Military History Books
by Harold A. Skaarup   www.SilverHawkAuthor.com   
 
Artillery (6) Québec City (Part I), Plains of Abraham Battlefield Park

Québec City Artillery, Plains of Abraham Battlefield Park

Data current to 24 Sep 2019.

The aim of this website is to locate, identify and document every historical piece of artillery preserved in Canada.  Many contributors have assisted in the hunt for these guns to provide and update the data found on these web pages.  Photos are by the author unless otherwise credited.  Any errors found here are by the author, and any additions, corrections or amendments to this list of Guns and Artillery in Canada would be most welcome and may be e-mailed to the author at hskaarup@rogers.com.

For all official data concerning the Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery, please click on the link to their website:

Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery Website

Note: Back in the day, artillery in Canada was referred to by its radio call sign "Sheldrake".  It is now referred to by its "Golf" call sign.  (Acorn sends)

Une traduction au français pour l'information technique présente serait grandement apprécié. Vos corrections, changements et suggestions sont les bienvenus, et peuvent être envoyés au hskaarup@rogers.com

Québec City, Plains of Abraham Battlefield Park

Entering Boulevard Laurier, the road becomes St. Louise Street when you continue East to Parc-des-Champs-de-Bataille.  Entering the park from the West end there are four sets of groups of three Carronades in each group (12), followed by a group of 14 guns of various calibres and another set of four groups of Carronades arranged in four groups of three, three, four and two (12).  The SBML 32-pounder 17-cwt Carronades have a weight greater than 3,584 lbs.  The guns are numbered in this list from the first gun on the left as you enter the half circle from the West, to the last gun on the right at the East end.

Location of artillery around the Plains of Abraham Battlefield Park.

 (Author Photos)

No. 1. Cast Iron 68-pounder 36-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 36-0-21 (4,053 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.  1st group of 3 guns.  

The Carronade is a short smoothbore, cast iron cannon, which was used by the Royal Navy and first produced by the Carron Company, an ironworks in Falkirk, Scotland.  It was used from the 1770s to the 1850s.  Its main function was to serve as a powerful, short-range anti-ship and anti-crew weapon.  While considered very successful early on, Carronades eventually disappeared as rifled naval artillery changed the shape of the shell and led to fewer and fewer close-range engagements.

No. 2. Cast Iron 68-pounder 36-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 36-0-22 (4,054 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.  1st group of 3 guns.

No. 3. Cast Iron 68-pounder 36-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 36-0-25 (4,057 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.  1st group of 3 guns.

 (Author Photos)

No. 4. Cast Iron 68-pounder 36-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 35-1-12 (3,960 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.  2nd group of 3 guns.

No. 5.  Cast Iron 68-pounder 36-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 35-3-1 (4,015 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.  2nd group of 3 guns.

No. 6. Cast Iron 68-pounder 36-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 35-2-20 (3,996 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.  2nd group of 3 guns.

 (Author Photo)

No. 7. Cast Iron 68-pounder 36-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 35-0-25 (3,945 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.  3rd group of 3 guns.

No. 8. Cast Iron 68-pounder 36-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 35-1-2 (3,950 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.  3rd group of 3 guns.

No. 9.  Cast Iron 68-pounder 36-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 35-0-23 (3,943 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.  3rd group of 3 guns.

 (Author Photo)

No. 10. Cast Iron 68-pounder 36-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 35-0-13 (3,933 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.  4th group of 3 guns.

No. 11. Cast Iron 68-pounder 36-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 36-0-2 (4,034 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.  4th group of 3 guns.

No. 12. Cast Iron 68-pounder 36-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 35-0-26 (3,946 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.  4th group of 3 guns.

  

 (Author Photos)

No. 13.  German First World War German First World War 10.5 cm leichte Feldhaubitze 16 (10.5 cm leFH 16), (Serial No. 12826), also stamped M.1352, S.4276, Fr.  Kp.  1917.  The 10.5 cm leFH 16 was a field gun that shared the same carriage as the 7.7 cm FK 16.  This gun was captured 2 September 1918 by the 13th Battalion (Royal Highlanders of Canada), 3rd Infantry Brigade, 1st Canadian Division, Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF), at Cagnicourt Wood, France.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.

 (Author Photos)

No. 14.  German First World War 7.7-cm Feldkanone 16 (7.7-cm FK 16), (Serial Nr. 8899), Fr.  Kp.  1916.  This gun was captured on 27 Sep 1918 by the 87th Battalion (Canadian Grenadier Guards), 11th Infantry Brigade, 4th Canadian Division, Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF), near Bourlon, France.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.

 (Author Photos)

No. 15.  Cast Iron Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, heavily corroded, mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.

 (Author Photos)

No. 16.  Cast Iron Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, heavily corroded.  This gun is mounted on a wood naval gun carriage and has a cannon ball cemented in the muzzle.  It was recovered from an oak shipwreck in Burstall’s Cove, Sillery, in 1890.  (Part of the Price Collection).

