Military History Books
by Harold A. Skaarup   www.SilverHawkAuthor.com   
 
Artillery (5) Ontario, Toronto, Fort York, and the Royal Canadian Yacht Club

Toronto, Fort York

Data current to 3 March 2021.

The aim of this website is to locate, identify and document every historical piece of artillery preserved in Canada.  Many contributors have assisted in the hunt for these guns to provide and update the data found on these web pages.  Photos are by the author unless otherwise credited.  Any errors found here are by the author, and any additions, corrections or amendments to this list of Guns and Artillery in Canada would be most welcome and may be e-mailed to the author at hskaarup@rogers.com.

For all official data concerning the Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery, please click on the link to their website:

Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery Website

According to the  1974 edition of ACP 125 Cansupp 1A, "Sheldrake" was the appointment title for the artillery representative in a headquarters.  "GOLF" was the arms indicator to be used by artillery callsigns on nets other than their own, especially those of the supported arms.

Toronto, Fort York

Blomefield Cast Iron 18-pounder smoothbore muzzleloading (SBML) cannon, weight 41-1-7 (4,627 lbs), stamped above the cascabel (unusual placement),  Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England (WCo) on left trunnion, (Serial No. 54) on right trunnion, King George III cipher, broad arrow mark (below the Serial No., also an unusual placement), mounted on a long traversing wood carriage, first cannon on the right South side of the West Gate.

Cast Iron 8-inch 65-cwt Smoothbore Shell Gun with Millar pattern breeching ring, weight 64-3-11 (7,263 lbs), 1843 above the vent, no cipher, broad arrow mark, Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England (WCo) on left trunnion, (Serial No. 406) on right trunnion, unmounted, on the ground, second cannon on the south side to the right of  the West Gate.

Cast Iron 8-inch 65-cwt Smoothbore Shell Gun with Millar pattern breeching ring, weight 64-3-7 (7,259 lbs), 1843 above the vent, no cipher, broad arrow mark,  Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England (WCo) on left trunnion, (Serial No. 403) on right trunnion, CV C T, unmounted, on the ground, third cannon on the south side to the right of the West Gate.

Blomefield Cast Iron 24-pounder 50-cwt SBML cannon, weight 47-2-0 (5,320 lbs), under the cascabel, Carron Company of Falkirk, Scotland (Serial No. 56737, CARRON, 1797) on left trunnion, (24P) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on an iron garrison carriage. West side of Circular Battery, South Wall.  

 

Blomefield Cast Iron 32-pounder 56-cwt SBML cannon, weight 56-0-1 (6,273 lbs) under the cascabel,  Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England (WCo) on left trunnion, (Serial No. 357) on right trunnion, King George III cipher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a 24-pounder iron garrison carriage.  East side of Circular battery.  This Blomefield Cast Iron 32-pounder 56-cwt SSBML cannon has a length of 9 feet 6 inches.  It is the most common 32-pounder in Canada and can be recognized by a reinforcing ring that is slightly raised followed by a definite "step-down" in the barrel just forward of the trunnions heading to the muzzle.

 

Blomefield Cast Iron 32-pounder 56-cwt SBML cannon, weight 56-0-0 (6,272 lbs), below the cascabel, Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England (WCo) on left trunnion, (Serial No. 169) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on an iron garrison carriage.  North Wall.

Blomefield Cast Iron 24-pounder 50-cwt SBML cannon, weight 48-0-0 (5,376 lbs) under the cascabel, The Carron Company of Falkirk, Scotland (Serial No. 63011, CARRON, 1802) on left trunnion, (24P) on right trunnion, King George III cipher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a wood traversing gun carriage. North side of West Gate.

Bronze 9-pounder 13-1/2-cwt SBML cannon, weight 12-2-22 (1,422 lbs), F.M. Eardley-Wilmot, 1859, B of O, Queen Victoria cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a wheeled wood field carriage.

