Military History Books
by Harold A. Skaarup   
Armoured Fighting Vehicles and Tanks preserved in Canada 5: Ontario, Ottawa, Canadian War Museum

Armoured Fighting Vehicles preserved in the Canadian War Museum, 1 Vimy Place, Ottawa, Ontario

Data current to 15 Dec 2018.

The data found on this page has been compiled by the author.  Photos are by the author unless otherwise credited.  Any additions, correctons or amendments to this list of Armoured Fighting Vehicles in Canada would be most welcome. 

If you have information and photographs of armoured fighting vehicles missing from this list that you are willing to share, updates would be most welcome and may be e-mailed to the author at

The page for AFVs preserved in Ontario has grown too large to download quickly, so the Tanks and AFVs on display in the Canadian War Museum in Ottawa are listed here separately.

Canadian Autocar Machinegun Carrier, France, April 1918.  Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3395368)

Autocar Machinegun Carrier, “Ottawa” (Serial No. 5796) written on front and rear.

Renault tank, Arras, France, Sep 1919.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3522273)

Renault tank in Allied service during the Great War, Sep 1918.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3522286)

M1917 Light Tanks supplied by the United States Army arriving at the Canadian Armoured Corps Training Centre (Canadian Army Training Centres and Schools), Camp Borden, Ontario, Canada, October 1940.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3563837)

M1917 Light Tank..

Ram Mk. I tank with 2-pounder gun, Canada 13 cent stamp. (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 2185069)

Ram Mk. I tank crew, 5th Canadian Armoured Division, Aldershot, England, 24 Dec 1942.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3525210)

Ram I armed with the early 2-pounder gun.  This was the first of these tanks built at the Montreal Locomotive works.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3554045)

Ram I Cruiser Tank (Serial No. WD CT39816).

Ram Mk. II on exercises in the UK, 22 Dec 1942.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3587045)

Ram Mk. II tanks on manouevres in the UK, ca. 1943. (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4233146)

Ram II tank, (Shop No. 171), (Serial No. WD CT39951). 

Kangaroo APC, Normandy, France July 1944.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3607881)

Canadian Kangaroo armoured personnel carriers moving into positions for an attack south of Caen, France, June 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4233174)

Kangaroo APC (Ram chassis).

Sexton 25-pounder SP Gun Mk II, (Serial No. 613).

 (Robert Linsdell Photo)

 (Author Photo)

Valentine Infantry Tank Mk. VII, (Serial No. WD T1445), recovered from the Ukraine.

Churchill tank, on maneuvers with a Canadian unit in England, ca 1942.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3607575)

Churchill tank, on maneuvers with a Canadian unit in England, 1942.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3608069)

Churchill tank, on maneuvers with a Canadian unit in England, 1942.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3613172)

Churchill tank, on maneuvers with a Canadian unit in England, ca 1942.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3613173)

Churchill Infantry Tank Mk. III (Serial No. 838), with deep wading attachments to the air intakes.  Modified with Mk VII suspension units, (Serial No. 1792653), gift from Russia.o.

Churchill Infantry Tank Mk IV RE, (Serial No. BW9229), Great Eastern Armoured Ramp (Serial No. WD No T172796/D).  This is the only survivor. 

M5A1 Stuart Light Tank.

M3 Stuart Light Tank, on loan from Australia since July 2015.

General Lee tank.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3607523)

M3 Lee Medium Tank (Serial No. 3714).

M4A1 Grizzly Cruiser Tank, (Shop No. 178).

M4A2(76)W HVSS Sherman "Easy 8" tank (Serial No. 65251), built by Fisher, Reg. No. 30123230.

M4A2(76)W HVSS Sherman "Easy 8" tank minus the turret, (Serial No. 645001), built by Fisher, Reg. No.  30122980, cutaway training aid.

