Military History Books
by Harold A. Skaarup   www.SilverHawkAuthor.com   
 
Artillery - Canada, 12-pounder 8-cwt QF Naval Landing Guns

12-pounder 8-cwt QF Naval Landing Guns

Data current to 26 July 2019.

The aim of this website is to locate, identify and document every historical piece of artillery preserved in Canada.  Many contributors have assisted in the hunt for these guns to provide and update the data found on these web pages.  Photos are by the author unless otherwise credited.  Any errors found here are by the author, and any additions, corrections or amendments to this list of Guns and Artillery in Canada would be most welcome and may be e-mailed to the author at hskaarup@rogers.com.

12-pounder 8-cwt Naval Landing Gun / Naval Field Gun

The 12-pounder 8-cwt Naval Landing Gun was carried on ships of the British and Commonwealth navies for use by naval landing parties.  Most were made at Elswick Works in the UK ca 1898.  These guns were almost entirely restricted to use as naval landing guns by sailors and marines. Its ammunition was separate Quick Firing (QF), which means the projectile and propellant were separate loading, the latter in an ejectable brass cartridge case; this same ammunition was also used by heavier shipboard 12-pounders. Typically, the landing gun appears on a low carriage, with small-diameter spoked wheels. Despite its 8 hundredweight (8-cwt), it had the same length of rifled bore as the 12-pounder 7-cwt. (Nelson Lawry)  

Most of the Naval Landing Guns (aka Naval Field Guns), found in Canada appear to have been on early ships of the Royal Canadian Navy, such as HMCS Niobe, HMCS Aurora, HMCS Rainbow and others.  There is also a possibility that some of the guns were left behind when the British garrisons left Canada in 1905-06. 

It has been reported that a number of these guns were left on the dock of the Royal Naval Dockyard ca 1901 when two British-built destroyers were taken over by the USN after a dispute with a South American country which had ordered them from the UK.  The Canadian Army did not take them on strength and the RCN was not established until 1910, nor did they have ammunition for these guns.  It was recommended that the stainless steel guns would make an excellent piece of equipment for the Sea Cadet "gun runs", and thus at least some of these guns were distributed to Sea cadet units across Canada.

Nine have been verified thus far, although there may be more and should you have information on the missing NLGs please send me an e-mail with an update.

The 12-pounder 8-cwt Naval Field Gun in Canadian Service

The following data was extracted from the Library and Archives Canada files by Doug Knight. 

Early Use.  Before the First World War, HMCS Niobe had two 12-pr 8-cwt field guns.  They were deployed to defend the cable landing point at Sydney, Nova Scotia, on the outbreak of war.  This is also confirmed by HMCS Niobe’s ammunition allocation for training in 1910, which includes 12-pr 8-cwt ammunition.  HMCS Rainbow’s ammunition allocation in 1910 includes an allowance for her 12-pr 8-cwt field gun.  HMCS Canada is rumoured to have used the 12-pr 8-cwt guns in her mountings, because of the lower recoil force.  There is no evidence that the post First World War ships (e.g. HMCS Aurora) had a 12-pr 8-cwt on board.  

Post Second World War.  In the 1950s, the 12-pr 8-cwt gun was used for saluting, ceremonial and competitions, as well as gunnery familiarization.  On 4 March 1955, HMCS Naden had three 12-pr and limber: Gun No. 919 with limber No. 272, Gun No. 2363, with limber No. 161, Gun No. 1732 with limber No. 248.  

In March 1955, HMCS Nonsuch shipped a 12-pr 8-cwt gun to HMCS Discovery.  In March 1955, HMCS Tecumseh shipped a 12-pr 8-cwt gun to HMCS Discovery.

On 19 July 1955, the RCN Barracks in Stadacona had two saluting 12-pr and wanted a third gun.  On 20 September 1955, the condition of the two guns at Stadacona was evaluated. The guns (No. 1864 and No. 1845), were heavily pitted and corroded.

On 3 October 1955, a summary noted that the RCN was proposing to discontinue the use of the 3-pounder and 12-pr 8-cwt as saluting guns on shipboard and shore respectively and planned to replace them with the army 6-pr 7-cwt anti-tank gun as a saluting gun.  This was not well received due to the space the gun would take on a ship.  

