Military History Books
by Harold A. Skaarup   
Artillery (5) Ontario, CFB Borden

Artillery in Ontario,

Canadian Forces Base Borden

Data current to 23 Feb 2021.

The aim of this website is to locate, identify and document every historical piece of artillery preserved in Canada.  Many contributors have assisted in the hunt for these guns to provide and update the data found on these web pages.  Photos are by the author unless otherwise credited.  Any errors found here are by the author, and any additions, corrections or amendments to this list of Guns and Artillery in Canada would be most welcome and may be e-mailed to the author at

For all official data concerning the Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery, please click on the link to their website:

Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery Website

According to the  1974 edition of ACP 125 Cansupp 1A, "Sheldrake" was the appointment title for the artillery representative in a headquarters.  "GOLF" was the arms indicator to be used by artillery callsigns on nets other than their own, especially those of the supported arms.

CFB Borden, Base Borden Military Museum

Inside Museum display

Sexton 25-pounder C Mk. 2 Self-propelled Gun (Serial No. CA172355).

25-pounder C Mk. 2 QF Field Gun with No. 9 circular firing platform, with funeral platform, (Serial No. CA10188), 1942.

French Second World War 47-mm Mle 1937 (G47 Mle 1937), PaK 181(f), APX Anti-Tank Gun, (Serial No. 646).

German First World War 5-cm leichtes Granatwerfer 36 (5-cm leGrW 36), possibly (Serial Nr. 7310), TBC.

German Second World War 7.5cm Kampfwagenkanone 40 (7.5-cm KwK 40/L43), (Serial Nr. TBC), vehicle mounted gun on a wall-mounted display.

 (Balcer Photo)

(Author Photo)

German Second World War 7.5-cm PaK 97/38 Anti-Tank Gun, (Serial Nr. 9108), 1916, A.B.S.

 (JustSomePics Photo)

German Second World War 8.8 cm KwK 36 Anti-Tank Gun, wall display. 

 (Andre Blanchard Photo)

 (JustSomePics Photo)

Japanese 75-mm Type 38 Field Gun No. 67, (Serial No. 1725), with Limber.

The Type 38 75 mm Field Gun was a 1905 German design which was purchased by the Empire of Japan as the standard field gun of the Imperial Japanese Army at the end of the Russo-Japanese War.  The Type 38 designation was given to this gun as it was accepted in the 38th year of Emperor Meiji's reign (1905).

Outside Museum display

 (Author Photos)

25-pounder C Mk. 2 QF Field Gun with No. 9 circular firing platform, No. 1 of 2, with Limber, South Parade Square.

 (Author Photo)

25-pounder C Mk. 2 QF Field Gun with No. 9 circular firing platform, No. 2 of 2, South Parade Square.

 (Author Photos)

40-mm Bofors Light Anti-Aircraft Gun, Southwest of North Gate.

 (Author Photos)

40-mm Light Bofors Anti-Aircraft Gun, Boffin Naval Gun Mount, Air Force side of the Base.

 (Author Photos)

American 90-mm M1A1 Anti-Aircraft Gun, Serial No. 10154, West of the Base Accommodations Building.

 (Author Photos)

American 90-mm M1A1 Anti-Aircraft Gun, Serial No. 4192, North of the Base Theatre.

 (Author Photos)

105-mm L5 Pack Howitzer, (Serial No. 577735), 1970.  Air Force side of the Base.

 (Author Photos)

 (John Moloughy Photos)

105-mm C1A1 M2A1 Howitzer, CDN 18194, CFSEME Building.

 (Author Photos)

155-mm C1 (M1A2) Medium Howitzer on M1A2 Carriage, aka M114, manufactured at Sorel Industries Limited in Quebec, Queen Elizabeth II cypher.  The carriage plate reads: CARR. HOW. 155MM M1A2 CDN. SOREL INDUSTRIES LTD. CANADA (year TBC), REG. NO. CDN 8, INSP (symbol).  This gun is located in the CFSEME Company lines.

155-mm M109 Self-Propelled Howitzer, (Reg. No. 34818), 1968, AC: MD, ECC: 119204, HUI C: 1941, SAUI C: 1941, VMO No. DLE21343 VMO Date: 07 Jul 2005.  Base Borden Military Museum.

155-mm M109 Self-Propelled Howitzer, (Reg. No. 77226), 1985, AC: CX, ECC: 119205, HUI C: 1764, SAUI C: 1764, VMO No. DLE21633 VMO Date: 10 Jun 2005.  CFSEME, CFB Borden.

 (John Moloughey Photos)

155-mm M109 Self-Propelled Howitzer, (Reg. No. 68-34806), CFB Borden SNCOs' Mess proviously with the FCS School, EME School & Armament School.

 (Author Photos)

French Second World War 47-mm Mle 1937 (G47 Mle 1937), APX Anti-Tank Gun, in German service designated PaK 181(f).