Sherman V tank in Vaucelles, France, ca 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4233126)

Major-General B.M. Hoffmeister, General Officer Commanding 5th Canadian Armoured Division, in the Sherman tank "Vancouver" near Castrocielo, Italy, 26 May 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3574213)

M4A4(75) Sherman V Medium Tank with 75-mm gun, (Serial No. 21424), built by Chrysler, R/N 3021730, (WD No. CT-228619), 51, 30, (Serial No. 21424), “Forceful III;” previously on display at Cartier Square Drill Hall, 21st Canadian Armoured Regiment (Governor General’s Foot Guards).

M4A4 Sherman V Medium Tank built by Chrysler, (Serial No. 5457), Reg. No. 3057267, fitted with “Canadian Indestructible Roller Device” (CIRD) landmine exploder fittings, no gun.  This tank was previously on display at Brantford, Ontario.

M3 Scout Car built by the White Motor Company, on parade in Vancouver, British Columbia, ca 1944.  Widely used by Canadian troops during the Second World War, none are preserved in Canada. (City of Vancouver Archives Photo, AM1590-: CVA 298-018)

White M3 Half-track.

DUKW with Canadian troops, Normandy, June 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4233777)

DUKW.  The DUKW (colloquially known as Duck) is a six-wheel-drive amphibious modification of the 2½ ton CCKW six-wheel-drive military truck, with the addition of a watertight hull and a propeller.  It was not an armored vehicle, being plated with sheet steel between 1/16 and 1/8 inches (1.6–3.2 mm) thick to minimize weight.  A high-capacity bilge pump system kept it afloat if the thin hull was breached by holes up to 2 inches (51 mm) in diameter.  One in four DUKWs mounted a .50-calibre Browning heavy machine gun on a ring mount.  The DUKW was the first vehicle to allow the driver to vary the tire pressure from inside the cab.  The tires could be fully inflated for hard surfaces such as roads and less inflated for softer surfaces, especially beach sand.  This added to great versatility as an amphibious vehicle.   DUKW were used with an invasion force for the first time in the European theatre, during the Sicilian invasion, Operation Husky, in the Mediterranean.  They were used on the D-Day beaches of Normandy and in the Battle of the Scheldt, Operation Veritable, and Operation Plunder.  Amphibious beachheads were thought to be highly vulnerable to early counterattack as the landing units would deplete their ammunition and the supply system would not yet be established.  The principal use was to ferry supplies from ship to shore, and tasks such as transporting wounded combatants to hospital ships or operations in flooded (polder) landscape.  Approximately 800 saw service with Canadian units.  (The term DUKW is not an acronym, it is the original GMC nomenclature designating the company's manufacturing code for the military wheeled amphibious landing-craft, with D standing for 1942, U for utility (amphibious), K for all-wheel drive, and W for 2 powered rear axles.

M24 Chaffee Light Tank (Serial No. RN 45-7890), Ontario Regiment.

Centurion Main Battle Tank Mk. 11, L7 105-mm main gun, CFR No. 52-81046, Royal Canadian Dragoons.

British Chieftain Main Battle Tank Mk 2, (Serial No. VRN 01EB92).

German Panzer IA light tank.  One was held by the Canadian War Museum, but was traded to Jacques Littlefield in California for six pieces of armour that were significant to Canada. The Panzer I is very rare, but was not very relevant to Canada as it was obsolete by the time the majority of the Canadian Army came into contact with the German Wehrmacht.  The CWM acquired 1. Staghound Armoured Car. (Type used by Canada).  2. Churchill tank (Type used by Canada).   3. Lee M3 tank (Type used by Canada).   4. Stuart M5A1 tank (Type used by Canada).  5. Grizzly M4A1 tank (Made in Canada). Repatriation.  6. A Ram ARV (hulk) was to be part of the deal but there was a problem and another vehicle was provided. Colin MacGregor Stevens.

German Panzer II Light Tank, Call Sign 112, 19, G.