The summary recommended that HMCS Stadacona and HMCS Naden should retain their 12-pr guns as saluting guns.  To provide spare parts, it was proposed to remove the 12-pr from five field divisions and retain them at five other field divisions.  HMCS York, HMCS Star, HMCS Chippewa, HMCS Tecumseh, and HMCS Donnacona would keep their guns.  Guns would be removed from HMCS Queen HMCS Charlotte, HMCS Brunswicker, and HMCS Montcalm and sent east.  Guns would be removed from HMCS Unicorn and HMCS Cataraqui and sent west.  

On 26 February 1956, it was proposed that HMCS Queen Charlotte, HMCS Brunswicker, HMCS Montcalm, HMCS Unicorn and HMCS Cataraqui would return their guns to Dartmouth.  Three guns were to be made serviceable and sent to HMCS Cornwallis.  The other two were to be cannibalized to support them and the guns at Stadacona.  On 13 April 1956, it was confirmed that HMCS York, HMCS Star, HMCS Chippewa, and HMCS Donnacona would keep their guns and limbers.  HMCS Queen Charlotte, HMCS Brunswicker, HMCS Montcalm, and HMCS Cataraqui were to return their guns to the Naval Armament Depot, Dartmouth.  HMCS Unicorn and HMCS Nonsuch were to return their guns to the Naval Armament Depot, Esquimalt.  

On 28 May 1956, it was decided that HMCS Queen would keep its gun, and that HMCS Tecumseh would send its gun and limber to the Armament Depot in Esquimalt.  The guns being prepared for HMCS Cornwallis did not need to be in firing condition.  There was a requirement for four guns in firing condition in Halifax.  

On 11 July 1956, No. 1001 was noted at CNAD Esquimalt.  On 18 July 1956, No. 40 was noted at CNAD Dartmouth.  On 18 July 1956, No. 1693 and No. 2020 were noted at CNAD Dartmouth.  On 8 August 1956, No. 728 (ex-HMCS Tecumseh) was noted at CNAD Esquimalt.  

On 15 January 1957, CNAD Dartmouth summarized their situation: They had received: No. 2020 from HMCS Brunswicker, No. 40 from HMCS Montcalm, No. 1693 from HMCS Cataraqui, No. 1845 and No. 1864 from Stadacona.  They had or would issue: No. 2020, No. 1845, and No. 1864 to Cornwallis, No. 40 and No. 1693 to Stadacona.

On 30 January 1957, another summary noted that the 12-pr requirements on the east coast were four guns at Stadacona and three guns at Cornwallis (total - seven). Based on the holdings (see above) there were two guns deficient.  This was being made up by shipping one gun from HMCS Queen Charlotte to Halifax.  In addition, it was noted that HMCS Naden had six guns and queried if the requirement there could be reduced to four guns, with one being provided to Halifax.

[Although not in the file - the shipment of the HMCS Queen Charlotte gun must have been cancelled, because a later report still records the gun in that location. This is supported by the later shipment of two guns from HMCS Naden to Dartmouth to make up the deficiency.]

Naden reported the serial numbers on hand as No. 728, No. 919, No. 1001, No. 1213, No. 1732 (corrected from error No. 1752), and No. 2623.  On 5 March 1957, HMCS Naden was ordered to ship No. 728 and No. 2363 to CNAD Dartmouth.  On 22 January 1960, HMCS Star reported that its gun was at RCSCC Lion.  

On 22 June 1960, the condition of the guns at the Field Divisions was evaluated: HMCS Queen - fairly good, but it needed a new breech.  HMCS Donnacona – excellent.  HMCS Queen Charlotte - poor condition and needed overhaul HMCS Chippewa - good (on loan to HMCS Tecumseh).  HMCS Star - very good (on loan to RCSCC Lion).  This gun was being used extensively.  HMCS York - good [The report implies that one gun was going to be shipped to Naden.  It had been intended to send the HMCS Star gun, but since it was in regular use, the HMCS Donnacona gun was recommended in lieu.]

1960 Summary.  Based on the foregoing, the RCN had seventeen 12-pounder 8-cwt guns in service: HMCS Cornwallis three, No. 2020, No. 1845, and No. 1864, HMCS Stadacona four, No. 40, No. 1693, No. 728, and No. 2363, HMCS Naden four, No. 919, No. 1001, No. 1213, and No. 1732, HMCS Queen one, HMCS Donnacona one, HMCS Queen Charlotte one, HMCS Chippewa/HMCS Tecumseh one, HMCS Star/RCSCC Lion one, HMCS York one, for a total of 17.

