|Artillery (5) Ontario, Owen Sound, Pelham, Pembroke, Penetanguishene, Perth, Petawawa, Peterborough, Petrolia and Picton
Artillery in Ontario, Owen Sound, Pelham, Pembroke, Penetanguishene, Perth, Petawawa, Peterborough, Petrolia and Picton
Data current to 14 July 2019.
The aim of this website is to locate, identify and document every historical piece of artillery preserved in Canada. Many contributors have assisted in the hunt for these guns to provide and update the data found on these web pages. Photos are by the author unless otherwise credited. Any errors found here are by the author, and any additions, corrections or amendments to this list of Guns and Artillery in Canada would be most welcome and may be e-mailed to the author at firstname.lastname@example.org.
For all official data concerning the Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery, please click on the link to their website:
Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery Website
Note: Back in the day, artillery in Canada was referred to by its radio call sign "Sheldrake". It is now referred to by its "Golf" call sign. (Acorn sends)
Bronze 6-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight --5-21, Kinman, 1796, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, Serial No. 164, CCIXXIX (228) on reinforcement ring. Owen Sound Armoury, 10th St E & 8th Ave E.
Bronze 6-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight --6-3, J & H (John & Henry) King, 1798, King George III, broad arrow mark, Serial No. 739, DC on re-enforcement ring. Owen Sound Armoury.
German First World War 7.58-cm leichtes Minenwerfer neuer Art, (7.58-cm leMW), (Serial Nr. 7862), captured by the 31st Battalion during a raid on Vitasse, France, 24 June 1918.
Pembroke, 42nd Field Artillery Regiment (Lanark and Renfrew Scottish), RCA
The 42nd Field Artillery Regiment, is a Primary Reserve Royal Canadian Artillery (RCA) regiment of Land Force Central Area's 32 Canadian Brigade Group located in Pembroke, Ontario. 42nd Field Regiment sub-units include the 89th Field Battery and 109th Field Battery.
SBML probable Borgard 6-pounder Gun of 1716, weight 18-2-23 (2,095 lbs), Queen Anne cypher (1702 – 1714), resting on the remains of a 6-pounder iron garrison carriage, weight 14-3-25 (1,677 lbs) K, (Serial No. 23). Discovery Harbour.
SBML Guns (three).
There are two bronze 3-pounder field guns mounted on wheeled carriages, on display in front of the Lanark Count Court House at Perth, known as the "Verbruggen Guns". The inscription on the breech of each of the guns reads: “J. & R. VERBRUGGEN, FECERUNT, 1775" on one, and "1776", on the other. This is an indication that the guns were made in Flanders (the Netherlands) or Belgium. The gun cast in 1775 is a ‘Pattison’ model ‘Grasshopper’, the only known surviving gun of its kind. The other, cast in 1776, is a ‘Congreve’ model ‘Butterfly’.
The 3-Pounder “fired either round shot or a case round of 36 shot, with a charge of six or eight ounces of powder, and had a recoil of five feet at three degrees of elevation”. The 3-Pounder classification relates to the weight of round-shot they were designed to fire. Grasshoppers & Butterflies: The Light 3-Pounders of Pattison & Townshend, by Adrian B. Caruana (1980).
These bronze guns accompanied General John Burgoyne and the British Army in 1777 on his raid from Canada, along the Hudson River-Lake Champlain axis during the American Revolution. These two 3-pounders arrived in Perth from Kingston in 1822 and were assigned to the Artillery Company of the 1st Regiment Lanark Militia as it was being formed.
Bronze 3-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 1-2-20 (188 lbs), J. & R. Verbruggen, fecerunt 1775 inscribed on the breech, mounted on a wooden wheeled carriage, standing on the green sward in front of the town Court House, No. 1 of 2. (This gun is reported to be “the only remaining Pattison” Gun, according to Stephen G. Strach, History of Three Pound Verbruggen Gun and Its Use in North America 1775-1783, Eastern National Park and Monument Association, 1986, unpublished, p. 1).
Bronze 3-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 1-3-17 (213 lbs), J. & R. Verbruggen, fecerunt 1776 inscribed on the breech, mounted on a wooden wheeled carriage, standing on the green sward in front of the town Court House, No. 2 of 2.
105-mm L5 Pack Howitzer, Village Park. (Author Photo of a similar L5 at CFB Petawawa)
2-pounder AT Gun manned by Canadians training in the UK, ca 1942. (Library & Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3613160)
Ordnance QF 2-pounder Anti-Tank Gun, Royal Canadian Legion Branch No. 517. (Author Photo)
The 2-pounder Mark 4 and 4A carriages were split-trail 6-pounder anti-tank gun carriages, with the cradle, slipper, and recoil system adapted to mount the 2-pounder Mk. 10 gun. This allowed the 6-pounder carriage to get into production, while still using the 2-pounder gun. Both Canadian General Electric and Regina Industries, Ltd, manufactured these carriages in Canada, and they were issued to training centres in Canada starting in December 1941. The 5th Anti-tank Regiment, RCA, received 2-pounders on Mk. 4 carriages in April 1942. British production of the 6-pounder was delayed after Dunkirk because they had to keep the 2-pounder in production, so Canada began manufacturing its own first (by a month or so). We went straight to the 6-pounder carriage and adapted the 2-pounder to it as a temporary fix. (Doug Knight)
155-mm C1 (M1A2) Medium Howitzer on M1A2 Carriage, aka M114, manufactured at Sorel Industries Limited in Quebec, Queen Elizabeth II cypher. CFR 34421. The carriage plate reads: CARR. HOW. 155MM M1A2 CDN. SOREL INDUSTRIES LTD. CANADA (year TBC), REG. NO. CDN 28, INSP (Symbol). This Gun is located on the Southeast side of the Highway entering the village. (Author Photo)
The page for artillery preserved in Ontario has grown too large to download quickly, therefore the guns on display CFB Petawawa are listed on a separate web page on this website.
Peterborough, 50th Field Artillery Regiment (The Prince of Wales Rangers), Royal Canadian Artillery
The 50th Field Artillery Regiment (The Prince of Wales Rangers), Royal Canadian Artillery was a Primary Reserve Royal Canadian Artillery (RCA) regiment based in Peterborough, Ontario. The regiment currently exists on the Supplementary Order of Battle.
9-pounder 8-cwt Muzzleloading Rifle, weight 8-1-6 (930 lbs), RGF No. 226, I, 1872, Queen Victoria cypher, Firth’s Steel 2754 on the muzzle, mounted on a wheeled carriage. The wheels on this gun actually belong to the SBML noted above. Hastings and Prince Edward Regiment Armoury. (Author Photos)
German First World War 7.7-cm FK16 (Nr. 11761), 1917, likely captured in France in 1918. (Dave Johnstone Photos)
Blomefield Cast Iron 18-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight unknown, (Serial No. 79138, CARRON, 1812) on left trunnion, (18P) on right trunnion, mounted on a concrete stand, in front of the Royal Canadian Legion Branch No. 78. (Maxwell Toms Photos 1, 2 and 4, Terry Honour Photo 3, jiggs11 Photos 4 & 5, jiggs11 Photos 6 & 7)
Blomefield Cast Iron 24-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight TBC, (Serial No. 70899, CARRON, 1807) on left trunnion, (24P) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a concrete stand, in front of the Royal Canadian Legion Branch No. 78. (Maxwell Toms Photo 1, Terry Honour Photos 2-4, jiggs11 Photos 5 & 6)
(Maxwell Toms Photo)
105-mm L5 Pack Howitzer, OTO Melara 1969, (Serial No. 05773), in front of the Royal Canadian Legion Branch No. 78.