German Second World War 3.7-mm PaK 38(t) Anti-Tank Gun in service in Northern France, summer 1944.  (Bundesarchiv Bild 101I-299-1831-26)

  (Author Photos)

German Second World War 3.7-cm PaK 36 AT Gun, rear of Museum hangar, (Serial No. R17355), shipping weight 0-18-0.  This gun was consigned to Canada from England on 20 Feb 1945, dispatched from CMHQ in the UK, 3 Apr 1945.

 (Author Photos)

Russian 7.62-cmAnti-Tank Gun (Serial Nr. 1230), 1939, designated PaK 36(r) in German service. Air Force side of the Base.

 (Author Photo)

German Second World War 5-cm PaK 38 Anti-Tank Gun (Serial Nr. R860), 1942, Bhh, rear of Museum hangar.

 (Author Photo)

German Second World War 7.5-cm PaK 40 Anti-Tank Gun (Serial Nr. R1761), 1942, bwo, Rheinmetall Borsig (Düsseldorf), rear of Museum hangar.

 (Author Photos)

German Second World War 7.5-cm PaK 40 Anti-Tank Gun, (Serial Nr. R2900), bwo, Rheinmetall Borsig (Düsseldorf), South Parade Square.

 (Author Photos)

German Second World War 7.5-cm PaK 40 Anti-Tank Gun, (Serial Nr. R4969), 1942, hhg, Rheinmetall Borsig (Tegel), Worthington Park. 

 (Author Photos)

German Second World War 15-cm schwere Feldhaubitze 18 (15-cm sFH 18), (Serial Nr. R2746), 1940, WaA 34, barrel in the recoil position, South Parade Square.

 (Author Photos)

German Second World War 15-cm schwere Feldhaubitze 18 (15-cm sFH 18), (Serial Nr. R3176), 1941, COC (TBC), CHM, barrel extended, Southeast of North gate.  This Gun was collected in Northwest Europe before 12 Oct 1944 and shipped to Canada from CMHQ in the UK after 7 Nov 1944.

 (Author Photos)

Italian First World War 149-mm 149/12 modelo 16.  The gun is marked Gio. Ansaldo & C., Genova 1918, F. 479G, (Serial No. 8847), Peso Con Ott. KC 870, possibly (Serial No. 4796), TBC.   (This gun is listed as a 100-mm Obice da 100/17 modelo 14).

The Italian First World War 149-mm 149/12 modelo 16 was a heavy howitzer which served with Austria-Hungary as the 15 cm schwere Feldhaubitze M 14.  It had two crew seats mounted on the gun shield.  It broke down into two loads for transport. The M 14 was modified to improve elevation and range as well as to strengthen the carriage as the M 14/16.  Postwar war modifications were common to make it suitable for motor traction and to address other issues.  M 14 and M14/16 howitzers were captured by Italy during the war and received as reparations after the war, when they were put into service with the designation of Obice da 149/13.  Some 490 were on hand in 1939 and weapons captured by the Germans after the Italians changed sides in 1943 were used as the 15-cm sFH 400(i).  Surviving weapons were impressed into German service after 1943 as the 15-cm sFH 401(i).  Czech and Slovak weapons were known as the 15-cm hrubá houfnice vz. 14 and 14/16.

 (Balcer Photos)

 (Author Photo)

Italian Second World War 47-mm Cannone da 47/32 M35, (Serial No. 646), outside the Museum hangar.

The Italian Second World War 47-mm Cannone da 47/32 M35 was an Austrian artillery piece which served as the Cannone da 47/32 M35 produced under license in Italy during the war.  It was used both as an infantry gun and an anti-tank gun which it proved to be successful at, especially when equipped with HEAT (Italian: "Effetto Pronto") rounds.  In the 1930s Italy bought some of these guns from Böhler, and then began to produce the weapon under license, continuing its development. The Cannone da 47/32 M35 was the main armament in the M13/40 medium tank, the M14/41 medium tank, and the 47/32 self-propelled gun.  Due to its shape, the 47/32 was commonly called "elefantino" (little elephant) by the troops.

 (Base Borden Military Museum Photo)

 (Andre Blanchard Photo)

 (Guy Despatie Photos)

Japanese 10-cm Model 92 Field Gun, Blackburn Park Army Cadet Camp.

