Military History Books
by Harold A. Skaarup   www.SilverHawkAuthor.com   
 
Artillery of Canada, Library and Archives Canada Photos

Canadian Artillery - Photos from the Library and Archives Canada Collection

The gun on the RCA badge is representative of a bronze 9-pounder 13½-cwt smoothbore muzzleloading gun, which was the field gun in service at the time of Canada's Confederation in 1867.

Data current to 5 April 2018.

The photos on these pages have been gleaned from the Library and Archives Canada collection.  Many of the photos were filed with detailed information missing from the caption section.  This set of photos has been collated and compiled by the author with information added where photos can be compared with existing artillery.  There are errors in some of the data, and any additions, corrections or amendments to this list of Artillery photos connected with Canadians would be most welcome and may be e-mailed to the author at hskaarup@rogers.com

For all official data concerning the Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery, please click on the link to their website: Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery Website

Artillery in Canada before the Great War

Personnel of the Digby Battery of Garrison Artillery, with 18-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Guns with Millar pattern breeching ring, weight (more than 4,700 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage, Digby, Nova Scotia, 1885.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3645646)

18-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun with Millar pattern breeching ring, weight (more than 4,700 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage, Digby, Nova Scotia.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3394426)

Bronze SBMLs, York Factory, overlooking the Hayes River, Manitoba, 1925.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3394425)

Winter gun drill with horse-drawn sled, Quebec Citadel, 1885.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3245964)

9-pounder 8-cwt Muzzleloading Rifle with Artillery Officers of A Battery, RCA, 1874.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3645645)

9-pounder 8-cwt Muzzleloading Rifle, A Battery, RCA, 24 Apr 1885, Fish Creek, Saskatchewan, Riel Rebellion.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3192260)

 

9-pounder 8-cwt Muzzleloading Rifle, A Battery, RCA, shelling Batoche, 9 May 1885.  (Library and Archives and Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3192261)

.303-inch Colt 1895 machine-gun on a galloping carriage, 1887.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3228076)

 

.303-inch Colt 1895 machine-gun, field exercises, ca 1916.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3404365)

Nordenfelt .45-inch 5-barrel Gun, Royal Marines, 1890.  A similar gun is preserved in the Citadel in Halifax.  (UK Gov, PD Photo)

.45-inch rifle calibre 5-barrel Nordenfelt Gun, preserved in the Citadel in Halifax.  (Photos courtesy of Gary Melville)

9-pounder 8-cwt Muzzleloading Rifles, Northwest Mounted Police (NWMP) Artillery Detachment, D & H Divisions, Fort MacLeod, Alberta, 17 Dec 1890.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3574417)

9-pounder 8-cwt Guns, 13th Battery, Winnipeg, July 1905.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3300651)

A Bty, RCHA, Renfrew, Ontario, 3 June 1907.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3397473)

B Bty, RCHA, Renfrew, Ontario, 1909.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3397487)

9-pounder 8-cwt Gun, B Bty, RCHA, Renfrew, Ontario, 1909.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3397486)

12-pounder, Salisbury Plain, England, 1914.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3397505)

12-pounder 6-cwt BL Gun, ca, 1897.  (British Government Photo).  Note: British military traditionally denoted smaller ordnance by the weight of its standard projectile, in this case approximately 12 pounds (5.4 kg). "6-cwt" referred to the weight of the gun and barrel to differentiate it from other "12-pounder" guns.  One hundredweight (cwt) = 112 pounds (51 kg), so the total weight was 672 pounds (305 kg).

12-pounder 6-cwt BL Gun drill, RCHA.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4234796)

Guns at Nepean Point, Ottawa.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3394423)

Canadian Artillery in the First World War

Artillery recruiting poster, 1914-1918.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3667113)

Inspection of Canadian Field Artillery by His Majesty the King, Dominion Day, 1 July 1916.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4316435)

QF 2-pounder pom-pom Mk. VIII, V.S.M. (Vickers, Sons & Maxim LL) Automatic Guns and a Vickers MG at the Machine Gun School, Military District 10, 16 Dec 1916.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3404495)

13-pounder AA Guns, Oct 1916.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3395208)

13-pounder AA Guns, May 1918.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3396811)

13-pounder AA Guns, Oct 1916.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3194240)

18-pounder Field Gun, Camp Valcartier, ca. 1914.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3336980)

Canadians training on 18-pounder field guns while wearing gas masks, Whitley, England.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3404412)

 

Ordnance QF 18-pounder QF Field Gun, RCA, ca. 1918.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN 3405482)