 (Author Photos)

No. 17.  Cast Iron Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, heavily corroded.  This British gun is mounted on an iron garrison carriage and has a cannon ball embedded in its muzzle.  It was recovered from English Bay, Anticosti.   

 (Author Photos)

No. 18.  Blomefield Cast Iron 30-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun with the forward half of the gun barrel missing, weight 29-2-16 (3,320 lbs), maker and Serial No. unknown, King George III cypher.  This gun is mounted on a wood naval carriage and has a cannon ball embedded in its muzzle.

 

 (Author Photos)

No. 19.  Cast Iron Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, heavily corroded.  This gun is mounted on a wood naval gun carriage and has a cannon ball embedded in its muzzle.  The gun was recovered from the St. Charles River where a floating bridge had been located in 1759.

 

 (Author Photos)

No. 20.  Cast Iron 8-inch 22-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Howitzer, weight 22-0-10 (2,474 lbs), maker and Serial No. TBC, mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.  The gun is stamped 1859.  Six of these guns were allocated to Quebec.   

 (Author Photos)

No. 21. Cast Iron 68-pounder 36-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 36-1-8 (4,068 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.

 (Author Photo)

No. 22.  Cast Iron Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, heavily corroded.  This gun is mounted on a wood naval gun carriage and has a cannon ball embedded in its muzzle.  The gun was recovered from Louisbourg.

 (Author Photos)

No. 23.  Cast Iron Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, heavily corroded.  This gun is mounted on a wood naval gun carriage and has a cannon ball embedded in its muzzle.  It was recovered from one of the wrecks of Sir Hovendon Walker’s Fleet which sank off Egg lsland in the Gulf of St Lawrence in 1711.

 (Author Photos)

No. 24.  Cast Iron Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, heavily corroded.  This gun is mounted on a 24-pounder iron garrison carriage and has a cannon ball embedded in its muzzle.  The gun was recovered from the wreck of the French warship Prudent, which was captured and burned by the British in June 1758 during the siege of Louisbourg.  Twenty cannons like this one from Prudent and other French ships sunk during the siege, were raised in 1899.

 (Author Photos)

No. 25.  German First World War 7.7-cm Feldkanone 96 neuer Art (7.7-cm FK 96 n.A.), (Serial Nr. 9742).  This gun was captured on 27 Sep 1918 by the 87th Battalion (Canadian Grenadier Guards), 11th Infantry Brigade, 4th Canadian Division, Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF), near Bourlon, France.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.

 (Author Photos)

No. 26.  German First World War 10.5-cm Feldhaubitze 98/09 (10.5-cm FH 98/09), (Serial Nr. 5051), Fr.  Kp. 1917.  This gun was captured ca 1918 by the 22nd Battalion (French Canadian), 5th Infantry Brigade, 2nd Canadian Division, Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF), in France.  A cannonball is cemented in the muzzle.

The 10.5 cm Feldhaubitze 98/09 (10.5 cm FH 98/09), a short barreled (1625-mm) 105-mm howitzer, also referred to as the 10.5-cm leichte Feldhaubitze (light field howitzer) 98/09, was used by Germany in the First World War and after.  It had a maximum range of 6,300 metres (20,700 ft).   It was originally built by Rheinmetall as the 10.5-cm Feldhaubitze 98, an old-fashioned, fixed-recoil weapon delivered to the German army in 1898; between 1902 and 1904, it was redesigned, by Krupp, with a new recoil mechanism and a new carriage.  However, it wasn't accepted for service until 1909, hence the ending designation 98/09. Existing weapons were rebuilt to the new standard.  As usual, two seats were attached to the gun shield.  There were 1,260 in service at the beginning of the First World War.

(Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN 3397953).

German First World War 10.5-cm Feldhaubitze 98/09 (10.5-cm FH 98/09), captured by Canadians near Vis en Artois, France, Sep 1918.

 (Author Photos)

No. 27.  Cast Iron 68-pounder 36-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 35-1-21 (3,969 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.

No. 28. Cast Iron 68-pounder 36-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 35-0-? (>3,920 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.  5th group of 3 guns.

 

No. 29. Cast Iron 68-pounder 36-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 35-3-12 (4,016 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.  5th group of 3 guns.

No. 30. Cast Iron 68-pounder 36-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 35-1-21 (3,969 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.  5th group of 3 guns.

No. 31.  Cast Iron 68-pounder 36-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 35-0-9 (3,929 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.  6th group of 4 guns.

No. 32. Cast Iron 68-pounder 36-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 35-2-10 (3,986 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.  6th group of 4 guns.

No. 33. Cast Iron 68-pounder 36-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 35-2-14 (>3,990 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.  6th group of 4 guns.

No. 34. Cast Iron 68-pounder 36-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 35-?-7 (>3,927 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.  6th group of 4 guns.

No. 35. Cast Iron 68-pounder 36-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 35-2-0 (3,976 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.  7th group of 4 guns.

