Military History Books
by Harold A. Skaarup   www.SilverHawkAuthor.com   
 
Artillery Preserved in Canada 5: Ontario, Fort George

Artillery preserved in Canada: Ontario, 

Niagara-on-the-Lake, Fort George

Data current to 20 Aug 2018.

The aim of this website is to locate, identify and document every historical piece of artillery preserved in Canada.  Many contributors have assisted in the hunt for these guns to provide and update the data found on these web pages.  Photos are by the author unless otherwise credited.  Any errors found here are by the author, and any additions, corrections or amendments to this list of Guns and Artillery in Canada would be most welcome and may be e-mailed to the author at hskaarup@rogers.com.

For all official data concerning the Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery, please click on the link to their website:

Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery Website

Note: Back in the day, artillery in Canada was referred to by its radio call sign "Sheldrake".  It is now referred to by its "Golf" call sign.  (Acorn sends)

The web page has become to big for all the guns in Ontario to be listed on one page, therefore the guns on display at Fort George are listed separately here.  

Niagara-on-the-Lake, Fort George

Fort George ground plan and history.

Blomefield Cast Iron 24-pounder 50-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, reproduction, weight 50-0-13 (5,613 lbs) above the vent, (1805) on left trunnion, (24P) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on an iron garrison carriage.  No. 1 guarding the front entrance to the Park grounds outside the fort.

Blomefield Cast Iron 24-pounder 50-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, reproduction, weight 50-0-2 (5,602 lbs) above the vent, (1804) on left trunnion, (24P) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on an iron garrison carriage.  No. 2 guarding the front entrance to the Park grounds outside the fort.

Blomefield Cast Iron 9-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, reproduction, weight 28-2-13 (3,2045 lbs) under the cascabel, (1804) on left trunnion, (9PR) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on an iron garrison carriage, weight 16-1-12.  This gun stands beside a mound of 9-pounder cannonballs.  No. 3, leading to the Ticket Booth for entrance to the fort from the Parking Lot.

Bronze 6-pounder 6-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, reproduction, weight 4-3-15 (547 lbs) on the breech ogee above the button, King George II cypher, broad arrow mark, TRIA JUNCTA IN UNO (three joined in one), L (Field Marshal John (Jean Louis) Ligonier, 1st Earl Ligonier, Master General of the Ordnance 1759-1763), cypher, W.  BOWEN, FECIT 1755 (cast into the base ring of the cannon, Fecit is Latin for “made by” and W. Bowen stands for William Bowen, an owner of a furnace in Cowden, County Kent, England).  This gun is mounted on a wood gun carriage with limber and stands in the centre field of the fort.

The numbers 4-3-15 represent the weight of the gun barrel given in hundredweights.  The first number is the amount of hundredweights, which equals 112 lbs. The second number given is the amount in quarter hundredweights, which is 28 lbs.  And the last number is just the simple pounds.  Breaking it down using the 4-3-15 marked on the cannon: 4 x 112 lbs. = 448 lbs, 3 x 28 lbs. = 84 lbs, + 15 lbs = 547 lbs., which is the weight of the gun barrel.

Cypher and portrait of Lord Ligonier by Henry Robert Morland.  (Wikipedia)

Lord Ligonier became the Commander in Chief of the British Army in 1757.  He stepped down from that position in 1759 to become the Master General of Ordnance.  This new position placed him in charge of all artillery, engineers, fortifications, transports, and hospitals in the British Army.  Surrounding the stamp in Latin is the motto for The Most Honorable Order of the Bath – Tria juncta in uno (“three joined in one”) – of which Lord Ligonier was a member. The three in one may reference the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland or the Holy Trinity.

Cypher, King George II and portrait by John Shackleton.  (Wikipedia).  The engraved scroll includes the number and capital letters for the Latin name for King George the Second – Georgius Rex.

Blomefield Cast Iron 18-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, reproduction, weight 39-0-16 (4,384 lbs) under the cascabel, (1807) on left trunnion, (18P) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, unmounted on  the ground in the centre field of the fort.

Blomefield Cast Iron 12-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, reproduction, weight 34-1-2 (3,838 lbs) under the cascabel, (1804) on the left trunnion, (12P) on the right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a wood Naval gun carriage in the centre field of the fort.