 

18-pounder Field Gun, 15 Apr 1915, CFA, No. 1 of 2.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4474053)

18-pounder Field Gun, 15 Apr 1915, CFA, No. 2 of 2.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4474053)

18-pounder QF Field Guns being inspected by Canada's Prime Minister, Sir Robert Borden, Bramshot, England, April 1917.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3642847)

18-pounder QF Field Gun mounted on a sled, 68th Bty, RCA, Northern Russia, Feb 1919.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3395408)

4.7-inch QF Mk. IV Gun, Canadian Artillery, 1915.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3405480)

4.7-inch QF Mk. IV Gun, Canadian Artillery, 1915.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3405481)

6-inch 26-cwt Howitzer, Canadian Gunners training at Whitley Camp, England, 1917.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3404392)

6-inch 26-cwt Howitzer, Canadian Artillerymen training at Whitley Camp, England, 1917.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3404393)

Canadian gun in a ditch, on the way to firing line, July 1917.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3395269)

 

60-pounder BL Mk. I Guns in action, Battle of Amiens, August 1918.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3522237)

60-pounder BL Mk. I Gun, Camp Valcartier, Quebec, ca. 1914.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3336979)

60-pounder BL Mk. I Gun, Camp Valcartier, Quebec ca. 1914.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3336982)

60-pounder BL Mk. I Gun, Camp Valcartier, Quebec, ca. 1914.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3337050)

60-pounder BL Mk. I Gun on the move through a French village, Feb 1918.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3395355)

Canadian Artillery getting fodder from a forage dump for their horses, May 1918.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3404888)

A soldier with his War Horse, Canadian Army Veterinary Corps, Shorncliffe, UK, ca 1918.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3395690)

Pack horses taking ammunition up to the guns of the 20th Bty, CFA, Neuville St. Vaast, Apr 1917.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3194797)

Artillery recruiting poster, 1914-1918.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3667327)

Vimy & its mother, born on the ridge, 20th Bty, CFA, July 1917.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3395274)

60-pounder BL Mk. I Gun  in action, Amiens, Aug 1918.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo,MIKAN No. 3522236)

6-inch 26-cwt Howitzer, Passchendaele, Nov 1917.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3395317)

Corps tramways bringing ammunition for an 8-inch Mk. VI Howitzer (with unusual wheels), 4th Canadian Siege Battery, Souchez, France, Sep 1917.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3395301)

German Gun captured by Canadians at Amiens, France, Aug 1918.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3397889)

4.5-inch BLMk. II Gun on Mk. I Carriage, with Officers of the 48th Bty, CFA, June 1918.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3522153)

 

Canadian 8-inch Mk. VIII Howitzer Siege Gun firing into Lens, Jan 1918.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3522087)

Canadian 8-inch Mk. VIII Howitzer, Jan 1918.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3395340)

 

Canadian 8-inch Mk. VIII Howitzer (TBC), Jan 1918.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3395341)

Canadian 8-inch Mk. VIII Howitzer (TBC) being moved into position, France, May 1917.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3521998)

Canadian 8-inch Mk. VIII Howitzer (TBC), being loaded for action supporting Canadians in the Great War, April 1917.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3517339)

Canadian 8-inch Mk. VIII Howitzer (TBC), being fired supporting Canadians in the Great War, April 1917.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3521904)

9.2-inch Howitzer mounted in pieces on wagons near Lens, France, Feb 1918.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3395348)

Snow being shoveled from the barrel of a 9.2-inch Howitzer mounted in pieces on a wagon near Lens, Feb 1918.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3395363)

Loading a 9.2-inch Howitzer, Sep 1916.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3395166)

Loading a 9.2-inch Howitzer, Sep 1916.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3395167)

In British Commonwealth service during the First World War the 9.2-inch Howitzer served only on the Western Front with 36 British, one Australian and two Canadian batteries.  Batteries increased in size from four guns to six during 1916–17.  Initially, batteries were in Heavy Artillery Groups – usually a single battery of 9.2-inch with the other four batteries being differently equipped.  Mid-war Groups were renamed Brigades RGA, and there were different types but the pattern of a single 9.2-inch battery in a brigade was retained.