Current Status in 2019, based on the “Company of Canadian Artillery Historians” research, the following (nine) 12-pounder 8-cwt Naval Field Guns are known to have survived:

1. British Columbia, Victoria, 5 (British Columbia) Field Artillery Regiment, Royal Canadian Artillery.

12-pounder 8-cwt QF Royal Navy Landing Gun, weight 7-3-10 (878 lbs), Serial No. TBC, Breech Block Serial No. TBC.  King Edward VII cypher.  Carriage plate: Q,F, 12 Pr. Naval Trg, Made by R.C.D. Woolwich. 1899, Exd (Examined) at Portsmouth 1899, Wt Carriage Complete 6 Cwt. Admiralty No. 89, Kings Arrow.  With Limber.

2. British Columbia, Victoria, HMCS Malahat.

12-pounder 8-cwt QF Naval Landing Gun, weight 8-0-0 (896 lbs), Serial No. 1213, 1900, Breech Block Serial No. 2294 stamped out, new number 1213, dated 1910  King Edward VII cypher.  Carriage plate: Q,F, 12 Pr. Naval Trg, Made by (TBC) date (TBC), Exd (Examined) at (TBC).  Wt Carriage Complete 6 Cwt (TBC). Admiralty No. (TBC), Kings Arrow.  With Limber.

The original breechblock of the landing gun at HMCS Malahat has been replaced with a new and likely reworked block. The old serial number on the breechblock has been scratched out and a new serial number, 1213 (in 1910) at Malahat has been stamped on so that the parent gun and block continue to possess the same serial number. Apparently an upgrade was made in the QF breech mechanism a few years later, and new blocks were sent out from Britain.  The originals were likely returned to Woolwich or Elswick to be modified in turn and sent to another location.  (Nelson Lawry) 

3. British Columbia, Comox, HMCS Quadra.

12-pounder 8-cwt QF Naval Landing Gun, weight 8-0-0 (896 lbs), Serial No. 1001, RGF 1899, Breech Block Serial No. 1001 King Edward VII cypher.  Carriage plate: Q.F. 12 Pr. Naval Trg.  Made by R.C.D. Woolwich. 1901, Exd (Examined) at Portsmouth 1903, Wt Carriage Complete 6 1/4 Cwt. Admiralty No. 16, Kings Arrow

4. British Columbia, Comox, HMCS Quadra.

12-pounder 8-cwt QF Naval Landing Gun, weight 8-0-0 (896 lbs), Serial No. 919, RGF 1898, Breech Block Serial No. TBC, Queen Victoria cypher.  Carriage plate: Q.F. 12 Pr. Naval Trg.  Made by R.C.D. Woolwich. 1903, Exd (Examined) at Portsmouth 1901, Wt Carriage Complete 6 1/4 Cwt. Admiralty No. 243, Kings Arrow.   Formerly at Royal Roads Military College.

5. British Columbia, Comox, HMCS Quadra.

12-pounder 8-cwt QF Naval Landing Gun, weight 8-0-0 (896 lbs), Serial No. 1213, RGF 1900, Breech Block Serial No. 2294 crossed out, new Serial No. 1910, Queen Victoria cypher.  Carriage plate: Q.F. 12 Pr. Naval Trg.  Made by R.C.D. Woolwich. 1903, Exd (Examined) at Portsmouth 1901, Wt Carriage Complete 6 1/4 Cwt. Admiralty No. 243, Kings Arrow.  Formerly at Royal Roads Military College.

6. Alberta, Calgary, HMCS Tecumseh

12-pounder 8-cwt QF Royal Navy Landing Gun, weight 8-0-0 (896 lbs), Serial No. 1034, previous Serial No. 4532 crossed out, 1899.  Breech Block Serial No. (TBC).  King Edward VII cypher.  Carriage plate: Q.F, 12 Pr. Naval Trg, Made by R.C.D Woolwich, 1899, Exd (Examined) at Portsmouth.  Wt Carriage Complete 6 1/4 Cwt. Admiralty No. 94, Kings Arrow.  With Limber.

7. Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, HMCS Unicorn.

12-pounder 8-cwt QF Royal Navy Landing Gun, weight 8-0-0 (896 lbs), Serial No. 1219 dated 1911, previous Serial No. 1856 crossed out. This gun has a breech block for a 12-pounder 12-cwt NLG, (Serial No. 111), 1917.   Queen Victoria cypher.  Carriage plate: Q,F, 12 Pr. Naval Trg, Made Elswick Works, 1897, Exd (Examined) at Portsmouth, 1897.  Wt Carriage Complete 6 3/4 Cwt. Admiralty No. 40, Kings Arrow.  With Limber, Serial No. 9936. 