No. 36. Cast Iron 68-pounder 36-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 35-2-27 (4,003 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.  7th group of 4 guns.

No. 37. Cast Iron 68-pounder 36-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 35-1-7 (3,955 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.  7th group of 4 guns.

No. 38. 6Cast Iron 68-pounder 36-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 35-2-7 (3,983 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.  7th group of 4 guns.

No. 39. Cast Iron 68-pounder 36-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 35-0-24 (3,944 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.  8th group of 2 guns.

 

 (Author Photos)

No. 40. Cast Iron 68-pounder 36-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight 35-2-0 (3,976 lbs), mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.  A cannon ball is cemented in the muzzle.  8th group of 2 guns.

East of these guns there is a Museum building with more of the battlefield park where additional guns and mortars from various eras can be viewed.

 (Author Photos)

Cast Iron 10-inch 52-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Land Service Mortar, weight 52-0-3 (5,827 lbs), broad arrow mark, CARRON Serial No. 80740, 1815, dolphin carrying handles, mounted on an iron stand.  This mortar stands beside a second mortar near a stone marking the spot where General Wolfe fell.  No. 1 of 2.

  

 (Author Photos)

Cast Iron 10-inch 52-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Land Service Mortar, weight 52--- (5,824 lbs +), broad arrow mark, CARRON Serial No. 83749, 1815, dolphin carrying handles, mounted on an iron stand.  This mortar stands beside the first mortar, near a stone marking the spot where General Wolfe fell.  No. 2 of 2.

 (Author Photo)

Martello Tower on the edge of the Plains of Abraham.

 

 (Author Photos)

Cast Iron 8-inch 65-cwt Smoothbore Shell Gun with Millar pattern breeching ring, weight 65-3-4 (7,368 lbs), Low Moor on right trunnion, Serial No. 3675 on left trunnion, no cypher, mounted on a wood traversing carriage, in front of the Martello Tower on the Plains of Abraham Battlefield Park.

 (Author Photos)

Blomefield Cast Iron 24-pounder 50-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 47-3-4 (5,352 lbs) under the cascabel, maker and Serial No. TBC, King George III cypher.  This gun is mounted on a long wood traversing carriage West of the Citadel on Ave Cap-Diamant the river.

 

 (Author Photos)

 

Blomefield Cast Iron 32-pounder 56-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 48-0-0 (5,376 lbs), maker and Serial No. TBC, mounted on a wood traversing carriage, in front of the Visitor’s Centre for the Plains of Abraham Battlefield Park, near the site where Wolfe fell in 1759.  No. 1 of 2.

 

 (Author Photos)

Blomefield Cast Iron 32-pounder 56-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 48-1-18 (5,422 lbs), maker and Serial No. TBC, mounted on a wood traversing carriage, in front of the Visitor’s Centre for the Plains of Abraham Battlefield Park, near the site where Wolfe fell in 1759.  No. 2 of 2.

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo,  MIKAN No. 3397899)

21-cm Morser,captured by Canadians, Sep 1917.

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3397876)

German First World War 21-cm Mörser gun being examined by a Canadian Officer, Arras, Aug 1918.  CANADA scratched on the barrel.  

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3397895)

Captured German Great War 21-cm Morser. 

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3397905)

21-cm Morser, Amiens, Aug 1918.  

 

 (Author Photos)

German First World War 21-cm Mörser 1910 neuer Art Heavy Mortar, (Serial Nr. 85).    This gun was captured on 8 Aug 1918 by the 42nd Battalion (Royal Highlanders of Canada), 7th Infantry Brigade, 3rd Canadian Division, Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF), SE of Demuin, France.  This gun has its barrel elevated and locked in the recoil position facing a large tree.  A cannonball is cemented in the muzzle.  The gun is located East of the Musée nationale des beaux-arts on the behind trees South of Avenue George VI on the Parcs des Champs-de-Bataille facing the river.

 

 (Author Photos)

German First World War 10-cm Kanone 17 (10-cm K 17), (Serial Nr. 10), Kp, 1918 with a blown barrel (listed in the records as a 10.5-cm).  This gun was captured on 28 Aug 1918, by the 42nd Battalion (Royal Highlanders of Canada), 7th Infantry Brigade, 3rd Canadian Division, Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF), in France.  The gun is located on Ontario Avenue below the Parcs des Champs-de-Bataille facing the river.

 (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3397894)

German First World War 10-cm K 17, captured at Amiens, France, Aug 1918.

 (Author Photos)

German First World War 15-cm schwere Feldhaubitze 1902 (15-cm sFH 02), (Serial Nr. 473).  This gun was captured by the 60th Battalion (Victoria Rifles of Canada), 9th Infantry Brigade, 3rd Canadian Division, Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF), at Vimy Ridge, near La Chaudiere and put into action against the enemy.  The sFH 02 is located on Ontario Avenue below the Parcs des Champs-de-Bataille facing the river.