Heavy guns being moved forward in France, Oct 1916.  ((Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3395191)

Canadian Gunners moving a heavy gun into position at the front.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3405471)

Heavy Artillery, 8th Canadian Siege Bty, Nov 1918.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3405410)

Heavy Howitzer in action, Sep 1916.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3395164)

Loading a 9.2-inch Heavy Gun, Sep 1916.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3395180)

Unloading shells for Canadian Heavy Artillery, March 1917.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3395365)

RAF airman badly wounded while spotting for Canadian Artillery, September 1918.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3397350)

Canadian Siege Gun crew with what may be a 9.2-inch Howitzer (TBC) taking a meal break, Apr 1918.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3395517)

12-inch Naval Howitzer, railway mounted, Nov 1917.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3522407)

Large Naval Gun being prepared for action in support of Canadians carrying out the assault on Vimy Ridge in April 1917.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3521913)

Large Naval guns being fired behind Canadian lines, April 1917.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3195150)

Large Naval Gun in action supporting Canadians in assault on Vimy Ridge, April 1917.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3521906)

Naval gun in action at night behind Canadian lines, May, 1917.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3194805)

Heavy Naval Guns being removed by Canadian Light Railway, Passchendaele, Nov 1917.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3395320)

  

Naval gun in action behind Canadian lines, April 1917.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3521927)

Naval gun repair behind Canadian lines, Oct 1917.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No.3395305)

Shells at a Canadian Heavy Artillery dump, May 1918.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3395371)

Large (possibly 15-inch) Naval gun in action behind Canadian lines, Jan 1918.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3395346)

Ordnance BL 15-inch howitzer, Canadians on the Western front, May 1917.  (None are preserved in Canada.  Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3194244)

Ordnance BL 12-inch railway howitzer Mk III of 14th Super Heavy Battery, Royal Artillery, at Wareham, Dorset.  Gunners of the 59th (Newfoundland) Heavy Regiment manned similar guns in the UK in 1941 in the Coastal Defence role.  (IWM Photo H7568)

 

British BL 9.2 inch gun, Mk III or Mk VI HMS Iron Duke, mounted on Mk I railway truck, in action at Maricourt, France, during the Battle of the Somme, Sep 1916.  (IWM Photo Q4280)

On 1 January 1940 two 9.2" guns of ‘Y’ Battery of the Canadian Royal Artillery and 7th Battery 2nd Super Heavy Regiment were sited at Elham in England for coastal defence.  These were replaced by two 12" guns of the 8th Battery, 2nd Super Heavy Regiment in 1942.  Three 9.2-inch guns served with the RCA in Halifax in the coastal defence role during the Second World War.  In the 1950s, these Canadian guns were transferred under NATO auspices, to Portugal (Azores) and Turkey.

British Railway Gun, Nov 1917.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3194826)

Canadian Officers examine a large French railroad gun, 1893-1896 model 305-mm gun on an 1889 model center-pintle chassis mount, Oct 1917.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3397386)

Canadian Officers examine a large French railroad gun, 1893-1896 model 305-mm gun on an 1889 model center-pintle chassis mount, Oct 1917.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3397388)

Canadian Officers examine a large French railroad gun, 1893-1896 model 305-mm gun on an 1889 model center-pintle chassis mount, Oct 1917.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3397387)

Canadian Officers examine a large French railroad gun, 1893-1896 model 305-mm gun on an 1889 model center-pintle chassis mount, Oct 1917.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3397389)

Canadian trench mortar being loaded, 1st Army School, Clarques, Feb 1917.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3404552)

Canadian trench mortar firing Jul 1917.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3521982)

17th Battery RCA firing a captured German 10.5-cm leFH 98/09 Howitzer on retreating German forces at Vimy Ridge, April 1917.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3194730)

General Sir Arthur Currie, unveiling the Memorial erected at Thelus Corner by Canadian Artillery in memory of Artillerymen who fell during the taking of Vimy Ridge. February, 1918.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3379682)

General Sir Arthur Currie, Canadian Corps Commander unveiling the Memorial at Thelus Corner, erected by Canadian Artillery in memory of Artillerymen who fell during the taking of Vimy Ridge. February, 1918.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3379683).  Sgt Walter Ray Estabrooks, the author's grandfather, attended this ceremony.

