Military History Books
by Harold A. Skaarup   www.SilverHawkAuthor.com   
 
Artillery preserved in Canada 5: Ontario, London to Niagara Falls

Artillery preserved in the Province of Ontario, London to Niagara Falls

Data current to 26 Oct 2018.

The aim of this website is to locate, identify and document every historical piece of artillery preserved in Canada.  Many contributors have assisted in the hunt for these guns to provide and update the data found on these web pages.  Photos are by the author unless otherwise credited.  Any errors found here are by the author, and any additions, corrections or amendments to this list of Guns and Artillery in Canada would be most welcome and may be e-mailed to the author at hskaarup@rogers.com.

For all official data concerning the Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery, please click on the link to their website:

Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery Website

Note: Back in the day, artillery in Canada was referred to by its radio call sign "Sheldrake".  It is now referred to by its "Golf" call sign.  (Acorn sends)

London

 (Terry Honour Photo)

There are three Smoothbore Muzzleloading Guns in Victoria Park (one British and two Russian) presented to Canada by Queen Victoria, standing in front of the Boer War Memorial.

 (Terry Honour Photos)

Millar pattern Russian Cast Iron 24-pounder 50-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, Serial No. 29716) forged by Armstrong at Alexandrovski on the left trunnion, (24P BbCY 140 1/2 P) on right trunnion, double-headed Eagle, Crimean War trophy, MA stamped above the cascabel.  This gun has damage on its muzzle.  No. 3 gun mounted on a brick and concrete stand, East of the Boer War Memorial, Victoria Park.

 (Terry Honour Photos)

Blomefield Cast Iron 32-pounder 56-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 56-0-7 (6,279 lbs) under the cascabel, (WCo) (Walker & Company) on the left trunnion, (Serial No. 164) on the right trunnion, King George III (1760-1820) cypher, broad arrow mark.  6.5-inch bore diameter, No. 2 gun mounted on a brick and concrete stand in front of the Boer War Memorial, Victoria Park.

 (Terry Honour Photos)

Millar pattern Russian Cast Iron 24-pounder 50-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, (Serial No. 28145) forged by Armstrong at Alexandrovski on the left trunnion, (24P BbCY 140 1/2 P) on right trunnion, double-headed Eagle, Crimean War trophy, MA stamped above the cascabel.  This gun has what appears to be damage from a shell strike on the right side near the breech.  No. 1 gun mounted on a brick and concrete stand in front of the Boer War Memorial, Victoria Park.

 (Keldar5 Photos)

FMC 3-inch/50 Twin Gun Mk 33, HMCS Fraser destroyer.  The St. Laurent class was fitted with twin 3-inch (76 mm)/L50 caliber guns in two mounts for engaging both surface and air targets. The ships were also fitted with two single-mounted 40 mm (1.6 in) guns.

 (Maxwell Toms Photo)

Cast Iron3-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, replica, inside the Delta Arms Hotel, Dundas Street.

London, Royal Canadian Regiment Museum, Wolseley Barracks, 750 Elizabeth St.

 (Maxwell Toms Photo)

9-pounder 8-cwt Muzzleloading Rifle, weight 8-1-5 (928 lbs), RGF No. 228, I, 1872, FS 2750, Queen Victoria’s cypher (1837-1901), no wheels, mounted on concrete blocks.

 (Maxwell Toms Photo)

 (Keldar5 Photo)

9-pounder 8-cwt Muzzleloading Rifle, weight 8-1-9 (933 lbs), RCF No. 630, I, 1874, Queen Victoria’s cypher (1837-1901), Armstrong stamped on the trunnions, with wooden wheels, trail 1452.

 (Maxwell Toms Photo)

9-pounder 8-cwt Muzzleloading Rifle, weight 8-1-9 (933 lbs), RGF No. 633, I, 1874, FS 3420, Queen Victoria’s cypher (1837-1901), no wheels, mounted on concrete blocks.

 (Balcer Photos)

 (RCR Museum Photos)

Japanese 75-mm Type 41 Mountain Gun (Serial No. 1562), captured by the Canadian Fusiliers, City of London Regiment (Machine Gun) during the Aleutian Islands Campaign in 1943.  

On 15 August 1943, an invasion force of 34,426 Canadian and American troops landed on Kiska. The invasion consisted mainly of units from the American 7th Infantry Division and about 5,300 Canadians, mostly from the 13th Canadian Infantry Brigade of the 6th Canadian Infantry Division and the 1st Special Service Force, later known as the "Devil's Brigade," a 2,000 man Canadian-American commando unit formed in 1942 in Montana and trained in winter warfare techniques.  The Brigade included three regiments: the 1st was to go ashore in the first wave at Kiska Harbor, the 2nd was to be held in reserve to parachute where needed, and the 3rd was to land on the north side of Kiska on the second day of the assault.  The 87th Regiment of the 10th Mountain Division, the only major U.S. force specifically trained for mountain warfare, was also part of the operation.  The only casualties were from friendly fire in dense fog.