8. Manitoba, Winnipeg, HMCS Chippawa.

12-pounder 8-cwt QF Royal Navy Landing Gun, weight 7-3-10 (878 lbs), Serial No. 189 dated 1896, Queen Victoria cypher.  Carriage plate: Q,F, 12 Pr. Naval Trg, Made Elswick Works, 1898, Exd (Examined) at Portsmouth, 1898.  Wt Carriage Complete 6 3/4 Cwt. Admiralty No. 71, Kings Arrow.  With Limber, Serial No. TBC. 

9. Ontario, Hamilton, HMCS Star.

12-pounder 8-cwt QF Royal Navy Landing Gun, weight weight 8-0-0 (896 lbs), Serial No. 2050 dated 1897.  This gun has a breech block for a 12-pounder 12-cwt Gun, Serial No. 2050), 1903.  King Edward VII cypher.  Carriage plate: Q,F, 12 Pr. Naval Trg, Made by R.C.D Woolwich, 1903, Exd (Examined) at Portsmouth, 1904.  Wt Carriage Complete 6 3/4 Cwt.  Admiralty No. 274, Kings Arrow.  With Limber.  This gun has been in use with the Hamilton Sea Cadet Corps for the last 90 years or so.

10. Ontario, Toronto, HMCS York.

12-pounder 8-cwt QF Royal Navy Landing Gun, weight weight 8-0-0 (896 lbs), Serial No. 1750, 1903.  Breech block, Serial No. 4111 (stamped out), 1917.  King Edward VII cypher.  Carriage plate: Q.F. 12 Pr. Naval Trg, Made at Elswick Works, 1898.  Exd (Examined) at Portsmouth, 1898.  Wt Carriage Complete 6 1/4 Cwt. Admiralty No. 56, 1898, Kings Arrow.  With Limber, Serial No. 9049.

The breech for this gun is for a 12-pounder and a 14-pounder, which was a Maxim Nordenfelt competitor to the 12-pounder.  It would therefore appear the breech blocks were interchangeable.  The British gunners apparently used the same ammunition for the two guns.  Canada may not have used the Maxim, although that needs to be confirmed.

11. Ontario, Ottawa, HMCS Carleton/30th Field Regiment, Uplands.

12-pounder 8-cwt QF Naval Landing Gun, weight 8-0-0 (896 lbs), Serial No. 52 crossed out, 1903, new Serial No. 1752.  Breech Block Serial No. 742 stamped out, 1898, new No. 1752.  Queen Victoria cypher.  Carriage weight 6-cwt TBC, Admiralty No. TBC.  With Limber.  This gun is on loan to the 30th Field Regiment at Uplands, from HMCS Carleton.

12. Quebec, Shawinigan, 62 Field Artillery Regiment.

12-pounder 8-cwt QF Royal Navy Landing Gun (Serial No. 1759), 1903, weight 7-3-10 (878 lbs), mounted on a wood wheeled carriage (Serial No. 17) with Limber.  Previously at Trois-Rivières, HMCS Radisson.  This gun may now be with the Military Museum, aka Général Jean-Victor Allard Armoury.

British Columbia, Victoria, 5 (British Columbia) Field Artillery Regiment, Royal Canadian Artillery

 (Maxwell Toms and Terry Honour Photo)

12-pounder 8-cwt QF Royal Navy Landing Gun, weight 7-3-10 (878 lbs), Gun Serial No. TBC, Breech Block Serial No. TBC.  King Edward VII cypher.  Carriage plate: Q,F, 12 Pr. Naval Trg, Made by R.C.D. Woolwich. 1899, Exd (Examined) at Portsmouth 1899, Wt Carriage Complete 6 Cwt. Admiralty No. 89, Kings Arrow.

 

Carriage plate: Q,F, 12 Pr. Naval Trg, Made by R.C.D. Woolwich. 1899, Exd (Examined) at Portsmouth 1899, Wt Carriage Complete 6 Cwt. Admiralty No. 89, Kings Arrow.