Painting of Canadians capturing a German First World War 7.7-cm Feldkanone 96 neuer Art (7.7-cm FK 96 n.A.),  entitled "Taking the Guns", ca 1918, by Forunino Matania.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3636763)

German First World War 7.7-cm Feldkanone 96 neuer Art (7.7-cm FK 96 n.A.) captured by Canadians near Amiens, France, Aug 1918.  This gun was known as the "Whiz Bang".  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3397896)

French de Bange 155-mm long cannon mle. 1877 (155 L de Bange) field gun, used by the Germans and captured by Canadians at thge Battle of Amiens, Aug 1918.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3397889)

Loading ammunition behind Canadian lines, May 1917.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3395250)

German First World War 21-cm Mörser gun being examined by a Canadian Officer, Arras, Aug 1918.  CANADA scratched on the barrel.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3397899)

General Currie inspecting captured German War Naval Guns.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3397914)

German 7.7-cm FK16 and other guns captured by Canadians following the advance on Cambrai, November 1918.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3397965)

Canadian Artillery between the wars

Ordnance QF 18-pounder gun salute near |Chateau Laurier, Ottawa.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3395977)

Ordnance QF 18-pounder Gun training, RMC, Kingston, Ontario.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3404640)

Ordnance QF 18-pounder Field Gun, being examined by RCA Cadets, ca 1945.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4328843)

75-mm M1897 Gun being towed by a148th Field Artillery Regiment Battery E truck on parade at 1062 West Georgia Street, Vancouver, BC, 1 July 1938.  (City of Vancouver Archives Photo CVA 371-1102)

Canadian Artillery in the Second World War

Ordnance QF 18-pounder Field Gun being examined by the Earl of Athlone, Governor General of Canada, during his visit to the 4th Fd Regt, RCA, Petawawa, Ontario, 1940.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3563835)

Ordnance QF 18-pounder Field Gun, Militia training, post war.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4232664)

Ordnance QF 18-pounder Field Gun, Militia training, post war.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4232665)

Ordnance BL 6-inch 26-cwt howitzer, manned by Royal Artillery gunners, Salisbury Plain, England, 1939.  (IWM Photo H540)

Ordnance BL 6-inch 26-cwt howitzer, served by Royal Artillery gunners, Lydd, Kent, England, 20 Sep 1941.  (IWM Photo H14090)

Ordnance BL 6-inch 26-cwt howitzer, (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3607065)

Ordnance BL 6-inch 26-cwt howitzer on a Mark IP carriage, taken to England by the 1st Medium Regiment, RCA.   Replaced by the 5.5-inch gun, it remained in service for training purposes during the Second World War.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3607576)

Observation Post, B Battery, 1st Regiment, 24 September 1943, Italy.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3661962)

 

Canadian Ordnance QF 6-pounder gun from 3rd Anti-tank Regiment RCA during training exercise, 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4542723)

Ordnance QF 6-pounder AT gun training, Bognor, England, 14 Dec 1942.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3202232)

6-pounder AT Gun being loaded by Pat Brophy on Signal Hill, 1959.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4949668)

6-pounder AT gun, possibly in England ca 1941.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3604363)

6-pounder AT gun, possibly in England ca 1941.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3604366)

6-pounder AT gun, possibly in England ca 1941.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3604367)

 

Private L.P. McDonald and Lance-Corporals W. Stevens and R. Dais, all of the Royal Canadian Artillery (R.C.A.), manning a six-pounder anti-tank gun, Nieuport, Belgium, 9 September 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3524442)

Infantrymen of the Queen's Own Rifles of Canada with their 6-pounder anti-tank gun, Carpiquet, France, 6 July 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3520591)

Ordnance QF 6-pounder AT Gun being cleaned in Normandy France, 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4233179)

6-pounder AT Gun on a 3-pounder Naval mount, 1 June 1954.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3607882)

Gunner V.C. Northey, loading 40-mm Bofors AAA rounds, 5th Battery, 2nd Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment, RCA, Campobasso, Italy, 29 October 1943.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3260956)

Gun crew with their Ordnance QF 17-pounder anti-tank gun of the 57th Battery, 1st Anti-Tank Regiment, Royal Canadian Artillery, near Campobasso, Italy, 25 October 1943.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3599876)

Private W.G. Lourie examining a German Jagdpanther 8.8cm. self-propelled gun which was put out of action by the first shot from a 17-pounder gun of the 6th Anti-Tank Regiment, Royal Canadian Artillery (R.C.A.), in the Reichswald, Germany, 16 March 1945.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3203401)

Archer SP 17-pounder AT Guns, 2nd AT Regt, RCA, 2 Cdn Div, Oldenburg, Germany, 15 May 1945.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3563575)

Lance-Bombardier T. Hallam and Signalman A.H. Wharf, both of Headquarters, Royal Canadian Artillery (R.C.A.), 5th Canadian Armoured Division, examining a knocked out German Mark IV tank, near Pontecorvo, Italy, 26 May 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3405800)

25-pounder C Mk. 2 QF Field Gun with No. 9 circular firing platform, towed by a Canadian Military Pattern (CMP) Field Artillery Tractor (FAT).   (Library and Archives Canada, MIKAN No. 3607521)

