Military History Books
by Harold A. Skaarup   www.SilverHawkAuthor.com   
 
Artillery Preserved in Canada 5g: Ontario, Fort George

Artillery preserved in Canada: Ontario, 

Niagara-on-the-Lake, Fort George

The web page has become to big for all the guns in Ontario to be listed on one page, therefore the guns on display at Fort George are listed separately here.  

Data current to 5 Dec 2016.

Niagara-on-the-Lake, Fort George

Fort George ground plan and history.

Blomefield Cast Iron 24-pounder 50-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, reproduction, weight 50-0-13 (5,613 lbs) above the vent, (1805) on left trunnion, (24P) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on an iron garrison carriage.  No. 1 guarding the front entrance to the Park grounds outside the fort.

Blomefield Cast Iron 24-pounder 50-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, reproduction, weight 50-0-2 (5,602 lbs) above the vent, (1804) on left trunnion, (24P) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on an iron garrison carriage.  No. 2 guarding the front entrance to the Park grounds outside the fort.

Blomefield Cast Iron 9-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, reproduction, weight 28-2-13 (3,2045 lbs) under the cascabel, (1804) on left trunnion, (9PR) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on an iron garrison carriage, weight 16-1-12.  This gun stands beside a mound of 9-pounder cannonballs.  No. 3, leading to the Ticket Booth for entrance to the fort from the Parking Lot.

Bronze 6-pounder 6-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, reproduction, weight 4-3-15 (547 lbs) on the breech ogee above the button, King George II cypher, broad arrow mark, TRIA JUNCTA IN UNO (three joined in one), L (Field Marshal John (Jean Louis) Ligonier, 1st Earl Ligonier, Master General of the Ordnance 1759-1763), cypher, W.  BOWEN, FECIT 1755 (cast into the base ring of the cannon, Fecit is Latin for “made by” and W. Bowen stands for William Bowen, an owner of a furnace in Cowden, County Kent, England).  This gun is mounted on a wood gun carriage with limber and stands in the centre field of the fort.

The numbers 4-3-15 represent the weight of the gun barrel given in hundredweights.  The first number is the amount of hundredweights, which equals 112 lbs. The second number given is the amount in quarter hundredweights, which is 28 lbs.  And the last number is just the simple pounds.  Breaking it down using the 4-3-15 marked on the cannon: 4 x 112 lbs. = 448 lbs, 3 x 28 lbs. = 84 lbs, + 15 lbs = 547 lbs., which is the weight of the gun barrel.

Cypher and portrait of Lord Ligonier by Henry Robert Morland.  (Wikipedia)

Lord Ligonier became the Commander in Chief of the British Army in 1757.  He stepped down from that position in 1759 to become the Master General of Ordnance.  This new position placed him in charge of all artillery, engineers, fortifications, transports, and hospitals in the British Army.  Surrounding the stamp in Latin is the motto for The Most Honorable Order of the Bath – Tria juncta in uno (“three joined in one”) – of which Lord Ligonier was a member. The three in one may reference the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland or the Holy Trinity.

Cypher, King George II and portrait by John Shackleton.  (Wikipedia).  The engraved scroll includes the number and capital letters for the Latin name for King George the Second – Georgius Rex.

Blomefield Cast Iron 18-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, reproduction, weight 39-0-16 (4,384 lbs) under the cascabel, (1807) on left trunnion, (18P) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, unmounted on  the ground in the centre field of the fort.

Blomefield Cast Iron 12-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, reproduction, weight 34-1-2 (3,838 lbs) under the cascabel, (1804) on the left trunnion, (12P) on the right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a wood Naval gun carriage in the centre field of the fort.

Blomefield Cast Iron 24-pounder 50-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight corroded/not observed, The Carron Company of Falkirk, Scotland (Serial No. 70967, CARRON, 1807) on the left trunnion, (24P) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, unmounted, on wood blocks on the ground in the centre field of the fort.

Blomefield Cast Iron 24-pounder 50-cwt SSmoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, reproduction, weight 50-1-14 (5,642 lbs) under the cascabel, (1807), on left trunnion, (24P) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, unmounted, on the ground in the centre field of the fort.

Blomefield Cast Iron 24-pounder 50-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 51-1-0 (5,740 lbs) under the cascabel, Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England (WCo) on left trunnion, (Serial No. 341) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, unmounted, on the ground in the centre field of the fort.