Royal Canadian Air Force No. 111 and No. 14 Squadrons saw active service in the Aleutian skies and scored at least one aerial kill on a Japanese aircraft.  Additionally, three Canadian armed merchant cruisers and two corvettes served in the Aleutian campaign but did not encounter enemy forces.

 (Maxwell Toms Photo)

25-pounder C Mk. 2 QF Field Gun with No. 9 circular firing platform.

 (Maxwell Toms Photo)

155-mm C1 (M1A2) Medium Howitzer on M1A2 Carriage, aka M114, manufactured at Sorel Industries Limited in Quebec, Queen Elizabeth II cypher.

HMCS Prevost, Naval Reserve, London

Ordnance QF 3-inch/50 Twin Gun M33 turret, HMCS Fraser.  19 Becher Street.

Longlac

Ordnance QF 40-mm Bofors Mk. I Anti-Aircraft Gun, O.F.E./C. 1942, Breech casing No. L 7766.  Mounted on wheels.  This gun stands beside the cenotaph.  (Photo courtesy of Terry Honour)

L'Orignal, Ontario

German First World War 7.7-cm Feldkanone 96 neuer Art (7.7-cm FK 96 n.A.), (Serial Nr. 5255).  Captured by the 3rd Battalion on 27 Sep 1919 near the Arras-Cambrai Road, North of Bourlon Wood.   (Photo courtesy of Alex Comber)

Cast Iron small calibre Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, mounted on an iron carriage.   (Photo courtesy of Alex Comber)

Lucan

 (Internet Photo)

German First World War 15-cm schwere Feldhaubitze 1902 (15-cm sFH 02) Heavy Field Howitzer.  (Serial Nr. 9), missing its wheels, mounted on concrete pylons in a city park.  This gun was captured by the 43rd Battalion on 8 Aug 1918 near Amiens in front of Vignette Wood, South of Demuin, France.

Lucknow

  (Internet Photo)

Blomefield Cast Iron 32-pounder 56-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, mounted on a concrete stand in front of the town library near the cenotaph.  No. 1 of 2.

Blomefield Cast Iron 32-pounder 56-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, mounted on a concrete stand in front of the town library near the cenotaph.  No. 2 of 2.

Lunenburg

 (Cam Martel Photo)

German First World War 7.7-cm Feldkanone 96 neuer Art (7.7-cm FK 96 n.A.), (Serial Nr. 6959) no data.  Lunenburg Cemetery, just north of Long Sault.

Madoc

German First World War 7.92-mm Maxim Spandau MG 08 Machinegun (Serial Nr. TBC), mounted on its Schlitten stand set on the roof of the Royal Canadian Legion, 33 Lawrence Street.

 (JustSomePics Photo)

 (Maxwell Toms Photo)

 (Terry Honour Photo)

German First World War 17-cm mittlerer Minenwerfer (17-cm mMW), (Serial Nr. 1157).  Thomas Thompson Memorial Park, St Lawrence Ave E.

Manitoulin Island

German First World War 7.92-mm Maxim Spandau MG 08 Machinegun (Serial Nr. TBC), mounted on its Schlitten stand as part of the town cenotaph, No. 1 of 2.

German First World War 7.92-mm Maxim Spandau MG 08 Machinegun (Serial Nr. TBC), no stand, mounted on iron posts as part of the town cenotaph, No. 2 of 2.

Mannotick

 (Maxwell Toms Photo)

Soviet 76.2-mm M1942 (Zis-3) Field Gun, Capital Memorial Cemetery.

Massey

German First World War 7.92-mm Maxim Spandau MG 08 Machinegun (Serial Nr. TBC), mounted on its Schlitten stand in front of the Royal Canadian Legion Branch No. 432, 320 Imperial Street.

Meaford

Blomefield Cast Iron 24-pounder 50-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, marked with King George III cypher, mounted on an iron garrison carriage.  Georgian Bay Foundry reproduction.

Merrickville

 (Doktor Ellis Photo)

 (Terry Honour Photo)

 (jiggs11 Photo)

25-pounder C Mk. 2 QF Field Gun with No. 9 circular firing platform, cenotaph.

