Military History Books
by Harold A. Skaarup   www.SilverHawkAuthor.com   
 
Artillery preserved in Canada 5: Ontario, Toronto

Artillery preserved in Canada: Ontario,

City of Toronto

Data current to 26 Oct 2018.

The aim of this website is to locate, identify and document every historical piece of artillery preserved in Canada.  Many contributors have assisted in the hunt for these guns to provide and update the data found on these web pages.  Photos are by the author unless otherwise credited.  Any errors found here are by the author, and any additions, corrections or amendments to this list of Guns and Artillery in Canada would be most welcome and may be e-mailed to the author at hskaarup@rogers.com.

For all official data concerning the Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery, please click on the link to their website:

Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery Website

Note: Back in the day, artillery in Canada was referred to by its radio call sign "Sheldrake".  It is now referred to by its "Golf" call sign.  (Acorn sends)

The web page has become to big for all the guns in Ontario to be listed on one page, therefore the guns on display within the City of Toronto are listed separately here.  

Toronto, Beechwood Cemetery

40-mm Bofors Light Anti-Aircraft Gun, (Serial No. 8238), 1942.

25-pounder C Mk. 2 QF Field Gun.

Toronto, Canadian Forces Command and Staff College

3-inch 50 calibre guns in a Naval twin gun mounting.

Toronto, Casa Loma

Bronze SBML Gun, Sir Henry Pellatt's Bedroom at Casa Loma.  Possibly a Lyle gun used for firing a rescue cable ship to ship.  (Thomas Quine) 

Toronto, Fort Rouillé

Fort Rouillé heritage plaque and overview.

 

Cast Iron 8-inch 65-cwt Smoothbore Shell Gun with Millar pattern breeching ring, weight 65-0-16 (7,296 lbs), Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England, (WCo) on left trunnion, (Serial No. 407) on right trunnion, mounted on wood Naval Gun carriage, 1843, broad arrow mark.  West side of Fort Rouillé Monument.

Cast Iron 8-inch 65-cwt Smoothbore Shell Gun with Millar pattern breeching ring, weight 65-1-0 (7,308 lbs) 1843, Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England (WCo) on left trunnion, (Serial No. 404) on right trunnion, broad arrow mark.  East side of Fort Rouillé Monument.

 

 

Cast Iron 10-inch 18-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Land Service Mortar, weight 18-0-26 (2,042 lbs) 1856, Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England (WCo) on left trunnion, (Serial No. 53) on right trunnion, iron bed, weight 16-3-14 (1,890 lbs). In front of the Fort Rouillé Monument.

Toronto, Fort York

Blomefield Cast Iron 18-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 41-1-7 (4,627 lbs), stamped above the cascabel (unusual placement),  Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England (WCo) on left trunnion, (Serial No. 54) on right trunnion, King George III cipher, broad arrow mark (below the Serial No., also an unusual placement), mounted on a long traversing wood carriage, first gun on the right South side of the West Gate.

Cast Iron 8-inch 65-cwt Smoothbore Shell Gun with Millar pattern breeching ring, weight 64-3-11 (7,263 lbs), 1843 above the vent, no cipher, broad arrow mark, Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England (WCo) on left trunnion, (Serial No. 406) on right trunnion, unmounted, on the ground, second gun on the south side to the right of  the West Gate.

Cast Iron 8-inch 65-cwt Smoothbore Shell Gun with Millar pattern breeching ring, weight 64-3-7 (7,259 lbs), 1843 above the vent, no cipher, broad arrow mark,  Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England (WCo) on left trunnion, (Serial No. 403) on right trunnion, CV C T, unmounted, on the ground, third gun on the south side to the right of the West Gate.

Blomefield Cast Iron 24-pounder 50-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 47-2-0 (5,320 lbs), under the cascabel, Carron Company of Falkirk, Scotland (Serial No. 56737, CARRON, 1797) on left trunnion, (24P) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on an iron garrison carriage. West side of Circular Battery, South Wall.  

 

Blomefield Cast Iron 32-pounder 56-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 56-0-1 (6,273 lbs) under the cascabel,  Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England (WCo) on left trunnion, (Serial No. 357) on right trunnion, King George III cipher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a 24-pounder iron garrison carriage.  East side of Circular battery.  The Blomefield Cast Iron 32-pounder 56-cwt Smoothbore Gun has a length of 9 feet 6 inches.  It is the most common 32-pounder in Canada and can be recognized by a reinforcing ring that is slightly raised followed by a definite "step-down" in the barrel just forward of the trunnions heading to the muzzle.

