Military History Books
by Harold A. Skaarup   www.SilverHawkAuthor.com   
 
Armoured Fighting Vehicles and Tanks preserved in Canada 5a: Ontario, Ottawa, Canadian War Museum

Armoured Fighting Vehicles preserved in the Canadian War Museum, 1 Vimy Place, Ottawa, Ontario

The page for AFVs preserved in Ontario has grown too large to download quickly, so the Tanks and AFVs on display in the Canadian War Museum in Ottawa are listed here separately.  (This should keep the webpage from crashing).

The data found on this page has been compiled by the author.  Photos are by the author unless otherwise credited.  Any additions, corrections or amendments to this list of Armoured Fighting Vehicles in Canada would be most welcome. 

If you have information and photographs of armoured fighting vehicles missing from this list that you are willing to share, updates would be most welcome and may be e-mailed to the author at hskaarup@rogers.com.

Data current to 14 Jan 2017.

Canadian Autocar Machinegun Carrier, France, April 1918.  Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3395368)

Canadian Autocar Machinegun Carrier,  Amiens, France, Aug 1918.  Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3522240)

Autocar Machinegun Carrier, “Ottawa” (Serial No. 5796) written on front and rear.

Canadian Motor Machine Gun Brigade Armoured Cars, April 1918.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3395366)

Canadian Motor Machine Gun Brigade Armoured Cars, April 1918.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3395367)

Renault tank, Arras, France, Sep 1919.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3522273)

Renault tank in Allied service during the Great War, Sep 1918.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3522286)

M1917 Light Tanks supplied by the United States Army arriving at the Canadian Armoured Corps Training Centre (Canadian Army Training Centres and Schools), Camp Borden, Ontario, Canada, October 1940.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3563837)

M1917 Light Tank, Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

Ram Mk. I tank with 2-pounder gun, Canada 13 cent stamp.

Ram Mk. I tank crew, 5th Canadian Armoured Division, Aldershot, England, 24 Dec 1942.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3525210)

Ram I armed with the early 2-pounder gun.  This was the first of these tanks built at the Montreal Locomotive works.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3554045)

Ram I Cruiser Tank (Serial No. WD CT39816), Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

Ram Mk. II on exercises in the UK, 22 Dec 1942.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3587045)

Ram Mk. II tanks on manouevres in the UK, ca. 1943. (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4233146)

Ram II tank, (Shop No. 171), (Serial No. WD CT39951), Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario. 

Kangaroo APC, Authie, Normandy, France July 1944.  (Legion Magzine Archives)

Canadian Kangaroo armoured personnel carriers moving into positions for an attack south of Caen, France, June 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3512561)

Kangaroo APC (Ram chassis), Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

Sexton 25-pounder SP Gun Mk II, (Serial No. 613), Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

Valentine Infantry Tank Mk. VII, (Serial No. WD T1445), recovered from the Ukraine.  Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario. 

Churchill Infantry Tank Mk III (Serial No. 838), with deep wading attachments to the air intakes.  Modified with Mk VII suspension units, (Serial No. 1792653), gift from Russia, Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

Churchill Infantry Tank Mk IV RE, (Serial No. BW9229), Great Eastern Armoured Ramp (Serial No. WD No T172796/D), only survivor.  Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

Canadian Cromwell Tank moving into position for an attack south of Caen, France, June 1944. (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4233175 and No. 4233176)

M5A1 Stuart Light Tank, Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

M3 Stuart Light Tank, Canadian War Museum, on loan from Australia as of July 2015.

General Lee tank.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3607523)

M3 Lee Medium Tank (Serial No. 3714), Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

M4A1 Grizzly Cruiser Tank, (Shop No. 178), Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

Canadian M4A2(76)W HVSS Sherman "Easy 8" tank (Serial No. 65251), built by Fisher, Reg. No. 30123230.