German PzKpfW V Panther tank, being examined by Infantrymen of the 7th Canadian Infantry Brigade, Authie, France, 9 July 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3401771)

German Panzer V Panther Ausf A Main Battle Tank.  

This Panther on display in the Canadian War Museum was acquired by Canadians in Northwest Europe sometime before 15 Nov 1944, and shipped to Canada from the UK on the SS Manchester Shipper, some time between 8 January and 29 March 1945.  The Panther took part in the Victory-in-Europe ( V-E) Day parade in Ottawa on 8 May 1945.  It is not one of the vehicles shipped to Canada by Captain Mowat.  It was later sent to Canadian Forces Base Borden, Ontario, where it remained for 60 years.  DND’s Directorate of History and Heritage transferred the tank to the Canadian War Museum in 2005 where, after a two-year, 4,000-hour, restoration project, it was placed on public display in January 2008.

German Jagdpanzer IV/70 Assault Gun.  This is an early 1945 production AFV.  It was captured by the 4th Canadian (Armoured) Division near Wilhelmshaven in May 1945.

German Sturmgeschütz 40 Ausf G Assault Gun.  This AFV was brought to Canada by Captain Farley Mowat and his Intelligence Collection Team in 1945.  It was later placed an artillery range where is served as a range target until it was recovered for the Canadian War Museum

Privates M. Voske and H. Browne of the Calgary Highlanders examining a captured German radio-controlled Goliath tracked mine, Goes, Netherlands, 30 October 1944.  (Capt Ken Bell Photo, Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3231598)

German Goliath Tracked Mine.

Personnel at a 1st Canadian Army Headquarter's captured vehicle park, examining a Goliath remote control vehicle developed by Borgward for the German Army. Apeldoorn, Netherlands, 12 June 1945.   (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No.  3204123)

Soliders of the South Saskatchewan Regiment in captured German Schwimmwagen amphibious car of the Wehrmacht, Rocquancourt, France, 11 August 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3396197)


VW Type 166 Schwimmwagen (Floating/Swimming Car) amphibious four-wheeld drive off-roader vehicle, used extensively by German ground forces during the Second World War.  The Type 166 is the most numerous mass-produced amphibious car in history.

German Second World War Mercedes-Benz 770 (W150), Staff Car.

Leopard 1A4 Main Battle Tank, Fallex 82, Ex Valiant Shield, Bavaria, Germany, 7 Sep 1982.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4876329)

Leopard C1 (1A3) before being upgraded with the 1A5 turret to a C, Fallex 82, Ex Valiant Shield, Bavaria, Germany, 7 Sep 1982.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4876330)

Leopard 1A4 Main Battle Tank.

Leopard C2 Main Battle Tank, (Serial No. RN 78-85049).

Italian Fiat-Ansaldo CV-33 Light Tank, Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.  This "tankette" is on permanent loan to the Australian War Museum as of August 2015.  (An M3 Stuart has arrived in exchange).

Lynx Scout Car Mk II (Serial No. CF52389).

Lynx Scout Car, 8th Royal Scots & 1st Canadian Parachute Battalion after crossing the Rhine River, Bergerfarth, Germany, 25 Mar 1945.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3524486)

Otter Light Reconnaissance Car Mk I.

Fox Armoured Car Mk I, ex-13th Reconnaissance Regiment.

Fox Armoured Car Mk I, MGen Worthington, ca 1945.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4232403)

Daimler Armoured Car, Sallenelles, France.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4233183)

Humber Armoured Car, Canadian markings, Winschoten, Holland, ca 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4233455)

Humber Mk. IV Armoured Car, 17th Duke of Yorks Royal Canadian Hussars, Normandy, 20 July 1944.  None are preserved in Canada.  (Lt Ken Bell Photo, Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3378681)

, and Humber Mk. IV Armoured Car, 4th Princess Louise Dragoon Guards, Matrice, Italy, 27 Oct 1943.  None are preserved in Canada.   (Alexander Mackenzie Stirton Photo,  Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3206255)

Humber Mk. IV Armoured Car and Universal Carrier, Canadians in France, ca 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4233289)

Humber Armoured Car, Canadian Army Film and Photo Unit, Caen, France, 11 July 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3206446)

T17E1 Staghound Armoured Car.

