|Artillery (5) Ontario, Fort Erie
Artillery in Ontario, Fort Erie
Data current to 6 Nov 2020.
The aim of this website is to locate, identify and document every historical piece of artillery preserved in Canada. Many contributors have assisted in the hunt for these guns to provide and update the data found on these web pages. Photos are by the author unless otherwise credited. Any errors found here are by the author, and any additions, corrections or amendments to this list of Guns and Artillery in Canada would be most welcome and may be e-mailed to the author at firstname.lastname@example.org.
For all official data concerning the Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery, please click on the link to their website:
Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery Website
According to the 1974 edition of ACP 125 Cansupp 1A, "Sheldrake" was the appointment title for the artillery representative in a headquarters. "GOLF" was the arms indicator to be used by artillery callsigns on nets other than their own, especially those of the supported arms.
Fort Erie historical markers.
Diagram of historic artillery located on the grounds of Fort Erie.
Russian Blomefield 36-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, made by Armstrong, at Alexandrovski, with double-headed Eagle, Crimean War trophy. ML, (Serial No. 433G), 1632P, 1835. Mounted on a wood naval gun carriage located on a redoubt facing south inside Fort Erie.
Blomefield Cast Iron 24-pounder 50-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 51-0-9 (5,721 lbs), (Serial No. 70802, CARRON, 1807) on left trunnion, (24P) on right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a wood naval gun carriage.
Blomefield Cast Iron 24-pounder 50-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 49-3-0 (5,572 lbs) under the cascabel, (L) Low Moor, England, on the left trunnion, (Serial No. 218) on the right trunnion, King George III cypher, broad arrow mark, mounted on a wood naval gun carriage, on a redoubt facing West.
Blomefield Cast Iron 24-pounder 50-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 53-2-7 (5,999 lbs), King George III cypher, (not observed).
Blomefield Cast Iron 24-pounder 50-cwt Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 51-0-13 (5,725 lbs), King George III cypher, (not observed).
Cast Iron 4-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, no cypher, no markings, mounted on a naval gun carriage, on a redoubt facing West.
Cast Iron 4-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, 1798 DLCCCVI, reproduction, copied from a piece from Fort York.
Cast Iron 6-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, recovered from the USS Detroit which was sunk during the War of 1812. Museum Visitor Center.
Bronze 9-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 5-3-22 (666 lbs), 1859, F.M. Eadley Wilmot, Queen Victoria cypher, broad arrow mark, Serial No. 4456, dieu et mon droit, mounted on a naval gun carriage, inside Fort Erie.
Bronze 9-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 6-0-0 (672 lbs), 1859, F.M. Eadley Wilmot, Queen Victoria cypher, broad arrow mark, Serial No. 4071, dieu et mon droit, mounted on a naval gun carriage, inside Fort Erie.
Cast Iron 9-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 16-2-20 (1,860 lbs), Crown over P on the barrel, A on right trunnion, mounted on a wood naval gun carriage, inside Fort Erie.
The A on the trunnion is one of the oldest and longest surviving English marks. Ashburnham Furnace is in Sussex in the Weald and was owned by the aristocratic Ashburnham family but was frequently leased out. Until the 1770s Ashburnham was one of the most important gun foundries in England, able to cast up to the large 32 pounder guns. You can find Ashburnham’s A trunnion mark comes in in two main forms. It is usually on the right trunnion. The first is very plain and is use from about 1695 up to about 1725, and corresponds to the time when Ashburnham was in the hands of the Western family of London who ran it in conjunction with their furnace at Brede. You will find this early plain A on rose and crown guns. Ashburnham under the Crowleys- a lot of their cannon were cast for the East India Company ships- they were shareholders and these had the crowned P rather than cypher. Possible Hudson Bay connection. (Ruth Rhynas Brown)
Cast Iron 12-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight 31-0-13 (3,485 lbs), pre-1759. Museum Visitor Center.