Canadian M4A2(76)W HVSS Sherman "Easy 8" tank minus the turret, (Serial No. 645001), built by Fisher, Reg. No.  30122980, cutaway training aid, Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

Sherman V tank in Vaucelles, France, ca 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4233126)

Major-General B.M. Hoffmeister, General Officer Commanding 5th Canadian Armoured Division, in the Sherman tank "Vancouver" near Castrocielo, Italy, 26 May 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3574213)

M4A4(75) Sherman V Medium Tank with 75-mm gun, (Serial No. 21424), built by Chrysler, R/N 3021730, (WD No. CT-228619), 51, 30, (Serial No. 21424), “Forceful III;” previously on display at Cartier Square Drill Hall, 21st Canadian Armoured Regiment (Governor General’s Foot Guards).  Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

M4A4 Sherman V Medium Tank built by Chrysler, (Serial No. 5457), Reg. No. 3057267, fitted with “Canadian Indestructible Roller Device” (CIRD) landmine exploder fittings, no gun, Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.  This tank was previously on display at Brantford, Ontario.

White M3 Half-track, Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

DUKW with Canadian troops, Normandy, June 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4233777)

DUKW, Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

 (Photos courtesy of JustSomePics)

M24 Chaffee Light Tank (Serial No. RN 45-7890), Ontario Regiment, Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

Centurion Main Battle Tank Mk. 11, L7 105-mm main gun, CFR No. 52-81046, Royal Canadian Dragoons, Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

British Chieftain Main Battle Tank Mk 2, (Serial No. VRN 01EB92), Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

German Panzer IA light tank.  One was held by the Canadian War Museum, but was traded to Jacques Littlefield in California for six pieces of armour that were significant to Canada. The Panzer I is very rare, but was not very relevant to Canada as it was obsolete by the time the majority of the Canadian Army came into contact with the German Wehrmacht.  The CWM acquired 1. Staghound Armoured Car. (Type used by Canada).  2. Churchill tank (Type used by Canada).   3. Lee M3 tank (Type used by Canada).   4. Stuart M5A1 tank (Type used by Canada).  5. Grizzly M4A1 tank (Made in Canada). Repatriation.  6. A Ram ARV (hulk) was to be part of the deal but there was a problem and another vehicle was provided. Colin MacGregor Stevens.

German Panzer II Light Tank, Call sign 112, 19, G, Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

German PzKpfW V Panther tank, being examined by Infantrymen of the 7th Canadian Infantry Brigade, Authie, France, 9 July 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3401771)

German Panzer V Panther Ausf A Main Battle Tank.  

This Panther on display in the Canadian War Museum was acquired by Canadians in Northwest Europe sometime before 15 Nov 1944, and shipped to Canada from the UK on the SS Manchester Shipper, some time between 8 January and 29 March 1945. [1] The Panther took part in the Victory-in-Europe ( V-E) Day parade in Ottawa on 8 May 1945.  It is not one of the vehicles shipped to Canada by Captain Mowat.  It was later sent to Canadian Forces Base Borden, Ontario, where it remained for 60 years.  DND’s Directorate of History and Heritage transferred the tank to the Canadian War Museum in 2005 where, after a two-year, 4,000-hour, restoration project, it was placed on public display in January 2008.[2]


[1] Library and Archives Canada file RG 24 Volume File 1/CAP VEH/1. 

[2] Internet: http://www.museevirtuel-virtualmuseum.ca/sgc-cms/expositions-exhibitions/tresors-treasures/?page_id=2426&lang=en.

 

German Jagdpanzer IV/70 Assault Gun, Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

German Sturmgeschütz 40 Ausf G Assault Gun.  This AFV was brought to Canada by Captain Farley Mowat and his Intelligence Collection Team in 1945.  It was later placed an artillery range where is served as a range target until recovered for the Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

Privates M. Voske and H. Browne of the Calgary Highlanders examining a captured German radio-controlled Goliath tracked mine, Goes, Netherlands, 30 October 1944.  (Apt Ken Bell Photo, Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 321598)

German Goliath Tracked Mine.