Canadian Military Pattern (CMP) Field Artillery Tractor (FAT), Windsor, Ontario, March 1941.   (Library and Archives Canada, MIKAN No. 3195690)

25-pounder C Mk. 2 QF Field Gun with No. 9 circular firing platform, Gunners, 17th Fd Regt, RCA, Castel Frentano, Italy, 10 Feb 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3534477)

Gunner E.G Westover, 4th Field Regiment, RCA, Ossendrecht, Netherlands, 23 Oct 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3202163)

25-pounder C Mk. I QF Field Gun, being examined by RCA Cadets, ca 1945.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4329003)

Taylorcraft Auster AOP III, RAF, Orsogna, Italy, in support of the RCA, 10 Feb 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo,  3524518)

Taylorcraft Auster AOP Mk. III, operating from the beach at Ortona, Italy in support of the RCA, 10 Feb 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3524500)

 

25-pounder C Mk. 2 QF Field Gun, Barham, UK, 10 Apr 1942.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3397506)

Second World War Psy Ops, Private R.J. Travis of No.3 Leaflet Unit placing propaganda leaflets into a 25-pounder shell to be fired by Sergeant T. McCormick of the 191 Hearst and Essex Yeomanry Field Regiment, Royal Artillery (RA) (British Army), into German-held positions in Dunkirk, France, ca. 15-25 September 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3250917)

25-pounder C Mk. 2 QF Field Gun with No. 9 circular firing platform, crossing a temporary bridge, Balkbrug, Netherlands, 11 Apr 1945.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3208434)

25-pounder Field Gun towed by a FAT during a 2nd Division Artillery parade, post war.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4233445)

2nd Division Artillery parade, post war.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4233446)

Sexton 25-pounder SP Guns.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3613103)

Sexton 25-pounder self-propelled gun being overhauled by Gunner A.K. Banks and Sergeant J.T. Wettlaufer of the 19th Field Battery, RCA, Tilburg, Netherlands, 17 March 1945.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3394467)

HM King George VI inspecting Priest M7 105-mm SP Howitzers, RCA, 25 Apr 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3191596)

Gunners with Priest M7 105-mm SP Howitzer, 34 Battery, 14th Field Regiment, RCA, France, 20 June 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3205227)

Ordnance BL 5.5-inch Medium Gun, south of Vaucelles, France, 23 Jul 1945.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3396146)

Ordnance BL 5.5-inch Medium Gun.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3607606)

Ordnance BL 5.5-inch Medium Gun adjustment, National Railways Munitions plant, 1943.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3625452)

Signaller receiving the order to fire a 5.5-inch gun of a Medium Regiment of the Royal Canadian Artillery (R.C.A.) south of Vaucelles, France.  The photograph also shows a stack of shells for the gun.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3396144)

Ordnance BL 5.5-inch Medium Gun, 5th Medium Regt, Otterloo, Nehterlands, 5 May 1945.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3208405)

Ordnance BL 5.5-inch Medium Gun, 7th Medium Regt, 12th Bty, A Tp, Bretteville-le-Rabet, Normandy, 16 Aug 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, PA-169331)

British 7.2-inch Howitzer of the Royal Artillery firing in support of the 9th Canadian Infantry Brigade, France, 28 Jun 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3520587)

1st Canadian Army heavy gun engaging a target.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4233274)

 

Ordnance QF 3.7-inch Heavy AA Gun manned by 2nd Canadian Heavy AA Regiment.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3607529)

Ordnance QF 3.7-inch Heavy AA Gun manned by 2nd Canadian Heavy AA Regiment.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3607609)

3.7-inch HAA Gun in tow position.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3607610)

Ordnance QF 3.7-inch Heavy AA Gun being cleaned.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3225276)

 

Ordnance QF 3.7-inch Heavy AA Gun, 2nd Heavy AA Regt, RCA.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, 'MIKAN No. 3211345)

Ordnance QF 3.7-inch Heavy AA Gun being maneuvered out of the mud.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4233363)

Artillery ranging equipment with Ordnance QF 3.7-inch Heavy AA Gun Battery, 1st Canadian Division, UK, ca 1942.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4233960)

Ordnance QF 3.7-inch Heavy AA Gun.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4234049)

 

Ordnance QF 3.7 AA gun being fired at Valcartier, Feb 1943.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3196436)

Ordnance QF 3.7 AA gun being fired at Valcartier, Feb 1943.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3196437)