Saint Marie among the Hurons, Midland

Bronze and Iron Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, known as the “Penetang Gun”, stamped 1630, LeGC with a crown above the breech.  The initials stand for Le Grand Condé” who served under Prince Louis II as Captain General of the French Army in the mid-17th century.  The gun’s breech is made of Bronze which has been cast in a hexagonal shape.  Its iron barrel is reinforced with iron hoops.  The chase and breech-ends of the cannon are of separate construction.  The wrought iron construction of the chase is associated with guns of the late 15th and early 16th centuries.  The octagonal section of the cast bronze breech and the shape of the cascabel also indicate a date in the first half of the 16th century.  To be operational it would have been strapped with iron bands or strong ropes onto a wooden bed, which could itself be mounted on a yoke or carriage.  The gun would have been brought to Sainte-Marie by the Militia hired to protect the Jesuit Mission.  The gun is reputed to have been found in 1919 by Mr.  King of Christian Island which links it with the Jesuit missionaries who fled Sainte-Marie I in 1649.  The missionaries and a large group of Huron people spent the winter of 1649-50 establishing Sainte-Marie II on Christian Island, in Georgian Bay.  (Photos and information courtesy of Sainte-Marie among the Hurons Midland, Ontario.  Ministry of Tourism and Culture)

Midland

 (Kanadaguy Photo)

155-mm C1 (M1A2) Medium Howitzer on M1A2 Carriage, aka M114, manufactured at Sorel Industries Limited in Quebec, Queen Elizabeth II cypher.  CFR 34446.  The carriage plate reads: CARR. HOW. 155MM M1A2 CDN. SOREL INDUSTRIES LTD. CANADA (year TBC), REG. NO. CDN 168, INSP (symbol).  This gun stands in front of the Royal Canadian Legion, Branch No. 80.

Milton

 (Bob Elliott Photos)

German First World War 7.7-cm Feldkanone 16 (7.7-cm FK 16), (Serial Nr. 9563), L-7586, 1917.  This gun was captured by the 3rd Canadian Infantry Battalion, 1st Brigade of the 1st Canadian Division when the Canadian Corps crossed the Canal du Nord to take Bourlon Wood at Cambrai on 27 September 1918.  Canadian Military Heritage Museum.

Milton was also allocated four MG 08s, (Serial Nr. 3227), (Serial Nr. 3781), (Serial Nr. 6765), and (Serial Nr. 7157).

Mississauga

QF 40-mm Bofors Anti-Aircraft Gun, Picton.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4234051)

Ordnance QF 40-mm Bofors Anti-Aircraft Gun.  This gun stands in front of Unit 262, ANAF, 765 Third Street, beside the cenotaph.

Moose Factory

Cast Iron 12-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, No. 1, mounted on a wooden carriage, Centennial Park.

Cast Iron 12-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, No. 2, mounted on a wooden carriage, Centennial Park.

Cast Iron 12-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, No. 3, mounted on a wooden carriage, Centennial Park

Morrisburg, Crysler’s Farm Battlefield

 (Terry Honour Photos)

Blomefield Cast Iron 24-pounder 50-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 50-2-12 (5,668 lbs), (Serial No. 70073, CARRON, 1806) on left trunnion, (24P) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on an iron garrison carriage.  No. 1.  This gun is mounted west of the monument at the Crysler’s Farm Memorial, along Highway No. 2, 12 km East of Morrisburg.  No. 1. 

 (Terry Honour Photos)

Blomefield Cast Iron 24-pounder 50-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 51-0-24 (5,736 lbs), (Serial No. 69775, CARRON, 1806) on left trunnion, (24P) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on an iron garrison carriage.  No. 2.  This gun is mounted East of the monument at the Crysler’s Farm Memorial.

 (Author Photos)

Blomefield Cast Iron 32-pounder 56-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 55-3-0 (6,244 lbs), (Serial No. 55032, CARRON 1796) on left trunnion, (32P) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a wood Naval gun carriage.  No. 3. This gun is located at the entrance to the Crysler’s Farm Memorial.

One of the decisive battles of the War of 1812 was fought on the farm of John Crysler.  On 11 November 1813 Lieutenant-Colonel Joseph Morrison, with 800 British and Canadian regulars, militia and Indians, engaged an American force of 4,000 under Brigadier-General John Boyd.  The open terrain was suited to the training of the well-drilled British regulars who, after two hours of heavy fighting, routed the enemy.  This victory ended a major American thrust towards Montréal.

Morrisburg

 (Cam Martel Photo)

German First World War 7.7-cm Feldkanone 96 neuer Art (7.7-cm FK 96 n.A.), (Serial Nr. 2542), Kaiser Wilhelm I cypher.  This gun was captured by the 2nd Canadian Mounted Rifles on 26 August 1918 near Monchy, France.  It was put back into action by the 66th Battery CFA, NW of Monchy-le-Preux.  It stands beside the First World War Memorial in front of the South Dundas Justice Building.

 (Cam Martel Photo)

German First World War 7.7-cm Feldkanone 96 neuer Art (7.7-cm FK 96 n.A.), (Serial Nr. 1323),  Kaiser Wilhelm I cypher, no data.  This gun stands beside the First World War Memorial in front of the South Dundas Justice Building.  (One 10.5-cm gun was allocated to Morrisburg; it is not one of these).