 (Maxwell Toms & Terry Honour Photos)

 (Al Dadds Photos)

12-pounder 8-cwt QF Royal Navy Landing Gun, weight 7-3-10 (878 lbs), Gun Serial No. TBC, Breech Block Serial No. TBC.  King Edward VII cypher.  Carriage plate: Q,F, 12 Pr. Naval Trg, Made by R.C.D. Woolwich. 1899, Exd (Examined) at Portsmouth 1899, Wt Carriage Complete 6 Cwt. Admiralty No. 89, Kings Arrow.

British Columbia, Victoria, HMCS Malahat

 (Richard Gear Photo)

12-pounder 8-cwt QF Naval Landing Gun, weight 8-0-0 (896 lbs), Gun Serial No. 1213, 1900, Breech Block Serial No. 2294 stamped out, new number 1213, dated 1910  King Edward VII cypher.  Carriage plate: Q,F, 12 Pr. Naval Trg, Made by (TBC) date (TBC), Exd (Examined) at (TBC).  Wt Carriage Complete 6 Cwt (TBC). Admiralty No. (TBC), Kings Arrow.

The original breechblock of the landing gun at HMCS Malahat has been replaced with a new and likely reworked block. The old serial number on the breechblock has been scratched out and a new serial number, 1213 (in 1910) at Malahat has been stamped on so that the parent gun and block continue to possess the same serial number. Apparently an upgrade was made in the QF breech mechanism a few years later, and new blocks were sent out from Britain.  The originals were likely returned to Woolwich or Elswick to be modified in turn and sent to another location.  (Nelson Lawry) 

 (Richard Gear Photos)

British Columbia, Comox, HMCS Quadra

 (Gene C. Fedderly Photos)

12-pounder 8-cwt QF Naval Landing Gun, weight 8-0-0 (896 lbs), Serial No. 1001, RGF 1899, Breech Block Serial No. 1001 King Edward VII cypher.  Carriage plate: Q.F. 12 Pr. Naval Trg.  Made by R.C.D. Woolwich. 1901, Exd (Examined) at Portsmouth 1903, Wt Carriage Complete 6 1/4 Cwt. Admiralty No. 16, Kings Arrow.  With Limber.

4. British Columbia, Comox, HMCS Quadra.

  (Gene C. Fedderly Photo)

12-pounder 8-cwt QF Naval Landing Gun, weight 8-0-0 (896 lbs), Serial No. 919, RGF 1898, Breech Block Serial No. TBC, Queen Victoria cypher.  Carriage plate: Q.F. 12 Pr. Naval Trg.  Made by R.C.D. Woolwich. 1903, Exd (Examined) at Portsmouth 1901, Wt Carriage Complete 6 1/4 Cwt. Admiralty No. 243, Kings Arrow.   Formerly at Royal Roads Military College.

5. British Columbia, Comox, HMCS Quadra.

 (Gene C. Fedderly Photo)

 (Gene C. Fedderly Photo)

12-pounder 8-cwt QF Naval Landing Gun, weight 8-0-0 (896 lbs), Serial No. 1213, RGF 1900, Breech Block Serial No. 2294 crossed out, new Serial No. 1910, Queen Victoria cypher.  Carriage plate: Q.F. 12 Pr. Naval Trg.  Made by R.C.D. Woolwich. 1903, Exd (Examined) at Portsmouth 1901, Wt Carriage Complete 6 1/4 Cwt. Admiralty No. 243, Kings Arrow.  Formerly at Royal Roads Military College.

Alberta, Calgary, HMCS Tecumseh

12-pounder 8-cwt QF Royal Navy Landing Gun, weight 8-0-0 (896 lbs), Gun Serial No. 1034, previous Serial No. 4532 crossed out, 1899.  Breech Block Serial No. (TBC).  King Edward VII cypher.  Carriage plate: Q,F, 12 Pr. Naval Trg, Made by R.C.D Woolwich, 1899, Exd (Examined) at Portsmouth.  Wt Carriage Complete 6 1/4 Cwt. Admiralty No. 94, Kings Arrow.  With Limber.