Blomefield Cast Iron 24-pounder 50-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight corroded/not observed, The Carron Company of Falkirk, Scotland (Serial No. 70967, CARRON, 1807) on the left trunnion, (24P) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, unmounted, on wood blocks on the ground in the centre field of the fort.

Blomefield Cast Iron 24-pounder 50-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, reproduction, weight 50-1-14 (5,642 lbs) under the cascabel, (1807), on left trunnion, (24P) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, unmounted, on the ground in the centre field of the fort.

Blomefield Cast Iron 24-pounder 50-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 51-1-0 (5,740 lbs) under the cascabel, Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England (WCo) on left trunnion, (Serial No. 341) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, unmounted, on the ground in the centre field of the fort.

 

Blomefield Cast Iron 18-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, reproduction, weight 38-1-17 (4,302 lbs) under the cascabel, (1804) on the left trunnion, (18P) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, unmounted, on wood blocks resting in the Brock's Bastion on the Northeast side of the fort.

Cast Iron 8-inch 9-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Land Service Mortar, weight 7-3-0 (868 lbs), (Serial No. 87) on the trunnions, S. Bowling, broad arrow mark, mounted on an iron carriage, weight 22-0-0, (2,464 lbs), No. 2, to the North of the Flag Bastion.

 

Blomefield Cast Iron 9-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, reproduction, weight 28-3-2 (3,222 lbs) under the cascabel, (1807) on right trunnion, (9PR) on the right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a naval gun carriage, guarding the Centre Bastion.

Blomefield Cast Iron 12-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, reproduction, weight 33-3-22 (3,780 lbs) under the cascabel, (1808) on the left trunnion, (12P) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a wood naval gun carriage, guarding the Centre Bastion.

Blomefield Cast Iron 12-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, reproduction, weight 34-1-1 (3,837 lbs) under the cascabel, (1806) on the left trunnion, (12P) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a wood naval gun carriage, guarding the Centre Bastion.

Blomefield Cast Iron 12-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, reproduction, weight 33-3-24 (3,804 lbs) under the cascabel, (1807) on the left trunnion, (12P) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a wood naval gun carriage, guarding the Centre Bastion.

Blomefield Cast Iron 9-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, reproduction, weight 28-2-8 (3,200 lbs) under the cascabel, (1804) on left trunnion, (9PR) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a wood naval gun carriage, guarding the Centre Bastion.

Blomefield Cast Iron 12-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, reproduction, no weight stamp, (1806) on left trunnion, (12P) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a wood naval gun carriage, Centre Bastion.

Cast Iron 8-inch 9-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Land Service Mortar, weight 7-3-0 (868 lbs), (Serial No. 87) on trunnions, S. Bowling, broad arrow mark, iron carriage weight 22-0-0, (2,464 lbs), No. 1, South of the Flag Bastion.

Bronze 6-pounder 6-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, reproduction, weight 5-0-18 (578 lbs) above the cascabel button, (Serial No. 11), 1755, King George II cypher, King George II cypher, broad arrow mark, TRIA JUNCTA IN UNO (three joined in one), L (Field Marshal John (Jean Louis) Ligonier, 1st Earl Ligonier, Master General of the Ordnance 1759-1763), cypher, W.  BOWEN, FECIT 1755 (cast into the base ring of the cannon, Fecit is Latin for “made by” and W. Bowen stands for William Bowen, an owner of a furnace in Cowden, County Kent, England).  This gun is mounted on a wheeled wood gun carriage, Gun Shed.

Bronze 6-pounder 6-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, reproduction, weight 5-0-26 (586 lbs) above the cascabel button, 1755, King George II cypher, King George II cypher, broad arrow mark, TRIA JUNCTA IN UNO (three joined in one), L (Field Marshal John (Jean Louis) Ligonier, 1st Earl Ligonier, Master General of the Ordnance 1759-1763), cypher, W.  BOWEN, FECIT 1755 (cast into the base ring of the cannon, Fecit is Latin for “made by” and W. Bowen stands for William Bowen, an owner of a furnace in Cowden, County Kent, England).  This gun is also mounted on a wheeled wood carriage, Gun Shed.

Wheeled wood Gun carriage.

Armstrong 6-pounder 3-cwt Rifled Breech-loading Gun, weight 3-0-17 (353 lbs) above the Queen Victoria cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a wheeled wood gun carriage.

Artillery ramrod display, Artificier's Shop.