 

Blomefield Cast Iron 18-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, reproduction, weight 38-1-17 (4,302 lbs) under the cascabel, (1804) on the left trunnion, (18P) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, unmounted, on wood blocks resting in the Brock's Bastion on the Northeast side of the fort.

Cast Iron 8-inch 9-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Land Service Mortar, weight 7-3-0 (868 lbs), (Serial No. 87) on the trunnions, S. Bowling, broad arrow mark, mounted on an iron carriage, weight 22-0-0, (2,464 lbs), No. 2, to the North of the Flag Bastion.

 

Blomefield Cast Iron 9-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, reproduction, weight 28-3-2 (3,222 lbs) under the cascabel, (1807) on right trunnion, (9PR) on the right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a naval gun carriage, guarding the Centre Bastion.

Blomefield Cast Iron 12-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, reproduction, weight 33-3-22 (3,780 lbs) under the cascabel, (1808) on the left trunnion, (12P) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a wood naval gun carriage, guarding the Centre Bastion.

Blomefield Cast Iron 12-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, reproduction, weight 34-1-1 (3,837 lbs) under the cascabel, (1806) on the left trunnion, (12P) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a wood naval gun carriage, guarding the Centre Bastion.

Blomefield Cast Iron 12-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, reproduction, weight 33-3-24 (3,804 lbs) under the cascabel, (1807) on the left trunnion, (12P) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a wood naval gun carriage, guarding the Centre Bastion.

Blomefield Cast Iron 9-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, reproduction, weight 28-2-8 (3,200 lbs) under the cascabel, (1804) on left trunnion, (9PR) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a wood naval gun carriage, guarding the Centre Bastion.

Blomefield Cast Iron 12-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, reproduction, no weight stamp, (1806) on left trunnion, (12P) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a wood naval gun carriage, Centre Bastion.

Cast Iron 8-inch 9-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Land Service Mortar, weight 7-3-0 (868 lbs), (Serial No. 87) on trunnions, S. Bowling, broad arrow mark, iron carriage weight 22-0-0, (2,464 lbs), No. 1, South of the Flag Bastion.

Bronze 6-pounder 6-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, reproduction, weight 5-0-18 (578 lbs) above the cascabel button, (Serial No. 11), 1755, King George II cypher, King George II cypher, broad arrow mark, TRIA JUNCTA IN UNO (three joined in one), L (Field Marshal John (Jean Louis) Ligonier, 1st Earl Ligonier, Master General of the Ordnance 1759-1763), cypher, W.  BOWEN, FECIT 1755 (cast into the base ring of the cannon, Fecit is Latin for “made by” and W. Bowen stands for William Bowen, an owner of a furnace in Cowden, County Kent, England).  This gun is mounted on a wheeled wood gun carriage, Gun Shed.

Bronze 6-pounder 6-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, reproduction, weight 5-0-26 (586 lbs) above the cascabel button, 1755, King George II cypher, King George II cypher, broad arrow mark, TRIA JUNCTA IN UNO (three joined in one), L (Field Marshal John (Jean Louis) Ligonier, 1st Earl Ligonier, Master General of the Ordnance 1759-1763), cypher, W.  BOWEN, FECIT 1755 (cast into the base ring of the cannon, Fecit is Latin for “made by” and W. Bowen stands for William Bowen, an owner of a furnace in Cowden, County Kent, England).  This gun is alos mounted on a wheeled wood carriage, Gun Shed.

Wheeled wood Gun carriage.

Armstrong 6-pounder 3-cwt Breech-loading Rifle, weight 3-0-17 (353 lbs) above the Queen Victoria cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a wheeled wood gun carriage.

Artillery ramrod display, Artificier's Shop.

Bronze 6-pounder 6-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, reproduction, weight TBC, (Serial No. TBC), bronze, with a band around the breech marked "I. & P. VERBRUGGEN FECERUNT Ao J776" around the top.  It has a lead protective cap, mounted on a wheeled wood gun carriage, Artificer’s Shop.