 (Lucie Alaimo Photos)

 (Lucie Alaimo Photos)

 (Kenneth Laing Photos)

12-pounder 8-cwt QF Naval Landing Gun, weight 8-0-0 (896 lbs), Gun Serial No. 1034, dated 1899, Breech Block Serial No. 4532 stamped out, new No. 1034, dated 1917, Carriage weight 6-cwt, Admiralty No. 94, 1899,  with Limber.  Queen Victoria cypher.  The 12-pounder 8-cwt QF NLG, was carried on ships of the British and Commonwealth navies for use by naval landing parties. This gun has a breech block for a 12-pounder 12-cwt NLG, (Serial No. 111), 1917.  Several of the photos of the breech screw seem to have “12-pr 12-cwt A & 8-cwt” on them.  This suggests that the breech screw was common to the two guns.  Both were ship’s guns and this would have simplified spare parts.  Apparently an upgrade was made in the QF breech mechanism a few years later, and new blocks were sent out from Britain.  The originals were likely returned to Woolwich or Elswick to be modified in turn and sent to another location.  (Nelson Lawry). 

Saskatoon, HMCS UnicornNaval Reserve

 (Warren Noble Photo)

12-pounder 8-cwt QF Royal Navy Landing Gun, weight 8-0-0 (896 lbs), Serial No. 1219 dated 1911, previous Serial No. 1856 crossed out. This gun has a breech block for a 12-pounder 12-cwt NLG, (Serial No. 111), 1917.   Queen Victoria cypher Carriage plate: Q,F, 12 Pr. Naval Trg, Made Elswick Works, 1897, Exd (Examined) at Portsmouth, 1897.  Wt Carriage Complete 6 3/4 Cwt. Admiralty No. 40, Kings Arrow.  With Limber, Serial No. 9936. 

 (Warren Noble Photos)

The 12-pounder 8-cwt QF Naval Landing Gun, was carried on ships of the British and Commonwealth navies for use by naval landing parties.  The original breechblock of the NLG at HMCS Unicorn has been replaced with a new and likely reworked block. The old serial number on the breechblock has been scratched out and a new serial number, 1219 (in 1911), has been stamped on so that the parent gun and block continue to possess the same serial number.  Apparently an upgrade was made in the QF breech mechanism a few years later, and a new block was sent out from Britain.  The originals were likely returned to Woolwich or Elswick to be modified in turn and sent on to another location.  (Nelson Lowry)

 (Warren Noble Photos)

12-pounder 8-cwt QF Royal Navy Landing Gun, weight 8-0-0 (896 lbs), Serial No. 1219. This gun has a breech block for a 12-pounder 12-cwt NLG, (Serial No. 111), 1917.  King Edward VII cypher.  Carriage plate: Q,F, 12 Pr. Naval Trg, Made Elswick Works, 1897, Exd (Examined) at Portsmouth, 1897.  Wt Carriage Complete 6 3/4 Cwt. Admiralty No. 40, Kings Arrow.  With Limber, Serial No. 9936.

 (Warren Noble Photos)

Limber weight 6 & 3/4-cwt, No. 40, 1897, carriage No. 9936 for the 12-pounder 8-cwt QF Naval Landing Gun.

Manitoba, Winnipeg, HMCS Chippawa, Naval Museum of Manitoba

 (Lt (N) Simone Smith Photos)

12-pounder 8-cwt QF Royal Navy Landing Gun, weight 7-3-10 (878 lbs), Serial No. 189 dated 1896, Queen Victoria cypher.  Carriage plate: Q,F, 12 Pr. Naval Trg, Made Elswick Works, 1898, Exd (Examined) at Portsmouth, 1898.  Wt Carriage Complete 6 3/4 Cwt. Admiralty No. 71, Kings Arrow.  With Limber, Serial No. TBC. 

12-pounder 8-cwt QF Royal Navy Landing Gun, weight 7-3-10 (878 lbs), Serial No. 189 dated 1896, Queen Victoria cypher.  Carriage plate: Q,F, 12 Pr. Naval Trg, Made Elswick Works, 1898, Exd (Examined) at Portsmouth, 1898.  Wt Carriage Complete 6 3/4 Cwt. Admiralty No. 71, Kings Arrow.  With Limber, Serial No. TBC. 

 (Lt (N) Simone Smith Photos)

Ontario, Hamilton, HMCS Star, Naval Reserve

 (HMCS Star Photo)

12-pounder 8-cwt QF Royal Navy Landing Gun, weight weight 8-0-0 (896 lbs), Serial No. 2050 dated 1897.  This gun has a breech block for a 12-pounder 12-cwt Gun, Serial No. 2050), 1903.  King Edward VII cypher.  Carriage plate: Q,F, 12 Pr. Naval Trg, Made by R.C.D Woolwich, 1903, Exd (Examined) at Portsmouth, 1904.  Wt Carriage Complete 6 3/4 Cwt. Admiralty No. 274, Kings Arrow.  With Limber.  This gun has been in use with the Hamilton Sea Cadet Corps for the last 90 years or so. 