 

Blomefield Cast Iron 32-pounder 56-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 56-0-0 (6,272 lbs), below the cascabel,  Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England (WCo) on left trunnion, (Serial No. 169) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on an iron garrison carriage.  North Wall.

Blomefield Cast Iron 24-pounder 50-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 48-0-0 (5,376 lbs) under the cascabel, The Carron Company of Falkirk, Scotland (Serial No. 63011, CARRON, 1802) on left trunnion, (24P) on right trunnion, King George III cipher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a wood traversing gun carriage. North side of West Gate.

Bronze 9-pounder 13-1/2-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 12-2-22 (1,422 lbs), F.M. Eardley-Wilmot, 1859, B of O, Queen Victoria cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a wheeled wood field carriage.

Cast Iron 24-pounder 48-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Culverin Drake Gun, weight 48-3—(>5,460 lbs), 1650, no trunnions, no button. Blockhouse.

Cast Iron 18-pounder 48-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Culverin Drake Gun, weight 48-3-0 (4,460 lbs), 1650, no trunnions or button.  Blockhouse No. 2.

 (John Antoni Photo)

Cast Iron 12-pounder 6-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring,  weight 6-3-6 (762 lbs), reproduction, mounted on a wood stand, Blockhouse No. 2.

Blomefield Cast Iron 12-pounder 34-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 34-0-10 (3,818 lbs), 4.5-inch, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark.  Blockhouse No. 2.

Bronze Coehorn 4.65-inch Smoothbore Muzzleloading Mortar, (Serial No. 118), reproduction, King George II cypher.  Blockhouse No. 2.

Cast Iron 9-pounder 24-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 23-2-10 (2,642 lbs), King George II cypher, ca. 1737-1756, Armstrong pattern, no trunnions, no button.  Blockhouse No. 2.

Borgard Cast Iron 6-pounder 12-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 12-0-14 (1,358 lbs), 1720, made for Hudson’s Bay Company.  Blockhouse No. 2.

Bronze 6-pounder 6-cwt Smoothbore Gun, weight 6-?-8 (>680 lbs), 1798, King George III cypher, lost from William Perry’s HMS Fury, found in 1930s by Lord Cornwallis.  Blockhouse No. 2.

Cast Iron 3-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, reproduction, sleeved, mounted on a field carriage with limber, used for demonstrations.  Blockhouse No. 2.

Cast Iron 3-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, reproduction, sleeved, mounted on a field carriage with limber, outside Blockhouse No. 2.

Cast Iron ½ -pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Swivel Gun, weight 1-0-26 (138 lbs).  Blockhouse No. 2.

Cast Iron 1-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun with trunnions and button, 18th century.  Blockhouse No. 2.

Toronto, High Park

 (John Eckersley Photos)

Bronze 24-pounder 12-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 12-3-6 (1 ,434 lbs), W. North, 1843, Queen Victoria cypher, GM monogram in a garter suspending a Maltese cross, the garter is engraved TRIA JUNCTA IN UNO on the chase, button broken off, mounted on wood rails in front of Colborne Lodge, High Park.

Toronto, HMCS York, 659 Lakeshore Blvd West.

 

 (Curtis Kostin)

4-inch/45 QF Mk. XVI* Twin Guns  (Serial No. S/8293), L, left, and (Serial No. S/8236), R, right, on a Mk. XIX High Angle mounting, Vickers Armstrong Pattern, Trenton Industries, Trenton, Nova Scotia, Admiralty No. CAN 48.

 (Photos courtesy of HMCS York)

12-pounder 8-cwt QF Royal Navy Landing Gun, weight 8-0-0 (896 lbs), Gun Serial No. ­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­1750, dated 1903, Breech Block Serial No. 4444 stamped out, Serial No. 1750, 1917, Carriage weight 6-1/4-cwt, Admiralty No. 56, dated 1898, with Limber Serial No. 9049.   Note that the breech for this specific gun is for a 12-pounder and a 14-pounder, which was a Maxim Nordenfelt competitor to the 12-pounder.  It would therefore appear the breech blocks were interchangeable. The British gunners apparently used the same ammunition for the two guns.  Canada may not have used the Maxim, although that needs to be confirmed.