Cast Iron 12-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Carronade with a Blomefield pattern breeching ring, weight TBC.
Cast Iron 18-pounder Smoothbore Muzzleloading Gun, weight TBC, King George III cypher, reproduction.
Bronze Coehorn 4.65-inch (12-pounder) Mortar, weight TBC, King George II cypher.
Cast Iron 10-inch Smoothbore 18-cwt Muzzleloading Land Service Mortar with Dolphin carrying handles, weight TBC, reproduction.
Historical Marker at Fort Erie.
I would imagine that many of you who are reading this book are very likely familiar with the standard routine of military training exercises and the rigours of being in the field in all seasons, not to mention the conditions found on deployment these days. Whether or not you have experienced it, I am sure you can well imagine what it is like to train and work in the heat, the dust and the mosquitoes in summer, the wind, the rain and the mud in the spring and fall, the snow and the cold in the winter and of course the routine day-to-day challenges of combat exercises in the training areas of the Canadian Forces. For most in the Army, this includes CFB Gagetown, CFB Valcartier, CFB Petawawa, CFB Kingston, CFB Shilo, CFB Edmonton, CFB Wainwright, CFB Suffield and all the fields and exercise areas of LFAATC Aldershot and LFCATC Meaford and their environs.
As an Army Officer in the Canadian Forces, it has been my privilege to have served alongside a tremendous number of highly professional military men and women of our nation while taking part in training in Germany, the UK and the USA and while on operational deployments to Cyprus, Bosnia-Herzegovina and in Afghanistan. During my training and military professional development, I have learned much about our long military history. My interest in our multi-faceted historical record has led me to write about it and to seek out the stories about Canada's military servicemen and women and the tools and equipment they used to preserve our security when warclouds darkened our horizons.
As a military history enthusiast, I have learned over the years that there are many with similar interests in preserving our story. We have all seen the odd old gun or retired tank placed on display outside a Militia Drill Hall, War Memorial, city park site or Royal Canadian Legion Hall, and many will have enjoyed visiting a number of our military Museums. The vast majority of retired wartime combat equipment used by members of the CF have dwindled in number, many being scrapped, others being shot up as targets, while a few have been sold to overseas operators and collectors. Fortunately, a handful of important examples of retired CF guns and war machines have been preserved and may be found in a wide variety of locations throughout Canada.
Curators, docents and volunteers working in Canada's military museums have been successful in preserving a good number of retired military weapons of war and many are still being sought after and in some cases, being restored to running condition again. As an artist, photographer and military history enthusiast, I have attempted to keep track of where historic Canadian military equipment has survived and is presently located and to make that information available to others with the same interest. For those of like mind, the purpose of this handbook is to provide a simple checklist of the classic Great War and WWII artillery that is part of our military heritage and a location guide to where they can be found in Canada. The book includes a number of photographs to illustrate an example of each gun wherever possible, and lists the locations of the survivors by province.
The numbers of restored Canadian guns is actually increasing as a few rare examples are being recovered from scrapyards and monument sites and salvaged for restoration. (Ultra rare items such as Skink AA gun turrets come to mind). One of the aims of this book is to help an enthusiast track down these monuments and museum artefacts and to have a simple reference book on hand with more detailed information about them such as a serial number, a Museum location and contact information which might be helpful in learning a bit of the history of a particular vehicle. The guns detailed in this handbook are listed alphabetically by manufacturer, number and type in the order that they came into service with the CF. The data is also appended with a list of most of the current guns found in the various collections and Museums in Canada. The book is also meant to serve as a companion volume to "Ironsides", Canadian Tanks and Armoured Fighting Vehicle Museums and Monuments, also available online.
It is my sincere hope that more of the guns and artillery found in this list will one day be added to the record of historically important military armament survivors that have been recovered and restored.
Shelldrake can be ordered online in softcover or e-book at these bookstores:
Photos and technical data on artillery preserved in Canada may be viewed by Province on separate pages on this website.