Ordnance QF 3.7 AA gun being fired at Valcartier, Feb 1943.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3196440)

 

2-inch Mortar, Canadian Scottish Regiment, France, 12 June 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3405577)

2-inch Mortar training, NCO School, Ravenstein, Netherlands, 26 Jan 1945.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3524603)

3-inch Mortar crew in training.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3607517)

3-inch Mortar in action in the Netherlands, Jan 1945.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3191580)

3-inch Mortar, Canadian Mortar team, France, 1944.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4233184)

25-pounder C Mk. 2 QF Field Gun with No. 9 circular firing platform with limber, begin towed by a Field Artillery Tractor (FAT), Caen, France, 17 Aug 1944.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3192329)

25-pounder C Mk. 2 QF Field Gun with No. 9 circular firing platform with limber, begin towed by a Field Artillery Tractor (FAT).  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3604368)

25-pounder C Mk. 2 QF Field Gun with No. 9 circular firing platform, in action, served by Gunners of B Troop, 5th Bty, 5th Fd Regt, RCA.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3192317)

.5-inch Vickers Mk. III AA Machine Guns on a quad naval gun mount, ca 1944.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4820939)

 

20-mm Oerlikon AA Gun manned on the roof of the Canadian Military Headquarters (CMHQ), London, UK, ca 1942.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3607578)

20-mm Oerlikon AAGun manned by a soldier of the Saskatoon Light Infantry (MG), Spinazzola, Italy, 1 Oct 1943.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3516225)

Polsten 20-mm Quadruple Anti-Aircraft Gun Mk. I, mounted on a CMP truck.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3607616)

Ordnance QF 40-mm Bofors AA Gun, manned by Gunners of the RCA, Brighton, England, March 1943.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3223277)

Ordnance QF 40-mm Bofors AA Gun, being prepared for loading on a Douglas C-47 Dakota, RCAF (Serial No. 653), 27 Oct 1943.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3583068)

Ordnance QF 40-mm Bofors AA Gunners with 4 LAA Regiment watching a burning German ammunition dump, Zuthphen, Netherlands, 7 Apr 1945.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3208286)

Ordnance QF 40-mm Bofors AA gun mounted on a light truck, Caen, France, 18 Jul 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo,MIKAN No. 3225643)

Ordnance QF 40-mm Bofors loaded on an aircraft, 27 Oct 1943.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3583069)

 

105-mm Priest M-7 SP Gun A3, 19th Fd Regt, RCA, France, July 1944.   (Library and Archives Canada, MIKAN No. 3396109)

105-mm Priest M-7 SP Gun A3, 34th Bty, 14th Fd Regt, RCA, France, 20 June 1944.   (Library and Archives Canada, MIKAN No. 3396099)

 

105-mm Priest M-7 SP Gun A3, 19th Fd Regt, RCA, France, July 1944.   (Library and Archives Canada, MIKAN No. 3396110)

M3 Motor Gun Carriage Half-track with 75-mm Gun. (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3607690)

M3 Motor Gun Carriage Half-track with 75-mm Gun, Larino, Italy, 20 Mar 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3574238)

Canadian Half-track in Normandy, France, 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4233293)

Ordnance QF 40-mm Bofors AA Gunners in Normandy.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4233812)

QF 40-mm Bofors AA Gun manned by 1st Canadian Division gunners.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4233963)

British Gunners manning a Bofors anti-aircraft gun, Russi, Italy, 18 February 1945.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3240422)

Ordnance QF 40-mm Bofors Anti-Aircraft Guns with searchlights mounted on a Canadian National Railways Armoured Train, 12 July 1942.  (Library and Archives Canada Photos, MIKAN No. 3224686).

Ordnance QF 40-mm Bofors Anti-Aircraft Guns with searchlights mounted on a Canadian National Railways Armoured Train, 12 July 1942.  (Library and Archives Canada Photos, MIKAN No. 3224683).

Ordnance QF 40-mm Bofors Anti-Aircraft Guns with searchlights mounted on a Canadian National Railways Armoured Train, 12 July 1942.  (Library and Archives Canada Photos, MIKAN No. 3224687).