The Japanese Type 92 10-cm was a field gun used by the Imperial Japanese Army during the Second Sino-Japanese War and the Second World War.  The Type 92 number was designated for the year the gun was accepted, 2592 in the Japanese imperial year calendar, or 1932 in the Gregorian calendar.  The Type 92 cannon was intended to supersede the Type 14 10cm Cannon in front line combat service.  It has all the standard features of the 1930-36 period of Japanese gun design, including a long barrel, short cradle, long trails, and a relatively low silhouette.  In traveling position the tube is retracted by means of a winch and locked to the cradle.  The gun achieves a considerable range with a 35-pound shell in proportion to its unusually low weight.  The Model 92 is stabilized by three spade plates for each trail.  Both spade plates and trail blocks are demountable. Readily recognized by its long slender gun barrel and split carriage trail, the Type 92 10 cm Cannon was designed particularly for long-range fire. The recoil system was hydropneumatic and it had a distinctive three-step interrupted thread breechblock. It fired a 35 pounds (16 kg) shell up to14,200 yards (13,000 m) with standard high-explosive shells, and also had provision for special long-range shells that could reach 20,000 yards (18,000 m) 20,000 yards, as well as chemical, armor-piercing, smoke and incendiary shells.  The gun barrel was extremely long, making field transport very cumbersome.  The gun was normally tractor drawn using its large wooden wheels with solid rubber tires, but could also be pulled by a 5-ton truck. Its greatest drawback was that it had spade plates on each trail leg that had to be pounded into the ground to anchor the gun in place.  The Type 92 10 cm Cannon was very successful and was used for long-range counter-battery and bombardment roles.

German Second World War Flakpanzer IV Wirbelwind, Worthington Memorial Park, being removed for restoration.  (Canadian Forces Photo)

 (Author Photos)

German Second World War Jagdpanzer 38(t) Hetzer Light Tank Destroyer, MGen Worthington Memorial Park.

I would imagine that many of you who are reading this book are very likely familiar with the standard routine of military training exercises and the rigours of being in the field in all seasons, not to mention the conditions found on deployment these days. Whether or not you have experienced it, I am sure you can well imagine what it is like to train and work in the heat, the dust and the mosquitoes in summer, the wind, the rain and the mud in the spring and fall, the snow and the cold in the winter and of course the routine day-to-day challenges of combat exercises in the training areas of the Canadian Forces. For most in the Army, this includes CFB Gagetown, CFB Valcartier, CFB Petawawa, CFB Kingston, CFB Shilo, CFB Edmonton, CFB Wainwright, CFB Suffield and all the fields and exercise areas of LFAATC Aldershot and LFCATC Meaford and their environs.

As an Army Officer in the Canadian Forces, it has been my privilege to have served alongside a tremendous number of highly professional military men and women of our nation while taking part in training in Germany, the UK and the USA and while on operational deployments to Cyprus, Bosnia-Herzegovina and in Afghanistan. During my training and military professional development, I have learned much about our long military history. My interest in our multi-faceted historical record has led me to write about it and to seek out the stories about Canada's military servicemen and women and the tools and equipment they used to preserve our security when warclouds darkened our horizons.

As a military history enthusiast, I have learned over the years that there are many with similar interests in preserving our story. We have all seen the odd old gun or retired tank placed on display outside a Militia Drill Hall, War Memorial, city park site or Royal Canadian Legion Hall, and many will have enjoyed visiting a number of our military Museums. The vast majority of retired wartime combat equipment used by members of the CF have dwindled in number, many being scrapped, others being shot up as targets, while a few have been sold to overseas operators and collectors. Fortunately, a handful of important examples of retired CF guns and war machines have been preserved and may be found in a wide variety of locations throughout Canada.

Curators, docents and volunteers working in Canada's military museums have been successful in preserving a good number of retired military weapons of war and many are still being sought after and in some cases, being restored to running condition again. As an artist, photographer and military history enthusiast, I have attempted to keep track of where historic Canadian military equipment has survived and is presently located and to make that information available to others with the same interest. For those of like mind, the purpose of this handbook is to provide a simple checklist of the classic Great War and WWII artillery that is part of our military heritage and a location guide to where they can be found in Canada. The book includes a number of photographs to illustrate an example of each gun wherever possible, and lists the locations of the survivors by province.

The numbers of restored Canadian guns is actually increasing as a few rare examples are being recovered from scrapyards and monument sites and salvaged for restoration. (Ultra rare items such as Skink AA gun turrets come to mind). One of the aims of this book is to help an enthusiast track down these monuments and museum artefacts and to have a simple reference book on hand with more detailed information about them such as a serial number, a Museum location and contact information which might be helpful in learning a bit of the history of a particular vehicle. The guns detailed in this handbook are listed alphabetically by manufacturer, number and type in the order that they came into service with the CF. The data is also appended with a list of most of the current guns found in the various collections and Museums in Canada. The book is also meant to serve as a companion volume to "Ironsides", Canadian Tanks and Armoured Fighting Vehicle Museums and Monuments, also available online.

It is my sincere hope that more of the guns and artillery found in this list will one day be added to the record of historically important military armament survivors that have been recovered and restored.

Shelldrake can be ordered online in softcover or e-book at these bookstores: 

Photos and technical data on artillery preserved in Canada may be viewed by Province on seprate pages on this website.