Bronze 6-pounder 6-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, reproduction, weight TBC, (Serial No. TBC), bronze, with a band around the breech marked "I. & P. VERBRUGGEN FECERUNT Ao J776" around the top.  It has a lead protective cap, mounted on a wheeled wood gun carriage, Artificer’s Shop.

Appointed to the heavy artillery foundry at the Hague in 1755, Jan Verbruggen was responsible for introducing horizontal boring (a Swiss invention) to the Netherlands, which had the potential to greatly increase the consistency and speed of cannon boring.  Verbruggen experienced a number of political and mechanical problems at his post, and was finally run out of the country along with his son Pieter in 1770 after it was discovered that he had been altering and repairing his cannons between boring and proofing to obscure flaws in the casting process.  Relocating to England, Jan and Pieter accepted positions with the Royal Brass Foundry at Woolwich, which they helped turn from an outdated facility to one of the top producers in the Empire.  By the outbreak of the Revolutionary War, the Verbruggens had Woolwich up to speed, with some sources naming the Verbruggen as the most commonly recovered cannons on the battlefields of the War of Independence.  The 4 pounder, nicknamed the "Grasshopper" was designed for use by light infantry units, being light enough to be transported by a single horse, strapped to pack animals, or broken down and hauled by men across terrain that would be inaccessible for heavier weapons.  The cannon itself is bronze, with a band around the breech marked "I. & P. VERBRUGGEN FECERUNT Ao J776" around the top.  The carriage is constructed from hardwood with iron banding and reinforcement, measuring 75 inches across the axle and 87 inches along the main body, with a width at the trail of 21 inches and 45 inch diameter wheels.

 

Bronze 1-pounder 2-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, reproduction, weight 1-3-12 (208 lbs) above the cascabel, (Serial No. 14), bronze, with a band around the breech marked "I. & P. VERBRUGGEN FECERUNT Ao J776" around the top.  The gun is mounted on a wheeled wood gun carriage, Artificer’s Shop.

Blomefield Cast Iron 12-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, reproduction, weight 28-3-0 (3,220 lbs) under the cascabel, (1801) on left trunnion, (12P) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow, unmounted, resting on wood blocks, Block House No. 2.

Cast Iron possibly 1-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Swivel Gun, no markings, No. 1 of 2, Artificer’s Shop.

Cast Iron possibly 1-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Swivel Gun, no markings, No. 2 of 2, Artificer’s Shop.

Cast Iron possibly 1-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Swivel Gun, weight 1-0-9 (121 lbs) below the vent, mounted on a boat, Blockhouse No. 2.

Bronze Coehorn 5.5-inch Smoothbore Muzzleloading Mortar, reproduction, King George II cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a wood box with carrying handles, Artificer’s Shop.

Bronze Coehorn 5.5-inch Smoothbore Muzzleloading Mortar, reproduction, King George II cypher, broad arrow, mark mounted on a wood box with carrying handles, Blockhouse No. 2.

Bronze Coehorn 12-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Mortar, 4.65-inch bore, reproduction, King George II cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a wheeled wood carriage, Blockhouse No. 2.

Bronze 9-inch Smoothbore Muzzleloading Howitzer, reproduction, weight TBC, (Serial No. 3), 1750, R. Gilpin, Fecit,  King George II cypher, broad arrow mark, TRIA JUNCTA IN UNO (three joined in one), L (Field Marshal John (Jean Louis) Ligonier, 1st Earl Ligonier, Master General of the Ordnance 1759-1763), cypher, W.  BOWEN, FECIT 1755 (cast into the base ring of the cannon, Fecit is Latin for “made by” and W. Bowen stands for William Bowen, an owner of a furnace in Cowden, County Kent, England).   This howitzer is mounted on a wheeled wood gun carriage, Blockhouse No. 2.

Bronze 9-inch Smoothbore Howitzer, reproduction, weight TBC, Gilpin 1760, King George II cypher, mounted on a wood gun carriage.  Block House No. 2.

Bronze 4-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, reproduction, no cypher, no weight stamp, mounted on a wheeled wood gun carriage.  Block House No. 2.

Cast Iron 3-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, 6-feet long, ca. 1710.

Cast Iron 6-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, 5-feet, 6-inches long, ca. 1710.

Cast Iron 9-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun with stainless steel sleeve, King George III cypher.  Inside Fort.

Cast Iron 9-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, reproduction stamped 1807, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, barrel plugged with iron ball.

Cast Iron 12-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 28-3-7 (3,227 lbs), 1802, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, Naval pattern.