 (Ruth Rhynas-Brown Photo)

Cast Iron 18-pounder 48-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Culverin Drake cannon, weight 48-3-0 (4,460 lbs), 1650, no trunnions, no button.  Blockhouse No. 2.  This cannon dates from the Commonwealth era.  The commonwealth arms have been removed from the barrel between the trunnions. Possibly used at the time of Oliver Cromwell, although most of the cast-iron commonwealth cannons were intended for the Navy rather than Army.  It is missing its trunnions, so it may have been sent as ballast rather than a cannon. (Ruth Rhynas-Brown)

 (John Antoni Photo)

Cast Iron 12-pounder 6-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring,  weight 6-3-6 (762 lbs), reproduction, mounted on a wood stand, Blockhouse No. 2.

Blomefield Cast Iron 12-pounder 34-cwt SBML cannon, weight 34-0-10 (3,818 lbs), 4.5-inch, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark.  Blockhouse No. 2.

Bronze Coehorn 4.65-inch SBML Mortar, (Serial No. 118), reproduction, King George II cypher.  Blockhouse No. 2.

Cast Iron 9-pounder 24-cwt SBML cannon, weight 23-2-10 (2,642 lbs), King George II cypher, ca. 1737-1756, Armstrong pattern, no trunnions, no button.  Blockhouse No. 2.

Borgard Cast Iron 6-pounder 12-cwt SBML cannon, weight 12-0-14 (1,358 lbs), 1720, made for Hudson’s Bay Company.  Blockhouse No. 2.

Bronze 6-pounder 6-cwt SBML cannon, weight 6-?-8 (>680 lbs), 1798, King George III cypher, lost from William Perry’s HMS Fury, found in 1930s by Lord Cornwallis.  Blockhouse No. 2.

Cast Iron 3-pounder SBML cannon, reproduction, sleeved, mounted on a field carriage with limber, used for demonstrations.  Blockhouse No. 2.

Cast Iron 3-pounder SBML cannon, reproduction, sleeved, mounted on a field carriage with limber, outside Blockhouse No. 2.

Cast Iron ½ -pounder SBML cannon, weight 1-0-26 (138 lbs).  Blockhouse No. 2.

Cast Iron 1-pounder SBML cannon with trunnions and button, 18th century.  Blockhouse No. 2.

Royal Canadian Yacht Club (RCYC), 141 St. George Street, Toronto, Ontario, M5R 2L8.

The RCYC has two Clubhouses, one in the heart of the city and the other on Toronto Island.

 (David Wetherston Photo)

Armstrong 20-pounder 16-cwt Rifled Breech-loading Gun, weight (likely in the vicinity of 16-2-0 (1,848 lbs)) on the barrel below the cypher, made by Armstrong, (Serial No. to be confirmed, likely ca 1860) on the left trunnion, (+) on the right trunnion, Queen Victoria cypher, mounted ona wood naval stand, facing the water.  The land service model of this gun was introduced in 1860.  It is identified by its two long chase hoops, no muzzle swell and its distinctive breech mechanism.
 
Cast Iron 8-inch 65-cwt Smoothbore Shell Gun with a Millar pattern breeching ring, weight (likely in the vicinity of 64-3-7 (7,259 lbs), ca 1843 above the vent, no cipher, broad arrow mark,  Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England (WCo) on left trunnion, (Serial No. to be confirmed) on right trunnion, CV C T, mounted on a wood stand, left and right of the flagpole in the Royal Canadian Yacht Club facing the water.  No. 1 of 2.
Cast Iron 8-inch 65-cwt Smoothbore Shell Gun with a Millar pattern breeching ring, weight (likely in the vicinity of 64-3-7 (7,259 lbs), ca 1843 above the vent, no cipher, broad arrow mark,  Samuel Walker & Company of Rotherham, England (WCo) on left trunnion, (Serial No. to be confirmed) on right trunnion, CV C T, mounted on a wood stand, left and right of the flagpole in the Royal Canadian Yacht Club facing the water.  No. 2 of 2.
 (David Weatherston Photo)
 
Small bronze saluting gun - no data.