Ordnance QF 40-mm Bofors AA Gun, Picton.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4234051)

Ordnance QF 2-pounder Anti-Tank Gun, UK, ca 1940. (IWM Photo)

2-pounder AT Gun training, Perth Regiment, England, 11 June 1943.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3616609

 

Ordnance QF 2-pounder Anti-Tank Gun mounted on a Universal Carrier, on display alongside a Fairey Swordfish at Yarmouth, Nova Scotia, 29 Sep 1944.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 339038)

Universal Carrier with 2-pounder gun, Camp Borden, ca 1941.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3607969)

British 155-mm "Long Tom" gun of 33/61 Heavy Regiment, Royal Artillery, at Vergato, Italy.  Gunners of the 59th (Newfoundland) Heavy Regiment made good use of this gun during the Second World War.  One is now on display in St. Johns.  (IWM Photo NA22470)

 (Steve Cooney Photo)

American 155-mm American M2 Gun "Long Tom" on Mk. I Carriage, preserved in St. John's, Newfoundland.  This 7-foot 2-inch long Heavy Gun came from Woolwich Artillery Park in the UK.  It is one of only three survivors.  Veterans of the 59th (Newfoundland) Heavy Regiment arranged for the Gun to brought to Newfoundland.  The Gun has been restored and repainted under Nelson Sherren`s direction.  

Personnel of the 16th Field Company, Royal Canadian Engineers (RCE), arming a Universal Carrier which has been modified to carry fifteen PIAT anti-tank weapons fired by a single trigger, Nijmegen, Netherlands, 14 December 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3262646)

 

Land Mattress MRL being loaded by Gunners of the 1st Rocket Battery, RCA, Helchteren, Belgium, 29 Oct 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3204964) 

Land Mattress MRL, 1st Rocket Battery, RCA, Helchtgeren, Belgium, 29 Oct 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3601142)

Sergeant V.D. Miller of the 1st Rocket Battery, Royal Canadian Artillery (R.C.A.), holds three different sizes of spoilers used to regulate the speed of rockets fired from the Landmattress rocket launcher during firing trials near Helchteren, Belgium, 29 October 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3601147)

Captured German Guns of the Second World War

German Second World War 5-cm Nebelwerfer 41, six-barrelled Multiple Rocket Launcher, captured by Canadian troops near Fleury-sur-Orne, France, 20 July 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3394488)

German Second World War 5-cm Nebelwerfer 41, six-barrelled Multiple Rocket Launcher, captured by Canadians, 20 July 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3720924)

Canadian soldiers examining a captured 7.5-cm PaK 40 Anti-Tank Gun marked with 15 kill rings, ca. 1945.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3208583)

German artillery examined by Canadians in France, ca June 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4233166)

German artillery examined by Canadians in France, ca June 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4233166)

German Second World War 10.5-cm LeFH 18/40 Howitzer being examined by a Canadian soldier, June 1944.   (Library and Archives Canada, MIKAN No. 4233112)

German Second World War coastal artillery gun examined by a Canadian soldier from the North Shore Regiment, Bopulogne, France, 21 Sep 1944.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3229663)

German 15.5cm K 418(f) gun captured by RCA, digging a breech pit, so it can be used to fire on Dunkirk. Adinkerke, Belgium, 15 Sep 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3378347)

The Canon de 155 Grande Puissance Filloux (GPF) mle.1917 was a 155 mm cannon used by the French Army during the first half of the 20th century.  n 1940, France fielded 450 of these guns.  Many of them were captured and used by Germany for the rest of the war.  In German service it was known as the 15.5 cm K 418(f); it served with heavy artillery battalions in Afrika Korps and on coastal defense duties.  On D-Day in 1944, the German Army had over 50 of the 155-mm French guns in sites on the northern French beaches.

German Second World War 8.8-cm FlaK 37 AA Gun captured near near Bayeux, France, 26 Aug 1944, being examined by Canadian soldiers.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3396244)

Canadian Artillery in the Cold War

25-pounder C Mk. 2 QF Field Guns with No. 9 circular firing platform, firing a salute during a post-war Royal Visit to, Ottawa.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4234280)

105-mm C1 Howitzer, live fire, Germany, 1964.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4235756)

105-mm C1 Howitzer, live fire, Germany, 1964.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4235755)

Live fire arty demo, Germany, 1964.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4235774)

Live fire arty demo, Germany, 1964.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4235775)

155-mm Howitzer M1A1 Cdn on Carriage M1A2 Cdn (manufactured by Sorel Industries Limited, Quebec), aka M114 Cdn, in service.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4235869)

155-mm Howitzer M1A1 Cdn on Carriage M1A2 Cdn (manufactured by Sorel Industries Limited, Quebec), aka M114 Cdn, in service.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4235871)

  

155-mm Howitzer M1A1 Cdn on Carriage M1A2 Cdn (manufactured by Sorel Industries Limited, Quebec), aka M114 Cdn, in service.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4235877)