The 12-pounder 8-cwt Naval Landing Gun was carried on ships of the British and Commonwealth navies for use by naval landing parties.  This one was made at Elswick Works in 1898.  These guns were almost entirely restricted to use as naval landing guns by sailors and marines. Its ammunition was separate Quick Firing (QF), which means the projectile and propellant were separate loading, the latter in an ejectable brass cartridge case; this same ammunition was also used by heavier shipboard 12-pounders. Typically, the landing gun appears on a low carriage, with small-diameter spoked wheels. Despite its 8 hundredweight (8-cwt), it had the same length of rifled bore as the 12-pounder 7-cwt. Nelson Lawry.  The Naval Landing Guns found in Canada probably originated on early ships of the Royal Canadian Navy, such as HMCS Niobe, HMCS Aurora, HMCS Rainbow and others. Details on the gun may be found at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ordnance_QF_12_pounder_8_cwt.

 (Master Seaman Curtis Kostin Photos, HMCS York)

Limber for the 12-pounder 8-cwt QF Royal Navy Landing Gun at HMCS York.

Toronto, Island Park

 (Chris Belfontaine Photos)

Bronze 24-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Howitzer, mounted on a wood carriage with iron wheels at the ferry landing site on Island Park.  Queen Victoria cypher and the cypher of Baron Richard Hussey Vivian Master General of the Board of Ordnance from 1835-1841) on the barrel.  According to the report to parliament in 1878, there were eleven 24-pounder howitzers in Canada, including three in the Toronto area.

Toronto, Limber Gunners

25-pounder C Mk. 2 QF Field Gun with No. 9 circular firing platform, Limber and Canadian Military Pattern Field Artillery Tractor (CMP FAT), (Serial No. CH1384404), 3, 9, AA.

Toronto, Marie Curtis Park

 

Blomefield Cast Iron 32-pounder 56-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 56-0-27 (6,299 lbs) under the cascabel, (Serial No. 03660, CARRON, 1803) Carron of Falkirk, Scotland, on the left trunnion, (32P) on the right trunnion, No. 43 on the astragal ahead of the trunnions, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, located on the waterfront of Marie Curtis Park.

Toronto, 7th Toronto Field Artillery Regiment

The 7th Toronto Regiment, Royal Canadian Artillery is a Primary Reserve Royal Canadian Artillery (RCA) regiment of Land Force Central Area's 32 Canadian Brigade Group.  The regiment was formed in 1965 when all the gunner units within the Toronto garrison (29th Field Regiment, 42nd Medium Regiment and 1st Locating Regiment) were merged.  There are three batteries within the regiment, 9 Bty – the howitzer or gun battery, 15 Bty – the mortar battery, and 130 Bty – the headquarters battery as well as training and recruiting.  Currently all three batteries parade at Moss Park Armoury, 130 Queen Street East.

25-pounder C Mk. 2 QF Field Gun with No. 9 circular firing platform, missing its shield, standing in front of the Moss Park Armoury.

 

25-pounder C Mk. 2 QF Field Gun with No. 9 circular firing platform, standing in front of Moss Park Armoury.

155-mm C1 (M1A2) Medium Howitzer on M1A2 Carriage, aka M114, manufactured at Sorel Industries Limited in Quebec, Queen Elizabeth II cypher.  CFR TBC.  The carriage plate reads: CARR. HOW. 155MM M1A2 CDN. SOREL INDUSTRIES LTD. CANADA (1955), REG. NO. CDN 11, INSP (symbol), standing in front of the Moss Park Armoury.

105-mm C3 M2A2 Howitzer, CDN No. 65, CFR 34140.

Toronto, Old Mill

Cast Iron 6-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 23-1-8 (2,612 lbs), crown over P, carriage disintegrating. Old Mill.

Ruth Rhynas Brown published references to these guns in an article on the guns of the East India Company: 1990 “Guns carried on East Indiamen, 1600-1800”. IJNA. vol 19, 17-22. 1995 “Arming the East Indiamen” in The Archaeology of Ships of War, ed. Mensun Bound. Oswestry. 114-119.  Basically it was introduced by the Board of Ordnance. 