The Chevrolet T17E1 version of the Staghound was powered by two 97-hp GMC Hercules engines with a hydraulic transmission.  It was served by a five-man crew with three men fitting inside the fully-enclosed, power-traversed turret.  It weighed 14 tons and had a maximum speed of 90 kmh (55 mph) and a range of 720 km (450 miles).  It was armed with a 37-mm tank gun and co-axial and bow-mounted .30-inch Browning machine-guns.  A total of 2,687 Staghound T17E1s were built as well as 789 T17E2 AA vehicles.  The two Canadian armoured car regiments initially received 72 Staghounds each plus a number of additional vehicles allocated to HQ and various other organizations which were in service overseas during the Second World War.  A number were brought back to Canada after the war and at least 85 of these served until they were retired in 1964.

Universal Carrier Mk I, (Serial No. WD CT43578).

Universal Carrier Mk I with 2-pounder Anti-Tank Gun.

Universal Carrier Mk I Ronson, (Serial No.18170), (Serial No. WD CT163137).

Universal Carrier Mk II, (Serial No. 92-416), 61.

Universal Carrier Mk IIC Wasp flamethrower, (Serial No. WD CT267065), 5, 60, previously painted as (Serial No. CT43578).

Wasp flamethrower crews, Queen's Own Rifles of Canada, Vaucelles, France, 29 Jul 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3205139)

Wasp flamethrower, Petawawa, ca 1943.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4234056)

Ferret Scout Car Mk I, (Serial No. 54-82537), ex-8th Canadian Hussars (Princess Louise’s).

Ferret Scout Car Mk II.

British FV432 Armoured Personnel Carrier, ex-British Army Training Unit Suffield (BATUS).

British 105-mm F433 Abbot SP Gun.

GMC C15TAA Armoured Ambulance, (Serial No. Z5822762).

The General Motors of Canada (GMC) C15TA Armoured Truck was based on the GMC Otter Light Armoured Reconnaissance Car which married the Chevrolet C15A Canadian Military Pattern (CMP) four-wheel-drive chassis, the GM 270-cubic-inch engine, and an armoured body built by the Hamilton bBidge Company.  From the front the vehicle resembled the Otter, while the rear was similar to the White Scout Car.  Its armour was only shoulder high, with weather protection provided by a canvas cover.  It came with run-flat tires and could hold an eight-man crew and their equipment.  The cab seating had two men facing outwards on each side, two faced the rear and two sat in the driver's compartment.  With some modification it could serve as an eight-man APC or as an armoured ambulance or load carrier.  From late 1943 to June 1945, GMC Oshawa built a total 3,961 C15TAs for British and Canadian contracts.  A number of these vehicles remained in military service in Canada after the war until July 1953.  C15TAA (Serial No. Z5822762) was one of only two pilot armoured ambulance vehicles produced before the war ended.

Military Ambulance (Serial No. T23929S).

Personnel of 2nd Canadian Infantry Division Signals with Personnel of the Royal Canadian Corps of Signals (RCCS), 2nd Canadian Infantry Division, examining a Ford three-ton truck which sank into a ditch on the Beveland Causeway, Netherlands, 27 October 1944.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3201518)

 (City of Vancouver Archives Photo, AM1545-S3-: CVA 586-2745)

Canadian Military Pattern truck, part of a convoy in Alberta, 1944.

Canadian Military Pattern Ford Signals Truck, (Serial No. CZ4205159).

Canadian Military Pattern 15-cwt Cargo Truck, General Service.

 (City of Vancouver Archives Photo, AM1545-S3-: CVA 586-2766)

Chevrolet C8 CMP truck with Type 11 cab, Bigmouth Creek, British Columbia, 1944.