Mountain

German First World War 7.92-mm Maxim Spandau MG 08 Machinegun, possibly (Serial Nr. 2946b), captured by the 22nd Battalion on 15 Aug 1917 in the vicinity of Catapult Trench, Lens; or (Serial Nr. 3018), captured by the 54th Battalion on 27 Sep 1918 in Bourlon Wood, France.

Mount Forest, Ontario

 (Balcer Photos)

German First World War 7.7-cm Feldkanone 96 neuer Art (7.7-cm FK 96 n.A.), (Serial Nr. 268).  There is no official record of this gun.  It is stamped R.268.  L.393.  AWDr. On the right side below the breech, and gef. 1898. Fr. Kp. abg. 1907. F.F.E. under the breech.

155-mm M109 Self-propelled Howitzer turret on a heavy duty mounting in the War Memorial Park on Hwy 6.

Mountain Grove

 (Terry Honour Photo)

German First World War 7.92-mm Maxim Spandau MG 08 Machinegun (Serial Nr. TBC).  No. 1 (North) of two guns flanking the town cenotaph.

German First World War 7.92-mm Maxim Spandau MG 08 Machinegun (Serial Nr. TBC).  No. 2 (South).

New Liskeard

Centurion 20-pounder Gun Mk I Barrel mounted in concrete. (Serial No. 23988?) Queen Elizabeth II cypher, embedded in concrete, mounted beside the cenotaph.  No. 1.  Located beside the Public Library on Whitewood Ave., between Wellington Street and Paget Street.

Centurion 20-pounder Gun Mk I Barrel mounted in concrete. (Serial No. 42855).  King George VI cypher, mounted beside the cenotaph.  No. 2.  Located beside the Public Library on Whitewood Ave., between Wellington Street and Paget Street.

New Lowell

Centurion 20-pounder Gun Mk I Barrels (two) mounted in concrete in front of the Royal Canadian Legion, Branch No. 5357, Country Road 9.

Niagara-on-the-Lake, Fort George

The page for artillery preserved in Ontario has grown too large to download quickly, so the guns on display at Fort George are listed on a separate web page on this website.

Niagara-on-the-Lake

 (Balcer Photos)

German First World War 10-cm Kanone 14 (10-cm K 14), (Serial Nr. 201), 1050 kg, 1916.  This gun was captured by the 7th Battalion, CEF, at Vimy on 13 April 1917.  It was initially allocated to Queenston, Ontario.  Located in the vicinity of Butler's Barracks, this gun has been removed for restoration.

 (Swifteroo Photos)

Blomefield Cast Iron 24-pounder 50-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight unknown, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on an iron garrison carriage.  Butler’s Barracks.

Niagara-on-the-lake, Lincoln and Welland Regiment Museum

155-mm C1 (M1A2) Medium Howitzer on M1A2 Carriage, aka M114, manufactured at Sorel Industries Limited in Quebec, Queen Elizabeth II cypher.  CFR 34449.  The carriage plate reads: CARR. HOW. 155MM M1A2 CDN. SOREL INDUSTRIES LTD. CANADA, 1957, REG. NO. CDN 156, INSP (symbol).

Niagara Falls, Queenston Heights Monument

 (Author Photo)

Brock’s Monument.

 

 (DyverDown Photos)

Blomefield Cast Iron 18-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 39-0-9 (4,377 lbs), reproduction, (1806) on left trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on an iron garrison carriage, weight 21-3-14 (2,450 lbs), with a ball welded in the gun’s muzzle.  This gun is located on the site of the original Redan Battery.

Niagara Falls, Lundy's Lane Battlefield Memorial

 (Author Photos)

Blomefield Cast Iron 12-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 34-1-3 (3,839 lbs), (WCo) (Walker & Company) on left trunnion, (Serial No. 54) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on an iron garrison carriage.  No. 1, East of monument at Drummond Hill Church and Cemetery.

 (Author Photos)

Blomefield Cast Iron 12-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 34-1-3 (3,839 lbs), (WCo) (Walker & Company) on left trunnion, (Serial No. 52) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on an iron garrison carriage.  No. 2, West of monument at Drummond Hill Church and Cemetery.

Niagara Falls, Victoria Street Armoury and Museum

 (Balcer Photos)

German First World War 10.5-cm Kanone 17 (10.5-cm K 17), (Serial Nr. 39), 1918.  It was captured by the 3rd Battalion on 27 Sep 1918 near the Arras-Cambrai Road between Marquion and Raillencourt, France.    Niagara Military Museum previously located with D Company, Lincoln & Welland Regiment (Victoria Street) Armoury, 5049 Victoria Ave.

 (Author Photo)

Cast Iron 32-pounder 17-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 17-1-11 (1,943 lbs) above the vent, mounted on a wood naval gun carriage, located in the front window of the Niagara Falls History Museum, 5810 Ferry St.