Guns marked wit the Crowned P:   After Wheatley and Company were given permission to proof guns for the East India ships, the Board of Ordnance decided on 3 November 1749, that all guns "which pass the King's proof for the future, and for the Merchants' Service, be marked with a Crown and the letter P" (WO 47/34, 422v).  In the next few years increasing numbers of East India Company guns were proofed and in 1755 the Company insisted that all guns for its use had to be proofed at Woolwich.  Robert Davidson at Woolwich was paid for cutting crowned Ps for India ships on guns.  This mark was also used for guns of a semi-official nature, such as those cast by John Fuller for the Sardinian government.  It was used for the civilian branch of the government, such as for troop ships, armed transports and post office packets.  Theform of crowned P on guns like this one suggests an 18th century date, possibly something for a transport in the Seven Years War or American Wars.  This type of gun vanishes with the introduction of the carronade.

Toronto, Pine Hills Cemetery, Scarborough

 (Bouffe Photo)

17-pounder QF Towed Anti-Tank Gun.  625 Birchmount Road.  The RCA held 138 of these guns.

 (Photo courtesy of Andre Blanchard)

25-pounder C Mk. 2 QF Field Gun with No. 9 circular firing platform, S.I.L. 1942, Reg. No. CA10612.  625 Birchmount Road.

Toronto, Prospect Cemetery

17-pounder QF Towed Anti-Tank Gun, 1450 St Clair Ave West.

Toronto, Queen’s Park Legislature

 (Photo courtesy of Terry Honour)

Russian Cast Iron 68-pounder, 8-inch Smoothbore Shell Gun with Millar pattern breeching ring, stamped 1840, (Serial No. 27054), Crimean War trophy gun captured at Sebastopol, given to Toronto in 1859, southwest of building entrance.  Queen’s Park Legislature.

 

Russian Cast Iron 68-pounder, 8-inch Smoothbore Shell Gun with Millar pattern breeching ring, stamped 1840, (Serial No. 29769), Crimean War trophy gun captured at Sebastopol, given to Toronto in 1859, southeast of building entrance.  Queen’s Park Legislature.

 (Skeezix1000 Photo)

French Cast Iron 12-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Guns (two), broken parts, trunnions missing.  Two guns flank the West Entrance to the Whitney Block on Queen's Park Circle in Toronto.  The cannons were on the French naval ship Prudent, captured and burned by the British in June 1758 during the siege of Louisbourg.  Twenty cannons, from Prudent and other French ships sunk during the siege, were raised in 1899, two of which were acquired by the Government of Ontario.

Toronto, Riverdale Park

 

Blomefield Cast Iron 32-pounder 56-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 56-0-0 (6,272 lbs) under the cascabel, The Carron Company of Falkirk, Scotland (Serial No. 70450, CARRON, 1806) on left trunnion, (32P) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a concrete stand.  Riverdale Park East.

Toronto, Royal Canadian Military Institute, 426 University Ave.

Bronze 9-pounder 13-1/2-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 13-3-18 (1,558 lbs) under the cascabel, C.H. King, 1813-1815, King George III cypher, mounted on an iron wheeled wood gun carriage. Royal Canadian Military Institute, 426 University Ave.

Bronze 9-pounder 13-1/2-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 13-3-6 (1,546 lbs) under the cascabel, C.H. King, 1813-1815, King George III cypher, mounted on an iron wheeled wood gun carriage. Royal Canadian Military Institute, 426 University Ave.

Toronto, University of Toronto

 

Cast Iron 32-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, mounted on a wood gun carriage, recovered from Louisbourg Harbour, No. 1 of 2, University of Toronto, King’s College Circle. 

Cast Iron 32-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, mounted on a wood gun carriage, recovered from Louisbourg Harbour, No. 2 of 2, University of Toronto, King’s College Circle.

Toronto, York Cemetery

Blomefield Cast Iron 32-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight unknown, The Carron Company of Falkirk, Scotland (Serial No. 71618, CARRON 1807) on the left trunnion, (32P) on the right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, unmounted, on the ground at York Cemetery, 160 Beecroft Road.

17-pounder QF Towed Anti-Tank Gun, BR No. L22508, York Cemetery, 160 Beecroft Road.  The RCA held 138 of these guns.

