Military History Books
by Harold A. Skaarup   
Canadian Warplanes (5) Ontario, Ottawa, Canadian War Museum

Warplanes Ontario, Ottawa,

Canadian War Museum

The aim of this website is to locate, identify and document every historical Warplane preserved in Canada.  Many contributors have assisted in the hunt for these aircraft to provide and update the data on this website.  Photos are by the author unless otherwise credited.  Any errors found here are by the author, and any additions, correctons or amendments to this list of Warplanes in Canada would be most welcome and may be e-mailed to the author at

Data current to 12 Feb 2020.

Ottawa, Canadian War Museum (CWM), General Motors Court, 330 Sussex Drive.

Bell CH-136 Kiowa helicopter, No. 444 Sqn, 4 CMBG, Germany.  (Vic Johnson Photo)

 (Author Photo)

Bell CH-136 Kiowa Helicopter (Serial No. 136274).

 (DND Photo via James Craik)

McDonnell CF-101B Voodoo (Serial No. 101046) in flight.

 (Author Photos)

McDonnell CF-101F Voodoo (Serial No. 101002).

 (RAF Photo)

Capt Billy Bishop VC, with Nieuport 17 Scout, No 60 Squadron, Royal Flying Corps,  Filescamp, France, ca 1918.

 (RCAF Photo)

Nieuport 17 replica (Serial No. B1556), CF-DDK.  This Nieuport 17 was built by American amateur airplane-maker Carl R. Swanson in 1961, as a flying replica.  A generous donor purchased the aircraft for the Museum in 1963.  It was refinished to match the airplane in which the famous Canadian ace William Avery "Billy" Bishop earned the Victoria Cross.  Wing Commander Paul A. Hartman took the aircraft on its first flight in May 1967, at Rockcliffe airport.  It was flown in several air shows across Canada, including a flight demonstration during the visit of HRH Prince Charles, Prince of Wales, in April 1975. Unfortunately, it crashed at the Abbotsford International Air Show in 1989.  The Museum's skilled restoration team rebuilt the aircraft to its current state.  (CA&SM)

 (Author Photo)

Nieuport 17, replica (Serial No. B1556), CF-DDK.

 (RAF Photo)

Sopwith Snipe, Capt William George Barker, VC.  Capt Barker was awarded the Victoria Cross for his actions on Sunday, 27 October 1918.  While returning his Snipe to an aircraft depot, he crossed enemy lines at 21,000 feet above the Foret de Mormal.  He attacked an enemy Rumpler two-seater which broke up, its crew escaping by parachute (the aircraft was of FAA 227, Observer Lt. Oskar Wattenburg killed).  By his own admission, he was careless and was bounced by a formation of Fokker D.VIIs of Jagdgruppe 12, consisting of Jasta 24 and Jasta 44.  In a descending battle against 15 or more enemy machines, Barker was wounded three times in the legs, then his left elbow was blown away, yet he managed to control his Snipe and shoot down or drive down three more enemy aircraft (two German pilot casualties were Vfw. Alfons Schymik of Jasta 24, killed, and Lt. Hinky of Jasta 44, wounded).  The dogfight took place immediately above the lines of the Canadian Corps.  Severely wounded and bleeding profusely, Barker force-landed inside Allied lines, his life being saved by the men of an RAF Kite Balloon Section who transported him to a field dressing station.  The fuselage of his Snipe aircraft was recovered from the battlefield and is preserved at the Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

One of the many witnesses to this spectacular episode - he termed it a 'stimulating incident' - was A.G.L. McNaughton, now the commander of the Canadian Corps Heavy Artillery, who watched from his advanced headquarters between Bellevue and Valenciennes.  The encounter took place in full view of many thousands of British and Canadian soldiers in the trenches.  In his words, "The hoarse shout, or rather the prolonged roar, which greeted the triumph of the British fighter, and which echoed across the battle front, was never matched ... on any other occasion."

At a hospital in Rouen, France, Barker clung to life until mid-January 1919, and then was transported back to England.  He was not fit enough to walk the necessary few paces for the VC investiture at Buckingham Palace until 1 March 1919.

Barker is officially credited with one captured, two (and seven shared) balloons destroyed, 33 (and two shared) aircraft destroyed, and five aircraft "out of control", the highest "destroyed" ratio for any RAF, RFC or RNAS pilot during the conflict.  The Overseas Military Forces of Canada recognised Barker as "holding the record for fighting decorations" awarded in the First World War.

Sopwith Snipe, flown by Capt William George Barker when he won his VC.  (RAF Photo)

Sopwith 7F.1 Snipe 7F.1, fuselage (Serial No. E8102), LCol William G. Barker, VC. These are the remains of the fighter flown by Barker when he won his VC, preserved Canadian War Museum.

Sopwith Pup, ca 1918.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3391007)

 (Author Photos)

Sopwith Pup (Serial No. C552), replica of B2167, CF-RFC.

 (RCAF Photo)

Supermarine Spitfire F Mk. IIb (Serial No. P8332).

 (Author Photo)

Supermarine Spitfire Mk. IIB converted to Mk. VII (Serial No. P8332), (6173), CBAF 711.  Currently on display in the Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario, this aircraft is painted as an F Mk. IIB, coded ZD-L of No. 222 Squadron, in the colours she wore while serving with the Squadron in the Battle of Britain in 1940 and on to 1941.  P8332 was a "presentation" aircraft funded by the Netherlands East Indies, and carries the name "SOEBANG N.E.I.

 (Bundesarchiv, Bild 141-2733)

US troops inspect Fieseler Fi 103R at Neu Tramm, Germany, 1945.

 (US Army Photo)

Fieseler Fi 103R-4, found in sheds at the V-bomb assembly plant, waiting for shipment to launching sites, 1945.

Fieseler Fi 103R Reichenberg Re IV (Wk. Nr. 6/2080), BACP91, on display at Farnborough, England, Nov 1945.  (RAF Photo)


Fieseler Fi 103R Reichenberg Re IV piloted flying bomb at RCAF Station Trenton, Ontario.  This piloted version of the "Buzz Bomb" was brought to Canada in 1945 by Captain Farley Mowat's Intelligence Collection Team, shown here on display on Air Force Day, 16 June 1947.  This aircraft has recently been put on display in the Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3584067)

Fieseler Fi 103R Reichenberg Re IV Air Force Day, RCAF Station Trenton, Ontario, 9 June 1951.  (Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3584520)

 (Author Photos)

Fieseler Fi 103R Reichenberg Re IV piloted Flying Bomb, War Prize.