Appointed to the heavy artillery foundry at the Hague in 1755, Jan Verbruggen was responsible for introducing horizontal boring (a Swiss invention) to the Netherlands, which had the potential to greatly increase the consistency and speed of cannon boring.  Verbruggen experienced a number of political and mechanical problems at his post, and was finally run out of the country along with his son Pieter in 1770 after it was discovered that he had been altering and repairing his cannons between boring and proofing to obscure flaws in the casting process.  Relocating to England, Jan and Pieter accepted positions with the Royal Brass Foundry at Woolwich, which they helped turn from an outdated facility to one of the top producers in the Empire.  By the outbreak of the Revolutionary War, the Verbruggens had Woolwich up to speed, with some sources naming the Verbruggen as the most commonly recovered cannons on the battlefields of the War of Independence.  The 4 pounder, nicknamed the "Grasshopper" was designed for use by light infantry units, being light enough to be transported by a single horse, strapped to pack animals, or broken down and hauled by men across terrain that would be inaccessible for heavier weapons.  The cannon itself is bronze, with a band around the breech marked "I. & P. VERBRUGGEN FECERUNT Ao J776" around the top.  The carriage is constructed from hardwood with iron banding and reinforcement, measuring 75 inches across the axle and 87 inches along the main body, with a width at the trail of 21 inches and 45 inch diameter wheels.

 

Bronze 1-pounder 2-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, reproduction, weight 1-3-12 (208 lbs) above the cascabel, (Serial No. 14), bronze, with a band around the breech marked "I. & P. VERBRUGGEN FECERUNT Ao J776" around the top.  The gun is mounted on a wheeled wood gun carriage, Artificer’s Shop.

Blomefield Cast Iron 12-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, reproduction, weight 28-3-0 (3,220 lbs) under the cascabel, (1801) on left trunnion, (12P) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow, unmounted, resting on wood blocks, Block House No. 2.

Cast Iron possibly 1-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Swivel Gun, no markings, No. 1 of 2, Artificer’s Shop.

Cast Iron possibly 1-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Swivel Gun, no markings, No. 2 of 2, Artificer’s Shop.

Cast Iron possibly 1-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Swivel Gun, weight 1-0-9 (121 lbs) below the vent, mounted on a boat, Blockhouse No. 2.

Bronze Coehorn 5.5-inch Smoothbore Muzzleloading Mortar, reproduction, King George II cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a wood box with carrying handles, Artificer’s Shop.

Bronze Coehorn 5.5-inch Smoothbore Muzzleloading Mortar, reproduction, King George II cypher, broad arrow, mark mounted on a wood box with carrying handles, Blockhouse No. 2.

Bronze Coehorn 12-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Mortar, 4.65-inch bore, reproduction, King George II cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a wheeled wood carriage, Blockhouse No. 2.

Bronze 9-inch Smoothbore Muzzleloading Howitzer, reproduction, weight TBC, (Serial No. 3), 1750, R. Gilpin, Fecit,  King George II cypher, broad arrow mark, TRIA JUNCTA IN UNO (three joined in one), L (Field Marshal John (Jean Louis) Ligonier, 1st Earl Ligonier, Master General of the Ordnance 1759-1763), cypher, W.  BOWEN, FECIT 1755 (cast into the base ring of the cannon, Fecit is Latin for “made by” and W. Bowen stands for William Bowen, an owner of a furnace in Cowden, County Kent, England).   This howitzer is mounted on a wheeled wood gun carriage, Blockhouse No. 2.

Bronze 9-inch Smoothbore Howitzer, reproduction, weight TBC, Gilpin 1760, King George II cypher, mounted on a wood gun carriage.  Block House No. 2.

Bronze 4-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, reproduction, no cypher, no weight stamp, mounted on a wheeled wood gun carriage.  Block House No. 2.

Cast Iron 3-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, 6-feet long, ca. 1710.

Cast Iron 6-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, 5-feet, 6-inches long, ca. 1710.

Cast Iron 9-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun with stainless steel sleeve, King George III cypher.  Inside Fort.

Cast Iron 9-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, reproduction stamped 1807, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, barrel plugged with iron ball.

Cast Iron 12-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 28-3-7 (3,227 lbs), 1802, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, Naval pattern.

Cast Iron 18-pounder 10-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 7-3-18 (886 lbs), no cypher.  Block House.

Cast Iron 18-pounder 10-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 8-1--, (>924 lbs), no cypher.  Block House.

Cast Iron 24-Pounder 15-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Howitzer, weight (>1,700 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage, July 1951.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4312437)