155-mm Howitzer M1A1 Cdn on Carriage M1A2 Cdn (manufactured by Sorel Industries Limited, Quebec), aka M114 Cdn, service.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4235872)

155-mm Howitzer M1A1 Cdn on Carriage M1A2 Cdn (manufactured by Sorel Industries Limited, Quebec), aka M114 Cdn, in service.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4235876)

SSII Rockets on 3.4-ton truck.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4235904)

Lacrosse Missile in cold weather trials, Churchill, Manitoba.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4234657)

 

106-mm M40 Recoilless Rifle with a 50 cal spotter mounted on the top; mounted on a jeep, back in the day.  The soldier kneeling on the left is armed with a 7.62-mm FNC2 and the Corporal on the right is armed with a 9-mm Sterling SMG.  (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4235712)

81-mm Mortar training in Germany, ca 1964.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4235849)

4.2-inch Mortar training in Germany, ca 1964.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4235854)

4-2-inch Mortar training in Germany, ca 1964.  (Library and Archives Canada photo, MIKAN No. 4235855)

Canadian soldiers fire a 155-mm M777 Howitzer from a forward operating base in the Helmand Province of Afghanistan, 7 April 2007. (Spc. Keith D. Henning, US Army Photo)

105-mm C3 Battery, 6 RAC firing in Quebec on 17 Oct 2015.  (Guy Dallaire Photo)

Royal Canadian Navy (RCN) guns in action

 

QF 2-pounder pom-pom Mk. VIII, V.S.M. (Vickers, Sons & Maxim LL) Automatic Gun being manned on HMCS Assiniboine, 10 July 1940.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3566434)

2-pounder AA Gun being fired on HMCS Assiniboine, 10 July 1940.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3566440)

Twin .50 cal MGs, shipboard.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3356796)

20-mm Oerlikon AA Gun manned on the roof of the Canadian Military Headquarters (CMHQ), London, UK, ca 1942.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3238905)

20-mm Oerlikon AA Gun being tested for range of motion onboard a ship, Vancouver, BC, May 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3197400)

20-mm Hispano AA gun, ammunition drum change, Halifax, May 1941.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3394409)

Ordnance QF 12-pounder 12-cwt Mk V (3-inch-40) BL Gun with shield aboard ship.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3356795)

Ordnance QF 12-pounder (3-inch-40) BL Gun being fired on board an RCN Bangor-class Minesweeper off Pictou, NS, 1943.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3396602

Hedgehog array onboard HMCS North Bay, Oct 1943.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3394476)

Oerlikon 20-mm AA Gun mounted on a Landing Craft Infantry (LCI), RCN, May 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3303867)

QF 2-pounder pom-pom, Vickers, Sons & Maxim LL Machine Gun Mk. I weight (410 lbs), VSM 1905 manned on an RCN destroyer, 1940.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3566993)

Ordnance QF 40-mm Bofors Twin AA gun crew, HMCS Algonquin.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3577106)

Ordnance QF 40-mm Bofors AA Gun Mk XI in Twin Mounting practic firing, HMCS Nabob, Jan 1944.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3230534)

QF 4-inch Naval Gun being assembled, at the Dominion Engineering Works, Longueuil, Quebec, 1942.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3196180)

QF 4-inch Naval Gun being assembled at the Dominion Engineering Works, Longueuil, Quebec, 1942.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3196181)

QF 4-inch Naval gun training, HMCS Hamilton, 10 Aug 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3201273)

4-inch shell, HMCS Iroquois, 1943.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4821019)

Depth Charge Thrower, HMCS Saguenay, 30 Oct 1941.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3576681)

Naval gunners loading 4-inch shells.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3598672)

Sailors setting shell fuses on board HMCS Uganda, 23 Jun 1945.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3624562)

HMCS Uganda bombarding Sukuma Airfield on Miyako Jima, 4 May 1945.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3191651)

QF 4-inch gun firing, HMCS Sherbrooke, June 1945.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo,  MIKAN N. 3455882)

QF 2-pounder pom-pom Mk. 1, V.S.M. (Vickers, Sons & Maxim LL) Automatic Gun, being fired on HMCS Assiniboine, 10 July 1940.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3566440)

Twin 3-inch gun mount, HMCS Algonquin, 21 Jan 1955.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3348210)

Oerlikon 20-mm Anti-Aircraft Gun  manned on HMCS Prince David, off Kithera, Greece, 16 Sep 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3394410)

Ordnance QF 40mm Bofors AA Gun, HMCS Prince Henry.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3612507)