Soliders of the South Saskatchewan Regiment in captured German Schwimmwagen amphibious car of the Wehrmacht, Rocquancourt, France, 11 August 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3396197)

 

VW Type 166 Schwimmwagen (Floating/Swimming Car) amphibious four-wheeld drive off-roader vehicle, used extensively by German ground forces during the Second World War.  The Type 166 is the most numerous mass-produced amphibious car in history.

German Second World War Mercedes-Benz 770 (W150), Staff Car.

Leopard 1A4 Main Battle Tank, Fallex 82, Ex Valiant Shield, Bavaria, Germany, 7 Sep 1982.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4876329, left and 4876330, right)

Leopard 1A4 Main Battle Tank, Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

Leopard C2 Main Battle Tank, (Serial No. RN 78-85049), Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

Italian Fiat-Ansaldo CV-33 Light Tank, Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.  This "tankette" is on permanent loan to the Australian War Museum as of August 2015.  (An M3 Stuart has arrived in exchange).

Lynx Scout Car Mk II (Serial No. CF52389), Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

Lynx Scout Car, 8th Royal Scots & 1st Canadian Parachute Battalion after crossing the Rhine River, Bergerfarth, Germany, 25 Mar 1945.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3524486)

Otter Light Reconnaissance Car Mk I, Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

Fox Armoured Car Mk I, ex-13th Reconnaissance Regiment, Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

Fox Armoured Car Mk I, MGen Worthington, ca 1945.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4232403)

Daimler Armoured Car, Sallenelles, France.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4233183)

Humber Armoured Car, Canadian markings, Winschoten, Holland, ca 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4233455)

Humber Mk. IV Armoured Car, 17th Duke of Yorks Royal Canadian Hussars, Normandy, 20 July 1944.  None are preserved in Canada.  (Lt Ken Bell Photo, Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3378681), and Humber Mk. IV Armoured Car, 4th Princess Louise Dragoon Guards, Matrice, Italy, 27 Oct 1943.  None are preserved in Canada.   (Alexander Mackenzie Stirton Photo,  Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3206255)

Humber Mk. IV Armoured Car and Universal Carrier, Canadians in France, ca 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4233289)

Humber Armoured Car, Canadian Army Film and Photo Unit, Caen, France, 11 July 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3206446)

T17E1 Staghound Armoured Car, Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

The Chevrolet T17E1 version of the Staghound was powered by two 97-hp GMC Hercules engines with a hydraulic transmission.  It was served by a five-man crew with three men fitting inside the fully-enclosed, power-traversed turret.  It weighed 14 tons and had a maximum speed of 90 kmh (55 mph) and a range of 720 km (450 miles).  It was armed with a 37-mm tank gun and co-axial and bow-mounted .30-inch Browning machine-guns.  A total of 2,687 Staghound T17E1s were built as well as 789 T17E2 AA vehicles.  The two Canadian armoured car regiments initially received 72 Staghounds each plus a number of additional vehicles allocated to HQ and various other organizations which were in service overseas during the Second World War.  A number were brought back to Canada after the war and at least 85 of these served until they were retired in 1964.

Universal Carrier Mk I, (Serial No. WD CT43578), Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

Universal Carrier Mk I 2 pounder AT, Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

Universal Carrier Mk I Ronson, (Serial No.18170), (Serial No. WD CT163137), Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

Universal Carrier Mk II, (Serial No. 92-416), 61, Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

Universal Carrier Mk IIC Wasp flamethrower, (Serial No. WD CT267065), 5, 60, previously painted as (Serial No. CT43578), Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

Wasp flamethrower crews, Queen's Own Rifles of Canada, Vaucelles, France, 29 Jul 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3205139)

Wasp flamethrower, Petawawa, ca 1943.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4234056)

Ferret Scout Car Mk I, (Serial No. 54-82537), ex-8th Canadian Hussars (Princess Louise’s), Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

Ferret Scout Car Mk II, Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

British FV432 Armoured Personnel Carrier, ex-British Army Training Unit Suffield (BATUS), Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

British F433 Abbot SP Gun, Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

GMC C15TAA Armoured Ambulance, (Serial No. Z5822762).