 

 (HMCS Star Photos)

 

 (HMCS Star Photos)

30th Field, Bytown Gunner’s Firepower Museum

 (Maxwell Toms Photo)

12-pounder 8-cwt QF Naval Landing Gun, weight 8-0-0 (896 lbs), Serial No. 52 crossed out, 1903, new Serial No. 1752.  Breech Block Serial No. 742 stamped out, 1898, new No. 1752.  Queen Victoria cypher.  Carriage weight 6-cwt TBC, Admiralty No. TBC.  With Limber.  This gun is on loan to the 30th Field Regiment, Uplands, from HMCS Carleton. 

  (Maxwell Toms Photo)

 (Author Photo)

 (Author Photo)

 (Author Photo)

12-pounder 8-cwt QF Naval Landing Gun, weight 8-0-0 (896 lbs), Serial No. 52 crossed out, 1903, new Serial No. 1752.  Breech Block Serial No. 742 stamped out, 1898, new No. 1752.  Queen Victoria cypher.  Carriage weight 6-cwt TBC, Admiralty No. TBC.  With Limber.  This gun is currently stored with 30th Field Regiment, Uplands.  

Ontario, Toronto, HMCS York

 (HMCS York Photo)

12-pounder 8-cwt QF Royal Navy Landing Gun, weight weight 8-0-0 (896 lbs), Serial No. 1750, 1903.  Breech block, Serial No. 4111 (stamped out), 1917.  King Edward VII cypher.  Carriage plate: Q.F. 12 Pr. Naval Trg, Made at Elswick Works, 1898.  Exd (Examined) at Portsmouth, 1898.  Wt Carriage Complete 6 1/4 Cwt. Admiralty No. 56, 1898, Kings Arrow.  With Limber, Serial No. 9049.

The breech for this gun is for a 12-pounder and a 14-pounder, which was a Maxim Nordenfelt competitor to the 12-pounder.  It would therefore appear the breech blocks were interchangeable.  The British gunners apparently used the same ammunition for the two guns.  Canada may not have used the Maxim, although that needs to be confirmed.

 (HMCS York Photos)

12-pounder 8-cwt QF Royal Navy Landing Gun, weight weight 8-0-0 (896 lbs), Serial No. 1750, 1903.  Breech block, Serial No. 4111, 1917.  King Edward VII cypher.  Carriage plate: Q,F, 12 Pr. Naval Trg, Made at Elswick Works, 1898.  Exd (Examined) at Portsmouth, 1898.  Wt Carriage Complete 6 3/4 Cwt. Admiralty No. 56, Kings Arrow.  With Limber, Serial No. TBC.

Quebec, Trois-RivièresHMCS Radisson

  (LCol Yvon Begin Photos)

 (LCol Yvon Begin Photo)

12-pounder 8-cwt QF Royal Navy Landing Gun, weight 7-3-10 (878 lbs), Gun Serial No. TBC, Breech Block Serial No. TBC. King Edward VII cypher.  Carriage plate: Q,F, 12 Pr. Naval Trg, Made at Elswick Works 1896, Exd (Examined) at Portsmouth 1896, Wt Carriage Complete 6 3/4 Cwt. Admiralty No. 17, Kings Arrow.

This gun is on loan to 62e RAC (62 Field Artillery Regiment), Shawinigan, from HMCS Quebec, (Naval Cadet Unit), Trois-Rivières (Marine).   

Q.F 12 Pr. 12 Cwt A & 8 Cwt. E.O.C. 1902, No. 1759 (crossed out).

Q,F, 12 Pr. Naval Trg, Made at Elswick Works 1896, Exd (Examined) at Portsmouth 1896, Wt Carriage Complete 6 3/4 Cwt. Admiralty No. 17, Kings Arrow.

 (WO Michel Paprocki Photos)

Weight 7-3-10 (878 lbs), FOR DRILL PURPOSE ONLY on the barrel.

King Edward VII cypher on the barrel.

Q.F. 12 Pr & 14 Pr, E.O.C. 11, 1910, No. 2302 on the trail.

 (LCdr Martin Bouchard Photos)

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4821529)

12-pounder 8-cwt QF Royal Navy Landing Gun, Flag Ceremony, Cornwallis, 1965