25-pounder C Mk. 2 QF Field Gun, II/I, SIL-6-42, York Cemetery, 160 Beecroft Road.

40-mm Bofors Light Anti-Aircraft Gun, Breech Casing No. L69984, OFE/C 1944, York Cemetery, 160 Beecroft Road.

I would imagine that many of you who are reading this book are very likely familiar with the standard routine of military training exercises and the rigours of being in the field in all seasons, not to mention the conditions found on deployment these days. Whether or not you have experienced it, I am sure you can well imagine what it is like to train and work in the heat, the dust and the mosquitoes in summer, the wind, the rain and the mud in the spring and fall, the snow and the cold in the winter and of course the routine day-to-day challenges of combat exercises in the training areas of the Canadian Forces. For most in the Army, this includes CFB Gagetown, CFB Valcartier, CFB Petawawa, CFB Kingston, CFB Shilo, CFB Edmonton, CFB Wainwright, CFB Suffield and all the fields and exercise areas of LFAATC Aldershot and LFCATC Meaford and their environs.

As an Army Officer in the Canadian Forces, it has been my privilege to have served alongside a tremendous number of highly professional military men and women of our nation while taking part in training in Germany, the UK and the USA and while on operational deployments to Cyprus, Bosnia-Herzegovina and in Afghanistan. During my training and military professional development, I have learned much about our long military history. My interest in our multi-faceted historical record has led me to write about it and to seek out the stories about Canada's military servicemen and women and the tools and equipment they used to preserve our security when warclouds darkened our horizons.

As a military history enthusiast, I have learned over the years that there are many with similar interests in preserving our story. We have all seen the odd old gun or retired tank placed on display outside a Militia Drill Hall, War Memorial, city park site or Royal Canadian Legion Hall, and many will have enjoyed visiting a number of our military Museums. The vast majority of retired wartime combat equipment used by members of the CF have dwindled in number, many being scrapped, others being shot up as targets, while a few have been sold to overseas operators and collectors. Fortunately, a handful of important examples of retired CF guns and war machines have been preserved and may be found in a wide variety of locations throughout Canada.

Curators, docents and volunteers working in Canada's military museums have been successful in preserving a good number of retired military weapons of war and many are still being sought after and in some cases, being restored to running condition again. As an artist, photographer and military history enthusiast, I have attempted to keep track of where historic Canadian military equipment has survived and is presently located and to make that information available to others with the same interest. For those of like mind, the purpose of this handbook is to provide a simple checklist of the classic Great War and WWII artillery that is part of our military heritage and a location guide to where they can be found in Canada. The book includes a number of photographs to illustrate an example of each gun wherever possible, and lists the locations of the survivors by province.

The numbers of restored Canadian guns is actually increasing as a few rare examples are being recovered from scrapyards and monument sites and salvaged for restoration. (Ultra rare items such as Skink AA gun turrets come to mind). One of the aims of this book is to help an enthusiast track down these monuments and museum artefacts and to have a simple reference book on hand with more detailed information about them such as a serial number, a Museum location and contact information which might be helpful in learning a bit of the history of a particular vehicle. The guns detailed in this handbook are listed alphabetically by manufacturer, number and type in the order that they came into service with the CF. The data is also appended with a list of most of the current guns found in the various collections and Museums in Canada. The book is also meant to serve as a companion volume to "Ironsides", Canadian Tanks and Armoured Fighting Vehicle Museums and Monuments, also available online.

It is my sincere hope that more of the guns and artillery found in this list will one day be added to the record of historically important military armament survivors that have been recovered and restored.


Shelldrake can be ordered online in softcover or e-book at these bookstores:

http://www.amazon.ca/Shelldrake-Canadian-Artillery-Museums-Monuments/dp/1469750007/ref=sr_1_44?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1331231081&sr=1-44

http://www.amazon.com/Shelldrake-Canadian-Artillery-Museums-Monuments/dp/1469750007/ref=sr_1_45?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1331231130&sr=1-45

http://bookstore.iuniverse.com/Products/SKU-000542288/Shelldrake.aspx

http://www.barnesandnoble.com/w/shelldrake-harold-a-skaarup/1109124375?ean=9781469750002&itm=46&usri=harold+skaarup 

Photos and technical data on artillery preserved in Canada may be viewed by Province on seprate pages on this website.