The General Motors of Canada (GMC) C15TA Armoured Truck was based on the GMC Otter Light Armoured Reconnaissance Car which married the Chevrolet C15A Canadian Military Pattern (CMP) four-wheel-drive chassis, the GM 270-cubic-inch engine, and an armoured body built by the Hamilton bBidge Company.  From the front the vehicle resembled the Otter, while the rear was similar to the White Scout Car.  Its armour was only shoulder high, with weather protection provided by a canvas cover.  It came with run-flat tires and could hold an eight-man crew and their equipment.  The cab seating had two men facing outwards on each side, two faced the rear and two sat in the driver's compartment.  With some modification it could serve as an eight-man APC or as an armoured ambulance or load carrier.  From late 1943 to June 1945, GMC Oshawa built a total 3,961 C15TAs for British and Canadian contracts.  A number of these vehicles remained in military service in Canada after the war until July 1953.  C15TAA (Serial No. Z5822762) was one of only two pilot armoured ambulance vehicles produced before the war ended.

Military Ambulance (Serial No. T23929S).

Canadian Military Pattern Signals Truck, (Serial No. CZ4205159).

Canadian Military Pattern 15-cwt Cargo Truck, General Service.

Canadian Military Pattern Cargo Truck, General Service, CZ4002671.

Diamond T Breakdown Truck.  Recovery teams from the RCEME and RCOC used this vehicle’s two booms which could lift five short tons each, allowing for quicker vehicle recovery in wartime conditions.

Military Field Kitchen Truck.

Ford Canada C11 ADF Staff Car, Field Marshal H.R.L.G. Alexander.

General McNaughton's CAR LIGHT (Sedan 4x2) staff car, ca 1940s.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3544526)

General H.D.G. Crerar's Command Post caravan.

Bombardier Penguin Mk III Armoured Snowmobile, 1943.

Chevrolet 5/4-ton Truck (CUCV), Cargo/Passenger.

M113A1 Armoured Personnel Carrier, Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

M113A2 Armoured Personnel Carrier, (Serial No. RN 64-35000), first Canadian M113, Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

M113A2 ARVL, Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

M113A2 Engineer, (Serial No. RN 92-10688); GM Canada Engineer Pack, Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

M113A2 Fitter, (Serial No. RN 66-35697), Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

M113 C & R Lynx, (Serial No. 04320), (Serial No. RN 67-35850), Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

M113 C & R Lynx, Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

M114 155 mm Howitzer, Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

M548 Cargo Carrier, (Serial No. C034HAB), call sign 7E, ex-1R22eR, Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

M577 Command Post Vehicle, Call Sign 1A, Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

AVGP Cougar, SFOR markings, Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

AVGP Grizzly.

AVGP Husky.

Infantrymen of the North Shore Regiment climbing onto an Alligator amphibious tracked vehicle during Operation VERITABLE near Nijmegen, Netherlands, 8 February 1945.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3525752)

LVT-1 Amphibious Vehicle, Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

M14 GMC, (Serial No. RN 40450517), Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

M20 Greyhound Armoured Utility Car, Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

Willys 2¼ -ton 4 X 4 Jeep, Second World War diorama.

Canadian Provost Corps mounted in a Willys Jeep on UN duty in Egypt.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4234422)

Willys 2¼ -ton 4 X 4 Jeep, UN colours.

106-mm M40A1 Recoilless Anti-Tank Gun on M38A1 CDN3 Jeep.

M-151 Truck, Utility, 1/4-ton, 4 X 4 Jeep (G838),

M29C Amphibious Weasel, Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

M109A4 SP Howitzer, (Serial No. 85-77249), Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

 

TJ-1 Tracked Jeep, Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

TJ-2 Tracked Jeep, ex-Le Régiment de Maisonneuve, Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

Russian BRM-1K Combat Reconnaissance Vehicle (BMP M1976/2), Call signs 7731 & 11185, Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

Russian T-34/85 medium Tank, Call sign 102, Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

 

Russian T-72 Main Battle Tank, Call sign 10287, Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.