Canadian Military Pattern Cargo Truck, General Service, CZ4002671.

Diamond T Breakdown Truck.  Recovery teams from the RCEME and RCOC used this vehicle’s two booms which could lift five short tons each, allowing for quicker vehicle recovery in wartime conditions.

Diamond T Field Shop Truck, 43-01276.

Ford Canada C11 ADF Staff Car, Field Marshal H.R.L.G. Alexander.

General McNaughton's Car Light (Sedan 4x2) staff car, ca 1940s.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3544526)

General H.D.G. Crerar's Command Post caravan.

Bombardier Penguin Mk III Armoured Snowmobile, 1943.

Dodge M37 3/4-ton truck (CUCV), Cargo/Passenger.

M113A1 Armoured Personnel Carrier.

M113A2 Armoured Personnel Carrier, (Serial No. RN 64-35000).  This was the first Canadian M113.

M113A2 ARVL.

M113A2 Engineer, (Serial No. RN 92-10688); GM Canada Engineer Pack.

M113A2 Fitter, (Serial No. RN 66-35697).

M113 C & R Lynx, (Serial No. 04320), CFR RN 67-35850.

M113 C & R Lynx (Serial No. unknown).

M548 Cargo Carrier, (Serial No. C034HAB), call sign 7E, ex-1R22eR.

M577 Command Post, Call Sign 1A.

AVGP Cougar, Peace Stabilization Force (SFOR), markings.

AVGP Grizzly.

AVGP Husky.

Infantrymen of the North Shore Regiment climbing onto an Alligator amphibious tracked vehicle during Operation VERITABLE near Nijmegen, Netherlands, 8 February 1945.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3525752)

LVT-1 Amphibious Vehicle.

M14 GMC, (Serial No. RN 40450517).

M20 Greyhound Armoured Utility Car.

 (City of Vancouver Archives Photo, AM1545-S3-: CVA 586-2764)

Willys 2¼ -ton 4 X 4 Jeep, Canadian Army convoy in the Yoho Valley, British Columbia, 1944.

Willys 2¼ -ton 4 X 4 Jeep, Second World War diorama.

Canadian Provost Corps mounted in a Willys Jeep on UN duty in Egypt.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 4234422)

Willys 2¼ -ton 4 X 4 Jeep, UN colours.

106-mm M40A1 Recoilless Anti-Tank Gun on M38A1 CDN3 Jeep.


M151A2 Truck, Utility, 1/4-ton, 4 X 4 Jeep (G838).  Note the corner pocket pressed into the fender to drop the running light below the blackout light; the earlier M151 had straight, flat fenders.

M29C Amphibious Weasel.

155-mm M109A4 SP Howitzer, (Serial No. 85-77249).


TJ-1 Tracked Jeep.

TJ-2 Tracked Jeep, ex-Le Régiment de Maisonneuve.

Russian BRM-1K Combat Reconnaissance Vehicle (BMP M1976/2), Call signs 7731 & 11185.

Russian T-34/85 medium Tank, Call sign 102.

Russian T-72 Main Battle Tank, Call Sign 10287.


Major Hal Skaarup has woven together an informative and detailed synopsis of the carefully preserved and restored armoured fighting vehicles on display in Canada. He highlights the importance of these upon key turning points in history when these AFVs were in use as tools of war at home and overseas. We often associate the evolution of military prowess with the advancement of sophisticated technology. Major Skaarup's descriptions of Canadian armour as it evolved to the level it has today reveals that military planners have had to be continuously creative in adapting to the changes in modern combat. They had to devise many intricate techniques, tactics and procedures to overcome the insurgents and opposition forces faced in Afghanistan and future overseas missions where Canadian armour will be brought into play. This guide book will show the interested reader where to find examples of the historical armour preserved in Canada, and perhaps serve as a window on how Canada's military contribution to safety and security in the world has evolved.

Lieutenant-General Steven S. Bowes

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