Cast Iron 18-pounder 10-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 7-3-18 (886 lbs), no cypher.  Block House.

Cast Iron 18-pounder 10-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 8-1--, (>924 lbs), no cypher.  Block House.

Cast Iron 24-Pounder 15-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Howitzer, weight (>1,700 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage, July 1951.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4312437)

I would imagine that many of you who are reading this book are very likely familiar with the standard routine of military training exercises and the rigours of being in the field in all seasons, not to mention the conditions found on deployment these days. Whether or not you have experienced it, I am sure you can well imagine what it is like to train and work in the heat, the dust and the mosquitoes in summer, the wind, the rain and the mud in the spring and fall, the snow and the cold in the winter and of course the routine day-to-day challenges of combat exercises in the training areas of the Canadian Forces. For most in the Army, this includes CFB Gagetown, CFB Valcartier, CFB Petawawa, CFB Kingston, CFB Shilo, CFB Edmonton, CFB Wainwright, CFB Suffield and all the fields and exercise areas of LFAATC Aldershot and LFCATC Meaford and their environs.

As an Army Officer in the Canadian Forces, it has been my privilege to have served alongside a tremendous number of highly professional military men and women of our nation while taking part in training in Germany, the UK and the USA and while on operational deployments to Cyprus, Bosnia-Herzegovina and in Afghanistan. During my training and military professional development, I have learned much about our long military history. My interest in our multi-faceted historical record has led me to write about it and to seek out the stories about Canada's military servicemen and women and the tools and equipment they used to preserve our security when warclouds darkened our horizons.

As a military history enthusiast, I have learned over the years that there are many with similar interests in preserving our story. We have all seen the odd old gun or retired tank placed on display outside a Militia Drill Hall, War Memorial, city park site or Royal Canadian Legion Hall, and many will have enjoyed visiting a number of our military Museums. The vast majority of retired wartime combat equipment used by members of the CF have dwindled in number, many being scrapped, others being shot up as targets, while a few have been sold to overseas operators and collectors. Fortunately, a handful of important examples of retired CF guns and war machines have been preserved and may be found in a wide variety of locations throughout Canada.

Curators, docents and volunteers working in Canada's military museums have been successful in preserving a good number of retired military weapons of war and many are still being sought after and in some cases, being restored to running condition again. As an artist, photographer and military history enthusiast, I have attempted to keep track of where historic Canadian military equipment has survived and is presently located and to make that information available to others with the same interest. For those of like mind, the purpose of this handbook is to provide a simple checklist of the classic Great War and WWII artillery that is part of our military heritage and a location guide to where they can be found in Canada. The book includes a number of photographs to illustrate an example of each gun wherever possible, and lists the locations of the survivors by province.

The numbers of restored Canadian guns is actually increasing as a few rare examples are being recovered from scrapyards and monument sites and salvaged for restoration. (Ultra rare items such as Skink AA gun turrets come to mind). One of the aims of this book is to help an enthusiast track down these monuments and museum artefacts and to have a simple reference book on hand with more detailed information about them such as a serial number, a Museum location and contact information which might be helpful in learning a bit of the history of a particular vehicle. The guns detailed in this handbook are listed alphabetically by manufacturer, number and type in the order that they came into service with the CF. The data is also appended with a list of most of the current guns found in the various collections and Museums in Canada. The book is also meant to serve as a companion volume to "Ironsides", Canadian Tanks and Armoured Fighting Vehicle Museums and Monuments, also available online.

It is my sincere hope that more of the guns and artillery found in this list will one day be added to the record of historically important military armament survivors that have been recovered and restored.


Shelldrake can be ordered online in softcover or e-book at these bookstores:

http://www.amazon.ca/Shelldrake-Canadian-Artillery-Museums-Monuments/dp/1469750007/ref=sr_1_44?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1331231081&sr=1-44

http://www.amazon.com/Shelldrake-Canadian-Artillery-Museums-Monuments/dp/1469750007/ref=sr_1_45?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1331231130&sr=1-45

http://bookstore.iuniverse.com/Products/SKU-000542288/Shelldrake.aspx

http://www.barnesandnoble.com/w/shelldrake-harold-a-skaarup/1109124375?ean=9781469750002&itm=46&usri=harold+skaarup 

Photos and technical data on artillery preserved in Canada may be viewed by Province on seprate pages on this website.