter spoked wheels. Despite its 8 hundredweight (8-cwt), it had the same length of rifled bore as the 12-pounder 7-cwt. Nelson Lawry.  The Naval Landing Guns found in Canada probably originated on early ships of the Royal Canadian Navy, such as HMCS Niobe, HMCS Aurora, HMCS Rainbow and others. Details on the gun may be found at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ordnance_QF_12_pounder_8_cwt.

Toronto, Island Park

 (Photos courtesy of Chris Belfontaine)

Bronze 24-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Howitzer, mounted on a wood carriage with iron wheels at the ferry landing site on Island Park.  Queen Victoria cypher and the cypher of Baron Richard Hussey Vivian Master General of the Board of Ordnance from 1835-1841) on the barrel.  According to the report to parliament in 1878, there were eleven 24-pounder howitzers in Canada, including three in the Toronto area.

Toronto, Limber Gunners

25-pounder QF Field Gun, Limber and Canadian Military Pattern Field Artillery Tractor (CMP FAT), (Serial No. CH1384404), 3, 9, AA.

Toronto, Marie Curtis Park

Blomefield Cast Iron 24-pounder 50-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 50-0-27 (5,627 lbs) under the cascabel, The Carron Company of Falkirk, Scotland (Serial No. 03660, CARRON, 1803) on left trunnion, (Serial No. 301) on right trunnion, No. 43 on the astragal ahead of the trunnions, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, located on the waterfront of Marie Curtis Park.

Toronto, 7th Toronto Field Artillery Regiment

The 7th Toronto Regiment, Royal Canadian Artillery is a Primary Reserve Royal Canadian Artillery (RCA) regiment of Land Force Central Area's 32 Canadian Brigade Group.  The regiment was formed in 1965 when all the gunner units within the Toronto garrison (29th Field Regiment, 42nd Medium Regiment and 1st Locating Regiment) were merged.  There are three batteries within the regiment, 9 Bty – the howitzer or gun battery, 15 Bty – the mortar battery, and 130 Bty – the headquarters battery as well as training and recruiting.  Currently all three batteries parade at Moss Park Armoury, 130 Queen Street East.

25-pounder QF Field Gun, missing its shield, standing in front of the Moss Park Armoury.

25-pounder QF Field Gun, standing in front of Moss Park Armoury.

155-mm C1 (M1A2) Towed Medium Howitzer, aka M114, manufactured at Sorel Industries Limited in Quebec, Queen Elizabeth II cypher.  CFR TBC.  The carriage plate reads: CARR. HOW. 155MM M1A2 CDN. SOREL INDUSTRIES LTD. CANADA (1955), REG. NO. CDN 11, INSP (symbol), standing in front of the Moss Park Armoury.

105-mm C3 M2A2 Howitzer, CDN No. 65, CFR 34140.

Toronto, Old Mill

Cast Iron 6-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 23-1-8 (2,612 lbs), crown over P, carriage disintegrating. Old Mill.

Toronto, Pine Hills Cemetery, Scarborough

 (Photo courtesy of Andre Blanchard)

17-pounder QF Towed Anti-Tank Gun.  625 Birchmount Road.  The RCA held 138 of these guns.

 (Photo courtesy of Andre Blanchard)

25-pounder QF Mk. II Field Gun, S.I.L. 1942, Reg. No. CA10612.  625 Birchmount Road.

Toronto, Prospect Cemetery

17-pounder QF Towed Anti-Tank Gun, 1450 St Clair Ave West.

Toronto, Queen’s Park Legislature

 (Photo courtesy of Terry Honour)

Russian Cast Iron 68-pounder, 8-inch Smoothbore Shell Gun with Millar pattern breeching ring, stamped 1840, (Serial No. 27054), Crimean War trophy gun captured at Sebastopol, given to Toronto in 1859, southwest of building entrance.  Queen’s Park Legislature.

 (Photo courtesy of Terry Honour)

Russian Cast Iron 68-pounder, 8-inch Smoothbore Shell Gun with Millar pattern breeching ring, stamped 1840, (Serial No. 29769), Crimean War trophy gun captured at Sebastopol, given to Toronto in 1859, southeast of building entrance.  Queen’s Park Legislature.

 (Photo courtesy of Skeezix1000)

French Cast Iron 12-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Guns (two), broken parts, trunnions missing.  Two guns flank the West Entrance to the Whitney Block on Queen's Park Circle in Toronto.  The cannons were on the French naval ship Prudent, captured and burned by the British in June 1758 during the siege of Louisbourg.  Twenty cannons, from Prudent and other French ships sunk during the siege, were raised in 1899, two of which were acquired by the Government of Ontario.

Toronto, Riverdale Park

Blomefield Cast Iron 32-pounder 56-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 56-0-0 (6,272 lbs) under the cascabel, The Carron Company of Falkirk, Scotland (Serial No. 70450, CARRON, 1806) on left trunnion, (32P) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a concrete stand.  Riverdale Park East.

Toronto, Royal Canadian Military Institute, 426 University Ave.

 

Bronze 9-pounder 13-1/2-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 13-3-18 (1,558 lbs) under the cascabel, C.H. King, 1813-1815, King George III cypher, mounted on an iron wheeled wood gun carriage. Royal Canadian Military Institute, 426 Universithy Ave.

Bronze 9-pounder 13-1/2-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 13-3-6 (1,546 lbs) under the cascabel, C.H. King, 1813-1815, King George III cypher, mounted on an iron wheeled wood gun carriage. Royal Canadian Military Institute, 426 Universithy Ave.

Toronto, University of Toronto

Cast Iron 32-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, mounted on a wood gun carriage, recovered from Louisbourg Harbour, No. 1 of 2, University of Toronto, King’s College Circle.

Cast Iron 32-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, mounted on a wood gun carriage, recovered from Louisbourg Harbour, No. 2 of 2, University of Toronto, King’s College Circle.

Toronto, York Cemetery

Blomefield Cast Iron Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight unknown, The Carron Company of Falkirk, Scotland (Serial No. unnown, CARRON, 1807) on left trunnion, (-P) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, unmounted, on the ground at York Cemetery, 160 Beecroft Road.

17-pounder QF Towed Anti-Tank Gun, York Cemetery, 160 Beecroft Road.  The RCA held 138 of these guns.

25-pounder QF Field Gun, York Cemetery, 160 Beecroft Road.

40-mm Bofors Light Anti-Aircraft Gun, York Cemetery, 160 Beecroft Road.