Military History Books
by Harold A. Skaarup   
Artillery (6) Québec, Cap-aux-Meules, Cap-des-Rosiers, Causapscal, Chicoutimi, HMCS Champlain/NCSM Champlain, Coteau-du-Lac, Chambly, Chander, Chateauguay, Cloridorme and Cowansville

Artillerie préservée au Québec,

Artillery preserved in Québec,

Cap-aux-Meules, Cap-des-Rosiers, Causapscal, Chicoutimi,

HMCS Champlain/NCSM Champlain, Coteau-du-Lac, Chambly, Chander, Chateauguay, Cloridorme and Cowansville

Data current to 20 June 2020.

The aim of this website is to locate, identify and document every historical piece of artillery preserved in Canada.  Many contributors have assisted in the hunt for these guns to provide and update the data found on these web pages.  Photos are by the author unless otherwise credited.  Any errors found here are by the author, and any additions, corrections or amendments to this list of Guns and Artillery in Canada would be most welcome and may be e-mailed to the author at

For all official data concerning the Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery, please click on the link to their website:

Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery Website

Une traduction au français pour l'information technique présente serait grandement apprécié. Vos corrections, changements et suggestions sont les bienvenus, et peuvent être envoyés au

Canadian field batteries were combined to form the Royal CanadiaField Artillery (RCFA), which in 1905 became the Royal Canadian Horse Artillery (RCHA).  The garrison companies would become the Royal Canadian Garrison Artillery (RCGA).

Les batteries de campagne seront amalgamées plus tard au sein de la Royal Canadian Field Artillery (RCFA) qui, en 1905, deviendra la Royal Canadian Horse Artillery (RCHA): pour leur part, les compagnies de garnison donneront la Royal Canadian Garrison Artillery (RCGA).


Cap-aux-Meules, Magdalen Islands

According to the DHH entry for Cap-aux-meules cenotaph there are "two naval weapons".   NICMM, Record # 24022-002.


Cast Iron Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight, maker and Serial No. unknown.


 (Jean Dubé Weathervane Photos)

40-mm Bofors Light Anti-Aircraft Gun.

Le 40 mm Bofors est un canon antiaérien conçu par l’armurier suédois Bofors au début des années 1930.  Sa version initiale était baptisée 40L60, car le tube a une longueur théorique égale à 60 fois le calibre.  Il fut fabriqué en Suède par la société Bofors elle-même, mais également sous licence dans de nombreux autres pays.  Une grande partie des nations impliquées dans le deuxième conflit mondial l'ont utilisé sous des versions différentes, et même après.  De nombreuses versions sont toujours en service dans les années 2010. 

Chicoutimi, HMCS Champlain/NCSM Champlain


Bronze Coehorn Smoothbore Muzzleloading Land Service Mortar, 1-foot, 1-inch, ca. 1827-1860.

Chambly, Fort Chambly

 (Mickael Pollard Photo)

Fort Chambly.

 (Jean Dube Photo)

Smoothbore reinforced breech-loading swivel gun, of a kind that was invented in the 14th century.  They were loaded by inserting a mug-shaped chamber already filled with powder and projectiles (technically pieces of metal, and yes stone cannonballs were used as ammunition).  The breech-loading swivel gun had a high rate of fire, and was especially effective in repelling boarders and pirates on ships.  The earliest versions were made from strips of metal held together with reinforcing bands - and the real ones from the earliest voyages of explorers to Canada are quite rare, so the one at Fort Chambly may be a replica.  The Portuguese made great use of them off Canada's East coast.

 (Peter Sent Photo

 (Jean Dube Photo)

Bronze possible 3-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, heavily decorated, with dolphin carrying handles mounted on a wood naval gun carriage and set inside a firing embrasure inside the fort.


 (Jean David Photos)

25-pounder C Mk. 2 QF Field Gun, Reg. No. unknown, No. 1 of 2 beside the cenotaph.

 (Streetview Photo)

 (Jean David Photos)

25-pounder C Mk. 2 QF Field Gun, Reg. No. CA10099, No. 2 of 2 beside the cenotaph.


American 90-mm M1A1 Anti-Aircraft Gun, on display in front of the Royal Canadian Legion Provincial Command HQ, 39 Gilmour Street.


 (Streetview Photo)

Blomefield Cast Iron 24-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight, maker and Serial No. unknown, mounted on a wood naval gun carriage, facing the water.


  (Normand Roberge Photos)

155-mm C1 (M1A2) Medium Howitzer on M1A2 Carriage, aka M114, manufactured at Sorel Industries Limited in Quebec, Queen Elizabeth II cypher.  CFR 34409.  The carriage plate reads: CARR. HOW. 155MM M1A2 CDN. SOREL INDUSTRIES LTD. CANADA (year unknown), REG. NO. CDN 181, INSP (symbol).  Royal Canadian Legion Branch No. 99. 

This gun is dedicated in memory of the gunners who served with the 24th and 75th Field Battery RCA and the 2nd Canadian Medium Regiment RCA, and the 27th Field Regiment RCA M, 1936 – 1970, Cowansville.  Plaque dated 11 Nov 2000.   These Gunners served with the 2nd Medium Regiment made up the 1st French Canadian Artillery Unit during the Second World War.